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Guide to the American Slavery Documents Collection, 1757-1924 and undated

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202

Summary

Collection of print and manuscript items relating to African and African American history assembled over a number of decades by the staff of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Duke University. Collection contains items documenting the sales, escapes, and emancipations of slaves from colonial times through the Civil War, and to a lesser extent, materials relating to slavery in the United States dating from the post-emancipation period.

Collection Details

Collection Number
RL.11093
Title
American slavery documents collection
Date
1757-1924 and undated
Creator
John Hope Franklin Research Center for African and African American History and Culture
Extent
2.0 Linear Feet, 2 boxes; 1 oversize folder
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Materials in English

Collection Overview

The collection brings to light details of the lives and deaths of enslaved and free Africans and African Americans in the southern United States, primarily in North Carolina, Virginia, and Kentucky, but also in Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New York, South Carolina, and Tennessee. There are also six albumen studio portrait photographs, mounted on card stock, dating from the second half of the 19th century, along with a copper token from the American Colonization Society, dated 1833.

Items have been foldered individually, with the inventory reflecting their titles, geographic origin, and date (if known).

More Biographical / Historical Info

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically. Undated items are listed last.

Using These Materials

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 2 full business days in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access to the Collection

Collection is open for research.

warning Use & Permissions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

More copyright and citation information

How to Cite

[Identification of item], American Slavery Documents Collection, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Contents of the Collection

