Guide to the Bettye Lane photographs, 1959-2007, bulk 1970s-1980s
Photojournalist who documented the women's movement and associated human rights issues since the 1960s. The photographs in the collection date from 1959 to 2007, with the bulk taken by Lane in the 1970s and 1980s. Subjects focus largely on events and individuals. Events include consciousness raising groups, planning meetings, and local women's conferences. Large events include Equal Rights Amendment demonstrations, and International Women's Year and National Organization for Women conferences and marches, in major cities such as New York City, Washington D.C., Mexico City, and Houston. Other events folders document Pro-Choice rallies and protests addressing harassment, sexism, and violence towards women. Another large series documents women involved in the movement, from feminist leaders to event attendees and coordinators. Subject folder photographs are of women at work, women athletes, men for women's rights, and events relating to daycare, feminist slogans and signs, lesbian rights, opposition, women of color, sexist images, and sexual health. Smaller sets of images document protests against war, pornography, and nuclear power. The collection also includes photographs of Bettye Lane and her original inventory sheets. Acquired as part of the Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture.
- Collection Number
- Bettye Lane photographs
- 1959-2007, bulk 1970s-1980s
- Lane, Bettye
- 2.5 Linear Feet, 947 items
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
- Material in English
The Bettye Lane photographs date from 1959 to 2007, with the bulk taken in the 1970s and 1980s. Subjects focus largely on events and individuals. Events include consciousness raising groups, planning meetings, and local women's conferences. Large events include Equal Rights Amendment demonstrations, and International Women's Year and National Organization for Women conferences and marches, in major cities such as New York City, Washington D.C., Mexico City, and Houston. Other events folders document Pro-Choice rallies and protests addressing harassment, sexism, and violence towards women. Another large series documents women involved in the movement, from feminist leaders to event attendees and coordinators. Subject folder photographs are of women at work, women athletes, men for women's rights, and events relating to daycare, feminist slogans and signs, lesbian rights, opposition, women of color, sexist images, and sexual health. Smaller sets of images document protests against war, pornography, and nuclear power. The collection also includes a folder of photographs of Bettye Lane spanning her career.
The photographs are arranged into three series, Events, People, and Subjects, with subdivisions in alphabetical order, and the prints within in date or alphabetical order. The original order as assembled by Lane is for the most part intact, with folder titles deriving from the original headings. Included in each folder are her original annotated inventory sheets, which include dates, photo identification codes, and titles.
Almost all the prints are unmounted black-and-white gelatin silver process prints, with some color photographs scattered throughout, and a few digital prints from the 2000s. The larger prints all have detailed information on the backs, many giving names of individuals present, details on the events, and contextual notes. There are also a few photocopies scattered throughout. There are some duplicate images or cropped versions. The most typical sizes are 8x10 and 6 1/4 x 9 1/4 inches, with some snapshots found in a few folders.
There is some overlap with Bettye Lane images in other U.S. institutional collections, noted below, but many of the images at Duke University are unique.
Acquired as part of the Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture.
Arranged in three major series: Events, People, and Subjects.
Access to the Collection
Collection is open for research.
Use & Permissions
The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce should be addressed to Gary O'Neil, holder of the intellectual property rights for this collection at firstname.lastname@example.org.
How to Cite
[Identification of item], Bettye Lane photographs, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Folders contain a wide variety of entries related to women's movement conferences, meetings, and demonstrations, arranged in date order. Some of the events are represented by a single image, while others are extensively covered. Folder titles are taken from the original headings assigned by Lane.
Each folder contains an original annotated inventory sheet listing image titles, dates, image id, and location, taken from the detailed information found on the backs of most photographs. In some cases, prints from original "miscellaneous" folders have been removed and added to appropriate events folders in this series.
Delegates and speakers typically represented by one image include: Betty Friedan; Jo Hulett; Esther Urista; Wynta Boynes (CORE); Jacqui Ceballos (NOW); Germaine Greer; Flo Kennedy. Includes an image of Mexican women holding signs advocating for family planning.
Delegates and speakers typically represented by one image include: Roslyn Carter, Betty Freidan, Betty Ford, and Jean Stapleton. An image of the march to the conference shows leaders Billie Jean King, Susan B. Anthony Jr., Bella Abzug, and Betty Freidan, with torch bearers Sylvia Ortiz, Peggy Kokernot and Michele Cearcy.
