Anonymous, “Porvenir de Egipto -- Protectorado Inglés” (The Future of Egypt – An English Protectorate), El Loro, 4th year, no. 39, September 30, 1882
In the summer of 1882, a nationalistic movement opposed to Egypt’s reliance on foreign assistance overthrew the country’s leader, Khedive Tawfīq Pasha. Eager to protect its own interests, including access to India via the Suez Canal, England invaded Egypt and reinstalled Tawfīq, shown here as a dog on a leash. Situated comfortably between the Nile River and the Suez Canal, the triumphant British solider basks in his victory. This unsigned lithographic caricature appeared in the Barcelona comic magazine El Loro (The Parrot, 1879-1885), one of many such journals published in late 19th-century Spain.