Bill of sale, Court of Common Plea, Court at Camden, 1757 April - November
Box 1
Folder 1
Bill of sale for one slave: Beth, 8 year old girl; sold by Lawrence Lancaster to Thomas Cook for £32, 10 shillings, 1757 March 18
Box 1
Folder 2
Bill of sale for one slave boy: Leander, 13 y.o., $1700, to E.H. Simmons, 1757 April 17
Box 1
Folder 3
Bill of sale for one slave girl: 11 y.o., 32 pounds and 10 shillings, from Absalom Lancaster to Thomas Cook, 1760 September 1
Box 1
Folder 4
Bill of sale for one slave, from Aroh Currison to Thomas Cook, N.C., 1771 April 17
Box 1
Folder 5
Bill of sale for three slaves: Toby, James, and Jacob, from Zachariah Flurry to James Prown, S.C., 1779 February 11
Box 1
Folder 6
Bill of sale for multiple slaves,, from Dan Heyer, S.C., 1779 April 14
Box 1
Folder 7
Bill of sale for one slave: Hal, from William Merrit to Rob Long, Chatham County N.C., 1780 March 1
Box 1
Folder 8
Bill of sale for one slave woman: Catey, 60 pounds and 18 shillings, from Abiyah Holbrook to Samuel Boykin, 1787 April 2
Box 1
Folder 9
Bill of sale for one slave: Glasgow, 48 pounds currency, 1794 April 7
Box 1
Folder 10
Import/Export document for two bales of blankets, imported by Thomas Shaw, New Orleans, 1794 October 14
Box 1
Folder 11
Bond payment slip for 325 pounds to Robert Pasley, 1794 October 21
Box 1
Folder 12
Import document for 50 casks of claret, imported by John Vaughn from Bourdenaux, bound for Port au Prince, 1794 December 9
Box 1
Folder 13
Bill of sale for one slave boy, 70 pounds currency, from William Plummer to Robert Jones of Warren County, Franklin County N.C., 1796 March 30
Box 1
Folder 14
Emancipation of Edmund, son of Page, a mulatto woman, former property of deceased, Peter Marks, Albemarle County, Va., 1796 April 5
Box 1
Folder 15
Emancipation of Evelin[e?] Lewis, daughter of Jenny, a mulatto woman, former property of deceased, Peter Marks, Albemarle County, Va., 1796 April 5
Box 1
Folder 16
John C. Town of Fredrickburg: Neptune York certified born free (about 37 years old, 5 ft. 11 inches); recorded with court September, 1803, Albemarle County, Va., 1798 May 31
Box 1
Folder 17
Bill of sale for three slaves: one woman, Vilet; one girl, two years, Cheney; one boy, four years, [G?]ack, Cumberland County, N.C., 1799 August 20
Box 1
Folder 18
Emancipation of Cato, a man about 65 years old, and Cloe, a woman about 65 years old, freed by John Hudson's will and testament, John Nicholas, Albemarle Co., Va., 1800 April 6
Box 1
Folder 19
Bond/Account information sheet, owner received a sum of 1000 pounds from W. Fitzpatrick, 1800 April 24
Box 1
Folder 20
Register of Negroes and Free People of Color, Rustburg, Va. (oversize), 1801-1850
Oversize-folder 1
Record of emancipation of female, Frankey, by John Nicholas, Albemarle Co., Va., 1801 July 6
Box 1
Folder 21
Indenture, 1802 January 22
Oversize-folder 1
Bill of sale for two slaves: Mary and her daughter Eliza, to Henry Dana Ward, S.C., Northern Circuit, 1802 February 2
Box 1
Folder 22
Bill of sale for one slave boy, $350, to James Parrant, 1805 March 5
Box 1
Folder 23
Bill of sale for two slave boys, $520, 1805 June 24
Box 1
Folder 24
Two bills of sale transactions on one leaf, for Harriet, aged 20, and her daughter Elizabeth, aged 6 months, $280; and Delilah, $213, to George Legg., Baltimore, Md., 1805 October 11
Box 1
Folder 25
A note proclaiming freedom, John Walker: Nancy Gardiner, a mulatto girl, age 20, born free to a free mother, Albamarle Co., Ala., 1806 November 20
Box 1
Folder 26
Account balancing slip of paper, 1807 February 17
Box 1
Folder 27
Decree of gift of five slaves: Phill, woman, Luckey, young woman, Nanny, young woman, Allen, small boy, and Harry, small boy, from Col. John Hamilton of Norfolk, Va. to Mrs. Patey Brickall and her three children, 1808 December 27
Box 1
Folder 28
Bill of sale for one slave woman, $400, Tenn., 1809 April
Box 1
Folder 29
Bill of sale for one slave boy: Abraham, 90 pounds, from Daniel Jackson Manea to John Kelly, Granville County, N.C., 1809 May 6
Box 1
Folder 30
Bill of sale for one slave girl, $287, from David Hensler and William Maxwell of Rockingham District N.C. to Hardy Clemmond of Pendleton District, S.C., 1810 June 4