Two versions, large and small, of same image of two unidentified women, one black, one white, on podium or panel.
Photographs of the conference hall, speakers, and a bulletin board display of notices and items for sale. There are close-up images of Betty Friedan, Jeannette Rankin, Shirley Chisolm, and Jacqui Ceballos, and scenes of a paper-mache statue of Susan B. Anthony being carried by demonstrators and destroyed by police.
Photographs of attendees, workshops, and brainstorming and caucus sessions. There are images of Eleanor (Ellie) Smeal, a group from the Black Feminists Organization, and images showing displays, slogans, buttons.
Images chiefly are from the conference's "Minority Workshop" and show women of all races interacting. There is also a portrait of an attendee and an image of the conference hall with large "You can't stop NOW" sign on wall.
Many of the photographs are of the conference march, showing signs and slogans. Other images of of attendees. There is a portrait of Karen De Crow, NOW president, dressed as Wonder Woman, with an unidentified child in the same outfit. There is one color photograph of the march.
There are many images of the conference march, showing signs and slogans. Other images are of attendees in the conference hall. Single images are of speakers Karen De Crow and Betty Friedan; Bella Abzug, Karen De Crow, and Mary Ann Krupsak, in a group; Mary Collins Robeson (Chicago NOW, sued Sears); Mary Lynn Myers (South Dakota NOW, Charter member of Veteran Feminists of America) and her mother; and the parents of the late Karen Silkwood.
One image of NOW protest in front of New York Times building; protest sign reads "The Times is dragging its feet / Call me Ms". Three other images are all copies of same image of women with NOW birthday cake (one is a photocopy).
Arranged in date order. Location of conferences was New York City. Images focus on attendees, group discussions, and signs/posters. There are images of Jan Crawford, NOW Media Committee, and Lee Walker, NY NOW. Two images are of high school Sexuality Speakouts, and others are from high school conferences and meetings on sexuality and sexism in the schools.
Consists of a variety of topical entries, most of which are represented by a single photograph. Arranged in date order. Images in folder: consciousness raising group, Women's Center, NYC, 1970 (2); Trade Union Studies, Cornell Univ.; Older Women's Liberation (OWL) marriage workshop, 1972, Marymount College; Women Learn From Women workshop, Barnard (Columbia Univ.), 1973 (several, including group discussion of job market); marriage and divorce conference, 1973, with Eleanor Livingston, Eleanor Guggenheim, lesbian activists Sidney Abbott and Barbara Love, and Mimi Lobell; sexuality conference, with Betty Dodson; Statue of Liberty and MS boat party balloons; women's trade union meeting, 1974; conference on men for women's rights, with Warren Farrell speaking, 1974; flight attendants meeting, 1974 (3); women in film conference, 1974, with Phyllis Chesler, Molly Haskell, and Eleanor Perry. Two folders of materials were merged to bring together separated images from the same events; their original inventory sheets are in folder 1.
Consists of a variety of topical entries, most of which are represented by a single photograph. Arranged in date order. Images are of: Political Prisoners Conference, with Native American Yvonne Monroe speaking, 1975; Native American women's conference, NYC; More Media conference, with Redstocking members attending (several), 1975; rights of women in prison, with Flo Kennedy speaking, 1975; consciousness raising planning group at NYU, with Center's manifesto on wall behind attendee; Writer's Symposium sponsored by Feminist Forum, 1976; Woman of the Year Awards, with images of Pearl Bailey, Betty Ford, Barbara Walters, and Navajo Annie Winetka; meetings of men in support of women's rights and childcare; Women's Office Workers conferences, 1977 and 1980; school and drugs symposium for women; 10th anniversary of Ladies Home Journal sit-in, 1980; Spirituality and Women; Asian ILGWU women at Labor Day march, NYC, 1981; jobs workshop at YWCA, 1985; Commission on the Status of Women (several), 1985 and 1999 [1989?]; and Veteran Feminists of America, with Jacqui Ceballos, Flo Kennedy, and Phyllis Chesler, 1993.
Two folders of materials were merged to bring together separated images from the same events; their original inventory sheets are in folder 1.
Arranged in date order. Locations are in New York City. The photographs document protests and meetings against sexual harassment; rape; battered women; street harassment. Additional images are from the Take Back the Night movement.
