Jim Crow Segregation

militaryPhotograph dated 1949 from the John H. Penn Collection which primarily consists of family photograph albums. Segregation in the military service did not officially end until September 30, 1954 when the Secretary of Defense announced that the last all-black unit had been abolished. 

harriet tubman societyAnnual report and photograph from the African American Harriet Tubman Branch of the Young Women's Christian Association Records located in Durham, North Carolina.

wonderland theatre

Wonderland Theatre, a segregated black theatre in Durham, NC, a picture found in the Durham Chamber of Commerce Papers.

Dorcas Carter transcriptExcerpts from the Dorcas Carter (born in 1913) interview transcript in the Behind the Veil Collection.  This collection seeks to record and preserve Remembering Jim Crow
 the living memory of African American life during the age of legal segregation in the American South, from the 1890s to the 1950s.  It consists of more than 1200 interviews with African Americans throughout the South recorded on audio-cassette tapes, transcripts of approximately 314 of these interviews, and printed materials providing information about the interviewees. In the Carter interview she discusses growing up in a segregated neighborhood in New Bern, NC. She makes comments about the Ku Klux Klan, segregation on public transportation, going to school in Boston, voting, tobacco auctions, and the various organizations to which she belonged.  One of the published books based on this collection is Remembering Jim Crow; African Americans Tell About Life in the Segregated South, shown here.

“By 1885 most Southern states had laws requiring separate schools. With the adoption of new constitutions the states firmly established the color line by the most stringent segregation of the races, and in 1896 the Supreme Court upheld segregation in its ‘separate but equal’ doctrine set forth in Plessy v. Ferguson.” (John Hope Franklin, From Slavery to Freedom, 7th edition, 1994.)

Last modified January 19, 2010 9:48:53 PM EST