Guide to the Frank Baker Collection of Wesleyana and British Methodism, 1536-1996 and undated
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Frank Baker (1910-1999) was a faculty member at Duke University in history, an expert on Wesleyan Methodism, and a rare book and manuscripts collector. The Frank Baker Collection of Wesleyana and British Methodism, 1536-1996 and undated, comprises correspondence, writings, local histories, printed items, engravings, and many other manuscript materials that date from the earliest years of Methodism to its worldwide expansion up to the 20th century. The collection includes the correspondence of two of the most important founders of Methodism, John and Charles Wesley, as well as correspondence from members of the Wesley family. Collection also includes correspondence from many of the key figures in 18th and 19th century history of British Methodism: Joseph Benson, Jabez Bunting, Adam Clarke, Thomas Coke, James Everett, John Fletcher, Mary (Bosanquet) Fletcher, Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon, Elizabeth (Ritchie) Mortimer, George Osborn, Hester Ann Rogers, Richard Tabraham, and Thomas Wride. Other materials include church records and registers, account books, autograph albums, broadsides (notices), circular letters, engravings, maps, sermons, scrapbooks, photographs, and memorabilia. Topics covered by the materials include the life and training of Methodist clergy; the religious life of women; biography and portraiture of Methodists; spirituality; Protestantism in art; and the debate between Arminianism and Calvinism in the early church. Organizational history in the collection covers several branches of the 18th and 19th century church, including Wesleyan Methodism, Primitive Methodism, missions, and missionary societies.
- Collection Number
- Frank Baker collection of Wesleyana and British Methodism
- 1536-1996 and undated
- Baker, Frank, 1910-1999
- 50 Linear Feet, approximately 18,000 items
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
- Material in English
- Wesley Family Series, 1700-1996 and undated
- Correspondence Series, 1632-1637, 1710, 1738-1966, 1988, and undated
- Methodist Class and Band Tickets Series, 1742-1958 and undated
- Printed Materials Series, 1536-1992 and undated
- Subject Files Series, 1727-1994 and undated
- Visual Materials Series, 1567-1990 and undated
- Artifacts and Realia Series, 1780s-1970s and undated
- Writings and Addresses Series, 1661-1991 and undated
- Volumes Series, 1620-1991 and undated
- F. F. Bretherton Papers, 1748, 1813-1974, and undated
- Separately Cataloged Related Small Collections, 1701-1958 and undated
The Frank Baker Collection of Wesleyana and British Methodism, 1536-1996 and undated, comprises a vast range of original correspondence, writings, local histories, printed items, engravings, and many other manuscript materials that date from the earliest years of Methodism to its expansion throughout the British Empire during the 18th, 19th, and early 20th centuries. The collection includes the correspondence of two of the most important founders of Methodism, John and Charles Wesley, as well as correspondence from members of the Wesley family, including Samuel Wesley, Sr. (1662-1735), Sarah (Gwynne) Wesley (1726-1822) and the Gwynne family, and the children of Charles and Sarah Wesley: Charles Wesley, Junior (1757-1834), Sarah (Sally) Wesley (1759-1828), and Samuel Wesley (1766-1837).
Additionally, correspondence from many of the key figures in 18th and 19th century history of British Methodism greatly extends the collection's breadth of coverage. Among others, these groups of correspondence include Joseph Benson, Jabez Bunting, Adam Clarke, Thomas Coke, James Everett, John Fletcher, Mary (Bosanquet) Fletcher, Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon, Elizabeth (Ritchie) Mortimer, George Osborn, Hester Ann Rogers, Richard Tabraham, and Thomas Wride.
The collection materials cover many topics, including: the life and training of clergy women correspondence and diaries; the religious life of women; biography; portraiture; spiritual topics; Protestantism as depicted in art; and the debate between Arminianism and Calvinism in the early church. Organizational history in the collection covers several branches of the 18th and 19th century church, including Wesleyan Methodism, Primitive Methodism, missions, and missionary societies.
Formats of materials include church records and registers, account books, autograph albums, broadsides (notices), circular letters, engravings, maps, sermons, scrapbooks, class tickets, photographs, photocopies of original manuscripts, memorabilia, and realia.
The collection is divided into ten series: Wesley Family, Correspondence, Methodist Class and Band Tickets, Printed Materials, Subject Files, Visual Materials, Writings and Addresses, Volumes, and the F. F. Bretherton Papers. Finally, the Small Collections Series describes twelve small related Methodist history manuscript collections cataloged and housed as separate collections.
Access to the Collection
Collection is open.
Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.
In addition, some originals in the collection are restricted except for use under direct staff supervision. Patrons must use photocopies of originals.
All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.
Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.
Use & Permissions
The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
How to Cite
[Identification of item], Frank Baker Collection of Wesleyana and British Methodism, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
Documents three generations of the family, but especially the lives of John and Charles Wesley. The series is divided into subseries by family member. The three largest manuscripts subseries are those for John Wesley (1703-1791), Charles Wesley (1707-1788), and Sarah Wesley (1759-1826), the daughter of Charles. The John Wesley Papers are mainly original autograph letters (outgoing and incoming) spanning some fifty-five years of his life. There is also one forgery, several 18th or 19th century handwritten copies, and one engraved facsimile. John's letters contain no one frequent correspondent; the Charles Wesley Papers are dominated by Charles' letters to Samuel Lloyd, a friend and sometime legal and financial advisor in London. These draw a portrait of almost twenty years of their friendship. There are also letters to his wife and children, and to important church figures such as John Fletcher and Joseph Benson.
The Sarah Wesley Letters and Poems, though little known, constitute one of the highlights of the Wesley Family Papers--Frank Baker thought it the largest collection in the world of her manuscript poems. There are also over forty complete letters and fragments, spanning forty years of her life and including the only marriage proposal she is known to have received.
The manuscript portion of the series is rounded out by several small groups of letters from other family members related directly to Charles: his wife, Sarah, and her sisters, his two sons, Charles and Samuel; and two grandsons. The series ends with the large Wesley Family Portraits Subseries, some 1000 engraved prints of family members, scenes from their lives, and places associated with them. Almost half of these images are of John Wesley, one of the most frequently-painted portrait subjects of 18th century England.
Letters and writings of the Wesley family are arranged in subseries by family member, in chronological order by date of birth: Samuel Wesley, Sr. (1662-1735); John Wesley (1703-1791); Charles Wesley (1707-1788); Sarah [Gwynne] Wesley (1726-1822); Charles Wesley, Junior (1757-1834); Sarah (Sally) Wesley (1759-1828); and Samuel Wesley (1766-1837).
John Wesley and others developed a system of shorthand for communications and writings, some examples of which can be found in this collection. This single undated printed sheet contains a sample of about 20 lines in Wesley's own shorthand - without a key, however - originating from a journal entry from 1740. The facing page contains illustrations of ten Methodist Society Tickets from the 18th century.
Church of England clergyman, poet, and father of John Wesley (1703-1791) and Charles Wesley (1707-1788).
[Processing Note: Original missing. Typewritten transcript available.]
Letters written by John Wesley to family, fellow preachers and members of his congregation. The majority of these letters are abrupt, aimed at answering specific questions or resolving particular concerns, but others are more expansive. The 1735/6 letter, composed as Wesley was on his way to Georgia, relates events of the voyage and singles out General Oglethorpe for praise. Writing to Lord Rowdon on May 18, 1760, Wesley opposes "the simplicity of the Gospel" with "Philosophical Religion."
Several letters are either addressed or refer to individuals whose manuscripts appear elsewhere in the Baker Wesleyana Collection, especially John Fletcher, Elizabeth (Ritchie) Mortimer, and Sarah Crosby. The letter to Miss Sparrow of Jan. 14, 1779, first passes on an anecdote that Fletcher told about Voltaire, then goes on to present Wesley's scathing views on the French writer and his successes. On June 3, 1774, writing to Sarah Crosby, Wesley worries that Elizabeth Ritchie might succumb to temptation and instructs Mrs. Crosby to watch over her. And in another letter to her several years later (May 11, 1780), he turns his concern to Crosby herself, assuring her that he will keep her writing a secret, burning the originals and transcribing only what he wishes to keep for himself; further, he questions her about her predilection to vices, urging her to speak openly about herself to him, but noting that he does not make a habit of speaking about himself to others so as not to hurt them.
Arranged in chronological order.
[NOTE: Originals housed in Box WF 1 available by prior request only. Use copies for most but not all of the originals are in Box WF 4. Please consult with a reference archivist if there is no use copy.
Endorsed by John Wesley: "Selby. April 9, 1734. + / New birth." FB's extensive note about this letter and its writer, ca. 1976, quoted in full: "PM, 9/AP. 4 pp. 4t0, part of red seal. Spelt 'Westly'. ; Gives copy of S's letter to Bp. Of [?] from memory, 'Yewterday I heard ye Rev. Mr. A. Swear, Mr. B. S, talk B. & gets D-k frequently. Mr. C. is a d-n f Priest. Mr. D and Mr. E are called D-n Priests. Mr. E pays nobody his D-ts.' He writes from pity, not malice. Selby not in Dick's [Heitzenrater] diss., but Green, p. 191: 'Prideax Selby, the son of a merchant from Holy Island in Northumberland, had become a member of Lincoln as a servitor on 25th November, 1731, and was elected to a scholarship on 22nd February, 1733; Wesley talked to him about Communion and by October he was one of the little company who made their Communion at Christ Church on Sunday mornings.'"
FB's typewritten note accompanies this letter: "A contemporary copy of an important letter written by JW as he set sail for America. The letter is genuine, but the handwriting is not Wesley's. Cf. the photostat of the original in Wesley's hand, written to Sir John Phillips, and endorsed by him. Wesley wrote another copy to Dr. John Burton, one of the Trustees for the Colony of Georgia."
Penciled note: "Forgery. FB."
Original handwritten transcription, presumably contemporary, was made by Thomas Richards, who then appended a note of his own. This pair of letters in their entirety was then transcribed by R. O. Jones, circa 1860s. Richards was one of Wesley's earliest itinerant preachers; for more information, see entry on Richards in the Frank Baker Papers, Subject Files, from which this item was transferred.
[See use copy for provenance.]
[See use copy for provenance.]
[Original missing. Copy available.]
Facsimile "engraved by W. Collard from a series of autograph letters from the Rev'd J. Wesley to Mr. Matthew Lowes, now in the Possession of Mr. T. Sopwith, Newcastle on Tyne," undated.
Also includes transcription of a letter from Adam Clarke, City Road, to John Cayley, 1808 Feb. 25; transcription by W.H. Allmutt, Bodleian Library, Oxford, 1871 Dec. 8. Transferred from the Frank Baker Papers, Subject Files, Oxford.
Original missing. Copy available in folder.
Photocopy accompanied by researcher note: Single sheet (two page) document in Wesley's hand, numbered p.3 and p.4, recording Wesley's comments on a long document of at least 38 pages written by either John Fletcher or Joseph Benson, which is not known to survive.
Handwritten transcription by Charles A. Federer, 1903 June 4. A penciled note, undated, points out that JW's closing phrase, "Ivy Leaves grow on Walls," does not appear in the printed version of this letter.
[Original missing. Copy available.]
Handwritten transcription by Wm. Lindley, Swansea, 1861 May 10, who describes Barry as "an early Methodist Preacher."
Provenance: housed with the use copy in Box WF 4 is a photocopied invoice from Charles Hamilton to FB regarding the letter, undated.
[Original missing. Copy available.]
Manuscript fragment containing will, one page, signed as by John Wesley. A penciled note on verso, probably in FB's hand, dates item to circa 1776.
Signed fragment containing part of final sentence, closing, and JW's signature. Mounted in two page scrapbook labeled "John Wesley 1703-1791," which also includes an engraving of JW, a piece of ivy from his grave, and a silhouette of "Mrs. Vizelle. Wesley's Wife."
Provenance: discovered loose in FB's papers, apparently having come to him from F. F. Bretherton. A penciled note signed by FFB states: "not in Standard. Do not think this is Wesley's h/w."
[Housed with the Sarah Crosby Papers.
Unsigned original receipt, transferred from the Frank Baker Papers, Subject Files. Item was filed there under the name of John Atlay, although FB's own typewritten transcription indicates it is likely in the hand of Wesley's Book Steward at the time, George Whitfield.
Missing. Photocopy provided.
Framed; a typewritten transcription appears on the backing paper, followed by unsigned handwritten notes in red ink. Includes photocopy.