Box 1
Folder 31
Bill of sale for one slave woman: Serena, and her child, $440, from M. Stokes to Samuel Guy, 1810 November 1
Box 1
Folder 32
Bill of sale for one slave girl, $350, to Samuel Grey, 1811 March 1
Box 1
Folder 33
Certifications of the freedom of seven men: Thomas Pritchard, Scipio Melden, William Anthony, James De Hart, Henry Tafe, Joshua Bornish, John Roberts, Court of Common Plea, 5th Ward, New York, NY, 1811-1814
(7 items)
Box 1
Folder 34
Slip of paper: "Thomas Thomson", 1811 May 2
Box 1
Folder 35
Bill of sale for one slave man: Dave, 27 y.o., $400, to William Sutton, 1812 January 23
Box 1
Folder 36
Bill of sale for one slave: Hannah, from William Brumfield to Richard Jones, 1812 November 18
Box 1
Folder 37
Bill of sale for tract of land and two slaves: Harriet, girl, and Tanney, woman, from Mr. Maybanch, Liberty County, Ga., 1812 December 9
Box 1
Folder 38
Copybook (17 pages) belonging to Mary Hamlins of Salem, Ohio; includes practice scripts, arithmetic, and a poem, The Blood Brother, in support of abolition, 1812-1817
Box 1
Folder 39
Bill of sale for one slave boy: Henry, 14 y.o., $300, from William Bennett to Richard Jones, Pittsylvania County, Va., 1813 August 6
Box 1
Folder 40
Bill of sale for one slave woman: Sue, $300, to Mr. Ballins, 1813 December 9
Box 1
Folder 41
Empancipation of slave woman and daughter: Sue and Margaret, from Elizabeth Graham, Georgetown District, S.C.; also gives the former slaves $50 from her estate, 1815 September 27
Box 1
Folder 42
Bill of sale for two slaves: woman Amy, 27 y.o. and her child Sidney, 8 m.o., $400, from Joseph and Margaret Lawrence to Samuel Guy, 1817 May 12
Box 1
Folder 43
Bill of sale for one slave girl: Esther, 20 y.o., $1500, from William Astin of Va. to Samuel Grey, 1818 February 18
Box 1
Folder 44
Bill of sale for one slave: Daniel, from Millie Allen to Robert Park, 1818 November 8
Box 1
Folder 45
List of assets, including slaves, of Adam Corraths, 1821 October 4
Box 1
Folder 46
Paper certifying that the children of Moses and Marian, named Susan, Israel and Rachel, were free, 1822 January 14
Box 1
Folder 47
Bill of sale for one slave woman: Bell, 24 y.o., $550, from Kenneth Clarke to John Bethan, Moore County, Md., 1822 June 1
Box 1
Folder 48
Bill of sale for one slave boy: Bedford, $309, from Mark Weatherly to Martin Weatherly, N.C., 1822 October 17
Box 1
Folder 49
Bill of sale for slaves, $597.92, from John Cawley, S.C., 1823 April 12
Box 1
Folder 50
Bill of sale for one slave woman: Jenny, $300, from Edmund Hoskins to Joseph Blount, N.C., 1823 April 29
Box 1
Folder 51
Bill of sale for four slaves: Milly, 2 y.o., Ann, 5 y.o., Jack, 2 y.o., and Mary, 8 m.o., $777, from James and Josiah Huie to Samuel Guy, 1824 March 31
Box 1
Folder 52
Bill of sale for one slave, $251, to Sam Woods, 1824 October 23
Box 1
Folder 53
Bill of sale for one slave man: Dave, 35 y.o., $325, to Samuel Guy, 1824 November
Box 1
Folder 54
Bill of sale for one slave girl: Beck, 14 y.o., $300, to Samuel Guy, 1824 November 15
Box 1
Folder 55
Letter discussing the author's a visit from the author's brother, Richard, and the freeing slaves to Martha Moore of N.C., 1825 June 14
Box 1
Folder 56
Trust deed between William Scott, Richard Wallace, and John Pilson in which Scott gives Wallace slaves as collateral: Phyllis, woman, her child Robert Wilson, and two slave men, Jesse and Ben, 1827 June 1
Box 1
Folder 57
Bill of sale for one slave: Ben, 9 y.o., $200, 1827 December 22
Box 1
Folder 58
Bill of sale for three slaves: Jimmy, Milton, and Carter, from Peter Winn to William Ryan of Guilford County, N.C., 1827 December 22
Box 1
Folder 59
Bill of sale for one slave girl: 19 y.o., from Alexander Hogan to Samuel Guy, 1828 February 9
Box 1
Folder 60
Bill of sale for two slave boys: Richard and Benjamin, $1200, 1828 July
Box 1
Folder 61
Bill of sale for one slave woman, $550, from J.K. Shelton to Richard Jones, Pittslyvania County, 1828 September 27
Box 1
Folder 62
Emancipation note of slave John Brown, from Isaac Bett, Md., 1829 January 16
Box 1
Folder 63
