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Guide to the Roundell Tristram Toke diaries and photographs from military service in China and Japan, 1900-1907

Summary

Collection comprises diaries and photographs by British officer Roundell Tristram Toke, documenting in detail his military service in China and Japan during the Boxer Rebellion and Russo-Japanese War, 1900 to 1907. The first diary is set in China; the other three in Japan. All four contain daily descriptions of weather, social and administrative activities, military engagements, rations, medical training, diplomacy, and other details, with some sketches of formations and drill patterns. The diaries are accompanied by approximately 145 photographs from China and Japan, with images of military camps, drills, equipment, engagements, destroyed areas, Russian war prisoners and their camps, towns, landscapes, harbors, a few social gatherings, and civilians. The collection also includes Toke's leather cigar case, inscribed on the inside with his postings with dates, beginning with Weihai, China, 1900.

Collection Details

Collection Number
RL.11647
Title
Roundell Tristram Toke diaries and photographs from military service in China and Japan
Date
1900-1907
Extent
1.0 Linear Feet, 4 boxes
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Language
Materials in English

Collection Overview

Content Description

Collection comprises autograph manuscript diaries and photographs of British officer Roundell Tristram Toke, during his service in China and Japan during the Boxer Rebellion and Russo-Japanese War, 1900 to 1907. The diaries contain daily descriptions of weather, social and administrative activities, regiment training and drills, military engagements, rations, Japanese prisoner of war camps for the Russians, medical training, foreign diplomacy, and other details. Some contain sketches of formations and drill patterns. The first diary, from 1900, describes service in China during the Boxer Rebellion, while the last three, January 1905-November 1907, detail his service in Japan as an attache` at the British Embassy in Tokyo and military consultant to the Japanese during and after the Russo-Japanese War.

Toke's diaries are accompanied by approximately 145 photographs: 40 unmounted larger albumen and 105 smaller silver gelatin prints. These images vividly document his time in China and Japan, showing military camps, officers, drills, engagements, landmark battle and burial sites such as 203 Metre Hill, Russian prisoners and their camp, towns, harbors, destroyed railroads and buildings, and Chinese and Japanese civilians. There are a few more personal photos of Western women, children, and men. A series of larger images from China depict the destruction and death caused by the conflict of 1900.

The collection includes Toke's leather cigar case, inscribed on the inside with his postings with dates, beginning with Wei-Hai-Wei in China, 1900.

More Biographical / Historical Info

Using These Materials

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warning Access to the Collection

Collection is open for research. A small group of rolled photographs are slated for conservation treatment and are temporarily closed to access.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use & Permissions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

More copyright and citation information

How to Cite

[Identification of item], Roundell Tristram Toke diaries and photographs, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Contents of the Collection

1. Diaries, 1900, 1905-1907

Roundell Tristram Toke's personal narratives of his military service in China and Japan take the form of three bound commercial daily diaries and one disbound diary, housed in two custom boxes. A leather cigar case is with the diaries.

The first volume dates from January through December 1900, and recounts Toke's service in China during the Boxer Rebellion.

After his service in China, Captain Toke was transferred to Japan, serving as a military attaché at the British Embassy in Tokyo, evidently tasked with serving as a military advisor to the Japanese with a particular emphasis on artillery matters. The signing of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance in 1902 and the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War in 1904 led to increased cooperation between the Japanese and British military.

The other three daily diaries relate to this period, describing his military and diplomatic activities in Japan in 1905, 1906, and 1907.

Included with Toke's diaries are approximately 145 loose photographs (including some duplicates) taken by him in this period, including military camps, landscapes, civilians, war scenes, and Russian prisoners of war in their camps. Many are captioned in his hand. The photographs are described in a separate series in this collection guide.

China, 1900 January-December
(1 Volumes, In custom box with two other volumes.)

Includes two mounted photographs.

