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Guide to the Eugene Marshall Papers, 1839-1962

Summary

Farmer, banker, and Union Cavalry officer of Caledonia, Minnesota. Collection includes correspondence, diaries, writings, legal documents, printed material, record books, scrapbooks, and photographs, chiefly relating to Marshall's military service with Brackett's Battalion, Minnesota Cavalry, in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama (1862-1864) and on the Northwest Indian expedition (1864-1865). Diaries include comments on his immigration from Brockton, MA to Minnesota in 1853, and on secessionist spirit in Texas, 1859-1860. Letters from his sister reflect impact of immigrants on Brockton, 1890-1910. Includes material documenting aspects of the Dakota Territory in the 1860s; Plains Indians; Red River carts; the impact of the Civil War on southern unionists, middle Tennessee, and African Americans; religion; education; the status of women; towns in southeastern New England, upper Middle West, Tennessee, and Mississippi River Valley; and Ignatius Donnelly, Horace Mann, and William T. Sherman.

Collection Details

Collection Number
RL.00850
Title
Eugene Marshall papers
Date
1839-1962
Creator
Marshall, Eugene, 1832-1919
Extent
5 Linear Feet
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
English.

Collection Overview

The papers of Eugene Marshall (1832-1919) span 1847-1962 and consist primarily of diaries kept by Marshall during his military service in the Civil and Sioux Wars and correspondence exchanged with his sister, Olive (Mrs. Frederick Trow). The collection is divided into the following series: the Diaries (1851-1895); Correspondence and other documents (1847-1918; 1958-1962); Writings, both printed and manuscript, including poetry, speeches, newspaper articles, and letters to the editor (1863-1918 and undated); Genealogy of Marshall and related families; Volumes and Scrapbooks (1858-1908); Photographs (1858-1913 and undated); and a small folder of miscellaneous material. There is also an oversize folder in the collection, which contains a certificate attesting to Marshall's membership in the Minnesota chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution. The collection also includes one of the Indian arrows that wounded Marshall during the campaign of 1864.

More Biographical / Historical Info

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Collection is open for research.

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The copyright interests in the Eugene Marshall Papers have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information consult the section on copyright in the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

More copyright and citation information

How to Cite

[Identification of item], The Eugene Marshall Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Contents of the Collection

Information Folder
Box 1

2. Correspondence and other documents, 1847-1962 and undated

This series contains correspondence, largely exchanged with his sister, Olive (Mrs. Frederick Trow); legal and business documents; printed materials (mostly related to veterans' reunions); and newspaper clippings (1858-1915). There is a small folder of miscellaneous material and an oversize certificate attesting to Marshall's membership in the Minnesota chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution.

Correspondence, 1847-1869
Box 1
Correspondence, 1870-1911
Box 2
Correspondence, 1912-1962 and undated
Box 3
Legal and business documents, 1855-1935
Box 5
Printed materials and ephemera, 1864-1915
Box 5
Clippings: 1815-1914, undated
Box 5
Miscellaneous items
Box 6
Oversize-folder 1

3. Diaries

The diaries, 35 small volumes and related materials, contain information on Marshall's activities in the years 1851-1861, but are primarily devoted to his military service in the Civil and Sioux Wars (1861-1866). A typescript of a portion (1861, Nov. 20-1864, Mar. 14) of the war diary prepared by Marshall's daughter, Ethel, also forms part of the collection.

Diaries have been individually labeled in chronological order. A guide correlating volume numbers to dates has been filed with them. In some instances, wear on the pencil entries has rendered some pages nearly illegible. Some effort has been made to provide reconstruction of the entries. Diary entries after 1866 are few and scattered - clustered around and primarily concerned with the illnesses and deaths of Marshall's wife and eldest daughter.

Guide to the Diaries
Box 3
#1 1851
Box 7
#2 1852
Box 7
#3 1853
Box 3
#4 1859-1860
Box 3
#5 1857-1861
Box 7
#6 1859-1860
Box 3
#7 1861
Box 3
#8 1861
Box 7
#9 1862
Box 3
#10 1862
Box 3
#11 1862
Box 3
#12 1862
Box 3
#13 1862
Box 3
#14 1862
Box 3
#15 1862-1863
Box 4
#16 1852
Box 7
#17 1863
Box 4
#18 1863
Box 4
#19 1863
Box 4
#20 1863
Box 4
#21 1863-1864
Box 4
#21A 1863
Box 4
#22 1864
Box 4
#23 1864
Box 4
#24 1864
Box 4
#25 1864
Box 4
#25A 1864
Box 4
#26 1864
Box 4
#27 1864
Box 4
#28 1864
Box 4
#29 1864
Box 4
#30 1865
Box 7
#31 1865
Box 7
#32 1863-1865
Box 7
#33 1865-1866
Box 4
#34 1890
Box 7
#35 1895
Box 5
Typescript: 1862 Mar. 1 - Jun. 30
Box 5
Typescript: 1862: Mar. 1 - Oct. 10
Box 5
Bound transcript of diaries
Box 9

4. Writings

Writings, both printed and manuscript, include poetry, speeches, newspaper articles, and letters to the editor (1863-1918 and undated).

