Guide to the Rencher Nicholas Harris Papers, 1851-1980 and undated, bulk 1926-1965
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African American civic leader during the period following the Brown decision of 1954 and the Civil Rights Movement. Harris was the first African American city councilman in Durham, N.C., and the first black man to sit on the Durham County Board of Education. The Rencher Nicholas Harris Papers span the years from 1851 to 1980, with the bulk dating from 1926 to 1965. The collection consists mainly of clippings, correspondence, legal papers, photographs, printed materials, journals and diaries, scrapbooks, oversize maps, and reports relating to Harris' work in political and educational affairs in Durham, North Carolina in the 1950s and early 1960s as a member of the City Council and the School Board, with emphasis on school desegregation, civil rights, and race relations in Durham. Also represented is Harris' business career in banking, insurance, and real estate, his role as an official of the Bankers' Fire Insurance Company, and his civic activities, including leadership roles in the NAACP, Lincoln Hospital, and North Carolina Mutual Insurance, and Mechanics and Farmers Bank, all serving African Americans in Durham. Some biographical materials, family papers, and correspondence also relate to his wife, Plassie Williams Harris. Part of the John Hope Franklin Research Center for African and African American History and Culture at Duke University.
- Collection Number
- Rencher Nicholas Harris papers
- 1851-1980 and undated, bulk 1926-1965
- Harris, Rencher Nicholas, 1900-1965
- 16.5 Linear Feet, 2,112 Items
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
- Material in English
- Clippings Series, 1951-1966, 1980 and undated
- Correspondence Series, 1920-1965 and undated
- Durham City Council Series, 1946-1964 and undated
- Genealogy and Biography Series, 1943-1966 and undated
- Insurance and Banking Series, 1952-1965 and undated
- Legal Papers Series, 1951-1963 and undated
- Miscellaneous Papers Series, 1952-1957 and undated
- North Carolina College Series, 1952-1964 and undated
- Photographs Series, 1954, 1956, 1960 and undated
- Printed Materials Series, 1924, 1947, 1953-1965 and undated
- Speeches Series, 1953-1963 and undated
- Volumes and Scrapbooks Series, 1851-1964 and undated, bulk 1939-1964
- Oversize Materials, 1947-1980 and undated
The Rencher Nicholas Harris Papers span the years from 1851 to 1980, with the bulk dating from 1926 to 1965. The collection consists mainly of clippings, correspondence, legal papers, photographs, printed materials, journals and diaries, scrapbooks, and reports relating to Harris' work in political and educational affairs in Durham, North Carolina in the 1950s and early 1960s as a member of the City Council and the School Board, with emphasis on school desegregation, civil rights, and race relations in Durham. Also represented is Harris' business career in banking, insurance, and real estate, his role as an official of the Bankers' Fire Insurance Company, and his civic activities, including leadership roles in the NAACP, Lincoln Hospital, and North Carolina Mutual Insurance, all in Durham. Some biographical materials and correspondence also relate to his wife, Plassie Williams Harris. In detailing the business and government official activities of Durham's first African American city councilman, the first black man to sit on the Durham County Board of Education, and an active, if rather moderate, African American civic leader during the period following the Brown decision of 1954 and the Civil Rights Movement, this collection is especially significant for the documentation it offers on the problems of city government and race relations in the mid-twentieth-century South. Includes a large group of oversize maps of Durham, N.C. Part of the John Hope Franklin Research Center for African and African American History and Culture at Duke University.
The collection is arranged in twelve series, of which Volumes and Scrapbooks and Durham City Council are the largest. The much smaller groupings are: Clippings; Correspondence; Genealogy and Biography; Insurance and Banking; Legal Papers; Miscellany; North Carolina College; Photographs; Printed Materials; and Speeches. There is also a group of oversize materials that were separated from the main collection and rehoused.
Access to the Collection
Collection is open for research.
Use & Permissions
The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. Digitized documents are made available by Duke University Libraries for the purpose of research, teaching, and private study. For all other uses, such as commercial uses, researchers must contact the Rubenstein Library to request permission.
Digitized materials from this collection are made available for use in research, teaching and private study. The digital reproductions have been made available through an evaluation of public domain status, permissions from the rights' holders, and authorization under the law including fair use as codified in 17 U.S.C. § 107. Although these materials are publicly accessible for these limited purposes, they may not all be in the public domain. Users are responsible for determining if permission for re-use is necessary and for obtaining such permission. Individuals who have concerns about online access to specific content should contact the Rubenstein Library.