One bound commercial diary filled with almost daily entries by Toke, detailing his service in China during the Boxer Rebellion. The life of an officer at the camp Wei-hai-wei included much dining, sightseeing, and playing sports, until Chinese anti-colonial militias began their violent uprising. In March 1900, Toke writes of dispersing unlawful assemblies in neighboring villages, followed by battles to put down the rebellion, and scenes of destruction, with dead and wounded soldiers as well as many civilians. Included with this diary are approximately 40 photographs of China, many depicting the destruction relating to the rebellion. Many of the images are captioned in pencil on verso, evidently at a later date.

Box 1
Japan, 1905 January-1906 December
(2 Volumes, In custom box with one other volume.)

Two bound commercial diaries, filled with almost daily entries recounting Toke's service as an attaché to the British Embassy in Tokyo. Besides numerous entries concerning the weather, his travel within Japan, his dining companions (including notable government officials and nobility), and living arrangements, he also includes some insights into military matters (including details relating to the Battle of Mukden), although does not appear to have seen any action himself.

Included in the rear of the diaries are listings of various financial accounts. Attached in some capacity to the Japanese Army during the Russo-Japanese War, he was decorated by the Japanese for his assistance and was involved in transporting captured Russian guns.

Box 1
Japan and China, 1907 June 10-November 4
(1 Volumes, Housed in custom-made box.)

Disbound but with the original upper wrapper present, this 212-page diary covers a brief period following the Russo-Japanese War in which Toke was attached to the 1st Regiment of Imperial Guard at Takehashi Barracks. His detailed observations concern the military maneuvers and exercises of the regiment, as well as their outfitting, arms, daily rations, and organization. He also comments on social gatherings and individuals he meets.

Illustrated with many sketches of military formations and maneuvers, and with two mounted photographs showing troops on a firing range. A few official handwritten letters sent to Toke (including several from a Captain Saito), are mounted on the pages.

Original paper cover bears label with Toke's name and location, and handwritten title: "Diary during attachment to 1st Regiment of Guards, Tokio."

Box 2

2. Photographs, 1900-1907

145 photographs, 2 boxes

Series contains over 140 photographs taken by Roundell Tristram Toke while he was in military service in China (1900) and Japan (1905-1907). A small group of approximately 40 photographs taken in China are larger in size and may be unmounted albumen prints.

The 103 loose photographs in this group are all early gelatin silver prints measuring 3x4 inches with some minor variations. The earliest are contact prints. Judging from the two envelopes marked with Captain Toke's name, the developing was done by the Kusakabe Kimbei studio in Tokyo or Yokohama. The first prints in this group are four hand-colored photographs of three geishas and a garden; although the size and similarity of these to the other photographs indicate they may have been taken by Toke, the hand-tinting may be the work of the Kimbei studio. Also present in the first few photographs is a small full-length standing portrait of Lieutenant Colonel Toke in dress uniform.

A small group of approximately 40 photographs taken in China are larger in size and may be unmounted albumen prints. They are tightly rolled and in the Conservation lab; closed pending completion of treatment.

Approximately 40 rolled photographs are closed until conservation treatment is completed.

No known title, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Three geishas, kneeling in garden in \see no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil\ postures.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

三位艺伎跪坐着,分别做着"不听","不看","不说" 坏事的姿势

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0001
No known title, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Three geishas, standing.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

三位艺伎站着

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0002
No known title, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Three geishas, in garden, playing blind man's bluff.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

三位艺伎在花园中玩捉迷藏

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0003
Iris garden, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

堀切菖蒲園

Title (Japanese)

堀切菖蒲園(東京都葛飾区堀切二丁目にある葛飾区所管の公園(植物園))

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0004
Self, circa 1905-1907
(4 1/8 x 3 1/4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

摄影师本人照片

Title (Japanese)

撮影師本人写真

Descriptive note

Standing portrait of R.T. Toke.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

托克站立照

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0005
River Liao, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

辽河

Title (Japanese)

遼河

Description

Legacy id: A7

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0006
3rd Army / Fa-Ku Men, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

法库门(法库县)

Title (Japanese)

法庫門(法庫県)

