Menu

Guide to the Wallace Fowlie Papers, 1911-1998 and undated

Summary

Writer, critic, translator, and faculty member at Duke University specializing in modern French literature. The Wallace Fowlie Papers span the years 1911 to 1998 and consist mainly of correspondence sent to Fowlie, but also texts from Fowlie's personal library, publications on French literature authored by Fowlie, typescript and handwritten drafts by Fowlie, amd clippings pertaining to Fowlie's career. A significant portion of the correspondence comprises exchanges between Fowlie and Thomas and Kit Foster. These letters mainly address personal and family matters (health issues, vacations and meeting with mutual friends), but also cover projects Fowlie was working on, teaching positions accepted and rejected and class progress, and other matters of professional relevance. There is also a folder of correspondence with Fowlie, almost entirely in French, that was maintained by John M. Dunaway, a Romance Languages professor at Mercer College in Georgia. It includes a few color photographs. Other smaller amounts of correspondence come from Robert Heslen, a former student of Fowlie, and well-known writers/artists including René Char, Jean Cocteau, André Gide, Alexis Léger (Saint-Jean Perse), Marianne Moore, Anaïs Nin, and others, discussing literary matters and their writings and careers. There are letters from Fowlie to Walter Muther. A folder of general correspondence contains single letters from a variety of colleagues and friends. Selections from Fowlie's library are sorted into works and translations by Fowlie, and works he used privately or for his own research.

Collection Details

Collection Number
RL.00411
Title
Wallace Fowlie papers
Date
1911-1998 and undated
Creator
Fowlie, Wallace, 1908-1998
Extent
5 Linear Feet, 516 Items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Material in English and French

Collection Overview

The Wallace Fowlie Papers span the years 1911 to 1998 and consist mainly of correspondence sent to Fowlie, but also texts from Fowlie's personal library, publications on French literature authored by Fowlie, typescript and handwritten drafts by Fowlie, amd clippings pertaining to Fowlie's career. A significant portion of the correspondence comprises exchanges between Fowlie and Thomas and Kit Foster. These letters mainly address personal and family matters (health issues, vacations and meeting with mutual friends), but also cover projects Fowlie was working on, teaching positions accepted and rejected and class progress, and other matters of professional relevance. There is also a folder of correspondence with Fowlie, almost entirely in French, that was maintained by John M. Dunaway, a Romance Languages professor at Mercer College in Georgia. It includes a few color photographs. Other smaller amounts of correspondence come from Robert Heslen, a former student of Fowlie, and well-known writers/artists including René Char, Jean Cocteau, André Gide, Alexis Léger (Saint-Jean Perse), Marianne Moore, Anaïs Nin, and others, discussing literary matters and their writings and careers. There are letters from Fowlie to Walter Muther. A folder of general correspondence contains single letters from a variety of colleagues and friends. Selections from Fowlie's library are sorted into works and translations by Fowlie, and works he used privately or for his own research.

More Biographical / Historical Info

Using These Materials

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 2 full business days in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access to the Collection

Collection is open for research.

warning Use & Permissions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

More copyright and citation information

How to Cite

[Identification of item], Wallace Fowlie Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University

Contents of the Collection

1. Correspondence, 1937-1998 and undated

2 boxes

Chiefly consists of exchanges between Wallace Fowlie and well-known writers and friends. With the exception of the Foster, Heslen, and Muther correspondence, which contain letters from Fowlie, the bulk of the items are from correspondents writing to Fowlie. Substantial groups of correpondence from individuals have been foldered separately. Smaller amounts of one to four letters are housed in General Correspondence; correspondents include Alain Bosquet, Kenneth Burke, René Char, Edouard Dermit (the adopted son of Jean Cocteau), André Gide, Marianne Moore, Jean Renard, and others. Arranged in chronological order within folders, with the exception of General Correspondence, which is alphabetical by last name.

Cocteau, Jean, 1951-1963
Box 1
Dunaway, John M., 1965-1998 and undated
(2 folders)
Box 1
France, Erik, 1988-1993 and undated

Also includes two books by Wallace (Rimbaud and Jim Morrison; Dante Today) with inscription to Erik France, dated August 1994 and March 1994.

Box 5
Foster, Thomas and Kit, 1945-1996 and undated
(8 folders)
Box 1
Heslen, Robert, 1947-1957 and undated
Box 1
Léger, Alexis, 1951-1965 and undated
Box 2
Muther, Walter, 1937-1953

Also contains a copy of Sleep of the Pigeon (1948), which Fowlie dedicated to Muther.