Arranged in date order. Locations are in New York City. Photographs document protests and meetings against sexual harassment; rape; battered women; street harassment. Additional images are from the Take Back the Night movement.
Arranged in date order. Locations include Shoreham plant, Long Island; New York Stock Exchange; World Trade Center; and streets of New York City. Chiefly images of feminists marching against nuclear power, and the Sisters of Silkwood group at a NOW conference in Philadelphia.
Arranged in date order. Includes five original color prints. Locations include Washington D.C. and New York City. Images are of anti-draft protests, anti-Vietnam War and Iraq War protests, police arresting protesters. There are also some photographs of the group Grandmothers for Peace. Kate Millett appears at an anti-Iraq War rally.
Arranged in date order. Locations include: New York City (Statue of Liberty, NY Public Library steps) and Washington D.C. There are a few images from meetings, including one with panelists Noreen Connell, Erika Jong, Elizabeth Holtzman, and Brenda Feigen (Fasteau), Greenwich House, New York City, 1978.
Images were taken at Federal Plaza and Union Square and chiefly show crowds at march. One photograph shows speaker Bella Abzug.
Subjects focus on the great variety of coalitions and factions that attended these demonstrations, including racial and ethnic groups, women workers, artists, Girl Scouts, pro-choice groups, and ERA supporters; there are a great number of signs and slogans shown in the images.
Arranged in date order. Locations include: New York City (Governor Rockefeller's office, Union Square, and St. Patrick's Cathedral). Photographs document protests and other scenes related to pregnancy rights, legalized abortion, birth control rights, and the Pro-Choice movement. A march down 5th Avenue shows a woman in a coffin borne by marchers. There is one image taken inside the first abortion clinic in NYC, 1973.
Arranged in date order. Locations are almost all in New York City (St. Patrick's Cathedral, NYU Law School, NYC Pleace Church), with two images from Cherry Hill, New Jersey, 1982. Protests relate to pregnancy rights, birth control, pro-choice, and the Hyde Amendment. Several images are from an abortion clinic where an abortion is in process. There is also an image from a YWCA pregnancy workshop.
Arranged in date order. Locations are chiefly in New York City, including St. Patrick's Cathedral, Planned Parenthood clinics, and a phony abortion clinic. Protests relate to pregnancy rights; birth control and pro-choice; and the Roe v. Wade Amendment. There are several images from workshops. One march image shows women's health activists Bill Baird and Merle Hoffman behind banner. A 1989 image shows union women marching for pro-choice.
Arranged in date order. Locations are in New York City. Protests relate to pro-choice; the murder of abortion provider Dr. John Britton in Florida; and the murder of two women in Massachusetts clinics.
Folder contains a variety of images taken by Lane at the first annual Women's March for Equality in New York City, 1970. Images chiefly show marchers and the multiplicity of contingents, causes, signs, and slogans. Locations include Battery Park, Union Square, and St. Patrick's Cathedral.
Folder contains a variety of images taken by Lane at the second annual Women's March for Equality in New York City, 1971. Photographs chiefly show marchers and the multiplicity of contingents, signs, and slogans.
Folder contains a variety of images taken by Lane at the third annual Women's March for Equality in New York City, 1972. The photographs chiefly show marchers and the multiplicity of contingents, causes, signs, and slogans. Includes images from meeting held before the march; one shows Susan Brownmiller speaking.
Arranged in date order. Folder contains a variety of images from Women's Marches for Equality in New York City, chiefly of marchers and the multiplicity of contingents, causes, signs, and slogans. Locations include Battery Park, Union Square, and St. Patrick's Cathedral. Bella Abzug appears in a 1980 image. Two of the march photographs are in color.
Consists of a wide variety of photographs taken at demonstrations, marches, and rallies, most of which are represented by one or two photographs. Arranged in alphabetical order by topical title. Locations are almost all in New York City and Washington D.C.
Topics include: animal rights, artists against Museum of Modern Art; Bakke affirmative action decision; a building takeover; day care; environment; poverty; prostitution and pornography; prisoners rights; protests against companies such as Olivetti; and sexism in the media.
When present in large enough numbers, prints representing other topics have been removed from this original "miscellaneous" group, and new folders created in the Demonstrations subseries: these include protests against war, nuclear power, and violence against women. The original inventory sheets have been annotated, copied, and added to those folders.