Description

Legacy id: C10. Fakumen was an area in China with an important railway station.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0007
No known title, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Group of Chinese workers, one carrying two tall sheaves.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

几个中国民工,一人挑着柴草担子

Description

Legacy id: C12

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0008
Field artillery / 3rd Army, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

大炮 / 第三军队

Title (Japanese)

大砲/第3部隊

Description

Legacy id: D2

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0009
No known title, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Soldiers and artillery guns in action on field.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

炮兵们在操练

Description

Legacy id: D3

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0010
No known title, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Horse-drawn wagon with captured gun.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

马车拉着缴获的枪炮

Description

Legacy id: D5

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0011
Captured Russian gun, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

缴获的俄国炮

Title (Japanese)

押収されたロシアの砲

Description

Legacy id: D7

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0012
Top of 203 Metre Hill, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

203 高地山顶

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地山頂

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0013.1
203 Metre Hill, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

203 高地

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0013.2
203 M. Hill, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

203 高地

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0014
The summit of 203 M. Hill, 1905 September
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

203 高地山顶

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地山頂

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0015.1
The top of 203 M. Hill, 1905 September
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

203 高地山顶

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地山頂

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0015.2
Tera-yama [illegible] Yentai, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

烟台芝罘毓璜顶外国人墓地

Title (Japanese)

烟台(市)芝罘(区)毓璜顶(今は公園?)外国人墓地

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0016
View looking over Port Arthur from 203 M. Hill, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

从203高地山顶远眺旅顺港

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地山頂から旅順港を遠く覗む(遠景)

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0017.1
View from 203 M. Hill, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

从203高地山顶远眺

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地山頂から覗む

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0017.2
View from top of 203 M. Hill, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

从203高地山顶远眺

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地山頂から覗む

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0018.1
View of Port Arthur from 203 M. Hill, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

从203高地山顶远眺旅顺港

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地山頂から旅順港を遠く覗む(遠景)

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0018.2
Japanese and Russian graves on 203 M. Hill, 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

203高地山顶的日本人和俄国人墓地

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地山頂の日本人とロシア人墓地

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0019.1
Russian graves on 203 M. Hill, 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

203高地山顶的俄国人墓地

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地山頂のロシア人墓地

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0019.2
Graves on top of 203 M. Hill, 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

203高地山顶的墓地

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地山頂の墓地

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0020.1
Japanese graves on top of 203 M. Hill, 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

203高地山顶的日本人墓地

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地山頂の日本人墓地

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0020.2
Shipping captured Russian guns at Dalny, 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

在大连将缴获的俄国枪炮装船

Title (Japanese)

大連で押収したロシアの銃の出荷

Description

Dalny was the Russian name for a port town in northeastern China on the Liaodong Peninsula; in Japanese it became known as Dalian or Ta-lien, and Darien. Now known as Dalian (Liaoning Sheng, China).

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0021.1
Loading / Embarking captured Russian guns at Dalny, 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

在大连将缴获的俄国枪炮装船

Title (Japanese)

大連で押収したロシアの銃の出荷

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0021.2
Shipping captured Russian guns at Dalny, 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

在大连将缴获的俄国枪炮装船

Title (Japanese)

大連で押収したロシアの銃の出荷

Description

Dalny was the Russian name for a port town in northeastern China on the Liaodong Peninsula; in Japanese it became known as Dalian or Ta-lien, and Darien. Now known as Dalian (Liaoning Sheng, China).

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0022.1
Shipping captured guns at Dalny, 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

在大连将缴获的枪炮装船

Title (Japanese)

大連で押収された銃の出荷

Description

Dalian (Liaoning Sheng, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0022.2
No known title, 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Shipping captured guns.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

在大连装运缴获的枪炮

Description

Dalian (Liaoning Sheng, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0023.1
No known title, 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Shipping captured guns.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

在大连装运缴获的枪炮

Description

Dalian (Liaoning Sheng, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0023.2
Dalny, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

大连

Title (Japanese)

大連

Descriptive note

Bridge over railway.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

火车道上的桥梁

Description

Dalny was the Russian name for a port town in northeastern China on the Liaodong Peninsula; in Japanese it became known as Dalian or Ta-lien, and Darien. Now known as Dalian (Liaoning Sheng, China).