Box 6
Nin, Anaïs, 1945-1966 and undated
Box 2
General correspondence, 1939-1970 and undated
Box 2
General correspondence, 1968, 1991, 1993 and undated
Box 5
Printed material

Contains various printed materials, including clippings, a publisher's catalog, writers' conference program, newsletter, project description, and a bibliography that was associated with correspondence to and from Thomas and Kit Foster. The clippings consist of newspaper and newsletter articles about Fowlie, some in interview format, that address his past and contemporary perspectives on literature and academia.

Box 2
Printed material

Contains various printed materials, including an issue of The New Yorker (July 27, 1998), a part of a book sleeve from a book by Iris Murdoch, several newspaper articles, obituaries, and book reviews on Murdoch as well as a book review by Murdoch from The New York Review (March 1993), an article on Saint Miller's correspondence with Wallace Fowlie, an article on Marcel Proust, one on Jim Morrison and The Doors, and the article "Why Our Politics Needs More Poets" by Erica Jong

Box 5

3. Writings, 1949-1977 and undated

7 folders

Consists of a small assortment of drafts and published versions of literary and biographical writings of Wallace Fowlie.

Journal of Rehearsals (typed draft with corrections), 1977
(5 folders)
Box 2
Literary essays by Fowlie separated from R. Heslen correspondence, 1950, 1952
Box 2
Literary essays and a translation by Fowlie separated from Thomas and Kit Foster correspondence, 1949, 1952, 1955, and undated
Box 2
Notebooks, undated

Consists of two spiral-bound notebooks containing Fowlie's hand-written drafts of literary essays.

Box 2

4. Books from Fowlie's personal library, 1911-1997

This series includes books from Wallace Fowlie's private library as well as some books Fowlie gave to others as gifts. Fowlie's own scholarship is represented in the first subseries, which contains works written or edited by Fowlie as well as a number of his translations of French-language literature (e.g. works on Arthur Rimbaud, Paul Claudel, Baudelaire) as well as a reading of Dante's Inferno. The second subseries contains Fowlie's personal copies of French (e.g. Marcel Proust, Georges Simenon), Italian (e.g. Dante), American (e.g. Thomas Wolfe, Edmund Fuller, T. S. Eliot), English (Shakespeare), and Irish (Iris Murdoch, James Joyce) literature in French and English as well as scholarship on French- and English-language literature by various authors. Many of the books include inscriptions and notes by Fowlie as well as laid-in letters, postcards, book reviews, clipped magazine, and newspaper articles.

Rimbaud e Jim Morrison. Il poeta come ribelle. Traduzione di Elena Rossi (Milan: Il Saggiatore), 1997

Includes inscription by Fowlie on title page

Box 3
Paul Claudel. Studies in Modern European Literature and Thought (London: Bowes Bowes), 1957

Includes laid-in newspaper article on Rimbaud

Box 3
The French Critic 1549-1967 (Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press; London-Amsterdam: Feffer Simons, Inc.), 1968

Includes some notes and laid-in newspaper articles (mainly reviews of the book) and letters to the author

Box 3
Rimbaud. A Critical Study (Chicago London: The University of Chicago Press), 1966
Box 3
Rimbaud. Complete Works, Selected Letters (French-English). Introduction, Prose Translations and Notes by Wallace Fowlie (Chicago London: The University of Chicago Press), 1966

Includes laid-in review of the book

Box 3
A Reading of Dante's Inferno (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press), 1981

Includes laid-in photographs, postcard, and letter

Box 3
Age of Surrealism (New York: The Swallow Press and William Morrow and Co., Inc.), 1950

Includes inscription by Fowlie

Box 3
Five Classic French Plays. Editted and Translated by Wallace Fowlie (Mineola, New York: Dover Publications, Inc.), 1962
Box 3
Modern French Poets. Selections with Translations. A Dual-Language Boook. Edited by Wallace Fowlie (New York: Dover Publications, Inc.), 1955
Box 3
Baudelaire, Charles. Flowers of Evel and Other Works. Les Fleurs du mal et oeuvres choisies. A Dual-Language Book. Selections from Baudelaire's poetry, critical writings, journals, and letters, in the original French and a new English translation. Edited and translated by Wallace Fowlie (New York: Dover Publications, Inc.), 1963-1964

Includes letter and postcard

Box 3
French Stories. Contes Francais. A Dual-Language Book. Ten short stories by Voltaire, Balzac, Gide, Camus and others in the original French and a new English translation. Edited by Wallace Fowlie (New York: Dover Publications, Inc.), 1960/1988
Box 3
St.-John Perse. Seamarks. Bilingual Edition. Harper Torchbooks/The Bollingen Library. Translation by Wallace Fowlie (New York: Harper Brothers), 1958/1961

