Guide to the Joseph Fulton Boyd Papers, 1861-1869 and undated


Joseph Fulton Boyd was Chief Quartermaster in the Army of the Ohio during the Civil War. Papers relate mainly to Boyd's activities in the Army of the Ohio and the Quartermaster's Dept., operating in Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, Alabama, and Georgia. Formats include routine correspondence, miscellaneous letters, general orders and circulars, strength reports, consolidated quartermaster reports (1861-1863), account books, forage records, invoice books, records books, and a lecture notebook. Subjects covered include supplies, transportation, civilian labor, and the Secret Service.

Collection Details

Collection Number
Joseph Fulton Boyd papers
1861-1869 and undated
Boyd, Joseph Fulton
20 Linear Feet, 12,356 items and 16 vols.
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Material in English

Collection Overview

Collection contains Quartermaster Corps records of the Army of the Ohio, especially the 2nd division and the 23rd Corps. Included are records of supplies, containing lists of tools, food prices, and supplies captured from the Confederates; and monthly and quarterly reports, 1861-1863. Forage records consist of vouchers, receipts, requisitions, reports and monthly statements. Financial papers concern payments to military personnel. Records of transportation include receipts, requisitions, and vouchers for horses, wagons, services, and equipment; and reports, among them a list, dated 1864, of the number of men, officers, and horses in the Army of the Ohio. Steamship papers, dated 1865, record the transportation of men, horses, and equipment, as well as the condition of lighthouses. There are individual and consolidated reports on civilian labor. Other papers relate to the secret service, dated 1861-1865. Personnel papers contain battlefield orders, dated 1864-1865, orders for the Freedmen's Bureau, court-martial reports, and reports of the army, 1864-1865. Papers of the U.S. Military Railroad in North Carolina comprise reports on men and equipment carried, accidents and thefts, and property sales; and correspondence concerning friction between military and railroad officials, problems with the African American troops, and the shipment of cotton and resin. Reports on civilian purchases cover all supplies other than forage and horses. There are also extra duty reports; strength reports, chiefly those of the 11th Maine, 52nd Pennsylvania, 47th, 56th and 100th New York, and 104th Pennsylvania Volunteers; routine correspondence, primarily letters which accompanied reports; miscellaneous papers, generally concerned with African Americans, the conversion of schools into hospitals, and other concerns of the quartermaster; and general orders and circulars. Volumes include account books, dated 1861-1864; forage records, dated 1861-1862; military telegrams, dated 1864-1866; and an abstract and letter book, dated 1861-1869.

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How to Cite

[Identification of item], Joseph Fulton Boyd Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University

Contents of the Collection

Supply papers, June 1862-Oct. 1862
Box 1
Supply papers, Oct. 1861-Dec. 1861
Box 2
Supply papers, Jan. 1862-May 1862
Box 3
Supply papers, Nov. 1862-Aug. 1863
Box 4
Supply papers, Sept. 1863-Oct. 1864
Box 5
Supply papers, Nov. 1864-May 1865
Box 6
Supply papers, June 1865-Jan. 1866
Box 7
Undated papers concerning transportation supplies, Oct. 1861-March 1862
Box 8
Papers concerning transportation supplies, April 1862-Dec. 1865
Box 9
Forage papers, 1861-July 1865
Box 10
Vouchers, Oct. 1861-Aug. 1865
Box 11
Quartermaster receipts, Oct. 1861-Dec. 1862
Box 12
Transportation papers, Oct. 1861-April 1865
Box 12
Letters, Oct. 1861-Dec. 1865
Box 13
Civilian labor, Oct. 1861-Sept. 1862
Box 14
Civilian labor, Oct. 1862-Feb. 1863
Box 15
Civilian labor, Feb. 1863-April 1863
Box 16
Civilian labor, April 1863
Box 17
Civilian labor, May 1863-Nov. 1863
Box 18
Civilian labor, Feb. 1864-July 1864
Box 19
Civilian labor, Aug. 1864-Nov. 1864
Box 20
Civilian labor, Dec. 1864
Box 21
Civilian labor, Jan. 1865
Box 22
Civilian labor, Oct. 1864-Dec. 1864
Box 23
Civilian labor, April and Aug. 1865
Box 24
Civilian labor, May 1865
Box 25
Civilian labor, May 1865
Box 26
Civilian labor, May 1865
Box 27
Civilian labor, May 1865-June 1865
Box 28
Civilian labor, June 1865-July 1865
Box 29
Civilian labor, July 1865
Box 30
Civilian labor, Aug. 1865-Sept. 1865
Box 31
Civilian labor, Oct. 1865-Jan. 1866
Box 32
General and special orders, and circulars, undated
Box 33
Letters and orders relating to personnel, Nov. 1861-Dec. 1864
Box 34
Letters and papers relating to personnel, Jan. 1865-June 1865
Box 35
Letters and papers relating to personnel, July 1865-Jan. 1866
Box 36
Secret Service and steamship papers, 1864-1865
Box 36
Strength reports, St. Helena and Morris Island, SC, 1863-1864
Box 37
Finance papers, Sept. 1861-Dec. 1864
Box 38
Finance papers, Jan. 1865-Jan. 1866
Box 39
Letters, April 1862-Dec. 1865
Box 40
Papers, March 1865-May 1865
Box 40
Papers, June 1865
Box 41
Papers, July 1865-Aug. 1865
Box 42
Sept. 1865-Dec. 1865, and March 7, 1866
Box 43
Routine correspondence, March 1863-June 1865
Box 44
Routine correspondence, July 1865-Oct. 1865
Box 45
Routine correspondence, Oct. 1865-Jan. 1866
Box 46
Extra duty papers, Nov. 1861-Sept. 1862
Box 47
Extra duty papers, Oct. 1862-April 1863
Box 48
Extra duty papers, May 1863-Dec. 1865
Box 49
Papers, March 1863-June 1867
Box 49
Consolidated Quartermaster reports, Dec. 1861-Dec. 1863
Box 50
Transportation papers, Aug. 1863-Dec. 1865
Box 51
Civilian purchases, Sept. 1861-Jan. 1866
Box 52