How to Cite
[Identification of item], Rencher Nicholas Harris Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Contains newspapers, newsletter clippings, some oversize, pertaining to activities of and topics of concern for Rencher Nicholas Harris and his wife, Plassie Williams Harris, and associated items such as correspondence and election materials, particularly referring to voting as related to race.
Comprised of letters, telegrams, and other types of correspondence, in the form of personal exchanges between Harris and his wife and family; letters dealing with his campaign and election to the Durham city Council in 1953; and correspondence touching on his business activities. Of particular note are letters written to Harris from Carla Myerson (later Eugster) during her stay in England in 1951, which are filled with observations and impressions about England and its contrasts to America, especially on race relations. Starting in the mid-1950s, letters Harris received from Durham citizens give evidence of the effects of the Brown decision; some letters, for example, call his attention to segregation in airports and ballparks. The issue of public school desegregation comes to the fore beginning about 1959. Dispersed among the correspondence are clippings, financial or business documents, photographs, and publications, often attached to the correspondence with which they are associated. The series is arranged in chronological order.
Includes a “Survey of the Negro Vote in the 1952 Presidential Election” compiled and distributed by the NAACP.
Includes reproduction of painting of R. N. Harris for calendar art.
Comprised of materials concerning Harris' term on the Durham City Council and his service on various committees. The material takes the form of clippings, correspondence, personal notes, and committee documents, including financial papers, maps, meeting agendas and minutes, newsletters and pamphlets, policy statements, proposals, and reports. Materials in three boxes concern Harris' service on the Durham Board of Education, ranging from audit reports of cafeteria systems and book funds to denials to requests for school integration. In addition, there are several subseries that touch on the activities of the Committee on Human Relations, Lincoln Hospital, and the Durham NAACP (for which Harris served as president). The NAACP subseries include an undated "Manual for Workers in NAACP Membership Campaigns," and correspondence and clippings pertaining to the NAACP and its projects. The subseries are arranged in alphabetical order. Unless otherwise noted, each heading represents one folder of material. Some material has been removed to an oversize folder.
Includes an existing land use map of the Hayti-Elizabeth Street Renewal Area from the Durham Redevelopment Commission, dated 1960 Jun.
Includes summons in lawsuit against the Durham City Board of Education for maintaining segregated school systems.
Includes oversize maps of Durham and plans for Durham City and County lands.
[removed to Oversize Materials]
Includes preliminary plan for city-county lands, 1956 Dec. 6.
[removed to Oversize Materials]
Includes various maps for Durham planning
[removed to Oversize Materials]
[Various maps removed to Oversize Materials.]
Contains material regarding the Hayti-Elizabeth Street Redevelopment Project, including Preliminary Certificates of Title as well as Offers of Sale of Land [Map No. 39 of the Durham County Township Tax Maps removed to Oversize Materials.]
[Widening Lawson Street, June 28, 1954, Proposed Island Cutback, and Duke Power Company: Bus Routes maps removed to Oversize Materials.]
[1954 City of Greensboro map removed to Oversize Materials.]
Includes a chronology for the life of Plassie Williams Harris, wife of Rencher Nicholas Harris, written in her own hand, and various lists of names and addresses kept by the Harrises.
Comprised of materials pertaining to insurance or banking institutions with which Harris dealt. Materials from Durham's North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company occupy one folder and include correspondence, financial statements, and informational and advertising materials. The folder on "Assorted Companies" contains similar materials for a number of banking and insurance institutions, including American Equitable Assurance, Bankers' Fire and Casualty Insurance Company, Loyal Automobile Insurance Company, Mutual Savings and Loan Association, Southeastern Fidelity Fire Insurance Company, and Southern Fidelity Mutual Insurance Company. There are also ledgers, correspondence, financial documents, and reports pertaining to the Mechanics and Farmers Bank.
Includes documents related to the financial and legal matters between Harris, North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company, and Thomas A. Allen, as well as deeds and contracts, and some documents regarding school controversies.
Comprised of a single folder containing a variety of materials including a list of names and addresses of Durham clergy, a 1952-1953 membership card for the General Alumni Association of Virginia Union University, a medal presented "by the citizens of Portsmouth, Va. for loyal service in the World War," and assorted other memorabilia and ephemera belonging to Harris.
Comprised of materials documenting Harris' affiliations and service with the North Carolina College of Durham (later North Carolina Central University). The majority of these materials consists of correspondence and reports pertaining to college properties and properties adjacent to the college under review for acquisition by the college; included among these materials are associated maps and property and architectural photographs. Also included are materials pertaining to the 1955 Real Estate and Builders Conference that was held at and partially sponsored by the North Carolina College Commerce Department and at which Harris gave the key address.