Includes notes and special print of article by Walter A. Strauss

Box 3
Baudelaire, Charles. Selected Poems from "Flowers of Evil." Selected ans Translated by Wallace Fowlie. Dover Thrift Editions (New York: Dover Publications, Inc.), 1963-1964/1991-1992
Box 3
Proust, Marcel. Remembrance of Things Past. The definitive French Pleiade edition translated by C. K. Scott Moncrieff and Terence Kilmartin (New York: Vintage Books), 1981-1982
(3 Volumes)

Includes notes

Box 3
Le Monde de Proust. Photographies de Paul Nadar (Paris: Editions CNMHS), 1991

Includes inscription for Fowlie

Box 3
Simenon, Georges. La Premiere Enquete de Maigret (1913) (Paris: Presses da la Cite), 1990

Includes notes

Box 3
Simenon, Georges. Maigret et le Marchand de vin (Pairs: Presses de la Cite), 1971

Includes notes

Box 3
Simenon, Georges. Maigret et l'Homme tout seul (Paris: Presses de la Cite), 1972

Includes notes

Box 3
Simenon, Georges. Maigret voyage (Paris: Presses de la Cite), 1957

Includes notes

Box 3
Simenon, Georges. La Maison du canal (Paris: Presses de la Cite), 1976

Includes notes

Box 3
Maritain, Raissa. Les Grandes Amities. Souvernirs (New York, N. Y.: Editions de la Maison Francaise, Inc.), 1940-1941

Includes notes and laid-in newspaper article

Box 3
Anonymous, Henriette Psichari. 18 octobre 1965 (no place of publication and publisher), no publication date

Includes laid-in newspaper article

Box 3
Anonymous, Henriette Psichari (no place of publication and publisher), 1973
Box 3
Psichari, Henriette. La Priere sur l'acropole et ses mysteres (Paris: Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), 1956

Includes inscription by Psichari on title page, notes, photographs, a telegram, and clipped articles

Box 3
Gadoffre, Gilbert. Ronsard par lui-meme. "Ecrivains de toujours" aux editions du seuil (no place of publication: Collections Microcosme), 1960

Includes an inscription for Fowlie and notes

Box 3
Millan, Gordon. A Throw of the Dice. The Life of Stephane Mallarme (New York: Farrar Straus Giroux), 1994

Includes letters and article clippings

Box 3
Peyre, Henri. French Novelists of Today (New York: Oxford University Press), 1955/1967

Includes inscription, notes, reviews of the book, and articles on Peyre

Box 4
Knapp, Bettina L. Jean Cocteau. Updated Edition. Twayne's World Authors Series. French Literature (Boston: Twayne Publishers), 1989

Includes notes, book reviews on Fowlies's "Jean Cocteau: The History of a Poet's Age," letters, and article clippings

Box 4
Peters, Arthur King. Jean Cocteau and His World. An Illustrated Biography (New York-Paris: The Vendome Press), 1986

Includes inscription for Fowlie and newspaper article clipping with personal note to Fowlie

Box 4
Murdoch, Iris. The Nice and the Good (New York: Penguin Books), 1978

Includes notes

Box 4
Murdoch, Iris. The Flight From the Enchanter. A Story of Love and Power (New York: Penguin Books), 1962

Includes notes and photographs of Murdoch

Box 4
Murdoch, Iris. The Good Apprentice (New York: Penguin Books), 1987

Includes notes

Box 4
Murdoch, Iris. An Accidental Man (New York: Viking Press), 1971

Includes notes

Box 4
Joyce, James. A Portrait of the Artist As a Young Man. The Modern Library of the World's Best Books (New York: Random House), 1928

Includes notes

Box 4
Joyce, James. Ulysses. The Modern Library of the World's Best Books (New York: Random House), 1961

Icludes notes, a postcard, and clipped articles

Box 4
The Complete Works of William Shakespeare. Edited by William George Clark and William Aldis Wright (New York: Cumberland Publishing Company), 1911

Includes notes

Box 4
Fuller, Edmund. Brothers Divided (New York-Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc.), 1951

Includes inscription for Fowlie and notes

Box 4
Fuller, Edmund. A Star Pointed North (New York and London: Harper Brothers Publishers), 1946

Includes inscription for Fowlie, notes, and envelope with article clippings on Fuller

Box 4
Fuller, Edmund. The Corridor (New York: Random House), 1963

Includes Fuller's autograph and inscription for Fowlie

Box 4
Warren, Austin. Becoming What One Is (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press), 1995