Document certifying the freedom of Elias, Frederick County, Md., 1829 April 25
Box 1
Folder 64
Bill of sale for one slave boy: Adam, $200, from John Mae Bullers of Johnston County to Gilbert Multon, Richmond County, N.C., 1829 May 14
Box 1
Folder 65
Notes to the Caroline County Jailer asking him to take slaves into custody, slaves named: Adam, Randal, Walker, Jim, and Eldrid, 1829 July 16 - 1830 January 4
(6 items)
Box 1
Folder 66
Bill of sale for four slaves: Milly, Jim, 7 y.o., Eliza, 4 y.o., and Isaac, 18 m.o., to Gilbert Mae Millan, Richmond County, Fayetteville, N.C., 1829 August 21
Box 1
Folder 67
Notice announcing a slave sale to be held at Pittsylvania Courthouse [Va.?], 1830 January 18
Box 1
Folder 68
Document certifying the freedom of Matthew Scroggins, 28 y.o., 5 ft. 5 in., Frederick County, Md., 1830 April 16
Box 1
Folder 69
Document certifying the freedom of Solomon, Frederick County, Md., 1830 September 2
Box 1
Folder 70
Paper from Thomas Berry detailing two bills of sale proclaiming that "William Williams, a colored man," wanted to purchase his wife and child from Berry, 1831 February 28
Box 1
Folder 71
Bill of sale for one slave: Dianah, $250, from Benjamin Grandstaff to Mr. Rice, Shenandoah County, Va., 1831 April 19
Box 1
Folder 72
Bill of sale for one slave: Henry, 18 y.o., $450, from Morgan Davis to James Bistand of Adam County, Miss., 1832 January 4
Box 1
Folder 73
Document certifying the freedom of Betsy, Frederick County, Md., 1832 May 7
Box 1
Folder 74
Court proceedings from Nelson County, Va., 1832 September 24
Box 1
Folder 75
Bond of indemnity to the Captain of the barque "Hercules," a ship that took S.C. and Ga. "colored persons" from Savannah to Liberia., 1832 December 8
Box 1
Folder 76
Ship manifest for the schooner "Dekalb" of "Negroes, Mulattoes, and Persons of Color," District of Baltimore, Port of Baltimore, 1835 June 29
Box 1
Folder 77
Response to John Hunt about his notice of selling 60 slaves, New Orleans, 1835 September 1
Box 1
Folder 78
Bill of sale for two slaves: James Ross's document notarized by Maria Cohen; free black woman sells Eve's children; sale of two slaves for $500 to Levi S. D'tyon - slaves: Nancy, age 8, and John, age 6, 1836 November 1
Box 1
Folder 79
Statement of the slaves belonging to heirs of John L. Ward, Richard Ward to Martha A. Power, an heir, 1838 April 23
Box 1
Folder 80
Bill of sale for two slave women, $1200, from Cole to Farmer, Halifax County [N.C.? Va.?], 1838
Box 1
Folder 81
Bill of sale for one slave man: Philip, $400, S.C., 1839 June 13
Box 1
Folder 82
Note for rental of slave man for one year from S. and N. Buck: Bill, including furnishing with winter clothing, shoes, stockings and blanket, $97.50, to Joseph Snapp, Front Royal area, Va., 1840 January 10
Box 1
Folder 83
Bill of sale for one slave boy: Ralph, 16 y.o., $650, to Nancy Robards, N.C., 1840 February 8
Box 1
Folder 84
Bill of sale for one slave: Sheriff's Bill of Sale - sale of Warren, negro boy, about seven years of age for $202; buyer: Mrs. Hannah L., [B], South Carolina, 1840 November 2
Box 1
Folder 85
Bill of sale for one mulatto man: Lewis, $800, from public auction to Franklin Mores, Sheriff's Office, Sumter District, S.C., 1841 November 1
Box 1
Folder 86
Bill of sale for one slave man: Jim, 26 y.o., $500, to William Mitchell, Ga., 1843 July 7
Box 1
Folder 87
Three bills of sale (2 Ky., 1 S.C.), 1852-1865
Oversize-folder 1
Return of property notice for six slaves: Mariah, Hester, Adam, Sarah, Sigga, and Jane, to Paul H. Allen, 1844
Box 1
Folder 88
Mortgage of personal property (S.C.), 1843 October 14
Oversize-folder 1
Bill of sale for one slave man: Jacob, $187.50, to Richard Jones, 1844 October
Box 1
Folder 89
Note for rental of a slave woman from James R. Richards (executor? of the will of William Hopewells) for one year: Henrietta, including furnishing with winter clothing, shoes, and blanket, $27.50, to [J. I] Trout, Front Royal area, Va., 1844 December 27
Box 1
Folder 90
Bill of sale for one slave and blacksmith tools: Ben, blacksmith, from John Ing to Bryant Young, 1845 March 12
Box 1
Folder 91
Bill of sale for one slave girl: Caroline, 22 y.o., $401, from public auction to Richard R. Winfrey, Hall County, Ga., 1846 December 1