Contains 14 photographs of Harris and/or his family or business associates. Most of the individuals in the photographs are identified, but few have dates associated with them. Plassie Williams Harris and J. S. Stewart are present in a number of the photographs.
Comprised of advertising and informational media, manuals, newsletters, pamphlets, postcards, programs, and other printed materials on a variety of topics. One folder contains approximately 30 publications mostly relating to race relations and school desegregation.
Contains clippings of source material, event programs, written notes, and scripts or note cards of speeches given by Harris. Also included are typescripts for two 1963 speeches given by the Dean of Duke Chapel James T. Cleland.
Comprised of bound volumes of personal and business documents relating to Harris. The series is divided into three subseries arranged alphabetically: Appraisals, Memoranda Books, and Scrapbooks and Volumes. The Appraisals group contains bound groupings of real estate appraisals done by Harris mainly in the Durham area from 1939 to 1964. The appraisal reports include many photographs of commercial and residential properties. The Memoranda subseries includes small volumes from 1945-1963, most of which contain little information. The 1955 volume, however, contains the text of several of Harris' speeches and a few newspaper clippings concerning his views on desegregation. The Scrapbooks and Albums subseries consists of a letterbook covering the years 1957-1962, dealing mainly with a testimonial dinner for Harris in 1957 and with his resignation from the School Board in 1962; a scrapbook containing clippings about Durham civic leaders and some snapshots from 1958; a folder of letters and expressions of sympathy to Mrs. Harris on the occasion of Harris' death in 1965; and the Harris family album that has in it family letters and documents as far back as 1851, quantities of clippings pertaining to Harris' political career, and many photographs.
Chiefly large maps of Durham city and county, used for municipal planning purposes, but also includes some clippings.
|1900 October 7||
Born in Abingdon, Virginia
Graduated from Corey Memorial Institute in Portsmouth, Virginia
Attended Virginia Union University of Richmond
Attended Northwestern University School of Commerce
First employed by Banker's Fire Insurance Company
Married Plassie Williams of Durham, North Carolina
Appointed as Vice-Secretary of Banker's Fire Insurance Company
Ran for Durham City Council and was defeated
Elected to Durham City Council
Declined to run for a second term to City Council
Accepted appointment to fill an unexpired term on the Durham School Board
Reappointment for four-year term on School Board
Resigned from School Board due to ill health
|1965 January 4||
Died in Durham, N.C.
The Harward and Howard collections focus on Durham N.C. race relations, school segregation and integration, and Durham city politicas and government from the 1960s-1980s. The Lincoln Hospital and N.C. Mutual collections are included here due to R.N. Harris' involvement with both entities, as well as the material located within the Harris collection relating to the two former collections.
- Stephen C. Harward Papers, 1949-1975 and undated, bulk 1963-1975 (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)
- Chris D. Howard Papers, 1972-1983 (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)
- Lincoln Hospital (Durham, N.C.) Records, 1901-1998 and undated (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)
- North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company Archives, 1850-2008 and undated, bulk 1898-2008 (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)
Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries.
- Bankers' Fire Insurance Company -- Employees
- Harris, Rencher Nicholas, 1900-1965
- Harris, Plassie Williams
- Lincoln Hospital (Durham, N.C.)
- Mechanics and Farmers Bank (Durham, N.C.)
- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People -- Durham Branch (Durham, N.C.)
- North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company
- African Americans -- North Carolina -- Durham -- Social conditions
- African American businesspeople -- North Carolina -- Durham
- African American politicians -- North Carolina -- Durham
- African Americans -- Economic conditions -- North Carolina
- African Americans -- North Carolina -- Durham -- History
- Banks and banking -- North Carolina -- Durham
- Civil rights movements -- Southern States
- Education -- North Carolina -- Durham
- Insurance companies -- North Carolina -- Durham
- Municipal governance -- North Carolina -- Records and correspondence
- Public Schools -- North Carolina -- Durham -- History
- Race relations -- Political aspects
- Real estate business -- North Carolina -- Durham
- School integration -- United States
- School integration -- North Carolina -- Durham
- Durham (N.C.) -- Commerce
- Durham (N.C.) -- Race relations
- Durham (N.C.) -- Politics and government
- Durham (N.C.) -- History
The Rencher Nicholas Harris Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift in 1966.
Processed by Aaron Thornburg, May 2009
Encoded by Aaron Thornburg, Paula Jeannet, May 2009
Accession 66-50 is described in this finding aid.
Updated by Jessica Carew and Paula Jeannet in preparation for digitization, October 2011