Guide to the Judy Richardson Papers, 1963-2014
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Judy Richardson is a veteran of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee who worked in Mississippi during the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project in 1964. She later worked with Blackside, Inc., on the Eyes on the Prize civil rights documentary series, and co-edited Hands on the Freedom Plow, about women's experiences in SNCC. Her papers include materials from her years working on staff at SNCC in Atlanta and Mississippi; her involvement with the Drum and Spear Bookstore in Washington D.C.; extensive print and audiovisual materials from her work in documentary film, including projects like Malcolm X: Make It Plain, Eyes on the Prize, and Scarred Justice: The Orangeburg Massacre; her correspondence and drafts from the editing of Hands on the Freedom Plow; project and event files from numerous committees, speaking engagements, and panels; personal files, including her FOIA about her SNCC service in the 1960s; and subject files collected from various projects.
- Collection Number
- Judy Richardson papers
- Richardson, Judy
- 30 Linear Feet
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
- Materials in English
- Hands on the Freedom Plow, 1995-2014
- SNCC and Civil Rights Movement, 1963-1970
- United Church of Christ Commission for Racial Justice, 1982-1993
- Children's Literature and Bookselling, 1963-2008
- Film Work, 1966-2011
- Project Files, 1972-2012
- Event Files, 1974-2014
- Personal Materials, 1960-2014
- Subject Files
- Audiovisual Materials, 1971-2013
The Judy Richardson Papers include materials from her years working on staff at SNCC in Atlanta and Mississippi; her involvement with the Drum and Spear Bookstore in Washington D.C.; extensive print and audiovisual materials from her work in documentary film, including projects like Malcolm X: Make It Plain, Eyes on the Prize, and Scarred Justice: The Orangeburg Massacre; her correspondence and drafts from the editing of Hands on the Freedom Plow; project and event files from numerous committees, speaking engagements, and panels; personal files, including her FOIA about her SNCC service in the 1960s; and subject files collected from various projects.
Materials are arranged into series based on format and topic. The Hands on the Freedom Plow Series is closed until 2020. Original audiovisual materials are closed to use.
Access to the Collection
The Hands on the Freedom Plow Series is closed to research until 2020 except by permission of the donor. Original audiovisual materials are closed to use. The rest of the collection is available for research.
Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.
All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48-hours to retrieve these materials for research use.
Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.
Use & Permissions
The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
How to Cite
[Identification of item], Judy Richardson Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
This series includes drafts, edits, and correspondence between Richardson, her fellow editors, and the book's contributors over the ten years of work prior to the publication of Hands on the Freedom Plow: Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC (published in 2010 by University of Illinois Press). The materials have been arranged into three subseries: Drafts/Editing; Publication; and Correspondence.
Drafts/Editing includes work by the volume's six editors: Faith S. Holsaert, Martha Prescod Norman Noonan, Judy Richardson, Betty Garman Robinson, Jean Smith Young, and Dorothy M. Zellner. All of the editors are SNCC veterans who solicited contributions from other women who joined the SNCC organization during the civil rights movement. The subseries includes name files for each contributor, including several contributors who were not published in the final version of the volume. The files typically include both the original and subsequent drafts written by each author for Hands. This subseries also includes the editors' work in writing introductions and transitions between each segment and chapter of the text.
The Publications subseries largely consists of marketing and publicity files leading up to and following the book's publication in 2010.
The Correspondence subseries includes Richardson's copies of exchanges between the editors, the contributors, and the publishers of the volume. Typically these are Richardson's email printouts, occasionally accompanied by personal notes or drafts of emails.
This series is closed to research until 2020 unless permission is granted by the donor.
drafts and edits and proofs and correspondence
Includes ECD-004 (draft from Nov. 2007); ECD-005 (draft from May 2009); ECD-006 (draft from June 2007).
DVD contains PowerPoint files with no captions.
This series contains Richardson's original documents from the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and other civil rights organizations, including the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) and the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. Files are arranged into three subseries: SNCC, the Residential Freedom School, and Ralph Featherstone.
The SNCC subseries includes newsletters, internal memoranda, and official circulars from several SNCC offices, including the national office and the New York office. The subseries contains material from various SNCC initiatives and partnerships, such as the Mississippi Summer Project, the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, civil rights conferences and demonstrations, the Julian Bond senatorial campaign, Black Panther literature, informational brochures on voter registration and organizing, and other miscellaneous printed materials. It also includes materials documenting Richardson's involvement in the Mississippi Summer Project, the campus travellers program, and the Heart of Atlanta hotel sit-in demonstration.