Includes inscription for Wallace, notes, photocopies of selected pages, letters, a postcard, and a clipped newspaper article

Box 4
Wolfe, Thomas. The Hills Beyond (Chicago: Elephant Paperbacks), 1991

Includes a letter to Fowlie

Box 4
Eliot, T. S. Collected Poems 1909-1935 (New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company), 1936

Includes notes, a letter to Fowlie, and clipped article on Eliot

Box 4
Bloom, Allan. Giants and Dwarfs. Essays: 1960-1990 (Advance Uncorrected Reader's Proof from Simon and Schuster, New York), 1990

Includes notes

Box 5
Townsend, Davis. Weary Feet, Rested Souls. A Guided History of the Civil Rights Movement (New York: W. W. Norton Company, Inc.), 1998

Includes inscription for Fowlie, review of the book, and letters

Box 5
The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri. Inferno. A Verse Translation by Allen Mandelbaum (New York-Toronto-London-Sydney-Auckland: Bantam Books), 1980

Includes notes

Box 5
Alighieri, Dante. Inferno. Translated into English verse, with notes and an introduction by Elio Zappulla (New York: Pantheon Books), 1998

Includes inscription and a letter by the publisher to Fowlie

Box 5
The Dore Illustrations for Dante's Divine Comedy. 136 Plates by Gustave Dore (New York: Dover Publications, Inc.), 1976

Includes flyers for several events titled "Inferno"

Box 5
Cervigni, Dino S. Dante's Lucifer: The Denial of the Word (excerpt from "Lectura Dantis. A forum for Dante research and interpretation), 1988, Fall

Includes inscription for Fowlie

Box 5
Bonechi, Edoardo. Florence. A Complete Guide For Visiting the City (Florence: Bonechi Edizioni "Il Turismo"), 1972

Includes inscription, notes, and a clipped article on Dante

Box 5
Les Geants de la litterature mondiale. Dante Alighieri (Paris: Periodique Match), 1970

Includes notes

Box 5

5. Teaching Material Series, 1987 and undated

General Physical Description note

1 folder

Teaching material

Includes lecture notes on "T. S. Eliot: An Introduction to His Career and Achievements" and on Rimbaud and Morrison; lecture announcements for "Collecting Drawings of Cocteau, Picasso, Matisse, and Henry Miller" and "Jim Morrison and Rimbaud. The Rebel as Artist;" and a syllabus for a course on Proust syllabus.

Box 5
Photographs

Contains four photographs of Fowlie and others.

Box 5
One cassette tape labeled "Les Fleurs Du Mal, a ballet by ML Pinsky. Dedicated to Wallace Fowlie, 1994.", 1994
Box 5
Audio-cassette RL-00411-CS-0001
 

Historical Note

Missing Title

Date Event(s)
1908, Nov. 8 Wallace Fowlie born in Brookline, Massachussetts
1936 Received Doctorate from Harvard University
1943 Publication of Clowns and Angels: Studies in French Literature
1946 Rimbaud, the Myth of Childhood published
1951 Pantomime: A Journal of Rehearsals published
1953 Publication of Rimbaud's Illuminations
1964 Fowlie appointed to faculty at Duke University
1965 Publication of André Gide: His Life and Art
1966 Publication of Rimbaud (Complete Works) and Jean Cocteau: The History of a Poet's Age
1977 Duke Press published A Journal of Rehearsals, a revision and updating of the earlier 1951 autobiography, Pantomime: A Journal of Rehearsals
1983 Aubade: A Teacher's Notebook published
1984-1985 Phi Beta Kappa Visiting Scholar at nine universities and colleges
1987 Sites: A Third Memoir published
1990 Memory: A Fourth Memoir published
1990 Worked as consultant on Oliver Stone's film The Doors
1994 Publication of Rimbaud and Jim Morrison: The Rebel as Poet
1998, August 16 Died in Durham, North Carolina


Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries.

Provenance

The Wallace Fowlie Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift from 1981-2007, 2011, 2015 and 2018.

Includes Accessions: 2015-0128, 2015-0132, 2018-0095

Processing Information

Processed by Aaron Thornburg, September 2008

Encoded by Aaron Thornburg, September 2008

Accessions from 1981 and 1982, and accessions 1999-0477, 2007-0045, 2011-0160 were merged into one collection, described in this finding aid.

Updated to include 2011-0160 by Alice Poffinberger, March 2014.

Updated to include 2015-0128 and 2015-0132 by Meghan Lyon and Sandra Niethardt, October 2015.

Updated to include 2018-0095 by Alice Poffinberger, October 2018