Box 1
Folder 92
Bill of sale for one slave woman: Matilda, and her two children, $550, from Peter Griggs, 1847 December 8
Box 1
Folder 93
Payments, Mr. C. Pettejohn, 1848 February 29-October 29
Box 1
Folder 94
Paper detailing four bills of sale, 1843-1849
Box 1
Folder 95
Bill of sale for one slave boy: George, 11 y.o., $450, to Emmanuel George, 1849
Box 1
Folder 96
Affidavit certifying the freedom of a mulatto woman, 42 y.o., saying the woman was born free, written by M. Hugh Owens, Frederick County, Md., 1849 January 15
Box 1
Folder 97
Bill of sale for one slave woman and her two children, $812, to William B. Enecks, Barnwell District, S.C., 1849 May 11
Box 1
Folder 98
Check for one slave: Davy, $485, written by C.H. Simmons, 1849 July 5
Box 1
Folder 99
Bill of sale for one slave woman, $600, from Richard Jones to Janus Pointer, Pittsylvania County, Va., 1849 October 3
Box 1
Folder 100
Bill of sale for one slave: Susan, $575, from E. Bellin to E.H. Simmons, 1849 December 21
Box 2
Folder 1
Bill of sale for four slaves: George, Lucy, Louisa, and Piemus, $1600, from Freeman Hoyt to E.H. Simmons, Charleston, S.C., 1849 December 22
Box 2
Folder 2
Documents pertaining to the sale of one slave: Jenny, $618, from James M. Fitts to Henry E. Solomons, Beaufort District, Charleston, S.C., 1850 March 4
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 3
Documents pertaining to the Will of Martin Weatherly: heirs deciding his estate, mentions slaves, Francis, Viney and her son Aaron, 1850 April 1
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 4
Bill of sale for one slave boy: Aron, 10 y.o., $457.50, from Erwin Hurmer to Jacob Coble, 1850 September 28
Box 2
Folder 5
Bill of sale for one slave girl: Sally, 11 y.o., $450, from Hall and Johnson to Richard Jones, 1850 October 3
Box 2
Folder 6
Auction notes and prizes, New Orleans, 1851 March 14
Box 2
Folder 7
Arrest warrant for slave Isaac for actions on board steamboat Mary Washington, including assaults and threats made against Warren Moudowney, Corporation of Fredericksburg, 1851 July 25
Box 2
Folder 8
Bill of sale for one slave woman and her two children: Sally: 24 y.o., Lear, 2 y. and 10 m.o., and Deanah, 9 m.o., $1005, to Paul D. Felder, Orangeburgh District, S.C., 1852 August 14
Box 2
Folder 9
Transfer of slaves Viney and her daughter of 18 mos., Adelia, from Hezakiah and Sarah Thompson to their daughter, Adelaide Kemp, St. Helen's Parish, La., 1853 June 29
Box 2
Folder 10
Bill of sale for one slave girl: Mariah, 14 y.o., $200, from Emanuel Geiger to Alexander Forsyth, selling because of "falling fits", 1853 August 6
Box 2
Folder 11
Note for rental of slave woman for one year from [Schew's] McKay: Maria, including furnishing with winter clothing, shoes, stockings, bonnet, and blanket, $36, to [name excised], Front Royal area, Va., 1853 December 27
Box 2
Folder 12
Details of will of Thomas John, deceased on 1849 May 3, Warren County, Ky. Owned slaves: George, Richard, Catherine, Louisa, and Martha, states that they should be freed 15 yr. after his death. Includes a purchase agreement for Martha, $350, for sale to Ma, 1855 January 1
Box 2
Folder 13
Bills of sale from the executor's sale of the estate of Charles E. Clark: Clarissa and her two children, Eliza and unamed infant; Matilda and her child, Fanny, 1855 December 13
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 14
Bill of sale for one slave girl: Jenny, 12 y.o., $700, to Alfred Carson, 1856 February 15
Box 2
Folder 15
Bill of sale for two slaves: Emilie, 18 y.o., and Eve, 3 y.o., $1000, from Lucien Monteguet to Nathaniel Williamson, New Orleans, 1856 August 2
Box 2
Folder 16
Bill of sale for three slaves: Kitty, woman, 22 y.o., Kirt, boy, 3 y.o., and Burt, boy, 10 m.o., $1600, from Mahala F. Bowie to Hugh McDonald, Miss., 1857 January 25
Box 2
Folder 17
Bill of sale for one slave woman: Sukey, 45 y.o., $400, from Thomas Bradshaw, Alamance County, N.C., 1857 February 2
Box 2
Folder 18
Bill of sale for one slave boy: Mel, $730, from Sheriff's Office to G.M. Tusen, Beaufort District, S.C., 1857 February 2
