Guide to the Inter-Citizens Committee Records, 1960-1963
The Inter-Citizens Committee of Birmingham, Alabama, was dedicated to promoting "mutual understanding through assimilating, interpreting, and communicating factual material affecting basic American rights in Alabama." It formed in April 1960 at Trinity Baptist Church. The collection consists of typescript documents produced by the ICC during the early 1960s. It includes the constitution and its by-laws; a fundraising circular; a copy of the Birmingham Manifesto, produced by the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights; and numbers 1-14, 16, 18-25, and 33-40 of the ICC's Documents on Human Rights in Alabama. These individual documents are reproduced typescripts, designed to circulate to government and political officials to alert them of human rights abuses in Birmingham.
- Collection Number
- Inter-Citizens Committee Records
- Inter-Citizens Committee, Inc. (Birmingham, Ala.)
- 0.1 Linear Feet
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
- Materials in English
The Inter-Citizens Committee Records is a collection documents produced by the ICC, including the constitution and its by-laws; a fundraising circular; a copy of the Birmingham Manifesto, produced by the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, and 33 of the first 40 ICC Documents on Human Rights in Alabama. The Documents are reproduced typescripts, each 1-2 pages, recording, in sworn statements, personal incidents of beatings, arrests and harassment of African American citizens of all ages and professions in and around the city of Birmingham and elsewhere in Alabama in the early 1960s.
Access to the Collection
Collection is open for research.
Use & Permissions
The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
How to Cite
[Identification of item], Inter-Citizens Committee Records, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
Numbered set of documents issued by ICC to publicize incidents of violence against civilians (usually African American residents) in the Birmingham, Alabama region. Each issue includes a sworn statement by the victim summarizing the incident -- incidents range from beatings, rape, police brutality and intimidation, arrest without cause, siccing of police dogs, cross burnings, shootings, etc. -- along with their signature. Some documents include witness statements and notary signatures; offending police officers are identified if known. Incidents date between 1960 and 1963.
Documents held are: 1-14, 16, 18-25, and 33-40 (numbers 33-40 are stapled together with a cover sheet).
The Inter-Citizens Committee of Birmingham, Alabama, was formed in April 1960 at Trinity Baptist Church. Officers were Rev. J. Lowell Ware, pastor and president; Rev. J. C. Wilson, vice president; Rev. C. Herbert Oliver, secretary; Rev. Harold D. Long, assistant secretary; Rev. G. L Terrell, treasurer. The ICC constitution was adopted in 1961, and the Committee incorporated in 1962 as a non-profit. Between 1961 and 1965 the organization engaged in "documenting cases of alleged rights violations, both official and non-official" in Birmingham and its region in Alabama. According to Glenn Eskew's book "But for Birmingham: The Local and National Movements in the Civil Rights Struggle," (UNC Press: 1997) Rev. Ware and Rev. C. Herbert Oliver "did valuable work documenting cases of racial brutality in Birmingham for the U.S. Civil Rights Commission."
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The Inter-Citizens Committee Records were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a purchase in 2019.
Processed by Meghan Lyon, April 2019
Accessions described in this collection guide: 2019-0047