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0024.1
Dalny bridge over railway, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

大连,火车道上的桥梁

Title (Japanese)

大連/電車道上の橋

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0024.2
Gate on the Great [Willow] Pallisade, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

柳条边边门

Title (Japanese)

柳条辺辺門

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0025.1
Willow Pallisade, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

柳条边

Title (Japanese)

柳条辺

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0025.2
Gate in old Willow Pallisade, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

柳条边边门

Title (Japanese)

柳条辺辺門

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0026.1
The Great Willow Pallisade, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

柳条边边门

Title (Japanese)

柳条辺辺門

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0026.2
Transport carts / H.Q. 2nd Army, 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

运输车队 / 第二军

Title (Japanese)

輸送車隊/第二軍

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0027.1
Japanese transport carts, 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

日本运输车队

Title (Japanese)

日本輸送車隊

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0027.2
A break on the railway / bridge washed away, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

铁路被毁处 / 桥被冲走

Title (Japanese)

鉄道破壊/橋が壊れて流されること

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0028.1
A break in the line / bridge washed away on my return home, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

回家的路上铁路被毁处 / 桥被冲走

Title (Japanese)

帰路の途中鉄道破壊/橋が流される

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0028.2
Break in railway during war / coolies carrying baggage from one train to the other, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

战争中被毁的铁路 / 苦力们挑着行李从一辆列车到另一辆

Title (Japanese)

戦争中に破壊された鉄道/クーリーが電車から電車に荷物を運んでいる

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0029.1
Our baggage being carried from one train to another / the bridge was washed away, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

苦力们把我们的行李从一辆车挑到另一辆 / 桥被冲走

Title (Japanese)

そのクーリーたちは私たちの荷物をある車両から別の車両に乗せた。/橋が流される

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0029.2
Russian rolling stock burnt by Russians, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

俄国人将他们的火车焚毁

Title (Japanese)

ロシア人はデンさhを燃やした

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0030.1
Destroyed Russian rolling stock, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

被焚毁的俄国火车

Title (Japanese)

燃えたロシアの電車

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0030.2
Station on Manchurian Railway 80 m. from Dalny, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

满洲铁路上的一站,距离大连80英里

Title (Japanese)

満州鉄道で1駅、大連から80マイル

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0031.1
Manchurian Railway, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

满洲铁路

Title (Japanese)

満州鉄道

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0031.2
Artillery practice H-Q 2nd Army, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

炮兵们在操练 / 第二军

Title (Japanese)

砲兵の操練/第二軍

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0032.1
Artillery in action, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

炮兵们在行动

Title (Japanese)

砲兵たちの行動

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0032.2
Musketry practice H-Q. 2nd Army, 1905 September
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

步兵们在操练 / 第二军

Title (Japanese)

砲兵の操練/第二軍

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0033.1
Musketry practice H-Q. 2nd Army, 1905 September
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

步兵们在操练 / 第二军

Title (Japanese)

砲兵の操練/第二軍

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0033.2
Artillery practice H-Q 2nd Army, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

炮兵们在操练 / 第二军

Title (Japanese)

砲兵の操練/第二軍

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0034.1
Artillery coming into action, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

炮兵们准备行动

Title (Japanese)

砲兵の準備駆動行動

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0034.2
Carts fording river, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

大车拉着辎重过河

Title (Japanese)

大車を引っ張って河を渡る

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0035.1
Transport crossing a river, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

行军过河

Title (Japanese)

行軍渡河

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0035.2
Stuck in the mud / H.Q. 2nd Army, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

大车陷入泥中 / 第二军

Title (Japanese)

大車は泥中に陥没/第二軍

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0036
Bridge making / H.Q. 2nd Army, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

搭桥 / 第二军

Title (Japanese)