Images were typically taken by Bettye Lane at events where the individual was speaking or demonstrating. These women are considered leaders in the women's movement, and include authors, artists, journalists, politicians, religious leaders, and social scientists. Most names are represented by one or two photographs; individuals with many images include Bella Abzug, Betty Friedan, Flo Kennedy, and Gloria Steinem. Many photos of individuals also show other feminists with them.
Within alphabetical folder groups, the prints are arranged in alphabetical order by last name and within in rough date order. The sole exception to the order is the first folder, which contains images of Bettye Lane, dated 1959-2007.
This series was originally two separate groupings; the groups were merged to form one series and the original inventory sheets from both placed in the first folder.
Dates (1959-2007) represent the content of the photographs, which are modern copies, showing Betty Lane in various locations where she was on news assignment. There is also an image of her press credentials, 1974. The last photograph is in color.
Pictured with her "Dinner Party" installation at the Brooklyn Museum of Art.
About 35 women and one man. Includes Jacqui Ceballos, Phyllis Chesler, and Flo Kennedy. The others are unidentified.
Folders in this series contain a wide variety of photographs arranged in topical groups by Bettye Lane; their titles are taken from original headings. There are folders on men supporting women's rights, health and sexuality, lesbian and gay rights, opposition groups, politics, religion and spirituality, and images of slogans, advertisements, and sayings, and more.
Each folder contains an original annotated inventory sheet listing image titles, dates, image id, and location, taken from the detailed information found on the backs of most photographs. In a few cases there is considerable overlap, such as between "Signs and Graffiti" and "Words," but rather than merging folders, the original arrangement has been preserved. Some prints were removed from original "miscellaneous" folders and added to these subject groups. Additional images with the same focus can be found in the Events series.
Images in this series focus on opposition groups. Subjects include: Anti-Women's Rights at the Women's March, 1970 (1); Protesters at a NOW Conference - Houston, Texas, 1974 (2); Anti-ERA - Federal Plaza, New York City, 1974 (5); International Women's Year Conference - Albany, New York, 1977 (1); I.W.Y. Conference - Houston, Texas, 1977 (9); Anti-Planned Parenthood - New York City, 1978 (1). Additional images of opposition groups are found in the Opposition folder. Other photographs taken at these conferences are found in the Events series.
Images include: self-exam and self-help posters and demonstrations; menstrual extraction; press conferences on health issues; and conferences on Disability and Sexuality, and mid-life issues. Includes photos of Phyllis Chesler, Jane Porcino (editor of Hot Flash magazine), Lorraine Rothman (proponent of menstrual extraction), Barbara Seaman, Faith Siedenberg, and Gloria Steinem.
Consists of a variety of photographs related to lesbian activists and gay rights marches and rallies. There are many images of marches, including Christopher Street marches and commemorations in New York City. Subjects include: Bella Abzug, Ted Kennedy, Jean O'Leary, and Eleanor Smeal at an event; the founders of the Lesbian Herstory Archives in their office, 1979; Jean O'Leary speaking at a conference; lesbian mothers; Black Lesbian Caucus members marching; lesbian couples in Central Park; and scenes from an NBC show, "Lesbian Lifestyles," shot in a NYC lesbian bar and the Gay Activist Alliance headquarters. Some images are of lesbian contingents at marches for women's rights. Locations include: New York City, Albany, N.Y., Washington, D.C., and Texas.
The focus in these photographs is on men in the women's movement. Images include men's contingents participating in the Women's March for Equality - New York City, 1970-1980, and International Women's Year events. There are also images from pro-choice rallies, anti-pornography protests, NOW conferences, fathers' rights rallies, Hustler magazine protest, and a MAMA media conference. Additional images from these and related events are found in the Events series. Men featured in photographs include Warren Farrell and Herman Badillo.
Images of opponents to feminist causes are from the I.W.Y. Conference - Houston, Texas, 1977, and the NOW Conference in Houston, Texas, 1974. Additional prints from these conferences are in the Events series.
Among the photographs are images from the Democratic National Convention - Miami, Florida, 1972; Women for McGovern, 1972; and the Democratic National Convention - New York City, 1976.
Arranged in date order. Photographs are images of homeless women, some of them mental patients, with the focus on the feminization of poverty. One image is of an anti-poverty rally in Washington, D.C., 1987. Locations include: Miami, New York City, and Houston.