10. Volumes, 1861-1865

11 volumes

Account books, ledgers, record books, invoice books, and an abstract and letter book.

Account Book, Munfordsville, Ky., 1861-1862
Volume L: 2396
Account Book, 1861-1862
Volume L: 2397
Account book
Volume L: 2398
Account Book, Murfreesboro, Tenn., 1862-1864
Volume F: 2398
Account book
Volume F: 3467
Invoice Book, 1862
Volume L: 3997
Abstract and Letter Book, 1861-1864
Volume L: 3998
Forage Records, Munfordsville, Ky., 1861-1862
Volume L: 4077
Account Book, 1863-1864
Volume L: 4079
Account Book, 1862
Volume F: 4082
Records of teamsters, mechanics, and laborers employed in the Quartermaster Dept. of the 2nd Division, Army of the Ohio, 1861-1862
Volume F: 4251
Report of Persons and Articles Employed and Hired at New Bern, NC, by J.D. Stubbs, U.S. Volunteers, 1865 December
Oversize-folder 1

Historical Note

On Oct. 7, 1861, General A. McDowell McCook was put in command of a force in Kentucky, and on Nov. 9 this force became part of the Department of the Ohio, comprised of Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, part of Kentucky east of the Cumberland, and Tennessee. The Army of Ohio was created in December 1861, under command of D.C. Buell. There were six divisions, the 2nd being headed by Gen. A. McDowell McCook. Joseph Fulton Boyd was Captain and Assistant Quartermaster in McCook's 2nd Division. The earliest papers in this collection were written at Camp Nevin, Kentucky, in November 1861.

On October 30, 1862, Buell was relieved by Rosencrans, and the Army of the Ohio became the Army of the Cumberland. McCook led the 20th Corps at the Battle of Chickamauga, afterwhich he was relieved of his command. Boyd was captured sometime in 1862. On March 17, 1863, Boyd was made a Lieutenant Colonel and assigned to the Quartermaster Corps, where he stayed until Nov. 10, 1863. He also fought at the Battle of Chickamauga in September.

On February 15, 1864, Boyd was again assigned to the Quartermaster Corps as Lieutenant Colonel. That same month, John M. Schofield assumed command of the 23rd Corps and of the Department and Army of Ohio, with which he took part in Sherman's Atlanta campaign. Boyd served as Chief Quartermaster under Schofield in the Army of the Ohio. After the Battle of Atlanta, Schofield (with the 23rd Corps and part of the IV Corps) started for Nashville. They fought in the Battle of Franklin, and then rejoined Gen. G.H. Thomas to take part in the Battle of Nashville in December 1864.

Afterwards, the 23rd Corps was moved by rail to Washington and by sea to the mouth of the Cape Fear River, where Schofield assumed command of the newly formed Department of North Carolina. Boyd continued under Schofield as Chief Quartermaster, and became the director of military railroads. On March 13, 1865, Boyd was honorably mustered out, as Major, Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel, and Brigadier General.

Schofield first occupied Wilmington, N.C., and then affected a junction with Sherman at Goldsboro, N.C., on March 23; his command becoming the center grand division of Sherman's army in operations against Johnston. He accompanied Sherman at the final meeting with Johnston on April 26, 1865, when the terms of surrender were agreed upon, and was designated as commissioner to execute the terms. Schofield remained in command of the Dept. of N.C. until the formation of a provisional state government in June, 1865.

Not much is known about Boyd's pre- or post-war life, except that he was living in Memphis from 1868 to 1869, and later settled in Philadelphia.

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The Joseph Fulton Boyd Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library in 1949 and 1953.

Processing Information

Processed by Rubenstein Library staff, circa 1993

Encoded by Meghan Lyon, May 2010

Materials may not have been ordered and described beyond their original condition.