Above the letter on this page is also the autograph of Sarah (Sally) Wesley
[Original is laid into the Ann Eliza Fourness autograph book, housed in Box WF 3. A use copy is provided in Box WF 4..
Envelope only, with line of text; original letter is held by Wesley College, Bristol.
[Original missing. Copy available.]
[Original missing. Copy available.]
Handwritten transcription, 1889 by Rev. T. Withington in a letter to George Stampe, subsequently passed to John Telford, to F. F. Bretherton, to FB.
FB's note: "This is a membership list in John Wesley's handwriting. There are several hundred John Wesley letters but only five of these membership lists are still extant."
Includes the following: Fragment from the old Dublin Society Book, listing names of members, undated; "Certainly the 15, 2 is to be paid," undated; "To Mr. Mason of the Preaching house," undated; "To Mrs. Woudhouse at Mr. Hutton's" ["Woodhouse"??], circa 1770; Scrapbook page (miscellany related to JW), undated
Provenance: Bretherton. Labeled as "Rev. John Wesley's Last Shorthand Journal, 1790." Photographed pages of original at Wesley College, Headingley; photographed in 1907.
Autograph and letter book of Ann Eliza Fourness, Halifax, as inscribed by her inside front cover, 1826. In addition to the JW letter described in chronological sequence above (1788 June 17), it contains inscribed and signed passages and letters from a number of 19th century Methodist preachers. Letters laid in include one from Adam Clarke, 1830 June 22, and two from Jabez Bunting, 1813 Oct. 12 and 1840 Mar. 23. A folder in the box contains photocopies of these and the Wesley letter. Inscriptions and laid-in items appear intermittently throughout the volume.
Provenance: There are two information folders about the autograph book, one of which contains correspondence between FB and Hilda Harrison, the descendent of Fourness who sold the book to him in 1975. Harrison also prepared a full list of the contents in her letter of Sept. 21, 1975.
Whitefield ALS, endorsed by Wesley, "G. Wh. Jul. 11 1735."
[ATTENTION: May need conservation prior to access. Please consult with Research Services staff before coming to use this material.]
Two facsimile pages plus FB's notes. FB notes that neither document is in Wesley's hands, only the signature. The body of the letter for Thomas Owens is in the hand of Thomas Coke, with Wesley's signature.
[ATTENTION: May need conservation prior to access. Please consult with Research Services staff before coming to use this material.]
Autograph document signed, on architectural linen[?].
[ATTENTION: May need conservation prior to access. Please consult Research Services staff before coming to use this material.]
Patron use copies of most but not all of the JW holograph documents housed in Box WF 1. Please consult with a reference archivist if there is a use copy does not exist.
Photograph of manuscript document including Wesley in the "new lists of pensioners and scholars" to be admitted to the Charterhouse (JW appears as "John Westly" in the Scholars column). Also, one b/w engraving of the Charterhouse, circa 1816, and a newspaper clipping containing a series of sketched scenes at the Charterhouse. Transferred from the Frank Baker Papers, Subject Files.
Letters written by Charles Wesley to friends, family members, other preachers and members of his congregation. The majority of the letters concern details of Wesley's everyday affairs, including travel arrangements, financial transactions, and assessments of the moral values of various parishioners. Some letters discuss his and others' plans and dealings in America (see letters dated 1754; Feb. 18, 1764; and Jan. 19, 1773). In the letter dated 1773 Jan. 19, Wesley discusses his vision for Methodism in response to a suggestion for less preaching.
Some twenty letters are addressed to his very close friend Samuel Lloyd, a London lawyer who also handled CW's financial affairs. Prominent within this correspondence is Wesley's growing concern with his own mortality, as well as his thoughts on death in general (see letters to Lloyd spanning the years 1760-1769). Writing through his struggle with gout, the partial paralysis of one of his arms, and his wife's bout with a near-fatal illness, Wesley continuously insists on Lloyd's central importance in his heart and mind, and frequently expresses his longing, alternately, to see Lloyd once more in life and to spend eternity with Lloyd in the hereafter. Two letters upon this subject repeat the exclamation "O vain, vain, vain all else!" (Feb. 18, 1764, and Mar. 20, 1769). Arranged in chronological order.
[NOTE: originals housed in Box WF 2 available by prior request only. Use copies are in Box WF 4.
Endorsed in pencil, 'Thurs. Oct. 20, 1748'; headed 'Blwch, half hour past Eleven.' Charles Wesley Sr., outlining his activities on Thurs. and Fri., Oct. 20-21, 1748 (handwriting authenticated by Richard Heitzenrater, 2005 Aug. 29).
Handwritten transcription by R. [?] Smith, 1903, that appears to match holograph now at Emory University.
Entitled "Composed by Charles Wesley on the road to Norwich, 1754," as transcribed by Gertrude Champness and collected by Marmaduke Riggall, 1911.
Endorsed by Adam Clarke, "copied for the Mag. Apr. 10, 1826."
[Original missing. Copy available.]
[Original missing. Copy available.]
[Original missing. Copy available.]
Reply by Charles Wesley, in shorthand, is written on same sheet as Fletcher's original letter 1771 May 26.
Autograph copy in the hand of his daughter, Sarah Wesley.
Noted as "For Mrs. Wesley" and endorsed "[?] [?] Mary."
Provenance: discovered loose in the Frank Baker Papers, 2010. Also found separately and now filed with the use copy of this item is a letter from FB, 1956 May 25, in which he attempted to purchase an item with a marginally different title from a dealer, only to find it already sold.
Provenance: discovered loose in the Frank Baker Papers. Manuscript hymn or poem, signed as by "C. Wesley" but not in his hand, possibly dating from mid- to late-19th century.
Patron use copies of the Charles Wesley holograph documents housed in Box WF 2.
Personal letters between Sarah Gwynne Wesley, wife of Charles Wesley (1707-1788), and her friends and family, as well as a Gwynne family tree and other genealogical materials. Two letters see Wesley borrowing money: she asks Mr. Tooth (probably Samuel Tooth, fl.1770-1820) for 10 pounds on March 11, 1799, and on Feb. 18, 1811 Robert Thornton writes that he has sent her the same sum per her request. Also included is a 2-sided fragment: the first side is written in Wesley's hand announcing her marriage to Charles Wesley, while the reverse side, written by her son Charles Wesley, Jr., features fragments of scriptural verse, apparently in remembrance of her.
RELATED MATERIAL: several letters to Sarah Wesley appear in both the Gwynne Family Subseries, below, and in the William Wilberforce letters, which are arranged in the Correspondence Series. The Wilberforce letters repeatedly address the matter of financial subsistence implied in the letters here--a concern that would last through most of the thirty-eight years Sarah Wesley lived after the death of Charles.
Recto: "Sarah Gwynne Wesley Feb. 4th, 1748, was married 4.5th of April 17[?] to the Rev'd Mr. Charles Wesley." Verso: "My late dearest Mother writing Charles Wesley 'Glory be to God' 'in the highest / may we follow them who by Faith / and patience inherit the Promisses [sic].'
Letters, legal documents, and notes of Rebecca Gwynne (d. 1798?) and Elizabeth (Gwynne) Waller, the sisters of Sarah Wesley (1726-1822), and of Thynne H. Gwynne, her cousin. All of the letters here are either to Sarah or between two other members of the Gwynne family rather than to the Wesleys. Rebecca Gwynne's letters mostly provide updates on various people's lives, although her 1770 letter to Sarah Wesley gives an eye-witness account of the scene at one of JW's sermons. Miss Waller in the letter of 1770 Nov. 6 is the sister of Rebecca Gwynne and Sarah Wesley. The two letters to Sarah Wesley from her cousin Thynne H. Gwynne concern family deaths. Arranged in chronological order.
With typewritten transcription and notes by FB, undated.
[Same item formerly described as "1770, Gwynne, Rebecca, fragment endorsed in pencil, 'Rebecca Gwynne to S. Wesley, 1770'"]
Personal letters and other documents of the oldest son of Charles Wesley (1707-1788). Letters are to and from family and friends, and discuss daily affairs, travel plans, legal dealings, and family life. The 1820 letter to Dr. Kitchiner discusses the ownership of one of his musical pieces. The 1825 letter from C.L. Wesley is highly critical of Charles Wesley's lax views on corporal punishment, arguing that by censuring those people who would carry out the punishment he becomes an "upholder of crime" himself. Other documents include a Proposal for a Subscription Concert by Messrs Wesley, along with a printed "Scheme of the Performance" attached.
[Penciled on top: "Paper watermarked 1817"; addressed as "My Dear harmonic friend."
On same page: fragment of undated letter from Sarah Wesley to her mother.
Undated 19th century copy; on the same sheet is a copy of a letter from Sarah Wesley to Miss Cristan, undated.
Letters and writings of Sarah (Sally) Wesley, daughter of Charles Wesley (1707-1788) and Sarah Gwynne Wesley. Letters are written by and to her family and friends. Letters from M. Doddridge and John Clowes betray great admiration for Sarah Wesley's intellect and wit. Letters from Clowes frequently refer to her apparent rejection of a marriage proposal, while letters from Wesley to Clowes reiterate her desire for independence; many of these letters contain her thoughts on independence and solitude with regard to religious community and piety.
The letter dated  April 4, previously attributed to her Sarah Gwynne Wesley, discusses the family's estrangement from her brother Samuel after he joined the Roman Catholic Church. Wesley's 1815 Oct. 12 letter to an unidentified recipient indicates her views on virtue, compassion, and the shortcomings of the female sex. An undated letter to an unnamed recipient in Folder 2 offers her thoughts on proper ways to bury and honor the dead, paying attention to the particulars of scripture on the subject; engages disparagingly "the malevolent Rouchefoucault"; and offers her opinions on the relationship between private property and morality.
In several letters Wesley states her opinions about other Christian denominations, including Evangelicals (1819 Aug. 10), as well as Quakers and the Church of England (both in an undated, torn letter in Folder 2); the latter fragment also gives an account of Charles Wesley, Jun.'s meeting with the King and Queen of England. The letter dated  Dec. 29 gives her account of her mother's dying moments. Her undated letter to Mr. Quincy presents her home and family life as unsupportive and unwelcoming, painting the founding family of Methodism as cruel and unsupportive of other religious sects.
Wesley's poems, contained in Folder 4, are mostly loose, with two sets hand-sewn and one long poem continuing over ten loose pages. Many poems employ classical forms and themes; other topics include education, women's rights, religion, slavery, and occasional poems commemorating holidays and private events. Most of the poems are signed but not dated; where given, dates range from 1774 to 1782. The subseries also includes a printed copy of the only poem Wesley published during her lifetime, Lines to the Memory of the First Methodist Preachers. The text of this pamphlet edition, 1828, differs from the original 1826 publication in the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.
Letters and notes are arranged chronologically in three folders: dated letters; undated letters; and undated notes and fragments. Manuscript poems are arranged in four groups in Folder 4: loose manuscripts; Poems, Binder I; Poems, Binder II; and the long poem, "The Elopement," on ten unbound pages. The pamphlet of Wesley's published poem appears in Folder 5. A printed copy of a full title list of the short poems appears in Folder 4.
RELATED MATERIAL: The Rubenstein Library also holds a microfilm of Sarah Wesley's letters and poems (film 301) from the Lamplough Collection, made while the collection was on loan at Duke in 1961. This film contains twenty-nine letters from Sarah Wesley, some one hundred to her, and some of her manuscript poems from 1775-1776, including another version of "The Elopement," a long manuscript in the Baker collection. Most if not all of this collection is now at the John Rylands University Library, Manchester, described more fully here: The Wesley Family Papers, GB 135 DDWF.
Folder 1 of 5
Copy, from the valuable collection of Mrs. Richard Smith, 1852 Nov. 25; accompanying this letter, and also pertaining to the one dated 1797 April 13 is a letter to F. F. Bretherton inquiring about the identities of the people involved in the correspondence and its replication.
Copy, from the valuable collection of Mrs. Richard Smith, 1852 Nov. 25.
[includes fragment of a letter and part of a verse with heavy edits, above which is penciled in by FB, "Charles Wesley"]
Folder 2 of 5
Text differs significantly from 1826 version published in Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.
