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Guide to the Inter-Citizens Committee Records, 1960-1963

Summary

The Inter-Citizens Committee of Birmingham, Alabama, was dedicated to promoting "mutual understanding through assimilating, interpreting, and communicating factual material affecting basic American rights in Alabama." It formed in April 1960 at Trinity Baptist Church. The collection consists of typescript documents produced by the ICC during the early 1960s. It includes the constitution and its by-laws; a fundraising circular; a copy of the Birmingham Manifesto, produced by the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights; and numbers 1-14, 16, 18-25, and 33-40 of the ICC's Documents on Human Rights in Alabama. These individual documents are reproduced typescripts, designed to circulate to government and political officials to alert them of human rights abuses in Birmingham.

Collection Details

Collection Number
RL.11722
Title
Inter-Citizens Committee Records
Date
1960-1963
Creator
Inter-Citizens Committee, Inc. (Birmingham, Ala.)
Extent
0.1 Linear Feet
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Materials in English

Collection Overview

The Inter-Citizens Committee Records is a collection documents produced by the ICC, including the constitution and its by-laws; a fundraising circular; a copy of the Birmingham Manifesto, produced by the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, and 33 of the first 40 ICC Documents on Human Rights in Alabama. The Documents are reproduced typescripts, each 1-2 pages, recording, in sworn statements, personal incidents of beatings, arrests and harassment of African American citizens of all ages and professions in and around the city of Birmingham and elsewhere in Alabama in the early 1960s.

More Biographical / Historical Info

Using These Materials

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warning Access to the Collection

Collection is open for research.

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The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

More copyright and citation information

How to Cite

[Identification of item], Inter-Citizens Committee Records, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Contents of the Collection

Constitution and by-laws, undated
Folder 1
Comments on the ICC, 1962
Folder 1
Printed circular with history and fundraising appeal, undated
Folder 1
Birmingham Manifesto, by the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, 1963
Folder 1
Documents on Human Rights in Alabama, 1960-1962

Numbered set of documents issued by ICC to publicize incidents of violence against civilians (usually African American residents) in the Birmingham, Alabama region. Each issue includes a sworn statement by the victim summarizing the incident -- incidents range from beatings, rape, police brutality and intimidation, arrest without cause, siccing of police dogs, cross burnings, shootings, etc. -- along with their signature. Some documents include witness statements and notary signatures; offending police officers are identified if known. Incidents date between 1960 and 1963.

Documents held are: 1-14, 16, 18-25, and 33-40 (numbers 33-40 are stapled together with a cover sheet).

Folder 1
 

Historical Note

The Inter-Citizens Committee of Birmingham, Alabama, was formed in April 1960 at Trinity Baptist Church. Officers were Rev. J. Lowell Ware, pastor and president; Rev. J. C. Wilson, vice president; Rev. C. Herbert Oliver, secretary; Rev. Harold D. Long, assistant secretary; Rev. G. L Terrell, treasurer. The ICC constitution was adopted in 1961, and the Committee incorporated in 1962 as a non-profit. Between 1961 and 1965 the organization engaged in "documenting cases of alleged rights violations, both official and non-official" in Birmingham and its region in Alabama. According to Glenn Eskew's book "But for Birmingham: The Local and National Movements in the Civil Rights Struggle," (UNC Press: 1997) Rev. Ware and Rev. C. Herbert Oliver "did valuable work documenting cases of racial brutality in Birmingham for the U.S. Civil Rights Commission."


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Provenance

The Inter-Citizens Committee Records were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a purchase in 2019.

Processing Information

Processed by Meghan Lyon, April 2019

Accessions described in this collection guide: 2019-0047