Box 2
Folder 19
Notes on slaves received from A. Bland's will by his two heirs, George and Albert: Young Peter, Butter, Jo, Rose, Charlotte, Young Isaac, Irvin, Harriet, Amy, Pink Jerry, Mary, Old Peter, Augusta, Isaac, Sneky, Victoria, Anderson, Charles, Pliant, Bill, He, 1857 February 12
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 20
Bill of sale for one slave boy, Henry, 9 years, $400, from Jacob Semly to G. Davidson, 1857 April 30
Box 2
Folder 21
Bill of sale for one slave boy, Grandison, from M.C. Manning, 1857 August 8
Box 2
Folder 22
Indenture to hire man, Peter, for year 1858, from Samuel Williams to J. White, 1857 December 26
Box 2
Folder 23
Note for rental of slave woman for one year from Ann H. Millar: Lucinda, including furnishing with shirts, dresses, petticoats, stockings, aprons, shoes, and blanket, $50, to Isaac Trout, Front Royal area, Va., 1858 December 28
Box 2
Folder 24
Bill of sale for two slave women, from John Hunter to J. E. Calhoun, Grand Gulf, 1858 February 8
Box 2
Folder 25
Bill of sale for two slave women: Jane and her child, from Smith Hubbard to John Hunter, 1858 March 2
Box 2
Folder 26
Bill of sale for one slave girl: Mary, from James S. Miller to John M. Carson, Alexander County, N.C., 1859 December 30
Box 2
Folder 27
Bill of sale for one slave woman and her four children: Susan, 30 y.o., Mary, 10 y.o., Vivey, 6 y.o., and Julia, 3 y.o., from S.S. Tompkins to John S. Smyley, 1859 March 11
Box 2
Folder 28
Life insurance policies for two slaves: Nancy and Margaret, taken out by E.L. McNair of S.C., Chesterfield County, S.C., 1859 June 7
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 29
Bill of sale for three slaves: Mary, 28 y.o., and two children, from D.G. Crawford, 1859 October 13
Box 2
Folder 30
Letter from John Brown, prison inmate, to Mrs. George L. Strens of Boss [Boston?], Mass., 1859 November 29
Box 2
Folder 31
Letter on relative prices of men, women, and children, from Dickinson Hill and Co., Richmond, [Va.?], 1860 January 4
Box 2
Folder 32
Auctioneer's letter, from Pulliam and Co., Richmond, [Va.?], 1860 January 15
Box 2
Folder 33
Bill of sale for two girls named Jane and Polly aged 12 and 13. Dated February 4, 1860., 1860 February 4
Box 2
Folder 101
Bill of sale for one slave: Susan, from John S. Seabrook to P.S. Felder, Charleston, 1860 March 7
Box 2
Folder 34
Life insurance policy for one slave: Mary, 34 y.o., taken out by Bertha Buck, Charter Oak Life Insurance Policy, Savannah [Ga.], 1860 May 19
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 35
Documents detailing the prices of Betts and Gregory slave market, list broken down by gender, age, and height, Franklin St., Richmond, [Va.?], 1860-1861
(3 items)
Box 2
Folder 36
Bill of sale for one slave: Daphney, 22 y.o., from Samuel F. Shelton to Richard Jones, 1860 November 30
Box 2
Folder 37
Letter detailing the dropping and unsustainable price of slaves, from Dickinson, Hill and Co., Richmond [Va.?], 1860 December 28
Box 2
Folder 38
Indenture to hire slave Jenny from I.F. Torrance, Grenada, Miss., 1861 January 1
Box 2
Folder 39
Sheriff's notice to sell a runaway slave, at the Barren County Court, dated 1862., 1862
Box 2
Folder 100
Bills of sale for one slave boy: Wash, and one slave girl: Jane, from Jacob Semly to G.L. Davidson, 1861 January 17
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 40
Note for rental of slave man until 25 Dec. 1863 from Joseph Trout: [Cob Mam Oly] Kees, including furnishing with clothing, $90, to [name excised], Front Royal area, Va., 1862 October 8
Box 2
Folder 41
Document detailing gift of slaves to James A. Clark from Richard R. Wringley, after Wringley's death, 1862 November 18
Box 2
Folder 42
Bill of sale for one slave man: Lawson, 35 y.o., from A.M. Bogle to A. Carson, 1863 February 21
Box 2
Folder 43
Sale bonds for runaway slaves: Stephen, George, Sherrod, Charles, and Lewis, Barren County, Ky., 1863 March 16 - June 15
Box 2
Folder 44
Jailer auction of runaway slaves: George, 23 y.o., Lewis, 18 y.o., Gasper, 18 y.o., Sherrod, 16 y.o., and Charles, 28 y.o., Warren County, Ky., 1863 June 15
Box 2
Folder 45