Folder 5 of 5
Letters of the youngest son of Charles Wesley (1707-1788). One letter in 1813 refers to his child's death after a small pox vaccination. There are two undated letters written by Wesley during a period of failing health. The letter addressed to Mrs. W. divulges details on what he intends to leave his family in his as-yet unwritten will, and comments on what he perceives as the societal corruption brought about by the French Revolution. There is also a manuscript poem to the Earl of Oxford.
Accompanied by a Waller family tree, and several typewritten sheets of other letters by the Waller family to Sarah Gwynne, who married Charles Wesley Sr. in 1749 (her sister Elizabeth Gwynne married James Waller in 1750 and had three children by him)
Gives his regrets for not joining him at Mr. Savage's due to the death of his child after a smallpox innoculation and the illness of his wife Sarah. Says he would have preferred the cow pox inoculation but his wife overrode him. Transferred from Frank Baker Papers Subject Files.
[Penciled note: "in hand of Samuel Wesley (1766-1837)"]
Accompanied by Frank Baker subject card, dealer description for poetry volume, and 20th c. facsimile of poem manuscript to Earl of Oxford. Transferred from Frank Baker Papers Subject Files?
Handwritten score, 7 pp., of a piece from Handel's Judas Maccabaeus; a typed note from Baker identifies it as a manuscript of Samuel Wesley's, watermarked 1823.
Letters written by John W. Wesley, son of Samuel Wesley (1766-1837). Both letters to his aunt, Miss Sarah Wesley, concern his growing business and indicate that she offered him assistance in the way of referrals. The letter to Rev. Newton expresses reverence toward his ancestors and a strong belief in the principles of Methodism. There is a fourth item, probably from an original collector, with John Wesley's name and his ancestry, that accompanied two of the letters.
Writing from school, Charles Wesley, III, informs his uncle that he has visited with his aunt (presumably Miss Sarah Wesley), has seen the dead body of his master, Mr. Cooper, and has lost three pairs of shoes. On the same page is also a letter by Samuel Wesley to his mother, in which he explains the death of Mr. Cooper, who fell off a horse in an apoplectic fit as he was headed to a friend's funeral. He also indicates that Mr. Cooper had been trying to resolve the shoe theft mentioned by Charles, intending to buy a pair for every boy who had lost shoes out of his own pocket. Wesley observes Charles' low spirits in light of his master's death, and looks forward to taking him away from the school during the next holiday.
Item count of 1000 includes the engravings in the Wesleyan scrapbook and in the disbound scrapbook, "Roots of Methodism," some of which are not of the Wesley family.
Contains several hundred images, many of them engraved variants of portraits painted during Wesley's life time. The subseries is arranged to begin with FB's subject files JW portraits, followed by prints themselves, generally in chronological order for named portraits. Many of the images appear in several sizes in different boxes, especially engravings based on the 18th century portraits.
[Attention: Many of the larger prints (housed flat) are fragile; these originals may need conservation prior to patron access. Please consult with Research Services staff before coming to use these materials.]
Arranged alphabetically by topic; includes additional images in several categories.
Contains three copies each of engravings of JW and his grandfather (also called John Wesley), plus notes and correspondence.
List of portraits and notes, probably FB's partial description of his own collection, sometimes listing painter and engraver.
Correspondence and notes of FB, 18th and 19th century engraved portraits of JW, manuscript item circa 1776, photocopies of printed materials contemporaneous to JW's death, and other printed materials.
Pamphlet separated for monographic cataloging: The late Reverend John Wesley's Triumphant Translation to Glory, Falmouth, 1791 Apr. 5th. Authors: James Rogers, John Broadbent, Thomast Rankin, Joseph Bradford, and George Whitfield. Alternate title[?]: Blessed are the Dead that Die in the Lord.
Folder group contains: FB's correspondence and notes; correspondence of earlier scholars, including a letter to John Telford; engravings; photographs; and printed materials. Approximately eighty historic and modern images of Wesley; many correspondents attach photographs of items they own or ask FB to identify. Includes a JW stamp and 19th century engravings including "Wesley in Extreme Age." Also includes FB's notes on "Reputed Wesley Portrait in Possession of Frank Baker" (now at Duke) and the somewhat related topic of the "lost" portrait painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds.
Includes 3 original letters dated 1850 and 1876 from Foster regarding attribution of the Horsley portrait in addition to later copies of the letters.
Correspondence of FB and F. F. Bretherton with various writers on possible existence or whereabouts of a portrait by Sir Joshua Reynolds; and printed material (folder 2) on this topic including The True Likeness of John Wesley, 1930, and A Tale of Dangan Castle or, Losing the Painting, undated.
Physically arranged by size but listed below with named portraits in chronological order, with date of original painting appearing in parentheses. Later images that are either unnamed or do not fit into this scheme are arranged in categories at the end of the group. There are other images of JW in the Visual Materials Series.
The appearance of two box numbers for a folder title indicates the presence of multiple sizes of prints for that image. The general dimensions of the prints in inches can be inferred from the box numbers, as follows: WF 6-8: upright boxes, images smaller than 8x10; WF 9-11 and 13-14, smaller than 14x18; WF 12, smaller than 20x24; WF 16, smaller than 24x30; WF 15, 17, and 18, unique items with dimensions as noted.
Includes two copies of 1745 G. Vertue print, one copy of another similar version from 1745, and one copy of a different 1742 Vertue engraving.
Large engravings by Bland (folder 2) and Greenwood (folder 3). One Bland print, fragile, has been inscibed by hand with Bible verses that surround JW on front and entirely cover verso. Greenwood engraving, 1770, is reverse issue, with JW looking left instead of right, and raising left hand; there are two prints, in good and poor condition.
[Attention: Originals may need reformatting or conservation prior to patron access; please consult with Research Services staff before coming to use this material.]
Includes photograph prints and original Bland engraving, 1773 July 10.
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Caricature by Matthew Darly of preacher often assumed to be Wesley. Reproduction of engraving in the Rubenstein Library's Picture Files Collection.
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Engraving by James Fittler, 1788 Nov. 1; and engraving published by William Darton, 1825 (no engraver or painter named).
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Folder 1 (upright) includes black-and-white engravings and five of George Baxter's color reproduction made in 1840s. Folder 2 (flat) contains three copies of Ward mezzotint engraving, [1791?] in varying condition. Folder 3 (flat) contains Spilsbury engraving, 1789 June 1, and Fincken centenary engraving, 1891 Mar. 2.
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Includes an engraving of Edinburgh Portrait affixed to paper with a small twig and wax seal.
Includes other engravings based on Edridge portrait, some with a reproduction of JW's signature: "Yours most affectionately, John Wesley."
Includes photographic reproductions of portrait on pendants and in several other formats.
[Attention: Original is FRAGILE framed print. Please consult with Research Services staff before coming to use this material.]
Folder 2 contains B/W print, 21 x 16, engraved by J. Jones, Published June 20, 1791 by Campbell & Gainsborough Publick Library, Bath.
Folder 2 contains proof of Thomson engraving and T. A. Dean engraving.
Includes engravings after Tomkinson, Zobel, Thursfield, Taylor, Johnson, and other portraits.
Includes brochures for mezzotint engraving by H. Muchbeth-Raeburn; color poster; and lithograph signed on print and mat.
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B/W photographs of various sculptural reliefs and portrait busts depicting JW, including photograph of death mask and engraving of Wesley Monument at Westminster Abbey.
Photographs of statue in the forecourt of Wesley's Chapel in Broadmead, Bristol on Feb. 16th, 1933. Includes commemorative cards
Late 19th and early 20th century newspaper images and articles, including "General Oglethorpe and His Servant," and "Teapot Presented to the Rev. John Wesley" among others.
Varied items with JW's likeness including bookmarks, a Centenary Celebration card, 20th century postcards, and cover of Feb. 1948 The Pastor magazine.
Subject: JW standing alone regards Susannah Wesley's tombstone, engraved with her dates, parentage, and a poem.
RELATED MATERIAL: This subject also appears in two photographs--see Correspondence Series, Robert Hutchinson; and Visual Materials Series, Photographs Subseries.
Includes: Ridley engravings; depictions of JW's funeral, tomb, and JW lying in state.
Correspondence between FB and Cyril J. Squire concerning his lithographs of JW in profile. Includes two copies of lithograph plus a hand-drawn original signed by Squire.
Color picture book of cut-outs of Wesleyan figures and places, with short background information.
Small round frontispiece print attached to larger paper backing.
Portrait of Wesley mounted on heavy backing. Some resemblance to a color version of the Romney portrait.
Subject: engraving of bas-relief or cameo of a JW bust? Holy Bible above him is opened to Mark 16:15; women to left and right hold Wesley's birth and death dates, respectively.
Undated print of Wesley preaching outdoors in front of a large assembly of people.
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One item boxed alone, with one page of FB's notes outlining arguments for and against (FB's stance) this being Wesley. Face, possibly painted mid-19th century, has different texture from surrounding background and likely covers an older painting. Correspondence and printed material about the history and provenance of this painting and also the related subject of the "lost" portrait by Sir Joshua Reynolds, can be found in Boxes WF 7 and WF 9.
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Subject: Portrait by Claxton of JW on his deathbed surrounded by about 20 people, including three women and one boy. Undated manuscript of donations collected, with individual names and payment notations, for the purchase of a copy of the Claxton print to be deposited in the Wesleyan Mission House.
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Large color print and detached title with explanation of scene and information on publication.
Subject: scene of the child John Wesley being rescued from the fire by a large group of people; several of the men are likely to be based on figures in 19th century Methodism. Title introductory and dedicatory phrase begins: "To the Minister and Members of the Wesleyan Methodist Societies throughout the World, together with the Christian Public generally, this Print representing the Providential..."
Full attribution: "Taken from the original Picture painted & presented by the Artist to the Conference, to be placed in the Centenary Hall, London, as Commemorative of the Centenary of Methodism, celebrated October 1839, Is most respectfully Dedicated, by their very obedient Servant, Henry Perlee Parker" Painted by H. P. Parker; engraved by S. W. Reynolds. London: A. J. Isaacs, 1863
RELATED MATERIAL: a full color version of this scene, 1870, titled "Escape of John Wesley from the Fire," is also in the collection, located in Box WF 16.
Contains various engraved portraits of Charles Wesley, together with a smaller number of illustrated scenes.
FB correspondence about various Charles Wesley portraits, some of it in preparation for Charles Wesley as Revealed by His Letters (1948). Seven undated 19th century engravings based on various portraits; three photographs of other portraits and statuary; photograph of portrait of Sarah Wesley (wife of Charles); and numerous plates and photocopies of other portraits.
Subject: Charles Wesley standing at center of outdoor scene preaches to some two dozen Native Americans, who listen or engage in various activities, including one woman plucking a turkey.
Portraits of other Wesley family members, and also broader categories such as "Group settings and scenes" and "Wesleyan sites" (meaning places associated with Wesley, but in which no dramatic scene is depicted). The Wesleyan Portraits scrapbook and the disbound scrapbook, "Roots of Methodism," also contain images of other people and sites important to the early history of Methodism, including Joseph Benson, Thomas Coke, Adam Clarke, John and Mary Fletcher, George Whitefield, the Countess of Huntingdon, and Francis Asbury.
Printed material and notes about Samuel Wesley, Jr., and his contemporaries, including approximately twenty plates and engravings of Alexander Pope, Jonathan Swift, and others; and title page from Poems on Several Occasions, 1736. Pope engraving bears signed inscription to Wesley, presumably a facsimile of Pope's hand.
Subject: JW addressing a throng of busts (mainly) of preachers from pulpit in left third of picture; in a lower pulpit or seat below him is Charles Wesley. Date is obscured by dirt and folds; newsprint was pasted to back at some point. Includes pictorial key of all 447 portraits.
[Attention: Original needs conservation prior to patron access. Please consult with Research Services staff before coming to use this material.]
Includes engravings of The First Wesleyan Conference and The Birthplace of the Rev. John Wesley, Epworth, among others.
Includes photograph of portrait of a Wesley family at Dangan Castle, attributed to William Hogarth, 1731.
20th Century B/W book illustration plates depicting scenes from John Wesley's life. Including "Beau Nash Interrupts John Wesley's Meeting," and "Wesley Preaching in Ireland" among others.
Includes portraits of Wesley alongside other prominent Methodist men, "Presidents of the Wesleyan Conference," and "Eminent Clergy of the 18th Century," among others.
One large engraving of the North-West view of Kingswood School, dedicated to John Wesley, engraved by Thomas McGeary. Also includes small, coloured engraving taken from McGeary's image and two other engravings depicting a different view of the school by J. McGahey as well as a letter to FB concerning the images.
