Guide to the Eugene Marshall Papers, 1839-1962
Farmer, banker, and Union Cavalry officer of Caledonia, Minnesota. Collection includes correspondence, diaries, writings, legal documents, printed material, record books, scrapbooks, and photographs, chiefly relating to Marshall's military service with Brackett's Battalion, Minnesota Cavalry, in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama (1862-1864) and on the Northwest Indian expedition (1864-1865). Diaries include comments on his immigration from Brockton, MA to Minnesota in 1853, and on secessionist spirit in Texas, 1859-1860. Letters from his sister reflect impact of immigrants on Brockton, 1890-1910. Includes material documenting aspects of the Dakota Territory in the 1860s; Plains Indians; Red River carts; the impact of the Civil War on southern unionists, middle Tennessee, and African Americans; religion; education; the status of women; towns in southeastern New England, upper Middle West, Tennessee, and Mississippi River Valley; and Ignatius Donnelly, Horace Mann, and William T. Sherman.
- Collection Number
- Eugene Marshall papers
- Marshall, Eugene, 1832-1919
- 5 Linear Feet
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
The papers of Eugene Marshall (1832-1919) span 1847-1962 and consist primarily of diaries kept by Marshall during his military service in the Civil and Sioux Wars and correspondence exchanged with his sister, Olive (Mrs. Frederick Trow). The collection is divided into the following series: the Diaries (1851-1895); Correspondence and other documents (1847-1918; 1958-1962); Writings, both printed and manuscript, including poetry, speeches, newspaper articles, and letters to the editor (1863-1918 and undated); Genealogy of Marshall and related families; Volumes and Scrapbooks (1858-1908); Photographs (1858-1913 and undated); and a small folder of miscellaneous material. There is also an oversize folder in the collection, which contains a certificate attesting to Marshall's membership in the Minnesota chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution. The collection also includes one of the Indian arrows that wounded Marshall during the campaign of 1864.
Access to the Collection
Collection is open for research.
Use & Permissions
The copyright interests in the Eugene Marshall Papers have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information consult the section on copyright in the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
How to Cite
[Identification of item], The Eugene Marshall Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
This series contains correspondence, largely exchanged with his sister, Olive (Mrs. Frederick Trow); legal and business documents; printed materials (mostly related to veterans' reunions); and newspaper clippings (1858-1915). There is a small folder of miscellaneous material and an oversize certificate attesting to Marshall's membership in the Minnesota chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution.
The diaries, 35 small volumes and related materials, contain information on Marshall's activities in the years 1851-1861, but are primarily devoted to his military service in the Civil and Sioux Wars (1861-1866). A typescript of a portion (1861, Nov. 20-1864, Mar. 14) of the war diary prepared by Marshall's daughter, Ethel, also forms part of the collection.
Diaries have been individually labeled in chronological order. A guide correlating volume numbers to dates has been filed with them. In some instances, wear on the pencil entries has rendered some pages nearly illegible. Some effort has been made to provide reconstruction of the entries. Diary entries after 1866 are few and scattered - clustered around and primarily concerned with the illnesses and deaths of Marshall's wife and eldest daughter.
Writings, both printed and manuscript, include poetry, speeches, newspaper articles, and letters to the editor (1863-1918 and undated).
Eugene Marshall (1832-1919), born in North Bridgewater, Massachusetts, was a surveyor, farmer, and banker who served as a volunteer in the Union Army during the Civil War and Sioux Wars (1862-1865) while with units known successively as Curtis' Horse, the 5th Iowa Cavalry, and Brackett's Battalion. He married Elizabeth "Lizzie" Williams (1843-1895) in 1866 following his medical discharge from the Army. They had four children together: Ella Fannie (1868-1888), Hayward (1870-1923), Anna Olive (1876-1967), and Ethel Eugenia (1880-1958). Marshall left his family home early and spent most of his adult civilian life in Minnesota and Iowa, and his retirement years in Manchester, Tennessee. While on his travels in and out of uniform, he recorded a wealth of observations concerning the events, people, and environments in each area. Marshall supplemented his observations with accounts of his own participation in politics and economic endeavors, as well as commentary on national figures and events. His experiences in the Midwest and the South are complemented by letters from his sister who had remained in North Bridgewater.
Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries.
- Donnelly, Ignatius, 1831-1901
- Mann, Horace, 1796-1859
- Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
- United States. Army. Cavalry -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- United States -- Description and travel
- Emigration and immigration -- United States
- Indians of North America -- Great Plains
- Indians of North America -- Wars 1862-1865
- Migration, Internal -- United States
- Voyages and travels
- Alabama -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- Kentucky -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- Southern States -- Social conditions
- Southern States -- Politics and government -- 1865-1950
- Texas -- Politics and government 1846-1865
- Tennessee -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- West (U.S.) -- Description and travel
The Papers of Eugene Marshall were acquired by Duke University in 1960-1962.
Processed by David A. Keough
Encoded by Stephen Douglas Miller
Reprocessed by Katrina Martin, February 2015