Assorted published material, 1864-1897 and undated
Box 5
Article on Civil War Experiences, Dec. 1861- Feb. 1862, in Manchester Times, July 1918
Box 5
Article on 1864 Expedition in St. Paul Press, Jan. 25, 1897
Box 5
Poetry, 1863-1914
Box 5
Typescripts: Poems: 1855, 1863, 1880s, and undated
Box 5
Drafts: letters and and articles for St. Paul Press, 1864-1865
Box 5
Commentary on Reconstruction and the causes of the Civil War, 1865-1876
Box 5
Notes for Report on National Resources and Topography of Dakota Territory, ca. 1865
Box 5
Account of "The Great North Westerns Indian Expedition of 1864"
Box 5
Reminiscences of George W. Northrup and related materials, 1898
Box 5
Commentary on Indian Policy
Box 5
Autobiographical sketch
Box 5
Typescripts: Sketch of History of Brackett's Battalion, Address to a Grand Army of the Republic Gathering
Box 5
Ancestry of Eugene Marshall
Box 5
Ancestry of Olive Hayward
Box 5
Ancestry of Francis Cooke
Box 5
Genealogy of the Wild Family, 1897
Box 5
Miscellaneous
Box 6
Record of business and agricultural activity, 1858-1860, 1867
Box 8
Scrapbook and ledger, 1857-1861, 1866-1867
Box 8
Ledger, 1906-1908
Box 8
Record book 1858-1860, 1867-1883
Box 8
Eugene Marshall 1913 (2 copies)
Box 6
Folder 1
Eugene Marshall 1913
Box 6
Folder 1
Mrs. Eugene (Elizabeth "Lizzie" Williams) Marshall ca. 1868-1880
Box 6
Folder 2
Eugene Marshall 1865
Box 6
Folder 2
Eugene Marshall and E.D. Peebles 1865
Box 6
Folder 2
Eugene Marshall and daughter Ethel
Box 6
Folder 2
Eugene Marshall's birthplace and boyhood home at Marshall's Corners, North Bridgewater Mass.
Box 6
Folder 3
Haywood Marshall, Eugene Marshall's father
Box 6
Folder 3
Photograph of arrow taken from Eugene Marshall's side after a fight with the Sioux Indians
Box 6
Folder 4
Eugene Marshall, cased tintype ca. 1865-1866
Box 6
Folder 5
Eugene Marshall, cased Daguerreotype ca. 1865-1866
Box 6
Folder 5
Elizabeth Marshall, cased ambrotype
Box 6
Folder 6
1 empty case
Box 6
Folder 6
Eugene Marshall, tintype (undated)
Box 6
Eugene Marshall, tintype (undated)
Box 6
W.W. Williams, tintype, ca. 1858
Box 6
Copies of photographs
Box 6
Arrow, 1864

One of the Indian arrows that wounded Marshall during the campaign of 1864.

Box 10
 

Historical Note

Eugene Marshall (1832-1919), born in North Bridgewater, Massachusetts, was a surveyor, farmer, and banker who served as a volunteer in the Union Army during the Civil War and Sioux Wars (1862-1865) while with units known successively as Curtis' Horse, the 5th Iowa Cavalry, and Brackett's Battalion. He married Elizabeth "Lizzie" Williams (1843-1895) in 1866 following his medical discharge from the Army. They had four children together: Ella Fannie (1868-1888), Hayward (1870-1923), Anna Olive (1876-1967), and Ethel Eugenia (1880-1958). Marshall left his family home early and spent most of his adult civilian life in Minnesota and Iowa, and his retirement years in Manchester, Tennessee. While on his travels in and out of uniform, he recorded a wealth of observations concerning the events, people, and environments in each area. Marshall supplemented his observations with accounts of his own participation in politics and economic endeavors, as well as commentary on national figures and events. His experiences in the Midwest and the South are complemented by letters from his sister who had remained in North Bridgewater.


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Provenance

The Papers of Eugene Marshall were acquired by Duke University in 1960-1962.

Processing Information

Processed by David A. Keough

Completed 1997

Encoded by Stephen Douglas Miller

Reprocessed by Katrina Martin, February 2015