Subject: series of eighteen Wesleyan places on one sheet, including: font at which JW was christened; cross and church from Queen Street; Old Rectory from which Wesley was rescued from fire at age six; Wesley Memorial Chapel spire from Burnham Road. B/W print with backgrounds tinted yellow.
Scrapbook of engravings, printed materials, and short autograph documents featuring people, scenes, and sites of the early history of Methodism. JW (81 portraits and events) and other members of the Wesley family (Samuel, Susannah and Charles) are featured in first half of album, followed by other prominent 18th-19th century preachers and followers of Methodism. Clippings, programs, book covers and frontispieces, facsimiles, autographs, and a map. Also includes: two sets of autograph sermon notes in hand of John Fletcher (undated and unsigned); engraved facsimile of letter from JW, London, to Rev. Mr. Walker, Truro, 1755 Nov. 20 (penciled note corrects date to 1758); and other handwriting facsimiles from JW's inner circle. Other portraits include Joseph Benson, Thomas Coke, Adam Clarke, Alexander Mather, John Fletcher, George Whitefield, James Oglethorpe, the Countess of Huntingdon, and Francis Asbury. Asbury pages include early material on introduction of Methodism to United States. Title assigned by processor.
Collection of approximately 140 portrait and landscape engravings, clippings, photographs, and other materials relating to Wesley family and early background of Methodism. The original portfolio, received disbound, was compiled by Miss A.E.F. Barlow of Bolton, England, and given to scholar Frank Baker in 1948. It appears that other materials were mixed in at some point; these have the same general subject matter, though with a separate numbering scheme not reflected in the original index, which is housed in the first box. The second box predominantly consists of these additional materials. Portraits of the Wesleys appear in both groups of material.
Series is divided into thirty-six subseries for individuals and four subseries classified by groups. Primarily contains loose letters, letterbooks, broadsides, and other materials sent by and to Methodist ministers and laity from the time of the Wesleys through the 19th century. A significant portion of the material was created by people contemporary to the Wesleys. Some items are in short-hand - a sample of Wesley's own shorthand (without a key, however) is included in an information folder in box WF1.
The series includes official and personal correspondence, theological discourse, poems, journals, biographies, and notes that reveal daily life among the early British Methodists, the external growth and internal establishment of Wesleyan Methodism, and important controversies in the church at the time, especially the Calvinist-Arminian controversy and arguments over the sacraments and the relationship of Methodism to the Anglican Church. There are also materials referring to ecclesiastical controversies after the death of the Wesleys.
Other important topics include early Methodist missions; early training institutions; Methodism's relation to church and state; the split with the Church of England; and important debate over women preachers and the role overall of women in the church.
Letters and miscellaneous writings of William Arthur (1819-1901), Wesleyan Methodist minister, missionary to India (1839-1841), President of the Conference (1866), and prolific author. Among many other interests, Arthur vigorously supported the temperance movement and opposed slavery and Roman Catholicism. Correspondents include Jabez Bunting, George Osborn, and Morley Punshon.
RELATED MATERIAL: Letters by and to Arthur also appear in the following series and subseries: Correspondence Series (Jabez Bunting and George Osborn); and Volumes Series, Letter Books Subseries: Simpson A, Simpson D, WP I, and WP II.
Letters and miscellaneous papers of John Barnard (fl. 1630s). Little is known about Barnard other than the brief information in the dealer's description, in Folder 1. He appears to have been a merchant in Hull; he also traveled to York and London, from where some of his letters to his wife are written. Letters are arranged in two folders of letters to his wife and a third folder of other documents.
Letters and writings of Joseph Benson (1749-1821), Wesleyan Methodist itinerant minister who was twice President of the Conference (1798 and 1810) and editor of the Methodist Magazine from 1803-1821. Like his contemporary Thomas Coke, Benson was born early enough to know and correspond with many of the early figures of Methodism, including John and Charles Wesley, John and Mary Bosanquet Fletcher, and Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon, but also lived well into the 19th century, witnessing the growth of the church in the generation following JW's death. Although the letters here cover some fifty years of his life, they cluster around two controversies in which he became embroiled in the early 1770s and the mid 1790s.
Arranged in five folders: Folders 1-3, correspondence in chronological order; Folder 4, other documents; and Folder 5, oversize correspondence in a separate chronological sequence.
RELATED MATERIAL: over eighty letters and printed items by, to, and about Joseph Benson appear at other points in this and other Frank Baker collections:
- Wesley Family Series, Charles Wesley (1707-1788)--letters to Benson
- Correspondence Series: John Fletcher, Mary Bosanquet Fletcher, and Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon--letters to Benson
- Volumes Series, Letter Books Subseries and Scrapbooks Subseries--letters by and to Benson in several volumes
- Printed Materials Series, Broadsides and Circular Letters Subseries and Committee of Privileges Subseries
- Perronet Family Papers
- Frank Baker Papers, Subject Files: FB transcriptions of approximately fifty letters from other archives
- Wesley Family Papers
Transcription, six pages, as by C. Wesley; penciled note "This is Mr. Benson's writing."
Letters, printed items, and other documents of Samuel Bradburn (1751-1816), Wesleyan Methodist minister and President of the Conference (1799). Printed letter from Bradburn in response to the Address of the Trustees of the Room and Guinea-Street Chapel, regarding controversy over whether to split from the Church of England, 1792 Oct. 5; 1896 copy of Bradburn's certificate of ordination, signed by Thomas Hanby, John Pawson, and Henry Taylor, 1792; 1868 article in the Methodist Magazine, quoting Bradburn's entire Preface to a small volume of hymns, 1806-07.
RELATED MATERIAL: other printed letters about Bradburn's involvement in the controversies of the 1790s appear in the Printed Materials Series, Committee of Privileges Subseries; John Wesley's letters to Bradburn are in the John Steele volume in the Volumes Series, Letter Books Subseries.
Letters, notes, printed materials, and other documents by or about Jabez Bunting (1779-1858), four-time President of the Wesleyan Methodist Conference (1820, 1828, 1836 and 1844). Bunting also served terms as either Secretary or Connexional Editor for most of the years from 1814-1827. A strong proponent of centralizing power in the Church, he also provoked much controversy and resistance, particularly the Wesleyan Reform movement and the anonymous "Fly Sheets" of the 1840s, which led to the expulsion of James Everett and two other ministers from the Conference. Arranged in three folders: (1) letters; (2) other documents; and (3) oversize materials.
RELATED MATERIAL: Bunting appears at many other places in the collection as writer, recipient, or subject of letters and printed items. See especially the following series, subseries, and related collections:
- Correspondence Series, James Everett Papers
- Printed Materials Series, Broadsides and Circular Letters Subseries
- Volumes Series, Letter Books WP I and WP II
- Frank Baker Papers, Subject Files, Bunting (transcribed letters)
- Jabez Bunting Papers, 1838-1840, (Rubenstein Library, Duke University)
Various manuscript fragments and printed items, including: a letter of thanks to Bunting from the preachers admitted at Leeds, 1812; a poem about Bunting's preaching and asking for money, 1814; an anecdote in Bunting's hand, 1824, about JW's mission to Georgia; an obituary for Bunting and an order of service for his funeral at City Road Chapel, 1858 June 22.
RELATED MATERIAL: See also Bunting's handwritten Manchester plan for 1805-1806 in the Frank Baker Collection of Methodist Circuit Plans.
Letters and documents of Joseph Butterworth (1770-1826), publisher, politician, and the second Methodist Member of Parliament (for Coventry, 1812-1818, and Dover, 1820-1826). Butterworth was one of the founding members of the Committee of Privileges, and oversize documents below may pertain to that.
RELATED MATERIAL: Many documents in the Printed Materials Series, Committee of Privileges Subseries are authored or co-authored by Butterworth.
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Together on same sheet w/letter signed William Myles, Chairman, Wednesday Morning 20th July 1803, New Chapel City Road. This and following item may be contemporary copies of original documents related to the Committee of Privileges--see Printed Materials Series, Committee of Privileges Subseries.
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Copy of pages 1-5 of letter; then note "6 7 8 have not time to copy--see page 9 to follow here". P. 9 then follows, in the same new hand that picked up in middle of p. 5; then a 10th unnumbered page and Butterworth's signature (the 2nd hand that began on p.5 appears to be his);
Letters, manuscripts, and other documents of Adam Clarke (1762-1832), Wesleyan Methodist minister and three-time President of the Conference (1806, 1814, 1822), and of his immediate family. Clarke was a central figure in early Methodism and no stranger to controversy, combating poverty and slavery, supporting more lay involvement (even of women), and holding an adoptionist view of Jesus' sonship. A respected scholar and linguist, Clarke supported foreign missions and the Bible Society.
Arranged in seven folders: (1-3) letters of Adam Clarke, chronological; (4) letters of Clarke family, chronological; (5-6) miscellaneous writing and family documents; (7) oversize materials.
- Adam Clarke Papers, ca. 1762-1832, (Rubenstein Library, Duke University)
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Baptism certificates for Clarke's grandson and four granddaughters. In each case Clarke performed the ceremony and signed the certificate.
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Letters, writings, and minor legal and financial documents of Thomas Coke (1747-1814), the minister JW named as the first "Superintendent" of the Methodist Church in America (1784). In time the much-traveled Coke became known as "Father of the Methodist Missions" and was later twice President of the Conference (1797 and 1805). Materials consist of autograph manuscripts, transcriptions, and printed materials, and are evenly spread across some thirty-five years of Coke's life, from a couple of years after he joined Methodism to a few months prior to his death. Although most of the documents originate from Coke's time in England, there are frequent allusions to his interest in and travels to such countries as Africa, Ceylon, Germany, India, Nova Scotia, and the United States.
Individual documents are arranged in chronological order; following that list, items in volumes are cited by container number and volume name.
Transcribed by R. Green, a correspondent of F.F. Bretherton, circa 1890-1910.
Copy of unsigned autograph document sent to Mr. King at the Methodist Chapel, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, with ALS to him from Coke appended at the end, dated from Dublin, 1795 Apr. 17. The tract discusses three proposals at length, most of them concerning the relationship of the Conference to local Societies and Preaching-houses. In the personal note to Mr. King, Coke identifies the three authors of the proposals and begs to hear King's thoughts on them.
Discusses his recent marriage and his reasons for not coming back to America; he wouldcome only if needed or if something dire happened to Bishop Asbury.
Acknowledges Lettsom's letter and promises to send the requested portrait of himself. Closes with comment that he is "a very great Friend of the Vaccine Inoculation" and that he will "send you a silhouette of myself if you desire it."
Attached by thread to a second page, on which is mounted a small obituary of Coke, 1814.
Entry no. 27, apparently transcribed from Easton's copy by James Rogers into his commonplace book on 1780 Feb. 7. Coke's letter cites and then gives a long extract from a letter to him from Samuel Bradburn, 1779 Oct. 17, in which Bradburn refutes charges of Arianism made against him. Coke then cites shorter passages from Joseph Benson before closing.
Entry no. 31, transcribed by or for Rogers from "the Pennsylvania Packet of Friday June 5th."
Undated, though apparently a continuation of entry no. 31 above.
Transcribed by Baker; holograph missing from volume.
Letter to, circuit plans for, and copied memoir of Robert Costerdine (1726-1812), Methodist local preacher, entered itinerancy 1764. The three circuit plans are schedules of preaching appointments for Costerdine, a few years after he retired from active ministry. The copy of the memoir is written in a bound school exercise book, apparently by "Master Robert Harrison, Davyhulme Wesleyan School;" the memoir was composed ca. 1810 and includes an addition by Costerdine's son-in-law, Mr. William Crompton, 1812 May 12, which recounts Costerdine's last days and death. The two oversize items, Edward Slater's 1775 map of the Derby Circuit and the Flixton broadsheet, 1802, may have belonged to Costerdine at one time according the provenance information provided.
Included is a photocopy of a letter to Baker from Alfred Hopwood, ca. 1944, explaining provenance for Costerdine items.
Also included is an 1827 letter with a "Wesley Seal," multiple letters from the beginning of the 20th century discussing early Methodist items (Stampe letter includes short bio of Kershaw), and a copy of the Methodist publication Daybreak. These items do not seem to be related to Costerdine.
