Sidney D. Gamble's Photographs

 
Sidney D. Gamble

Sidney D. Gamble (1890-1968), an avid amateur photographer, began taking pictures in China during his first trip to the country with his family in 1908. He returned three more times between 1917 and 1932 and continued photographing the daily life of Chinese citizens. A sociologist and renowned China scholar, he traveled throughout the country to collect data for social-economic surveys and to photograph urban and rural life, public events, architecture, religious statuary, and the countryside.

Gamble used a few of the photographs from his extensive collection in his scholarly publications and in slide lectures, but the majority of images were never published or exhibited during his lifetime. The Sidney D. Gamble Photographs digital collection marks the first comprehensive public presentation of this large body of work that includes photographs of Korea, Japan, Hawaii, San Francisco, and Russia.

Rediscovery

About 15 years after Gamble’s death, his daughter, Catherine Curran, found his nitrate negatives in a closet in the family’s home in New York. Stored in beautiful rosewood boxes, the negatives were housed in individual paper sleeves, annotated with typed and handwritten captions. In order to better preserve them, Ms. Curran hired an archivist who transferred the negatives into archival sleeves and transcribed the captions onto typed labels that were affixed to the new sleeves. In addition, Ms. Curran made contact sheets of all the negatives in the order in which they were found. She used these contact prints to create ten photograph albums to serve as a reference for the negative collection.

In 1986, Catherine Curran established the Sidney D. Gamble Foundation for China Studies to provide for preservation and access to the photographs. Dr. Nancy Jervis and Dr. Wang Xing partnered with Ms. Curran to bring the photographs to a worldwide audience. Nancy Jervis served as Vice President and Director of Education at the China Institute in New York City. She worked closely with Ms. Curran to organize two exhibitions of Gamble’s photographs at the China Institute. China Between Revolutions: Photographs by Sidney D. Gamble, 1917-1927 was shown in the summer of 1989 and then toured the United States under the auspices of the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service (SITES). China Fast Forward: Photographs of Daily Life, 1917-2002, which combined Gamble’s photographs with modern photographs, was exhibited at the China Institute in 2004.

Dr. Xing wrote his dissertation on Gamble, “Social gospel, social economics, and the YMCA: Sidney Gamble and Princeton-in-Peking,” University of Massachusetts, Amherst, 1992. In 1999 he was instrumental in organizing an exhibition of Gamble’s photographs entitled Turbulent Years: China Before and After the May Fourth Movement for the National Museum of Chinese History. Dr. Xing later curated an exhibition of Gamble’s photographs that traveled to a many Chinese cities from 2000 to 2007 before it was donated to a museum in China. (For a full list of exhibitions based on the Gamble collection, please see the exhibitions link on this site.)

The Sidney D. Gamble Foundation also coordinated publication of Sidney D. Gamble's China, 1917-1932: Photographs of the Land and its People (1988), China Between Revolutions: Photographs by Sidney D. Gamble, 1917-1927 (1989), and Sidney Gamble's China Revisited: Photographs by Sidney D. Gamble from 1917 to 1931 (2004).

   

The Gamble Collection at Duke University

 

A review of the exhibit catalog for China Between Revolutions prompted the Duke University Libraries' Visual Materials Archivist to invite Ms. Curran to place Sidney Gamble’s photographs in the Libraries' Archive of Documentary Arts. An agreement to bring the Gamble collection to Duke was signed in March 2006.

The Duke Libraries contracted with Chicago Albumen Works in Massachusetts to digitize the highly-flammable nitrate negatives. Digitization of the Gamble collection began in October 2006 and continued through the spring of 2007. In addition to the photographs, Chicago Albumen Works also digitized the typed image labels and used optical character recognition (OCR) to transform the labels into raw text. This text became the foundation for the image captions and geographic headings in the Sidney D. Gamble Photographs digital collection.

Duke Libraries' Digital Collections staff worked to update the geographic names in the labels to Library of Congress Subject Headings format, to add province names to the metadata, and to standardize the descriptions to support searching and browsing. Staff also created an interactive map documenting the places Gamble visited on his journeys, as well as a geographic index and a keyword index in traditional and simplified Chinese characters. Later further Chinese-language translations were added and additional materials were digitized, such as the slides from the 1908 trip, correspondence, and printed items. The Web site will continue to grow and evolve to support research, teaching, and learning.

The photograph captions in the digital collection are based on the handwritten and typed descriptions found on the original negative sleeves and believed to be the work of Sidney Gamble. The captions and photographs may contain language or stereotypes reflecting the cultural perspective of the era. This content is provided as part of the historical record and does not reflect the views of the Duke University Libraries.

 

The materials in this collection are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. Texts and images from this collection may not be used for any commercial purpose without prior permission. Copyright in these images is held by Duke University Libraries and the heirs of Sidney D. Gamble. All rights are reserved, except as specified above. When use is made of these texts and images, it is the responsibility of the user to secure any necessary permissions and to observe the stated access policy, the laws of copyright, and the educational fair use guidelines. For permission from Duke University, please contact the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Disclaimer

The photograph captions are based on the handwritten and typed descriptions found on the original negative sleeves and believed to be the work of Sidney Gamble.The captions and photographs may contain language or stereotypes reflecting the cultural perspective of the era. This content is provided as part of the historical record and does not reflect the views of the Duke University Libraries.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Sidney D. Gamble Photographs, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

西德尼∙D∙甘博照片

 
Sidney D. Gamble

西德尼∙D∙甘博(1890年-1968年)是位醉心摄影艺术的业余摄影家。1908年甘博随父母第一次来到中国,拍摄有关这个国家的照片。随后在1917年到1932年间,他三次重返中国,拍摄了中国老百姓日常生活的大量照片。甘博是出名的社会学家和中国研究专家,他到过中国城乡的许多地方,收集有关社会经济生活的资料,并拍摄了大量的照片,反应了各地的日常和公共生活,建筑样式和宗教雕塑,以及田野风光