The Residential Freedom School subseries includes Richardson's work on establishing, funding, and running a Residential Freedom School in Alabama during the summer of 1965. It includes correspondence, registration information, logistical and administrative files, and program evaluations for the school.
The Death of Ralph Featherstone subseries contains documents acquired and collected by Richardson following the purported assassination of Ralph Featherstone and William "Che" Payne in Maryland. Featherstone worked with Richardson at Drum and Spear Bookstore in Washington, D.C.
This series includes published Civil Rights Journal commentaries, clippings, and columns written by Richardson as the Commission's Director of Information. Also includes some press information and other materials relating to various UCC projects in the mid-1980s.
This series documents Richardson's work in children's literature and as a bookseller, including her time at Drum and Spear Bookstore, Maelezo Bookstore, and as a student and consultant for black children's education in the late 1960s through the 1970s. There are four subseries: Drum and Spear, which contains legal, administrative, financial, and marketing/publicity documents from the operation of the bookstore; Maelezo, including its materials from its founding and opening as well as Richardson's work on an Annotated Children's Bibliography on behalf of the store; Education and Coursework, which includes class assignments, application materials, and projects by Richardson relating to her coursework on children's education; and Children Are Many Colors, Inc., a subseries documenting Richardson's work for the Third World Children's Book and Film Festival, held in Boston in 1980.
Includes issues for Jan. 5, Jan. 26, Feb. 9, Mar. 30, Apr. 13, and Apr. 27 1973.
Featuring Richardson as an episode's guest.
University Without Walls
correspondence re: financial aid, grades, application, coursework
This series contains two subseries: Blackside, Inc., and Northern Light Productions. Files are arranged loosely by project or documentary. Additional research materials from these projects can be found in the Subject Files Series.
Blackside, Inc., includes some of Richardson's research and manuscripts from the production of Eyes on the Prize and Eyes on the Prize II, as well as scripts and accompanying publications from the production of Malcolm X: Make It Plain. The subseries documents Richardson's roles in the development and promotion of these projects and their educational components. Richardson also collected publicity and student/teacher reactions to the series.
The Northern Light Productions subseries includes Richardson's files on the Little Rock Central High School historical exhibits, Scarred Justice: The Orangeburg Massacre project; and Slave Catchers/Slave Resisters and its spin-off projects on slavery in New England.
Chapter 20: "I Am the Greatest"
Chapter 16: "Malcolm X"
Chapter 17: "On Daley's Plantation"
Chapter 29: "The Gary Conference"
Includes CD of scans resulting from a FOIA request regarding the Orangeburg Massacre.
Richardson's "work products," as she referred to them, have been arranged alphabetically in this Project Files Series. Dates range from the 1970s through the 2000s, and include materials documenting Richardson's service on various committees, panels, and campaigns, as well as some of her articles and writings (listed by publication title). A significant amount of files are grouped under the SNCC Alumni heading, referring to reunions, conferences, and other post-civil rights movement projects undertaken by Richardson relating to SNCC.
Annual reports and correspondence from Richardson's tenure as director.
Materials from Richardson's entry on Jean Wheeler Smith
"This Light of Ours: Activist Photographers of the Civil Rights Movement" National Advisory Committee
Includes Richardson's clippings, notes, drafts, correspondence.
Panels research for In Memorium and Women in the Movement exhibits
Richardson was the audiotour narrator. Includes script, etc.
Includes clippings, notes, fact sheets, and 2014 note from J.R. on her work in the case.
Request for proposal for production of ESAA Radio Series
The Event Files Series has been loosely arranged chronologically, with correspondence, pamphlets, and ephemera from many of Richardson's engagements sorted by year. Events with substantial documentation have been filed individually following the "general" files for that year.
Richardon's Personal Materials Series includes her files from various interviews and press coverage she has received; personal correspondence files arranged loosely by year; miscellaneous photographs and clippings; and her FOIA files from 1983. The FOIA subseries includes redacted FBI files from the agency's surveillance of Richardson during 1964 and 1969, both for her work in SNCC and her affiliations with the Black Panther Party during her years at Drum and Spear.
SNCC chapter with interview material from JR and accompanying letter
Transcript of sessions from Conference on Black Cinema, correspondence
Interview material and correspondence; website bio
The Subject Files Series includes Richardson's research materials and other miscellany she collected on a variety of topics, including civil rights figures, children's literature, and slavery.
The Audiovisual Materials Series contains interviews with and speeches by Judy Richardson, works pertaining to African American history, the Civil Rights Movement and social justice issues, and Richardson's voiceover work.