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Letters, addresses, and writings of Joseph Entwisle (1767-1841), who was twice elected President of the Conference (1812, 1825) and later appointed first house governor of the Hoxton Theological Institution. This latter appointment, to govern the first organization for formal training of Wesleyan Methodist ministers, is the source of two of the longest manuscripts here, Hints for Conversation with the Students of the Wesleyan Theological Institution, Hoxton (1834), and the 1838 Address to the Students. One manuscript essay, Thoughts on Methodism--Primitive and Modern (1797), was later incorporated into Entwisle's memoir and became an important early contribution to Methodist historiography. Entwisle's letters are distributed intermittently across some three decades of his life. In his 1822 letter to Ashworth, Entwisle briefly discusses and copies the whole of William Grimshaw's Covenant with God, 1754.
RELATED MATERIAL: materials by and about Joseph Entwisle appear in several other series in the collection. See especially the following: Printed Materials Series; Volumes Series, Letter Books Subseries and Writings Subseries; and the separately cataloged small collection, Perronet Family Papers. For a long letter to Entwisle from the missionary John Felvus, about 1820s conflict in Barbados, see the Subjects Series, Caribbean and Latin America.
Two memoirs by Entwisle about his wife Mary and son Samuel published in the Methodist Magazine (1804) and Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine (1831), respectively. The third item, also published in Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine (1849), is a Memoir of the Rev. Joseph Entwisle, Fifty-four years a Wesleyan Minister; with copious Extracts from his Journals and Correspondence, and occasional Notices of contemporary Events in the History of Methodism. By his Son. The last text may be related to the memoir to be found as the third item in Jonathan Crowther's manuscript autobiography--see Volumes Series, Writings and Addresses Subseries.
Letters, writings, catalogues, and other documents of James Everett (1784-1872), who had a varied career as a Wesleyan Methodist minister, bookseller, historian, before being expelled from the Wesleyan conference in 1849 and going on to become the first president of the newly formed United Methodist Free Churches in 1857. The documents gathered here cover more than a half-century of Everett's life and address all aspects of his career.
RELATED MATERIAL: materials by, to, and about Everett appear at many other places in the collection. See especially: Correspondence Series, Thomas Wride; and Volumes Series, Writings and Addresses Subseries, Everett, "Original Poems Written on Various Occasions." Additionally, the Rubenstein Library holds some 70 editions of monographs by or about James Everett or about the Fly Sheets" controversy.
Nine letters from Bromley to Everett on a wide variety of topics, including: Adam Clarke (1832); preaching opportunities and appointments, especially in York, and the spread of Methodism (1833); the "college affair" or "college question" (1834); a book on David Isaac (1834); an attack on the Conference by a Jamaican minister and the expulsion of other ministers (1851); and teetotalism (1860s). Some of FB's notes are included with these letters.
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Third item published 1825? on verso, verses by Adam Clarke hand copied by Everett, and Everett signature.
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Form letter inviting recipient to the "case of Rev'd James Everett".
Letters, will, notebooks, and notes of John William Fletcher (1729-1785), a Church of England clergyman and Methodist writer. He resisted Wesley's attempts to persuade him to itinerate, and he worked hard (with Joseph Benson) to keep the Methodist movement within the Church of England. He wrote extensively and was the main exponent of Arminian theology. Relatively late in life, he married Mary Bosanquet, who served as his partner in ministry until his death.
Arranged in three folders: (1) series of letters to Joseph Benson regarding Calvinist controversy surrounding Lady Huntingdon's school at Trevecca; (2) individual letters in chronological order; (3) other documents.
RELATED MATERIAL: Letters from or to John Fletcher also appear in the Wesley Family Series, Charles Wesley Subseries; in the Correspondence Series, Mrs. Leighton Letter Book; and in the Perronet Family Papers. FB's research on the letters and portraits of Fletcher appear in the Frank Baker Papers, Subject Files, Alphabetical Subseries I. Additionally, the Rubenstein Library holds some 140 editions of monographs by or about Fletcher.
Series of lengthy letters in which Fletcher, always in Madeley, writes to Benson at a variety of his stations and positions over the years, including London, Bristol, Leeds, Leeds, Newcastle, Edinburgh, Glasgow, and, in the earliest letters, Brecknockshire, South Wales. This was near the site of Lady Huntingdon's college, where Fletcher served as the first President and Benson as the second headmaster, until both split with Huntingdon over the Calvinist controversy in the Methodist Connexion.
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Letters and other papers of Mary (Bosanquet) Fletcher (1739-1815), Methodist preacher and wife of John Fletcher. In 1762 she went to live in her own house in Leytonstone where, with Sarah Crosby and Sarah Ryan, she established a Christian community caring for needy children and began 'to exhort, and to read and expound the scriptures.' Wesley did not agree to let her itinerate, but he did acknowledge that she had an 'extra-ordinary call.' She married John Fletcher in 1781 and joined in his ministry, which she effectively continued after his death.
Typed transcription of Richard Hill letter to John Fletcher, endorsed by Charles Wesley(1773), discussing controversy between them. Two letters from and portrait of Rowland Hill. Also, collection of 9 or 10 sermons and sermon notes on 32 duodecimo pages in minute handwriting, labeled "Rowland Hill". Two letters from David Hill, missionary in China, to Miss Middleton (a patron of the Missionary effort), describing work in Hankow on Yangtze River, riots in Teh Ngan, and the Sino-French War (1884-1885). Refers to many women involved with the missionary society. Baker correspondence, 1962, in which he describes Rowland Hill letters and sermons, and Richard Hill transcription.
Letters of Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon (1707-1791). Lady Huntingdon was linked to the Wesleys and the Methodist movement for most of the first half-century of its existence. She lived a life of great contradictions and changes of heart: an ardent early supporter of JW, she finally broke with him and established her own Connexion, which still exists today in England and Sierra Leone; she sent great amounts of money to fund the purchase of slaves for a project in Georgia, but only three years later became the patroness of Phillis Wheatley, arranging the publication of her first book of poetry, which Wheatley dedicated to Huntingdon.
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Letters, photographs, and other items to, by, or about Robert Hutchison. Collection includes an invitation to dinner for the Universal Medical Institution, of which Hutchison is listed as a Steward; on the back of this is a four-week calendar with four columns of daily preaching engagements. Formal invitation card from Mr. Allan to dinner with Mr. Butterworth includes the original envelope with heavy black wax seal. Mrs. Greene included an engraved tradesman's card for "Stannard & England..." with her address handwritten on back. There is a formal letter from Mrs. Hutchison donating Wesleyan relics to the President of the conference, in which letter she emphasizes her Moravian roots.
Note: Surname is variously spelled "Hutchison" and "Hutchinson."
Letters of Thomas Jackson (1783-1873), President of the Wesleyan Methodist Conference (1838), and prolific author of books on the Wesleys and other figures in Methodist history; on his brother Samuel; and on their descendants.
Holograph letters, including one from to James Everett, Manchester, 1827 June 11, in which Jackson regrets that he cannot currently publish Everett's history of Manchester Methodism due to the fact that the July and August magazines have already been put to press. Jackson sometimes alludes to his writing: in a letter of Jan. 1, 1855, he mentions finishing the rough draft of his life of "the late Dr. [Robert] Newton." In a lengthy letter of Sept. 28 1869 to Mrs. [Smallpage?], he recalls what he knew of her father, Mr. Keeling, whom he first met in 1815. In a letter to Dr. Osborn, Oct. 11 1871, he praises Osborn's upcoming series of articles that effectively refute the writing of Tyernan and his interpretations of Wesley's life and other facts of Methodist history.
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Holograph letters of Samuel, William, and Elijah Jackson are routing correspondence about preaching appointments, etc. Correspondence of Baker with a woman trying to determine if she is the descendant of Thomas Jackson. Transcribed letters of Thomas Jackson include a long 1824 letter to Jabez Bunting in which he discusses upcoming issues of the Wesleyan Methodist Magazine and the recent arrival from Hayti of Mr. H. Dennis, a recent convert. Also included here is a sheet of Baker's notes on Dr. Humphrey Sandwith, whose papers appear later in the Correspondence Series.
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Disbound letter book of a Mrs. Leighton of The Vineyards, Bath. Little information has been found about Mrs. Leighton herself, but some of FB's notes refer to her as "Mrs. Knyvett Leighton, friend and disciple of Lady Huntingdon" (see Frank Baker Papers, Subject Files, John Fletcher). Her husband was at one time an agent of the Countess. The collection consists entirely of letters to Leighton from various well-known figures in 18th-century Methodism, especially Huntingdon, whose letters comprise about half the collection. Other correspondents include John Fletcher and George Whitefield, represented elsewhere in the Baker Wesleyana collection; Henry Venn, an Anglican vicar; Martin Madan, also an Anglican clergyman; and Madan's daughter, Penelope Maitland.
Arrangement: items have been rearranged and foldered by writer; the original sequence in the bound letter book was penciled on each letter at some point in the past. Arranged in eight folders: (1) John Fletcher; (2-4) Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon; (5) Penelope Maitland; (6) Henry and E. Venn; (7) George Whitefield; and (8) unidentified writers.
Regarding Leighton's poor health; Apologies for not visiting
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Letters from Huntingdon, writing mainly from London, to Leighton, mainly in Bath.
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Letters from Huntingdon, writing from London, Brighton, or Bath, to Leighton, in Bath or London.
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Letters from Huntingdon, writing from Bath or London, to Leighton, in Bath or London.
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Letters from Maitland, writing from London, to Leighton, at the Vineyards, Bath.
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Ten letters from Henry Venn, at that time vicar of Huddersfield, and three from his wife, to Mrs. Leighton.
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Discussing his traveling speeches throughout London.
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According to Baker's notes, some of these may be additional Whitefield letters.
Folder 8 of 8
Six original letters to and from Alexander Mather (1733-1800, e.m. 1757), two of which include Baker transcriptions. General references to possible controversy: see 1796 letter. (Mather supported maintaining connection with the Church of England). Additional transcriptions of nine other letters (without originals). Life of Mather, written by Pawson (with whom Mather opposed Alexander Kilham), published in March 1801 Methodist Magazine; and a short 1935 biography of Mather, One of Wesley's Pioneer Preachers.
Nine FB transcriptions of Mather letters; written to "Wm. Orpe," "William Marriott," and "W.C. Hobbs"
Letters, poems, and other documents by and about James Montgomery (1771-1854), Methodist layman and supporter of missions, editor of the radical newspaper Sheffield Iris, and writer of over 400 hymns. The collection includes receipts, hymns and poems (including three in memory of William Goodier, of the Rev. William Threlfall [Wesleyan missionary murdered in South Africa], and John Given), mundane correspondence, instructions for his funeral procession, and a broadside about the dedication of a monument to Montgomery, on which James Everett has written a letter stating his plans to attend.
with verses 'In Memory of the Rev. William Threlfall'
First line: "Father of Jesus Christ our Lord"
Broadside; attached to Everett letter of 1861 July 29
Re dedication of a statue of Montgomery
Broadside; attached to Everett letter of 1861 July 29; two hymns on verso, one by Montgomery
Letters to and from Henry Moore (1751-1844), Wesleyan Minister. He became an itinerant in 1779 and later served as John Wesley's traveling companion and amanuensis (1784-86). Moore was one of three preachers ordained by Wesley for work in England, and he was present at Wesley's death. He served as president of the conference in 1804 and 1823. The letters here are brief notes, but the broadsheet is a copy of the 1794 resolution from the Bristol trustees barring Moore from preaching at the New Room and Guinea Street Chapel in response to his celebration of Holy Communion there. This copy is addressed by Moore to Benson (in Manchester).
This file also contains double-sided pages 2 through 10 (4 sheets, total) of what appears to be a sermon or other religious text composed in Moore's handwriting and dated "Bath, Nov. 19th 1793." Page 1, which presumably would include an intended recipient, is missing as of July 2018.
RELATED MATERIAL: another broadsheet from August 1794, also with a long letter from Moore to Benson, appears in the Joseph Benson Papers, and Moore is the author or subject of numerous broadsheets and circular letters in the Printed Materials Series. Several letters from and to Moore appear in letter books Simpson A, WP I and II, Perronet, and Steele. Other related materials in the Rubenstein Library include the Henry Moore Papers, 1830, and his lives of John Wesley and Mary Fletcher.
Letter or religious text to unknown recipient; only includes pages 2 through 10. (4 sheets total.) Page 1 determined to be missing in July 2018.