Arranged in rough date order. Consists of a wide variety of portraits of women at work, with a focus on pioneers in particular fields. Examples include the first female State Police officer, the first woman taxi driver in NYC, and the first female union welder. Other images show all-women construction and film crews. There is an emphasis on the media, with women in television and film production, and journalism. Significant media figures include: Barbara Koppel, Pat Collins, Charlotte Curtis, and Marlene Sanders. Almost all the images were taken in New York City, but there is a group taken in New Mexico and one each from Houston, Mexico City, and Miami.
Arranged in rough date order. The main focus is on women in professions traditionally exclusive to men. Includes entries related to armed forces, business women, media professions, construction trades, and transportation. Many of the women pictured are African American.
Arranged in date order. Images are chiefly from protests for women's ordination, religious women for peace, and an Earth Festival gathering. Significant individuals include theologian Mary Daly and activist Gloria Steinem, speaking at a Unitarian women's meeting in New York City, 1974. There is also an image of Cristo's female crucifixion.
Features sexism in advertising for White Horse Scotch, a male club in New York, and feminist responses (a poster with a woman marked with cuts of beef, a union woman carrying a "Know women's history, we were always there" sign, and the slogans "Sexism is a social disease" and "A woman without a man is like a fish without a bicycle").
Each folder is in separate date order. The first folder shows ordinary women in sports; the emphasis in the second grouping is on famous women athletes. They include: Cat Davis (2); Mary Decker; Jean Balukis; Mikki Gorman; Janet Guthrie; Billie Jean King (5); Nancy Lopez; Martina Navratilova; Ann Phillips; Karen Rogers (4); Jackie Tonawanda; and Wilma Rudolph. Locations include New York City, New Jersey, and California. A few images are in color. There are also a few general images in the second folder of female officials and coaches, the first professional women's rodeo, little league players, and roller derbies.
Images in this folder illustrate the sayings and slogans of the day, and how they were presented and distributed. The first 10 prints are color compilations of banners from Feminist newspapers, magazines, and organizations, then there are several color compilations of buttons. Individuals in photos are march attendees and vendors. Some show sexist advertising and feminist reactions. Several images are of bulletin boards or walls with signs, notices, and inspirational thoughts.
|1930 September 19||
Born Elizabeth Foti, to an Italian immigrant family in Boston,
Attended Boston University School of Public Relations and Communications
Affiliated with Harvard University News Office
Hired by CBS Television
Photojournalist with The Saturday Evening Post
Photojournalist for the Associated Press and the National Observer
Covered the first Women's March for Equality in New York City, launching her
involvement with the women's movement
Became a freelance photojournalist and was dubbed the official photographer of
the women's movement; continued taking assignments from Time, Life, and the Associated Press
Documented through her photography not only the women's movement, but also the gay rights and anti-war movements
Contributed her work to a group exhibition entitled "'For Which it Stands': The
American Flag in Social Protest" at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington
Died September 19, aged 82, in New York City
- Bettye Lane Photographs, 1969-1981 (1500 items) (Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute)
- Bettye Lane papers, 1979-1980 [photographs], 0.2 linear ft. (21 items) (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.)
- The International Gay Information Center Archives, Ephemera: Photographs, Bettye Lane Series (The New York Public Library, Humanities and Social Sciences Library, Manuscripts and Archives Division)
Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries.
- Lane, Bettye
- National Organization for Women -- History
- Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture
- Demonstrations -- United States -- Photographs
- Documentary Photography -- United States
- Equal rights amendments -- United States -- History -- 20th century
- Feminism -- United States -- History -- 20th century
- Feminists -- Photographs
- Gay rights movement -- United States -- History -- 20th century
- International Women's Year, 1975
- Photojournalists -- United States
- Pornography -- Political aspects -- United States
- Pro-choice movement -- United States
- Protest movements -- United States -- History -- 20th century
- Protest movements -- United States -- Photographs
- Radicalism -- United States -- History -- 20th century
- Women athletes -- Photographs
- Women employees -- Photographs
- Women labor union members -- Photographs
- Women's rights -- United States
- Women -- United States -- Political activity -- History -- 20th century
The Bettye Lane photographs were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a purchase in 2007.
Processed by Jonathan Grilli and Meghan Lyon, January 2009.
Collection arrangement and description revised, Edward Coles, Paula Jeannet, Alanna Styer, October 2018.
Accession(s) described in this collection guide: 2007-0179.