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Guide to the John Sanford Martin papers, 1915-1958 and undated

Summary

Newspaper editor from Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Collection consists primarily of correspondence to and from John Sanford Martin, a newspaper editor from Winston-Salem, N.C. Letters from the 1930s to the 1940s provide information on economic and social problems in North Carolina from a number of committees on which Martin served. After 1940 there is much material on racial problems in Winston-Salem, and throughout North Carolina and the South. The correspondence from this period also reflects Martin's concern for the improvement of public education in North Carolina and his service on the North Carolina State Board of Education. Other papers relate to state and national politics, the New Deal, the Democratic Party, and the Baptist church. There are also some photographs in the collection. Significant correspondents include Josiah William Bailey, Joseph Melville Broughton, Josephus Daniels, Robert Lee Doughton, Drew Pearson, Strom Thurmond, and William Allen White.

Collection Details

Collection Number
RL.00853
Title
John Sanford Martin papers
Date
1915-1958 and undated
Creator
Martin, John Sanford, 1886-1957
Extent
12 Linear Feet, Approx. 8,602 Items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Material in English

Collection Overview

The papers of John Sanford Martin, North Carolina newspaper editor and political figure, contain correspondence, 1912-1951, relating, for the most part, to Martin's long career as editor of the Journal and Sentinel, newspapers of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Letters pertaining to national and state politics form an important part of this correspondence and concern the presidential election of 1928 and the split in the Democratic Party in North Carolina over the candidacy of Alfred E. Smith of New York; opposition to the state sales tax in North Carolina in the 1930s; Martin's leadership in s the liberal wing of the Democratic Party in North Carolina and his attempts to bring the state party in line with the New Deal; state and national contests in the elections of 1936; an attempt by Martin and liberal Democrats to keep conservative Democrats from obtaining a federal license for a radio station in Winston-Salem; and pressures put on North Carolina Democrats to join the Dixiecrats in 1948.

Martin's professional papers, 1936-1937, deal with the purchase of the Piedmont Publishing Company, owner of the Journal and the Sentinel by the Gordon Gray family of Winston-Salem, leaders of North Carolina's conservative Democrats; the decision to retain Martin as editor of the papers; and the establishment of a working relationship between Martin and Gordon Gray.

Correspondence from the period of World War II concerns the debate over the entry of the United States into the war, politics in North Carolina during the war, activities at home, and discussions about American policy after the war, including a confidential transcript of an interview with President Harry S. Truman in 1945 on future relations with the Soviet Union and the United Nations.

Letters from the 1930s to the 1940s provide information on economic and social problems in North Carolina from a number of committees on which Martin served. After 1940 there is much material on racial problems in Winston-Salem, and throughout North Carolina and the South. The correspondence from this period also reflects Martin's concern for the improvement of public primary and secondary education in North Carolina and his service on the North Carolina State Board of Education. The collection also includes the minutes of the board of education, 1943-1953, and memoranda on school finance, legislation, integration, curricula, teacher certification and salary, textbooks, school lunches, and student loans.

Material reflecting Martin's interest in the Baptist Church includes correspondence concerning various fund raising drives within the church, Wake Forest College and its relocation in WinstonSalem, Campbell College, North Carolina Baptist Hospital, and the purchase of the Biblical Recorder by the North Carolina State Baptist Convention, 1938-1939.

Printed material in the collection pertains to temperance, the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Wake Forest University, Baptists in North Carolina, politics in North Carolina and the United States, and societies of professional journalists. There are a large number of Martin's speeches and editorials covering all aspects of his career.

Using These Materials

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Collection is open for research.

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More copyright and citation information

How to Cite

[Identification of item], John Sanford Martin Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Contents of the Collection

Correspondence, 1917-1934
Box 1
Correspondence, 1935-June 1936
Box 2
Correspondence, July 1936-July 1937
Box 3
Correspondence, August 1937-1938
Box 4
Correspondence, 1939-September 1940
Box 5
Correspondence, October 1940-1942 May
Box 6
Correspondence, June 1942-August 1943
Box 7
Correspondence, September 1943-May 1944
Box 8
Correspondence, June 1944-August 1945
Box 9
Correspondence, September 1945-June 1947
Box 10
Correspondence, July 1947-1948
Box 11
Correspondence, 1949
Box 12
Correspondence, 1950-April 1951
Box 13
Correspondence, 1951-May 1952
Box 14
Correspondence, 1953-1958 and undated
Box 15
Legal papers, 1919-1941 and undated
Box 16
Baptist Church papers, 1928-1950 and undated
Box 16
Press releases, 1923-1950 and undated
Box 16
Pictures, undated
Box 16
Temperance papers, 1934-1936 and undated
Box 16
Awards and other writings, 1940s-1950s and undated
(2 folders)
Box 16
Sunday School lesson plans, undated
Box 17
Speeches, 1915-1939
Box 18
Speeches, 1940-1953
Box 19
Speeches, 1954-1955 and undated
Box 20
State Board of Education: papers, 1943-1953
Box 21
State Board of Education: papers, 1954-1956
(2 folders)
Box 22
State Board of Education: other, undated
(2 folders)
Box 22
State Board of Education: printed materials, undated
Box 23
Editorials, undated
(2 folders)
Box 23
Editorials, undated
Box 24
Clippings, printed materials, and volumes, undated
Box 25
 


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Provenance

The John Sanford Martin papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a purchase in 1959.

Processing Information

Processed by Rubenstein Library staff

Encoded by Matthew Warren, February 2012

Accession from 1959 is described in this inventory.