Letters of Elizabeth Ritchie, later Elizabeth Mortimer, (1754-1835); mostly contemporary copies or drafts, rather than originals, many of them heavily edited. The core of the collection are the young Ritchie's letters to JW, in which she expresses great emotional attachment to the preacher. Her correspondence with JW from the 1770s vividly details her many bodily afflictions and the treatments she has undergone to cure them. She likewise details the illnesses of and treatments incurred by her friends. Beginning in 1779, as she begins to see many of her friends pass away, Ritchie becomes increasingly preoccupied with death and the afterlife. Autograph letters from the 1790s-1810s depict her burgeoning friendship with Sarah (Sally) Wesley, with whom she discusses matters both spiritual and mundane. And finally, a printed item from 1835--the year after Mortimer's death--transcribes an additional fifty letters, 1776-1809, written to a wide array of correspondents.
RELATED MATERIAL: Other letters by Elizabeth (Ritchie) Mortimer, including some photocopies and transcriptions of the originals housed here, can be found in both the Frank Baker Papers, Subject Files, Elizabeth Ritchie, and in the Wesley Works Archive, Letters Series, Letters by Correspondent.
Undated fragment, pp. 301-372 of what is probably a 2nd edition of this memoir, first published a year after Mortimer's death. Bulmer explains on the first page that a "series of valuable letters, from the pen of its interesting subject," came to her after the first publication of the memoir. The fragment here, which appears to be the complete appendix, transcribes approximately fifty letters from Ritchie/Mortimer, spanning 1776-1809.
Folder 5 of 5
Three letters by Rev. John Newton (1725-1807), a slave trader who became an Anglican priest and hymn writer, eventually came to regret his involvement in slavery, and late in life supported abolitionist William Wilberforce. He was influenced by John Wesley and George Whitefield, and his evangelical preaching navigated a middle way between Arminianism and Calvinism. He also collaborated with poet William Cowper on a volume of hymns; his own best-known hymn today is Amazing Grace. This small collection of letters is generally routine correspondence.
RELATED MATERIAL: Newton's letters also appear in the Henry Crooke Diary, in the Volumes Series, Writings and Addresses; and the Rubenstein Library holds a 1788 edition of his abolitionist pamphlet, Thoughts Upon the African Slave Trade.
Writer identified as John Newton in penciled note.
Letters, portrait, and other documents by, to, and about Robert Newton (1780-1854), Wesleyan Methodist minister, frequently Secretary of the Conference and four-time President (1824, 1832, 1840 and 1848), and an avid preacher (sometimes preaching twelve times per week). Routine correspondence from Newton about family, appointments, and preaching engagements. Also two letters by Newton's wife Elizabeth. There is an article about Newton from The Kingdom Overseas: Magazine of the Methodist Missionary Society, 1954. Letter and typed list of items from H.R. Brewer explains that items come from Caroline Francis Gill (thus provenance for funeral card for Robert Gill), who had unidentified connection with Robert Newton.
Letters and various documents to, about, or collected by Dr. George Osborn (1808-1891), Wesleyan Methodist Minister, elected to the Legal Hundred in 1849, twice President of the Conference (1863 and 1881), Secretary to the WM Missionary Society (1851-1868), and a scholar (editor of the 13-volume Poetical Works of John and Charles Wesley). Letters from family, William Arthur, Francis A. West, and Jabez, T.P., and W.M. Bunting. Note: some family documents (including the "Annually renewed covenant with God") are by Dr. Osborn's father, also named George. Arranged in four groups: letters to Osborn, family correspondence and documents, third party correspondence (collected by Osborn), and other items (letters from the Buntings and from Osborn, unaddressed letters, and various signatures).
Includes: Birth Certificate of Jane Osborn (sister), and Annually-renewed Covenant with God, by George Osborn (father)
Folder 2 of 4
Includes: two letters to Eliza Tooth (executrix to Sarah Wesley); letter from Robert Melson to the Conference, 1853 -- Melson left conference over controversy; this letter implores the conference to seek unity, criticizing their treatment of him ("Last year, you in your way, and in my absence, tried, condemned, and punished me as guilty of Three Capital offences, of all of which I was perfectly innocent"); and 8 letters to and from James Baden Powell, a musician
Folder 3 of 4
Includes: 5 letters from Buntings (Jabez, T. Percival, and William?) to Osborn; 3 letters from Osborn; unsigned manuscript notes and quotes on education [FB pencil note: ?Geo. Osborn]; 7 items with no addressee (not written by Osborn); signatures (Osborn's and others', including the Rev. Joseph Kipling, grandfather of Rudyard Kipling)
Folder 4 of 4
Letters and journal extract of Hester Ann (Roe) Rogers (1756-1794). The daughter of an Anglican clergyman, Roe was moved by the preaching of David Simpson and Samuel Bardsley and converted to Methodism in 1774 over her family's objections. She went on to strike up a lifelong correspondence with John Wesley after first meeting him in 1776, and with his encouragement became well-known as a Methodist spiritual writer. The letters here consist mainly of numbered copies or drafts addressed to Miss Ann Loxdale. They are spiritual in nature, frequently discussing the topic of God's eternal love; she cautions Loxdale against reading mystic authors, recounts a theological discussion between herself and Mr. [John] Fletcher; and discusses the Methodist revival occurring in Dublin (1784). The letter of 1787 July 13 signed by James and Hester Rogers cites a prayer given by JW as affirmation of God's love.
Provenance: though presented as either originals or contemporary copies, the letters to Ann Loxdale were copied several years after the death of Rogers in 1794. Several letters bear a watermark of 1805, another 1801.
RELATED MATERIAL: Housed separately, in the John Steele Letter Book (see Volumes Series), are transcribed extracts from Rogers's journal dated 1782 Mar. 29 - Apr. 1. Here she gives accounts of sermons delivered by JW and also continues to ruminate on the notion of divine love. Also in the Volumes Series is the commonplace book of her husband, James Rogers, which in its final pages records a eulogistic poem upon Hester's death, written by a female friend. The Rubenstein Library a variety of printed items by or about Hester Rogers, including editions of her Spiritual Letters and the funeral sermon preached by Thomas Coke.
On back of address-sheet in hand of John Wesley to Arthur Keen Dublin, and endorsed by Keen as from Wesley, 13 July, 1787.
Letters, writings, and research of Dr. Humphrey Sandwith (1792-1874), a physician, father of the surgeon of the same name, writer on Methodist subjects, and first editor of The Watchman, a Wesleyan Methodist periodical founded in 1835. The papers are mainly concerned with his essay Methodism, and Its Relations to the Church and the Nation, published in seven parts in The Wesleyan Methodist Magazine, 1829 May-Dec.
Missing page 2.
Folder 1 of 2
Suggesting addition to Part V, that Wesley drew up regulations (1786 conference) with respect to his societies having service in church-hours (also a note from Wesley's Journal that he knew that this would open the door for separation b/w Methodists and Church of England)
Folder 2 of 2
Baker thinks that this letter was sent to Sandwith by Jackson with the following letter. Baker's notes: 12 pp., answering various queries about history of early Meth[odis]m, for Sandwith: e.g. Sacrament controversy, and separation of Wm. Moore in 1785 on this account; 'Mr.J.Wesley mildly recommended the people to go to the church and Sacraments -- Mr. C. Wesley threatened them with Damnation if they did not.' (p.2). 'it was not our Societies who held the high-church opinions -- but the Preachers'. Praises the extent Methodists go to evangelize the unchurched: "never had been done before since the apostolic age." Clarke approved Plan of Pacification. Ref. 'M.R.' [=Mark Robinson] of Beverley. Important Letter.
One quarter of letter has been cut out. Baker's notes: [Jackson is] congratulating Sandwith on material and saying can have extra room in Wesleyan Magazine. Sends 'some papers which I have received from Dr. Clarke' (= = letter above, endorsed by Sandwith as '(Dr. Sandwith's)' )
Portion of letter (including most of address) has been cut out. Baker's notes: [Jackson] says must omit some material from essay, relating to Dr. John Whitehead, as finds some relatives living who may object. 7th and 8th parts of Essay to be inserted in Nov. Mag. And would be an advantage to squeeze remainder together to finish in Dec.; then Watson's reply to Russel can begin in Jan. [I think this is the essay in folder 1]
Letter, letter books, and writings of David Simpson (1745-1799) and his descendants.
Five scrapbooks, plus 18 items, including letters from: Samuel Higginbotham of Macclesfield, William Marshall of Bucklerbury (6), George Merryweather of Yarm, Sus[ann]a Merryweather ('cousin'). The two scrapbooks consist chiefly of correspondence to the Rev. Samuel Simpson. Volume A contains 149 such letters and two notes. Volume B contains 134 letters, verses, and autographs of various preachers.
Printed appeal for donations to build a chapel for the poor neighborhood around Half-Moon Street and Bishopsgate; "Mr. D. Simpson" is listed as one of the men to whom these donations should be directed (along with a "Mr. Summers" and "Mr. Millard"). Penciled edits suggest several changes to the text.
Folder 2 of 2
Religious diary kept by D. Simpson, Sr., although years do not correspond with his death date (1799). Entries address God directly, praying for strength, expressing Simpson's dedication to obeying Christ, etc. One entry mentions having heard "Mr. Wesley" preach upon the Christian's duty to rise early every morning. 27 pages, with pages 5-6 having been clipped out at some point.
Three sheets possibly removed from a journal, undated and unsigned, but apparently in David Simpson's hand. Pages include sermon notes, several paragraphs praising an Anna Simpson, possibly Simpson's wife, recently deceased. Then follows a poem addressed to "Betsy" (possibly Simpson's daughter), which advises her to beware of the false intentions of the young men who court her and to make sure that she chooses a man whose love is sincere. A final fragment that seems to begin another poem, "For a garden-seat or summer house."
Letters to and from George John Stevenson (1818-1888), schoolteacher and master, editor, and printer. From 1861 to 1867 he owned and edited the Methodist Times, and he published several works on C.H. Spurgeon and on Methodism. Of note are letters from Samuel Young, a missionary in South Africa, and two from Stevenson to James Everett regarding a biography of Adam Clarke and Clarke's book collection.
Young is a missionary to South Africa; Stevenson (a printer) apparently requested letters that Young had received in S. Africa. Unfortunately, he left most of them there when he returned to England (with the intention of returning), but any he has he will send along.
Letters to Tabraham from T. Percival Bunting, Thomas Vasey, and others. Series of letters from Sarah and Richard Goodman, Jemima Yaxley, and Tabraham regarding controversy at Sedgeford surrounding Yaxley (regarding authority in the church and expelled preachers--Yaxley is possibly referring to Primitive Methodists at one point, though this is unclear). Letters from Bunting and Hameston about controversy surrounding Hameston, who resigns. Two letters from A. Cannell criticizing Methodist Trustees' meeting. Series of form letters. Typed note by Baker "Richard Tabraham & Reform Agitation in Norfolk."
One sheet, two letters: one from Mr. R. and one from Mrs. Sarah Goodman; both undated
Folder 3 of 3
Letters from, to, and about itinerant preacher Zechariah Taft (1772-1848) and Mary Barritt (1772-1851), later Mary Taft. Although there are no letters by Barritt here, and only one directly addressed to her, her preaching is a frequently-broached topic. Taft's correspondents also refer to his well-known wife. In 1802, the year of their marriage, Laurence Kane writes to inquire about rumors of controversy: "Various accounts having reached us here, respecting your good wife's preaching, and Mr. [Joseph] Benson's interference there with." Three decades later, letters continue to include invitations to both of them to preach. In another, Taft himself mentions to John Bramwell Mrs. Taft's recent work in the Newark Circuit and reiterates his continuing interest in women's preaching: "We should also like to know ... whether Mrs. Ward (Wood?)--or any other pious female of your acquaintance acts publickly for God." Other topics include overseas missions. On an early letter from William Ault, who would go on to accompany Thomas Coke on a fateful voyage to establish Methodist missions in Ceylon, Taft later recorded the brief note that "Mr. Ault died at Celon." And in an 1845 letter he reminds George John Stevenson of the Methodist contribution to the anti-slavery movement: "The africans in the West Indies would have been in slavery this day had not the subject been agitated in this Country."
Arranged in chronological order.
Including 4 portraits, three of Zacharias and one of Mary Taft.
