Guide to the John Richardson Kilby papers, 1680-1919 and undated, bulk 1840-1889
Kilby and his son, Wilbur John Kilby (1850-1907), were both lawyers of Suffolk, Virginia, and of members of the Riddick family. Correspondence and legal and other papers of Kilby and of his son, Wilbur John Kilby (1850-1907), both lawyers, of Suffolk, Va., and of members of the Riddick family. The bulk of the collection concerns such legal activities of the Kilbys as administration of estates, collection of bills, and adjustments of property. The collection is important in part for its early records of families and references to politics and social conditions of Nansemond County, Virginia, but also for its references to slavery, the American Colonization Society and conditions in Liberia, and for its slave lists from the Riddick and Glazebrook families. There are many wills, one of which refers to the manumission of slaves. Other items refer to the legal affairs of the Riddick family, Richard H. Riddick, merchant of Pantego, N.C., and agent of the Albemarle Swamp Land Company; pro-Civil War activities of the Methodist Episcopal Church; Southampton Insurrection of 1831; Civil War action near Shepherdstown and Fredericksburg; African American soldiers during Reconstruction; the Negro Reformatory Association of Virginia; the gold rush of Pike's Peak, Colorado; a Suffolk, Va. cholera epidemic; and the Panic of 1857.
- Collection Number
- John Richardson Kilby papers
- 1680-1919 and undated bulk 1840-1889
- Kilby, John Richardson, 1819-1878
- 14 Linear Feet, Approx. 39,509 Items
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
- Material in English
Correspondence and legal and other papers of Kilby and of his son, Wilbur John Kilby (1850-1907), both lawyers, of Suffolk, Virginia, and of members of the Riddick family. The bulk of the collection dates from 1840-1889 and concerns such legal activities of the Kilbys as administration of estates, collection of bills, and adjustments of property. The collection is important in part for its records of families and social conditions of Nansemond County, Virginia.
Other important subjects include genealogical information for other families; the case of Harriet Whitehead, whose mind was impaired by the loss of her family in the Nat Turner Southampton Insurrection, 1831; freedom for slaves, with references to the work of the American Colonization Society and to life and conditions in Liberia; legal affairs of the Riddick family, Richard H. Riddick, merchant of Pantego, N.C., and agent of the Albemarle Swamp Land Company; pro-Civil War activities of the Methodist Episcopal Church; the Suffolk, Va. cholera epidemic (1849); the Panic of 1857 and the Pike's Peak, Colorado gold rush in 1859; action around Fredericksburg and Shepherdstown during the Civil War; African American soldiers in Charleston, S.C. during Reconstruction; Nansemond County, Virginia politics, especially during W. J. Kilby's career; and the Negro Reformatory Association of Virginia.
Several slave lists date from 1839-1858. The most extensive is of the Riddick family in undated legal papers. As the Office of Clerk of County burned in 1866, the legal, financial, and genealogical records are valuable for their information. A partial list of wills also exists, including the wills of Josiah Riddick, Richard Riddick, and John Glazebrook. One will, later contested, stipulates the manumission of a slave. Volumes include daybooks, memoranda, account books, notebooks, both professional and personal, as well as broadsides of land sales in Nansemond County, Virginia. The genealogical records are a photocopy of the printed genealogy of the Kilby, Jynes, Riddick, and Glazebrook families.
Access to the Collection
Collection is open for research.
Use & Permissions
The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
How to Cite
[Identification of item], John Richardson Kilby Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
These can be found in the Legal Papers Series.
Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries.
- Albemarle Swamp Land Company
- American Colonization Society
- Kilby, Wilbur John, 1850-1907
- Kilby family
- Methodist Episcopal Church -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- Negro Reformatory Association of Virginia
- Riddick, Richard H.
- African Americans -- Colonization -- Africa
- Cholera -- Virginia -- Suffolk
- Depressions -- 1857 -- Virginia
- Lawyers -- Virginia -- Suffolk -- Correspondence
- Merchants -- North Carolina -- Pantego
- Probate law and practice -- Virginia
- Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877) -- South Carolina
- Southampton Insurrection, 1831
The John Richardson Kilby papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a gift from 1942-1952.
Processed by Rubenstein Library staff
Encoded by Paula Jeannet and Jennifer Snow, November 2013
Accessions acquired from 1942-1952 were merged into one collection, described in this finding aid.