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Guide to the York & Son human anatomy and physiology glass lantern slides, circa 1888-1900

Summary

Collection is made up of three commercial sets of instructional black-and-white glass lantern slides (3 1/4 by 3 1/4 inches) that accompanied lectures on human anatomy for general audiences. They were produced sometime between 1888 and 1900. The first set (17 slides of about 50 in the original set) is titled "Human physiology, popularly explained," and illustrates aspects of the neurological, cardiovascular, muscular, and skeletal systems. The second series (18 slides of about 40) has as its title "The heart and its action." The third set (3 slides) offers microscopic views of liver and bone cells, and tooth structure. The images in the first set are based on illustrations by English author, scientist, and teacher William S. Furneaux. The sets were produced by York & Son, London, and distributed by a Glasgow optician, J. Lizars. Acquired as part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

Collection Details

Collection Number
RL.11585
Title
York & Son human anatomy and physiology glass lantern slides
Date
between 1888-1900
Extent
1 Linear Feet, 2 boxes
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Materials are in English.

Collection Overview

Collection is made up of three commercial sets of black-and-white glass lantern slides that accompanied lectures on human anatomy for general audiences. They were produced sometime between 1888 and 1900. The slides measure 3 1/4 by 3 1/4 inches (83x83 mm), and the glass plates are bound with black paper. Most of the slides have titles printed along the edges of the paper mounts.

The first set (17 slides out of about 50 in the original set) is titled Human physiology popularly explained, and illustrates aspects of neurological, cardiovascular, muscular, and skeletal systems. Among the slides of the thorax and its organs is an image showing the effects of the "tight lacing" on women's corsets. As indicated on the title slide, the detailed images in the set are based on illustrations by English author, teacher, and naturalist William S. Furneaux.

The second set (18 slides of about 40) has as its title The heart and its action, and illustrates all aspects of the cardiovascular system, including pulmonary and neurological anatomy. The illustrator is unknown.

The third set (3 slides) offers microscopic cross-sections of the human liver, bone, and tooth. The slides are part of a set called Microscopic gems: from the three kingdoms of nature.

All three lecture sets were produced in the late 19th century and perhaps into the first years of the 20th century by the firm York & Son, as evidenced by the presence on each slide of the London firm's "snake" trademark on a paper label.

These lecture sets were distributed widely by a number of optical and photographic firms. Two sets in this collection were sold through a Glasgow optician, J. Lizars, whose trademark label also appears on most of the slides in the first and third sets.

Acquired as part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

More Biographical / Historical Info

Arrangement

Arranged in three series, each corresponding to a set of commercially published lantern slides: Human physiology popularly explained; The heart and its action; Microscopic gems: from the three kingdoms of Nature.

Using These Materials

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Collection contains fragile audiovisual/photographic formats that may need to be reformatted before use.

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warning Use & Permissions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

More copyright and citation information

How to Cite

[Identification of item], York & Son human anatomy and physiology glass lantern slides, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Contents of the Collection

1. Human physiology popularly explained, circa 1888-1900

17 slides, 3 1/4 x 3 1/4 inches

The 17 slides in this first series form part of an instructional set of about 50 slides; the original lecture pamphlet is not present in this collection. The title slide shows a chart bearing the title "The Human Body," with various educational props arranged around it. The subsequent slides consist of reproductions of well-executed detailed black-and-white drawings illustrating the basic systems of the human body: neurological, skeletal, muscular, and cardiovascular. The illustrations are based on the work of 19th century naturalist, author, and teacher William S. Furneaux.

As with the slides in the other series, these bear the trademark label of York & Son of London, England, a prolific manufacturer of glass lantern slides chiefly meant for popular consumption but also used in classrooms. Most of the slides also carry the distributor's paper label: J. Lizars, an optical company in Glasgow, Scotland.

The slide titles appear on the top edges of the object, with some gaps due to deterioration of the paper bindings; the original numbers are also present as small round labels.