Bill of sale for one slave boy: Charles, 16 y.o., Warren County, Ky., 1863 May 11
Box 2
Folder 46
Court documents relating to the sale of slave: Miranda, belonging to Benjamin Farmer of Murphreesborough, Tenn., Warren County, Ky., 1863 May 11
Box 2
Folder 47
Bill of sale for one slave boy: Andrew, $350, to A.H. Mahey and B.J. Mahey, 1863 June 1
Box 2
Folder 48
Court documents relating to the sale of runaway slave: Henry, belonging to James Burch of Tenn., Nelson County, Ky., 1863 June 8
Box 2
Folder 49
Bill of sale for one runaway slave: Rosetta, by A.B. Dyer, Ky., 1863 June 8
Box 2
Folder 50
Document certifying the freedom of Thomas Segen, 21 y.o., 5 ft. 11 in., by Richard F. Graves, Powhatan County, [Va.], 1863 July 6
Box 2
Folder 51
Court documents relating to the sale of runaway slave: John, belonging to Albert Dudley of Fayette County, Woodford County, Ky., 1863 August 3
Box 2
Folder 52
Court documents relating to the sale of runaway slave: Henry, belonging to James Williams of Tenn., Madison County, Ky., 1863 September 15
Box 2
Folder 53
Documents relating to the sale of a runaway slave, Jim, belonging to James Strong of Giles County Tenn, Warren County, Ky., 1863-1864
(7 items)
Box 2
Folder 54
Documents relating to the sale of a runaway slave, George, belonging to Augustus Stanley of Davidson County, Tenn., Warren County, Ky., 1863-1864
(7 items)
Box 2
Folder 55
Documents relating to the sale of a runaway slave: Amanda Adalade, belonging to Alfred Goodlon of Wilson County, Warren County, 1863-1864
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 56
Bills of sale for two slaves: Oscar, and Harry from Stewart Buchanan to G.W. Hall, Richmond, Va., 1863 October 27
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 57
Court documents relating to the sale of runaway slave: Bob, belonging to Jacob Falk of Morgan County Ala., Woodford County, Ky., 1864 January 4
Box 2
Folder 58
Court documents relating to the sale of runaway slave: Edmund, Adair County, Ky., 1864 January 5
Box 2
Folder 59
Court documents relating to the sale of runaway slave: Dick, belonging to John Rizer and John S. Dixon of Louisville, Nelson County, Ky., purchased by John F. Queen for $265, 1864 January 11
Box 2
Folder 60
Court documents relating to the sale of runaway slave: Anthony, belonging to Peter Ideley of Adams County, Miss., Shelby County, Ky., 1864 February 8
Box 2
Folder 61
Sale bond of runaway slave boy: John, by George Pollard, Hanisan County, Ky., 1864 February 8
Box 2
Folder 62
Bill of sale for one slave man: Arthur, $5500, from S. Cohen to Mr. Muse, Richmond, Va., 1864 February 17
Box 2
Folder 63
Court documents relating to the sale of runaway slave: George, belonging to John Anderson of Nashville, Tenn., Nelson County, Ky., 1864 March 14
Box 2
Folder 64
Letter for D.P. Robb concerning court proceedings on two runaway slaves, Versailles, Ky., 1864 April 1
Box 2
Folder 65
Court documents relating to sale of slave boy: Jim, from Sheriff of Adair County, Adair Co., Ky., 1864 April 4
Box 2
Folder 66
Documents relating to the sale of runaway slave, Felix, belonging to William Boxdell of Tenn. Warren County, Ky., 1864 April 26 and 1864 June 4
(7 items)
Box 2
Folder 67
Documents relating to the sale of runaway slave, Frank, belonging to William Kimble of Davidson County, Tenn., $105.40, Warren County, Ky., 1864 April 8 and 1864 June 4
(6 items)
Box 2
Folder 68
Documents relating to the sale of runaway slave: Charles, belonging to William Ramsey of Tenn., Warren County, Ky., 1864 June 4
(6 items)
Box 2
Folder 69
Documents detailing the deposit of $1435.53 for the use of the Treasurer of Ky. For three slaves, was 30 cents short. From J.H. Rose to W.J. Samuels, auditor, by J.H. Rose, Bowling Green, Ky., 1864 June 6
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 70
Cancelled bond for one slave: John, $752.25, cancelled by court because John had disease and died, Livingston County, Ky., 1864 June 6
Box 2
Folder 71
Letter from James Rose to W.L. Samuels concerning runaway slaves and Maxwell's Bond, 1864 November 2
Box 2
Folder 72
Order quashing sale bond of Col. C. Maxwell, Bowling Green, Ky., 1865 February 2