橋渡/第二軍

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0037
Manchu women making bean paste, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

满族妇女磨豆子

Title (Japanese)

豆を挽く満州族の婦人

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0038
Making bean paste / Manchurian village, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

磨豆子 / 满族村子

Title (Japanese)

粉砕豆/満州族の村人

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0039
Transport crossing a river, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

军队运送物资过河

Title (Japanese)

軍隊輸送物資橋渡

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0040.1
Crossing a river / H.Q. 2nd Army, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

过河 / 第二军

Title (Japanese)

渡河/第二軍

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0040.2
Transport carts, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

运输队

Title (Japanese)

運輸隊(輸送隊)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0041
Carts bringing in supplies to H.Q. 2nd Army, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

给第二军运来物资的车队

Title (Japanese)

第二軍に物資を輸送した軍隊

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0042.1
A muddy load [?] / H.Q. 2nd Army, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

给第二军运来物资的车队走在泥泞的路上

Title (Japanese)

第二軍に物資を輸送した軍隊は泥に嵌っています。

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0042.2
Target practice / H.Q. 2nd Army, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

射击训练 / 第二军

Title (Japanese)

射撃訓練/第二軍

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0043
Mukden, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

奉天(沈阳)

Title (Japanese)

奉天(瀋陽)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0044.1
Mukden during the war, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

战争中的奉天(沈阳)

Title (Japanese)

戦争中の奉天(瀋陽)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0044.2
Mukden, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

奉天(沈阳)

Title (Japanese)

奉天(瀋陽)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0045.1
Mukden, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

奉天(沈阳)

Title (Japanese)

奉天(瀋陽)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0045.2
Imperial Palace Mukden, 1905 September
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

奉天(沈阳)皇宫

Title (Japanese)

奉天(瀋陽)皇宮

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0046
No known title, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Man in the middle of a large group of children gathered in a circle outside a building.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

屋子外的一群孩童,中间有一个大人

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0047
Station on Manchurian Railway / river in flood / 80 miles from Dalny, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

满洲铁路车站 / 河流中的洪水 / 距离大连80英里

Title (Japanese)

満州鉄道駅/河で洪水/距離大連80マイル

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0048
Tieh-Ling / reinforcements going to the front, 1905 September
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

铁岭 / 运上前线的军需物资

Title (Japanese)

鉄嶺/最前線の軍需物資

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0049
Imperial duck hunt Tokyo lunch / each guest had a charcoal chafing dish in front of him in which the duck was cooked, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

猎鸭后的宫廷式午宴 / 每位客人面前都有一个炭火炉来煮食鸭肉

Title (Japanese)

鴨狩後の宮廷式の昼食会/各客人の前には料理用の木炭ストーブがあります

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0050
Reinforcements from Japan / cavalry regiment / Tieh-Ling, 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

从日本新增的骑兵团 / 铁岭

Title (Japanese)

日本からの新騎兵連隊/鉄嶺(遼寧省鉄嶺市?)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0051
Tieh-Ling, 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

铁岭

Title (Japanese)

鉄嶺

Descriptive note

View of camp with horse pickets.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

军营中站在栏杆处的马匹

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0052.1
Tieh-Ling, 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

铁岭

Title (Japanese)

鉄嶺

Descriptive note

View of camp with horse pickets.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

军营中站在栏杆处的马匹

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0052.2
Tieh-Ling / reinforcements arriving from Japan, 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

铁岭 / 从日本新增的骑兵团

Title (Japanese)

鉄嶺/日本からの新騎兵連隊

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0053.1
Tieh-Ling / reinforcements going to the front, 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

铁岭 / 从日本新增的骑兵团

Title (Japanese)

鉄嶺/日本からの新騎兵連隊

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0053.2
Making a bridge across river / H.Q. 2nd Army, 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

筑桥过河 / 第二军

Title (Japanese)

築橋渡河/第二軍

Description

This print is numbered 1 in a sequence of two prints.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0054
Bridge completed, 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

筑好的桥

Title (Japanese)

新しい橋の建築

Description

This print is numbered 2 in a sequence of two prints.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0055
Gun for firing bombs / Gen. Oseko / Cap. Kurihara / Takayahagi [?], circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

小炮 / Oseko将军 / Kurihara上校 / Takayahagi [?] 上校

Title (Japanese)

小砲/大迫将軍/栗原大佐、高柳大佐(?)