#1, Introductory slide
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-01
#5, Vertebral column
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-02
#6, Pelvis
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-03
#9, no visible title [hip, leg, and foot]
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-04
#10, Ligaments
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-05
#11, Effects of tight lacing on the form of the skeleton
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-06
#16, Jaws
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-07
#17, Kinds of teeth
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-08
#28, Cavity of thorax
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-09
#29, Minute structure of lungs
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-010
#30, Absorbent system
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-011
#31, Lymphatics
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-012
#35, Liver, &c.
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-013
#40, Spinal cord
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-014
#48, Speaking - larynx, &c.
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-015
#50, Minute structure of the teeth
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-016
#51, Minute structure of muscle
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-017

2. The heart and its action, circa 1888-1890

18 slides, 3 1/4 x 3 1/4 inches

This set of 18 slides bears the title, The heart and its action. The slides show the position of the heart within the chest cavity, the valves and vessels of the heart, and associated aspects of cardiovascular and neurological anatomy. The illustrator is unknown.

The same set of slide titles, listed at 36 slides on the Lucerna Magic Lantern website, carries another title, The heart and how it beats. This set was manufactured by York & Son sometime before 1890, when it was listed in the stock of a distributor. In 1909, J. Lizars listed this same-titled set in its stock, number 589. However, the set in this collection does not carry the Lizars label, and may have been part of another distributor's stock inventory.

The slide titles appear on the top edges of the object, with some gaps due to deterioration of the paper bindings; the original numbers are also present as small round labels.

#2, The cavities of the body
(Lower right-hand corner of glass is missing.)
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-018
#7, The organs of the thorax
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-019
#10, The pericardium. Posterior
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-020
#11, The heart and its vessels. Anterior
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-021
#12, The heart and its vessels. Posterior
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-022
#13, Interior of the heart. Right side
(Slide has thin vertical crack from top edge to bottom edge of top sheet of glass.)
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-023
#14, Interior of the heart. Left side
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-024
#15, Transverse section through the ventricles
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-025
#17, The semilunars of the pulmonary artery
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-026
#18, The semilunars of the aorta
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-027
#22, Muscular fibres of the sheep's heart
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-028
#24, [Microscopic structure of] the muscular fibre

Part of the title is missing; text in brackets taken from the Lucerna Magic Lantern website slide listing for this set.

Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-029
#28, The capillary system of a villus
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-030
#31, Air cells of the lungs
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-031
#32, Diagram showing the position of the valves
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-032
#34, Circulation of blood in the web of a frog's foot
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-033
#35, The cerebro-spinal nerve system
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-034
#36, The sympathetic nerve system
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-035

3. Microscopic gems: from the three kingdoms of nature, circa 1888

3 slides, 3 1/4 x 3 1/4 inches

Like the first set in this collection, the three slides in the Microscopic Gems series, which consist of cross-sections of human liver, tooth, and bone, are marked with tiny round labels advertising their distributor, J. Lizars opticians of Glasgow. They also bear the trademark label of the creator, York & Son.

The slide titles appear on the top edges of the object, with some gaps due to deterioration of the paper bindings; the original numbers are also present as small round labels.

#3, Human liver, healthy, x 30
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-036
#5, Human tooth, section, x4
(Small piece missing from bottom left corner, bottom glass plate.)
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-037
#7, Human bone, transection, x35
Box 1
Image RL.11585-GS-037
 

Historical Note

The original manufacturer of the glass lantern slides in this collection was York & Son, one of the most prolific photographic publishing firms of the late 19th century, established in London around 1870 by Frederick York. A very large inventory of York & Son slide sets are found listed, often with digitized slide images of each slide, on the Lucerna Magic Lantern website.

Around 1912 the company was dissolved and its stock taken over by Newton and Co., also of London, which continued to use the York & Son trademark for many decades.

The identified distributor of two of the series in this collection, J. Lizars, was established in Glasgow by optician John Lizars in 1830. After Lizar's death in 1879, the company established branches in Scotland and Northern Ireland. In the 1890s, it listed photographic apparatuses among its stock in addition to magic lanterns and lantern slides. Merging with Black's optometrists in 1999, the company is still in operation in 2018 as Black & Lizars Optometrists.


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Provenance

The York & Son human anatomy and physiology glass lantern slides were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a purchase in 2017.

Processing Information

Processed and encoded by Paula Jeannet, February 2018.

Accession(s) represented in this collection: 2018-0006.

Other Notes

The glass slides measure 3 1/4 x 3 1/4 inches (83x83 mm). They are composed of silver process positive transparencies of hand-drawn illustrations, with either albumen, collodion, or gelatin binders sandwiched between two plates and bound with black paper.

Fragile: Please handle with care. Avoid exposure to light and heat. A few have broken corners or cracks.

Because of their fragile nature, digital surrogates are a preferred access method. Please contact the Rubenstein Library before coming to use this collection.