Box 2
Folder 73
Return of check, $145.33, regarding case of slave: Anthony, 1865 May 6
Box 2
Folder 74
Receipt from William Morrison for W. Butler, $20, for advertising Jim, a runaway slave, 1865 May 15
Box 2
Folder 75
Statement of public sale for runaway slave boy: M., by J.W. Cade, Livingston County, Ky., 1865 May 24
Box 2
Folder 76
Statement of public sale for two runaway slaves: William and John, Livingston County, Ky., 1865 May 24
Box 2
Folder 77
Bills of sale for two runaway slaves: Abner and John, Livingston County, Ky., 1865 May 24
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 78
Bills of sale for one runaway slave: Anthony, Shelby County, Ky., 1865 May
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 79
Receipts for [from the payments paid by] W. Butler, Adair County, Ky. for paying fees for runaway slave Jim, 1865 June 20
Box 2
Folder 80
Documents relating to the sale of two runaway slaves, Emma and Francis, belonging to Allen Butler of Crittenden County, Shelby County, Ky., 1865-1866
(5 items)
Box 2
Folder 81
Court documents relating to the sale of a runaway slave, Henry Fisher, belonging to Charles Ellis of Fayette County, Shelby County, Ky., 1864-1866
(7 items)
Box 2
Folder 82
Letter regarding disagreement on slave fees and payments from J.W. Butler, Columbia, Ky., 1866 January 6
Box 2
Folder 83
Letter from J.W. Butler to W.T. Samuels, Esq., Columbia, Ky., 1866 January 20
Box 2
Folder 84
Court documents relating to the sale of runaway slave: Jeremiah, to John Mathis, Livingston County, Ky., 1866 December 4
Box 2
Folder 85
Letter regarding refund of purchase money for slave from James W. Cade to W.T. Samuels, Esq., Smithland, Ky., 1866 December 6
Box 2
Folder 86
Letter regarding the refund of money for runaway slave John from A.V. Wood to W.J. Samuels, Cadiz, Ky., 1866 December 8
Box 2
Folder 87
Letter from A.B. Dyer to W.T. Samuels, Cadiz, Ky. regarding the credit due him from the 1863 June sale of runaway slave Rosetta., 1867 June 17
Box 2
Folder 88
Letter from A.B. Dyer to Treasurer, Cadiz, Ky., regarding payment due from sale of runaway slave Rosetta. $62.35 was enclosed., 1867 July 25
Box 2
Folder 89
Letter from C.C. Hooks to W.T. Samuels, Esq., Cadiz, Ky., regarding the statement for runaway slave Rosetta., 1867 June 27
Box 2
Folder 90
Bank Book Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, 1873
Box 2
Folder 91
Handwritten paper, Dr. Bracking, Murfeesboro, Tenn., 1924
Box 2
Folder 92
Letter to W.T. Samuels, Warren County, Ky., undated
Box 2
Folder 93
Slave pricing sheets, undated
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 94
No. 1 female slave sold for $1380, undated
Box 2
Folder 95
List of names of 30 slaves, undated
Box 2
Folder 96
Amounts acquired from sales of slaves, undated
Box 2
Folder 97
List of slaves' ages, undated
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 98
Slave prices for individual slaves, undated
(2 items)
Box 2
Folder 99
 

Historical Note

Slavery was a widespread practice in colonial and Revolutionary America. Most slaves in the United States were descended from Africans who were forced into slavery and brought to America against their will. Importation of slaves was federally prohibited in 1808, but the domestic slave trade remained very active throughout the early nineteenth century. Although all Northern states had abolished slavery by the 1800s, slavery was actively practiced in Southern and Western states, causing deep political, religious, and economic divides that eventually led to the American Civil War. The 1863 Emancipation Proclamation by Abraham Lincoln freed slaves in rebel territories; this was followed by the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865 outlawing slavery throughout the entire United States.


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Provenance

The American Slavery Documents Collection was received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as gifts and purchases from the 1930s through 2014. It was formerly known as the African-American Miscellany Collection.

Processing Information

Processed by Gloria Ayee, November 2015