Description

Oseko commanded the 7th Division.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0056
Japanese portable forge at work, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

日式便携式锻造工具

Title (Japanese)

日本式手工鍛造工具

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0057
Shoeing horses / H.Q. 2nd Army / 13 m. W. of Kai-Yüan, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

钉马掌 / 第二军 / 开原以西13英里处

Title (Japanese)

釘馬掌/第二軍/開原(市)以西13マイル(21km)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0058
A.D.C. [to?] Emperor inspecting bomb gun, circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

侍从武官检查小火炮

Title (Japanese)

侍従武官の小火砲検査

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0059
Gun for firing bombs, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

小火炮

Title (Japanese)

小火砲

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0060
203 m., circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

203 高地

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地

Descriptive note

View of 203 Meter Hill.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

203 高地

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0061
203 m., circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

203 高地

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地

Descriptive note

View of 203 Meter Hill.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

203 高地

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0062
203 m., circa 1905
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

203 高地

Title (Japanese)

二百三高地

Descriptive note

View of 203 Meter Hill.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

203 高地

Description

Yantai (Shandong, China)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0063
No known title, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

View of a harbor and hills from back of a moving ship or boat.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

从船上眺望海湾和群山

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0064
Beppu S. Japan, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

別府市,日本

Title (Japanese)

別府市、日本

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0065
No known title, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Five-member family group posed in garden.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

六人家庭合影

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0066
Davidson, Somerville, and Nakamura drinking sake, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

坐着一起喝清酒的戴维森, 萨默维尔, 和Nakamura

Title (Japanese)

デヴィッドソンさん、ソマーヴィル・中村さん清酒を飲む

Description

Probably Colin J. Davidson (1878-1930), a Japan specialist in the British Consular Service, with John A.C. Somerville, British military attaché.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0067
Beppu, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

別府市

Title (Japanese)

別府市

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0068
Noe San / Sachio San / Cap. Somerville, circa 1905-1907
(4 1/8 x 3 1/8 inches)
Title (Chinese)

Noe 和 Sachio 两位小姐和萨默维尔上校

Title (Japanese)

ノエさん、幸夫さん、ソマーヴィル大佐

Description

The two women appear to be a young girl and mother. As Sachio is usually a man's name, perhaps the original name is Sachiko. The man is John A.C. Somerville, British military attaché.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0069
Noe San / Sachio San / Somerville, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

Noe 和 Sachio 两位小姐和萨默维尔上校

Title (Japanese)

ノエさん、幸夫さん、ソマーヴィル大佐

Description

The two women appear to be a young girl and mother. As Sachio is usually a man's name, perhaps the original name is Sachiko. The man is John A.C. Somerville, British military attaché.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0070
Mt. Asama volcano [Honshū], circa 1905-1907
(2 7/8 x 4 1/8 inches)
Title (Chinese)

浅間山火山 [本州]

Title (Japanese)

浅間山火山(本州)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0071
Garden at hot bath, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

温泉花园

Title (Japanese)

温泉花園

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0072
No known title, circa 1905-1907
(4 1/8 x3 inches)
Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Noe Yabuki

Descriptive note (Chinese)

Noe Yabuki 小姐

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0073
Chyō San / Ō Arai, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

Chyō 小姐 / 新居町

Title (Japanese)

Chyō お嬢さん / 新居町

Descriptive note

Female child

Descriptive note (Chinese)

女孩

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0074
Chyō San, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

Chyō 小姐

Title (Japanese)

Chyō お嬢さん

Descriptive note

Female child

Descriptive note (Chinese)

女孩

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0075
Chyō San, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

Chyō 小姐

Title (Japanese)