- Volumes Series, Writings and Addresses Subseries, John Barritt Journal: journal of Mary Barritt's brother, also an itinerant preacher
- Taft, Zachariah, Original Letters, Bever Before Published, on Doctrinal, Experimental, and Practical Religion , 1821 (Rubenstein Library): this copy is heavily annotated in Taft's hand
- Taft, Zachariah, Biographical Sketches of the Lives and Public Ministry of Various Holy Women ..., 1825 (Rubenstein Library): also hand-annotated and corrected by Taft
Apparently the papers of two different men named Thomas Vasey whose relationship, if any, is unclear. The earliest documents here (1794, 1826) probably relate to the Thomas Vasey (1746-1826) who became one of the founders of American Methodism; he was ordained as deacon and elder by JW in 1784 and sent to America with Thomas Coke and Richard Whatcoat, where he stayed two years. The broadside, 1794, pertains to a controversy in which trustees dismissed preachers and banned them from chapels even though they were appointed there by preachers in connection. The later documents here are the letters of a 19th century minister, Thomas Vasey (1814-1871). The letters to Richard Tabraham pertain to various controversies, including one about the prosecution of unlawful ministers in Methodist chapels.
Folder 1 of 2
Broadside. Addressed to Rev. Mr. Bogie, Edinburgh, with letter from Vasey to Bogie written in the margins, 1794 Oct. 1.
Folder 2 of 2
Correspondence of Richard Watson (1781-1833), Wesleyan Methodist minister, theologian, and president of the conference in 1826. Watson was an important early advocate for Wesleyan missions, and this topic comes up frequently in his correspondence, especially in reference to the West Indies, India, and South Africa. Letters to Jabez Bunting, Henry Moore, Thomas Jackson, John Felvus, and others. Several letters to and about Moore referencing a mid-1820s controversy. Letter to Felvus, 1831, references a slave insurrection in Antigua, presumably a different one than that desc. in Felvus's long letter to Entwisle, 1824 Letters to John Furness (broadside on Methodist Missions), Thomas Galland, Robert Pilter, William Threlfall (missionary in Africa). Correspondence consists of nine autograph manuscripts, listed individually, and seventeen FB transcriptions, summarized at the end.
Richard Watson autograph; "Extract of an Ode on the Death of Melancthon" on one side; untitled stanza from another poem on other side.
On verso of circular letter Methodist Missions: in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland; at Ceylon, Java, and the Cape of Good Hope; among the French Prisoners of War; the Negroes in the West Indies; and at Sierra Leone, in Africa, &c. &c., 1814 Feb.
Letters, writings, printed materials, and other documents of Francis Athow West (1801-1869), Wesleyan Methodist minister, President of the Conference in 1857, and Governor of the Kingswood School from 1862-1867. His correspondence to George Osborn comprises by far the largest portion of these materials; they are mostly routine, friendly letters about mundane issues in the Church, books, and family. Other correspondence includes letters to his wife, son, and other family members; and correspondence with various colleagues in the Church. Various writings, in manuscript and print, and other materials are gathered in the final folder, as detailed below. Arranged in four groups: letters to Osborn; letters to family; letters to others; and other materials.
RELATED MATERIAL: A manuscript volume of sermons, attributed by FB to West, can be found in the Volumes Series, Writings and Addresses Subseries.
Folder 3 of 5
Miscellaneous correspondence from West; notice of Rev. George Morley's death; includes one transcript of letter from West to [Morley] Punshon, 1865 (original absent).
Folder 4 of 5
Miscellaneous writings and other items. Includes: portrait, probably of West (found loose in box); scrap with West's signature; poem; short biography of Jabez Bunting (27+ pp.); On Religious Education (36 pp., formerly bound); speech (or letter?) to students at the end of a term (22 pp.); photograph (pasted on cardboard) of "The Liverpool Conference, 1857"; FB notes, 1950 Oct., with information on life of West.
Folder 5 of 5
Letters and other documents of William Wilberforce (1759-1833), Minister of Parliament and slavery abolitionist. Wilberforce's long association with the Wesley family began in the 1780s. After Charles Wesley's death in 1788, he served as administrator of a pension for the widowed Sarah (who survived another 36 years). Most famously, the dying John Wesley wrote his last recorded letter to Wilberforce, urging him to continue his fight to abolish the slave trade (John Wesley to William Wilberforce, 1791 Feb. 24, Drew University). The materials here are arranged in two folders. Folder 1 consists of letters from Wilberforce to the family of Charles Wesley, mainly about his administration of their annuity; these are not originals but early transcriptions of eight letters, on three sheets, probably made by Thomas Marriott (1786-1852). Folder 2 consists of holograph items, including the original of Wilberforce's Aug. 29, 1792 letter to Mrs. Sarah Wesley.
Letter books, autobiography, and other writings of Thomas Wride (1733-1807), an early Methodist itinerant. Wride was stationed in Devon and other areas, being moved several times by JW due to his conflicts with other preachers. His papers consist of six pamphlet-size volumes and several loose sheets of manuscript, with copies of his own letters being the most prominent content. Several letters to the Wesley brothers, usually John, appear in at least three volumes. Other writings include Wride's autobiography and a narrative about the conversion and visionary dream of an unnamed woman. Loose items are listed first, followed by volumes.
Provenance: identification of these volumes derives from several notes on them by the historian Luke Tyernan, circa 1863. In most cases Tyernan has added a blue paper binder, supplied and titled, stated that he bought the manuscripts from James Everett, and that the writing is in the hand of Wride. How the volumes eventually came to Baker is unknown. Unmentioned in either his original sale to Duke in 1961 or in any later accession, they were found loose among his papers in 2010.
Seven unordered loose sheets, perhaps once a part of a series of histories. Large sections are crossed out and other pages likely missing, but the legible text contains timelines along with prose descriptive passages, with dates ranging from the 1740s-1780s. Titles of at least three different histories appear: "Introduction etc. of Methodism into Howich (?); "Paper for a short History of Methodism in Alnwick(?) and the neighborhood"; and "Remarks upon the Introduction of Methodism to Ixworth(?)."
Title supplied by Tyernan. Four loose sheets that may form the beginning of a small volume, chronicling the introduction of Methodism to Bolton.
Anecdotes about the history of the Methodist church in Rochdale, many of which are stories that the writer's grandmother passed on to him. Found with the Thomas Wride material but unrelated to it, aside from the general topic of local histories.
POSSIBLY RELATED MATERIAL: It is unestablished whether Scholfield's stories are about the same Rochdale Methodist preaching house whose 1770 founding licence is housed in the Subject Files--see Dissenters.
Copies of at least seventeen letters to John Wesley. Also, letters to Thomas Coke, John Atlay, Joseph Bradford, and a "Sister Wilkinson."
An account of a woman's religious conversion and of a vision that came to her in a dream. No name is given, the woman being referred to only as "she."
The autobiography covers about ten pages, before cutting off abruptly. The remaining pages consist of a sermon and a partial draft of a letter.
Copies of Wride's letters to various people, including one to "Mr. Wesley." Another letter may be to Thomas Carlill. Other writing in the journal is unidentified, although one item may be a draft of an obituary.
Accounts and bookkeeping (some of which is scratched out); copies of recipes (medical); one letter copy (no date or addressee); and charts of dates and places, possibly circuit plans.
In addition to the correspondence, many folders also contain portraits of writers and recipients.
Discusses Bogie's new circuit, a possible visit by JW to Scotland later this year, and Dr Cook's [Coke] plans to send two preachers to the West Indies.
RELATED MATERIAL: see also the Frank Baker Papers, Subject Files, Bennet, John.
Broadsheet invitation to services celebrating the beginning of "A City Chapel and Schools".
Journal-like entries recounting journey across Atlantic on the S.S. Great Britain (closes with apparently incomplete anecdote in postscript).
Letters of Samuel Bardsley (1746-1818), an early Wesleyan Methodist itinerant preacher.
RELATED MATERIAL: FB's transcriptions of over fifty Bardsley letters appear in the Frank Baker Papers, Subject Files.
Letters of John Berridge (1717-1793), Church of England clergyman who underwent an evangelical conversion in the late 1750s and became acquainted with JW. He later became a Calvinist and was influence by the Countess of Huntingdon and George Whitefield, both referenced in these letters.
RELATED MATERIAL: FB's transcriptions of these and other letters appear in the Frank Baker Papers, Subject Files.
RELATED MATERIAL: Hugh Bourne (1772-1852) was a founder of the Primitive Methodist Church and hymnwriter. The Rubenstein Library holds more than 130 monographs and serials on the Primitive Methodist Church, including several editions of Bourne's hymnals. See also the Frank Baker Collection of Methodist Circuit Plans, which contains many Primitive Methodist plans, especially in the 19th century portion of the collection.
J. Brandon (playwright?), bound collection of letters. Letters regarding Sir Sidney Smith (decorated Admiral in the Royal Navy). Letters between Charles Ollier and Brandon regarding his works, and between Brandon and Ernest Augustus Kellner, musician. Also includes collection of signatures on three sheets, 1878-79.
Letter written to Tommy Cooper, signed "xxxxx": probably a copy made by Cooper which he sent to Charlesworth. Letter criticizes Cooper for writing an inflammatory letter to a Methodist minister, shows Cooper his hypocrisy, and accuses him of secretly hating Methodism.
RELATED MATERIAL: See Volumes Series, Writings Subseries, for the transcript of the diary of Ellen Gretton, (later Mrs. William Christian).
RELATED MATERIAL: see also Volumes Series, Writings and Addresses.
Plan for play "Arminiamism Exalted," performed by "Prince of the Power of the Air," including acting technique and cast list; on the reverse is copied an extract from the Carlisly Journal, 1800 Nov. 15, and an anonymous verse.
Mounted in folder entitled "Div. VII. Celebrated Women" with engraved portrait, three clippings, and note describing letter.
Provenance: not a JW autograph, although Fenwick's hand is similar to Wesley's, as noted by FB in his original list of manuscripts sold to Duke in 1961 ("Hand like Wesley's"). Fenwick was one of JW's traveling companion(s) in the late 1780s.
Re: death of Lady Mary Fitzgerald, friend of the Countess of Huntingdon.
Enclosed piece of fabric that "belonged to a bed John Wesley used to occupy".
Folder I, J, K
Letter (incomplete?)to unnamed recipient, summarizing the resolutions of the Manchester Conference, including "Mr. Moore's agreeing to quit the House."
Other items include a List of expenditures, 1825-26, with no apparent relation to other items, and an envelope labeled "Given me February 1901," explaining provenance of letter (probably in hand of Bretherton).
Transcriptions of 4 letters to William Orpe, made by Miss Orpe and Marion Barratt ca. 1897 for Mr. Riggall.
This letter accompanied the transcriptions to explain that they were made at Mr. Riggall's request. 1849 letter defends the expulsion of Everett, Dunn, and Griffith; writer argues that they were expelled not for expressing their opinion, but for breaking Methodist law; also defends the "high" price of Methodist books (where the money goes, etc.). Levick letter includes (unrelated?) sermon notes at the end.
Letters and documents from and about John Pawson (1737-1806), who entered itinerant ministry in 1762 and was then ordained by John Wesley for work in Scotland in 1785. He was involved in many Methodist controversies, especially after Wesley's death, some of which are alluded to in the letters. Burton provides an extensive account of Pawson's efforts to "die well" in his last weeks; Buckley sends condolences on his death and ruminates on the afterlife.
Letter to Cook explaining Viney's diary (18th century) and encouraging him to join Wesley Historical Society. Includes article about Viney by Riggall, 1921.
RELATED MATERIAL: For diary transcriptions, see Vols. Series, Writings Subseries, Riggall.
Baker's penciled note speculates Richard Rodda, maybe to Everett? Also, reference to "A.C. LLD. is almost a prest into the service of government": perhaps Adam Clarke?
In pen, a separate note identifying this as "the hand-writing of the Rev. Wm. Romaine."