甘博拍摄的这些照片仅有极少量刊登在他自己的几本学术专著里。他在各地讲学时,也曾将一些照片制作成幻灯片向听众们展示。然而甘博生前,他拍摄的照片,绝大多数从未发表或者展出过。西德尼∙D∙甘博照片数据库是第一次比较完整地向公众展示他的摄影作品。数据库中除了有关中国的大量照片外,还有他在朝鲜、日本、夏威夷、旧金山和俄罗斯拍摄的图片。

重新发现

甘博去世后15年后,他的女儿凯瑟琳∙科伦机缘巧合在纽约家中的阁楼上发现了这批硝酸底片。底片整齐地存放在漂亮的红木箱子里,每张底片单独放置在一个小纸袋中,袋子上有手写或者打印的简短的说明。为了更好保存这些底片。科伦夫人雇请了一位专业的档案管理员将这些底片从箱子里取出,每一张装进新的专门的档案袋里。档案管理员还将甘博原先的照片说明打印整齐贴在每个新的档案袋上。科伦夫人把所有底片按照发现时的顺序制作了印样,并将这些印样集结成了十本影像集,成为查找底片的参考工具。

1986年凯瑟琳∙科伦成立了西德尼∙D∙甘博中国研究基金会,以便更好地长期保存和使用这些照片。科伦夫人和贾楠博士以及邢文军博士合作举办了多次甘博照片展,将这些照片推广到全世界。贾楠博士是纽约市华美协进社的副社长和教育部负责人。她和科伦夫人合作,两次在华美协进社展出甘博照片。第一次是在1989年夏天,展览题目是《两次革命之间的中国:西德尼·甘博1917-1927摄影展》。在史密森尼学会巡回展服务机构的协助下,展览得以在美国多地巡回展出。第二次是在2004年夏天,展览的题目是《中国快速向前:1917-2002日常生活摄影展》,展出了甘博和一些当代摄影家的作品。

1992年邢文军博士完成了他在马萨诸塞州州立大学安姆斯特分校历史系的博士论文,题目是《社会福音、社会经济学和基督教青年会——西德尼∙D∙甘博和普林斯顿北京中心》。1999年甘博照片在北京中国历史博物馆展出,题名为《风雨如磐:五四前后的中国》。邢博士是这个摄影展的重要策划人之一。随后从2000年到2007年摄影展在中国多个城市巡回,邢博士是巡展的主要策划人。摄影展展出的全部展品后来捐赠给了首都博物馆。(甘博照片多次展览的详细信息请看有关展览的网页)。

西德尼∙D∙甘博基金会还促成了以下几本书籍的出版:《Sidney D. Gamble, 1917-1932: Photographs of the Land and its People》(1988年),《China Between Revolutions: Photographs by Sidney D. Gamble, 1917-1927》(1989年),《Sidney Gamble’s China Revisited: Photographs by Sidney D. Gamble from 1917 to 1931》(2004年)。

甘博照片资料落户杜克大学

1989年甘博照片展《两次革命之间的中国》吸引了杜克大学图书馆影像资料部的负责人。看过展览图册后,图书馆向科伦夫人发出邀请,希望甘博照片资料可以成为图书馆纪录影像资料部的收藏。2006年3月双方签署了同意书,让这批资料落户在杜克大学。

杜克大学图书馆委托位于马萨诸塞州的Chicago Albumen Works公司来数字化这批高度易燃的硝酸底片。数字化工作开始于2006年10月,2007年春天结束。除了底片,公司还扫描了每张底片档案袋上的打印的照片说明,并通过光学字符识别的技术将它们转换成文字。这些文字为后来西德尼∙D∙甘博照片库里每张图片的内容以及地理位置提供了基本信息。

杜克大学图书馆负责数字资源建设的馆员们按照国会图书馆地理地名的记录规则来标注照照片数据库中的地名,并给每个地名元数据加上了所属省份,规范地名的描述,方便浏览和搜索。数据库中还有互动的地图,直观地展示了甘博在中国旅行所到的地方。地名和主题词索引先被翻译成中文,并提供简体字和繁体字两种形式。随后每张照片都有了英中两种文字说明。资料中的那些幻灯片稍后也被数字化,其中包括了甘博1908年拍摄的一些照片。数据库未来会不断增加新的内容,更好地支持研究和教学中的各种需求。

数据库中每张照片的说明根据的是原始底片袋上手写或者打印的文字。这些文字应该是出自甘博本人。受到时代和文化背景的限制,照片以及它们的说明文字会反映出某种时代文化的偏见。数据库的所有内容是历史资料的完整呈现,并不代表杜克大学图书馆的观点。

数据库开放全部资料用于学习、研究和教学。未经许可数据库中的所有图片和文字不得用于商业用途。所有资料的版权属于杜克大学图书馆和西德尼∙D∙甘博的后人。除上述规定外,保留所有版权。使用图片和文字时,使用者必须申请并获得相应版权,确保照片的使用符合版权法的规定和教育领域的公平使用规定。向杜克大学申请授权,请联络大卫∙鲁宾斯坦古籍善本和手稿图书馆

声明

数据库中每张照片的说明根据的是原始底片袋上手写或者打印的文字。这些文字应该是出自甘博本人。受到时代和文化背景的限制,照片以及它们的说明文字会反映出某种时代文化的偏见。数据库的所有内容是历史资料的完整呈现,并不代表杜克大学图书馆的观点。

资料引用形式建议

[Identification of item], Sidney D. Gamble Photographs, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

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