Chyō お嬢さん

Descriptive note

Female child

Descriptive note (Chinese)

女孩

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0076
Chyō San, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

Chyō 小姐

Title (Japanese)

Chyō お嬢さん

Descriptive note

Female child

Descriptive note (Chinese)

女孩

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0077
Sachio and Noe Yabuki, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

Sachio 和 Noe 小姐

Title (Japanese)

幸夫とノエさん

Description

The two women appear to be a young girl and mother. As Sachio is usually a man's name, perhaps the original name is Sachiko.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0078
Noe San / Sachio San, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

Noe小姐和 Sachio小姐

Title (Japanese)

ノエさん、幸夫さん(小姐はお嬢さんという意味ですが??)

Description

The two women appear to be a young girl and mother. As Sachio is usually a man's name, perhaps the original name is Sachiko.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0079
O Noe San, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

Noe小姐

Title (Japanese)

Noe お嬢さん

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0080
Japanese hand grenade, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

日式手榴弹

Title (Japanese)

日本式手榴弾

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0081
Kama Kura [Japan], circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

鎌倉市

Title (Japanese)

鎌倉市

Descriptive note

View of seaside town.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

海边城市

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0082
Penang, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

槟城

Title (Japanese)

ペナン

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0083
Singapore harbour, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

新加坡港口

Title (Japanese)

シンガポール湾口

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0084
View from P. & O. anchorage Singapore, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

P&O游船停靠处风景,新加坡

Title (Japanese)

P&O遊覧船停泊時の風景、昭南(シンガポール旧名)

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0085
No known title, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Iris garden view.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

堀切菖蒲園

Description

Horikiri is a well-known iris garden in Tokyo.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0086
Hori Kiri, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

堀切菖蒲園

Title (Japanese)

堀切菖蒲園

Descriptive note

Iris garden view.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

堀切菖蒲園

Description

Horikiri is a well-known iris garden in Tokyo.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0087
Iris garden, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

堀切菖蒲園

Title (Japanese)

堀切菖蒲園

Description

Horikiri is a well-known iris garden in Tokyo.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0088
Iris garden, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

堀切菖蒲園

Title (Japanese)

堀切菖蒲園

Description

Horikiri is a well-known iris garden in Tokyo.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0089
No known title, circa 1905-1907
(2 1/2 x 3 1/2 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Unidentified Western female child in a garden, sitting in a toy wagon with dog.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

坐在童车里的西洋女孩和一旁的小狗

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0090
Russian prisoners of war camp, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

俄国战俘营

Title (Japanese)

ロシア捕虜営(捕虜収容所)

Description

Probably Narashino, where other photographs were taken. Narashino (習志野市 Narashino-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It was the site of a prisoner of war camp built during the Russo-Japanese War.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0091
Russian prisoners, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

俄国战俘

Title (Japanese)

ロシア捕虜

Description

Probably Narashino, where other photographs were taken. Narashino (習志野市 Narashino-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It was the site of a prisoner of war camp built during the Russo-Japanese War.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0092
Russian prisoner, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

俄国战俘

Title (Japanese)

ロシア捕虜

Description

Probably Narashino, where other photographs were taken. Narashino (習志野市 Narashino-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It was the site of a prisoner of war camp built during the Russo-Japanese War.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0093
Russian prisoner, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

俄国战俘

Title (Japanese)

ロシア捕虜

Description

Probably Narashino, where other photographs were taken. Narashino (習志野市 Narashino-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It was the site of a prisoner of war camp built during the Russo-Japanese War.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0094
Russian prisoners of war camp, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

俄国战俘营

Title (Japanese)

ロシア捕虜営

Description

Probably Narashino, where other photographs were taken. Narashino (習志野市 Narashino-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It was the site of a prisoner of war camp built during the Russo-Japanese War.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0095
Russian prisoners of war camp, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

俄国战俘营

Title (Japanese)