William Seward, "Wrote at Sea June 9th:1740 - to be put in ye post on my Landing at Dover or Deal" "To Mr Blackwell at Mr. James Martins & Compy - Bankers in Lombard Street, London," being sent by Whitefield "to fetch over our dear Br. Hutchins to supply our Br. Whitefield's place at the Orphand House while he comes to England himself in the Spring - also to Transat sevll Affairs with the Trustees for Georgia and to make Collections for a Negroe School in the Province of Pensilvania where we hae bought 5000 Acres of very good Land for that purpose and for settling such English friends upon, whose Hearts God shall Incline to go over in a Ship we are to buy next year to be commanded by Capt. Gladman who comes over with me..." left power of attorney with his brother Benjamin. Write to him "a penny post Letter to Mr. John Brays- Brasier in Little Brittain where I am to Lodge while in Town". Also instructions about Bills of Exchange to be examined. Collected 210 Sterling for the Orphan House at 3 Sermons at Charles Town & Philadelphia. For Whitefield and Negroes see Dallimore 495-501, etc. Quotes this letter, as from Tyerman's Whitefield, I.378. (lent by Geo. Stampe of Grimsby)
Letter written on the a publication of the laws of the "Church-Separation Society," sent to Osborn so he can review them and give his opinion on the charges brought against Stephens for his association with the Society.
Two letters associated with the SPCK. Baskett apologizes for "casual mistakes which have happen'd in the Editions of the Bible" and thanks Society for "not proceeding to censure me." Beaumont thanks Society for books and their resolutions against Dissenters, which he hopes his clergy will adopt.
Re: sacrament controversy.
Folder Unidentified Correspondence
Handwritten draft of a letter concerning the whereabouts of books (some were Wesley's) from the accused thief? (I "would not presume to take it away until you came to town and gave me permission"). Undated, unaddressed, unsigned, and apparently unrelated to the printed material.
Letters received as a discrete alphabetical file in the Frank Baker Papers. Predominantly from mid-to-late 19th century English Methodist preachers, most often addressed to Samuel Simpson, and with subject matter often focusing on times, locations, and other details of various preaching assignments and invitations. A frequent topic is the Education Fund. F. F. Bretherton's name also appears frequently, and he was likely Baker's immediate source for some of these letters. Certain longer and older letters, circa 1775-1825, have been transferred to various subseries in the Correspondence Series, particularly to James Everett. Arranged alphabetically to folder level.
These materials, received as a discrete alphabetical file in the Frank Baker Papers, were transferred to the Frank Baker Collection of Wesleyana and British Methodism because of many of the Presidents' direct connections with many of the historical figures in the main body of the Correspondence Series. The file came with a brief checklist of Wesleyan Methodist Conference and Methodist Conference Presidents and other information about the history of this office. Arranged alphabetically by name.
Mounted in Volume WP II:81. Note to remind the Mission House to pay him (Atherton) the interest on 120 pounds owed him.
Mounted in Volume WP II:35. Four pages to let them know he cannot attend upcoming District meeting due to his health problems.
[Arranged under this entry in Correspondence Series.]
Four autograph letters and one fragment, signed, likely written by the younger John Farrar (1802-1884). One autograph manuscript, signed, likely written by the elder John Farrar (ministry commenced 1796, died 1837).
Includes autograph letter to James Everett, 1817 July 24, informing Everett of his appointment to York.
Manuscript letter on verso of circular letter, At a Meeting of Gentlemen, Members of the Wesleyan-Methodist Society, held in Manchester, on the 26th February, 1834.
Small collection of correspondence without provenance, discovered loose amongst Baker's papers. The bulk appears to be correspondence Baker inherited (by gift or purchase) from earlier collectors of Wesleyana and Methodist manuscripts active in the late 19th to early 20th centuries, especially John Austen and G. B. Cocking. In addition to correspondence directly to or from Austen and Cocking, there are numerous letters from late 19th century Methodist preachers and Wesleyan presidents, so that there is some overlap in content with the two subseries immediately preceding this one. Arranged chronologically, by decade, with the exception of the folder of Presidents' Letters described below.
Contains a number of letters from Wesleyan presidents and ministers. A detailed list of letters at the beginning of the folder appears to be for research purposes only, not a list of contents; however, the list may overlap with items to be found elsewhere in this collection.
Consists mainly of albums of Methodist class and band tickets; also contains many loose tickets and groups of Methodist class papers and books; and research material on these and related topics. The "class meeting" and "class ticket" refer back to the earliest years of Wesley's Methodist societies, with the class paper introduced to record attendance at the meetings and the class tickets distributed to members quarterly. The series contains more than 4000 tickets, most of them mounted in albums or scrapbooks. The volumes vary greatly in size and physical condition, from booklets scarcely larger than the tickets themselves (about 2" x 3"), to large scrapbooks with many items coming loose, to such beautifully-preserved albums as the Joseph G. Wright Class and Band Tickets, 1742-1954.
Though mainly from English churches, there are also multiple examples from other countries, including tickets printed in Welsh, German, and Tamil. In addition to the Wesleyan Methodist church, several other denominations are represented, including the Primitive Methodist Church, the Wesleyan Reform Church, the Wesleyan Reform Union, and the modern unified Methodist Church.
The class papers and books are the records kept by class leaders, who recorded not only attendance but also commented upon the spiritual status and progress of individual members. Also contained in this series are various articles and notes by Baker and other scholars on the class meetings and tickets; this secondary material explains not only the history of such materials but also their possible uses for historical research, including local history, genealogy, administration of the growing church was administrated at the local level. Finally, although by the 19th century the tickets had become entirely textual items, many of the earliest tickets were visually elaborate and contain hundreds of examples of 18th century engraving technique.
Contains: Methodist class paper, 1804; Methodist class ticket, 1826; and undated explanatory text by FB, probably for an exhibit or class.
Class tickets of various members of the Jackson family of Preston.
Content: many tickets are loose within the volume, and others seem to missing entirely.
Compiled by Joseph G. Wright (d. 1911) of Wolverhampton, England, and completed to 1932 by F. F. Bretherton. Gift of FB, 1982, at which time he deemed it one of the two or three largest collections in the world.
Small subseries houses photographic materials collected by Frank Baker, including albumen and modern prints of places and people, panoramic photographs of Methodist groups and meetings, and glass plate negatives of archival materials housed in Cliff College, Derbyshire. Earliest subseries date reflects image content contained in a glass plate negative.
Studio was established in Hull, England in 1878.
Photograph album, received disbound, probably compiled by F. F. Bretherton and given to Frank Baker, and was part of Frank Baker's papers. Bretherton, according to a news clipping,was the Secretary of the Wesley Historical Society. Contains 41 pasted-in photographs: group portraits of house parties, estate grounds, country houses, and small head-shots of individuals, chiefly women. Place-names include Holkham Hall, Poulton, Norfolk; Leckhampton Court, North Cheltenham; Elton Hall, Peterborough; Shane's Castle, Antrim; Howth Castle, County Dublin; Castle Boro, Enniscorthy; Powerscourt, Enniskerry; and Patshull House, Wolverhampton. Typically each page is dedicated to an estate and a house party, with a list of participants and an array of related photos; one includes a pasted-in tally of a shooting party. Also contains some letters, news clippings on Methodist and Wesley family history, clippings on weddings and deaths, and other manuscript items, received in the same binder.
Negative glass plate images of engravings, title pages, portraits, or texts, from the archival collections at Cliff College, Derbyshire, England, photographer unknown. Dates reflect image content and not the date of the photograph was taken. About half of the plates are accompanied by a positive print. Authors or subjects include Jane Catherine March (photograph of a letter); Sam Wesley (excerpts from the Coryat); Sally Wesley (letter); John Bennett; Josiah Dornford (letter); Hogarth (engraving, "Credulity, Superstition, Fanaticism: a Medley"); and a portrait of Charles Wesley.
RELATED MATERIAL: This may be an image of either the engraving The Visit of the Rev. John Wesley, A.M., to His Mother's Grave, A.D. 1779 (Bunhill Fields), housed in Wesley Family Series, Wesley Family Portraits Subseries; or of the photograph described in Correspondence Series, Robert Hutchinson.
Panoramic black-and-white photographs of Methodist meeting and conference groups. The earliest image is an albumen print of a Primitive Methodist meeting in Manchester, England, 1870. Other subjects include a White House reception for the Methodist Protestant Conference, 1931, and two images from meetings of the Methodist Unification Conference in Kansas City, Missouri, 1939.
Broadsides, circular letters, newspapers, posters, announcements, original leaves and reproductions from historically significant editions of the Bible, and a wide variety of other ephemeral printed materials, arranged in the following three subseries: Broadsides and Circular Letters; Committee of Privileges; and Other Printed Materials. The first two subseries overlap in both format and subject, the main difference being that the Committee of Privileges materials were received as a discrete gift from FB, whereas the Broadsides and Circular Letters were gathered from numerous accessions of his papers. The Committee of Privileges material focuses mainly on the controversies in the decade after John Wesley's death in 1791. In addition to church conferences and controversies, another recurrent topic in these printed materials is the formation of a Missionary Society in the 1810s, which in turn opens up the topics of slavery, especially in the West Indies, and Methodist support of the abolitionist movement. Includes many single and fragmentary pieces of various printed materials, found at the end of the series.
Broadsides, circular letters, posters, and other ephemeral printed materials. In particular, the items here extend into the 1840s and 1850s and touch upon some of the controversies of the Wesleyan Reform era. Material related to this subject can also be found in George Osborn's letter-book and album, "Collection of letters and broadsheets, &c., on Wesleyan Reform Movement," housed in the Volumes Series.
References Dr. Warren and the Rules of 1795 and 1797.
Regarding resolutions passed on the Connexional Union between the Methodist New Connexion and the Wesleyan Association.
Detailed steps recently taken towards "promoting a Connexional Union of the Wesleyan Association with our Christian Community..."
Regarding "annual Certificates of character required for those preachers who are in full Connexion."
Circular sent to missionaries claiming financial difficulties caused by increase in missionaries and salaried teachers.
On verso, addressed to Rev. John Beechem.
On verso, a note addressed to Rev. John Finness.
Reprint of addresses given by Longden and Miller following an outside attempt to divide the Society at Sheffield. (2 copies)
1870 facsimile of the original, including Coke's handwritten note, verso, addressed to Rev. Mr. [John] Fletcher. Soliciting subscribers to fund missionary work (location unspecified).
On verso, a penciled list of names and amounts contributed.
Regarding the move of Mr. Moore to Portland Chapel.
Regarding a dispute between John Hepworth and John Unwin.
Soliciting funds to expand missionary programs "for the purpose of sending the Gospel to the Heathen World."
Detailed by continents and regions: Europe (Ireland, France, Brussels, and Gibraltar); Asia (Ceylon, Madras, Bombay, and New South Wales); and Africa (Sierra Leone, South Africa, and Madagascar).
Both addressed to James Bogie Content: Conference called to settle a meeting that was intended to settle a dispute in Bristol.
Protest to Benson, Rodda, and Vasey who are compiling 100 people for the conference on the meeting on the dispute in Bristol.
Short handwritten column of sums of money added on verso.
"Dear Brethren,-The Circumstances in which our beloved Connexion is placed at present, have justly excited alarm and anxiety in the minds of all interested in its true welfare."
To the Editor of the Nottingham Review. Upset over a reprinted quote from "Kaye's Times" which misrepresented James Loutit.
To the Editor of the Nottingham Review. Upset over a quote given by Samuel Dunn which mischaracterized James Loutit.
Regarding the debt and past measures enacted to fight it. Call to keep this year's expenditures within the range of income.
On verso, part of a handwritten letter (no addressee or writer given): "...we request you will balance and transmit the Account of your Auxiliary or Branch Society or Association..."
(Verso) One copy addressed to Rev. John Eutwistle
Oath of Allegiance to King George; Oath of Supremacy; Declaration Against Popery; Declaration of Christian Faith.
Soliciting signatures for declaration in opposition to recent attacks on Methodism
"Since the publication of the 'New Evil Under the Sun,' in the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine for June last, we have been inundated with Letters on the subject…" One letter from Methodist peacher.
Includes handwritten note about Martin P. Beddome.
Circa 150-line poem on "The Quest, Chase, Death and Transfiguration of Old Renny."
(Verso) Noted "I believe written by Mr. Winfield." Note signed.
Includes letter from Tatham dated 1850 Sept. 14.
Lists three-fold work as "1. Memorials of Medthodist Itinerant Preachers...; 2. Memorials of other Persons of Methodist celebrity...; 3. Reminiscences of the Origin and Progress of Methodism...
(Verso) Addressed to Mr. James Bogie, Edinburgh
(Verso) Addressed to Robert Lowe
In protest to an upcoming meeting with Warren, Gordon, Smith, Lee, Farrar and Rowland. Signed "Somebody who Knows"
In protest to the decisions of the Conference
Annotations alongside names; Names crossed out upon passing.
Folder OVSZ 1