ロシア捕虜営

Description

Probably Narashino, where other photographs were taken. Narashino (習志野市 Narashino-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It was the site of a prisoner of war camp built during the Russo-Japanese War.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0096
Russian prisoners at Narashino, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

習志野市的俄国战俘

Title (Japanese)

習志野市のロシア捕虜

Description

Narashino (習志野市 Narashino-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It was the site of a prisoner of war camp built during the Russo-Japanese War.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0097
Russian prisoners, circa 1905-1907
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

俄国战俘

Title (Japanese)

ロシア捕虜

Description

Narashino (習志野市 Narashino-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It was the site of a prisoner of war camp built during the Russo-Japanese War.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0098
Russian prisoners of war camp, Japan, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

俄国战俘营,日本

Title (Japanese)

ロシア捕虜営、日本

Description

Narashino (習志野市 Narashino-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It was the site of a prisoner of war camp built during the Russo-Japanese War.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0099
Russian prisoners at Narashino, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

習志野市的俄国战俘营

Title (Japanese)

習志野市のロシア捕虜

Description

Narashino (習志野市 Narashino-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It was the site of a prisoner of war camp built during the Russo-Japanese War.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0100
Russian prisoners at Narashino, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

習志野市的俄国战俘营

Title (Japanese)

習志野市のロシア捕虜

Description

Narashino (習志野市 Narashino-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It was the site of a prisoner of war camp built during the Russo-Japanese War.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0101
No known title, circa 1905-1907
(3x4 inches)
Title (Chinese)

未标题

Title (Japanese)

無題

Descriptive note

Russian prisoners at Narashino.

Descriptive note (Chinese)

習志野市的俄国战俘营

Description

Narashino (習志野市 Narashino-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It was the site of a prisoner of war camp built during the Russo-Japanese War.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0102
Chinese children Wei-Hai-Wei, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

中国儿童,威海卫

Title (Japanese)

中国児童、威海衛

Description

Weihaiwei, or Weihai, as it is now known, is a seaport city in northeastern China, Shandong Province.

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0103
Small Manchu girl, circa 1905
(4x3 inches)
Title (Chinese)

满族小姑娘

Title (Japanese)

満州族の乙女

Box 3
Print RL-11647-P-0104

Rolled photographs, circa 1900

40 photographs, 1 box

Taken in China, these photographs show scenes associated with the Boxer Rebellion and its aftermath. The prints are larger than the other photographs in the collection, and appear to be unmounted albumen prints.

Closed to access until conservation treatment completed.

Box 4
 

Historical Note

Roundell Tristram Toke, who signed his diaries "R.T. Toke," was born in Crewkerne, Somerset, November 9, 1869. He was a British officer, first serving in 1888 in the 4th Battalion, Devonshire Regiment, then in the Welsh Regiment, Chinese Regiment, 1892, rising in rank to Lieutenant Colonel by 1916. In addition to his military service in China and Japan, he served in World War I from 1914-1918, commanding the 6th Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment, from August 24, 1915-May 3, 1916. Toke died November 23, 1957, in Kent.

After the Russian Empire leased Port Arthur from China for 25 years in March 1898, the United Kingdom pressured the Chinese government into leasing Wei-hai-wei as anchorage for the Royal Navy's China Station and a port of call for ships of the Royal Navy in the Far East. To protect the British interests, a British army regiment was formed consisting of Chinese rank and file under British officers. Among those officers was Captain Toke of the Welsh Regiment, the author of the diaries and the photographer who created the images in this collection.

Related Material

Related collection: Friedrich Carl Peetz photographs, 1900, Rubenstein Library, Duke University.

Related collection: William Hillman Shockley photographs, 1896-1922 and undated, bulk 1897-1909, Rubenstein Library, Duke University.

Related collection: M. F. Wilson diary, 1903 September 21-1904 September 20, Rubenstein Library, Duke University.


Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries.

Provenance

The Roundell Tristram Toke diaries and photographs were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a purchase in 2018.

Processing Information

Processed and encoded by Paula Jeannet, July 2018.

Accession(s) represented in this collection guide: 2018-0072.