Guide to the Duke University Medical Center Reference Collection, 1941-ongoing
The Duke University Medical Center Reference Collection contains clippings, handbooks, reports, newsletters, and other printed material relating to Duke University Medical Center its departments, employees, and other related matters. This collection was compiled from a variety of sources by the University Archives for use in reference and research.
- Record Group
- Duke University Medical Center Reference collection
- Duke University. University Archives
- 0.7 Linear Feet, 750 Items
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
- Material in English
Access to the Collection
Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.
Collection is open for research.
Use & Permissions
Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
How to Cite
[Identification of item], Duke University Medical Center Reference Collection, Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
timeline excerpted from Duke Medical Center Archives http://archives.mc.duke.edu/history/timeline.html
In 1924, James Buchanan Duke established the Duke Endowment and directed that 6 million of the endowment be used to transform Trinity College into Duke University. He made an additional bequest to the Endowment and the University, in 1925, which included $4 million towards the establishment of a medical school, hospital and nurses home.
Dr. Wilburt Cornell Davison elected Dean of the Duke University School of Medicine and Hospital on 21 January. Construction begins on the Medical School and Duke Hospital.
3,000 applicants apply to the new medical school. 70 first- and third-year students are selected, including four women.
Duke Hospital opens July 20, 1930, attracting 25,000 visitors. Classes began in Hospital Administration, dietetics, and medical technology on 15 August. The eighteen third year and thirty first year medical students began classes on 2 October.
The Duke School of Nursing's first class of 24 undergraduate students begin classes January 2. Private Diagnostic Clinics were organized 15 September.
The Association of American Medical Colleges ranks Duke among the top 25 percent of medical schools in the country-less than five years after it opened.
Duke surgeons led by Dr. J. Deryl Hart pioneer the use of ultraviolet lamps in operating rooms to eliminate infectious organisms that cause post-operative Staph infections. This procedure dramatically reduces the number of infections and related deaths.
Dr. Joseph Beard developed a vaccine against equine encephalomyelitis. Duke establishes the nation's first brain tumor program, launching what will become one of the world's foremost cancer programs.
First wing added to Duke Hospital. For his studies of the metabolism of the tubercle bacillus, which eventually led to effective medications, pharmacologist Frederick Bernheim is nominated for the Nobel Prize.
Dr. Walter Kempner's research, using a rice-based diet and daily laboratory testing, demonstrates that degenerative processes attacking the kidney, heart, brain and retina can be arrested by dietary changes. These dramatic findings draw patients to Duke from across the nation.
Psychiatrist Ewald W. Busse establishes the Duke University Center for Aging, the first research center of its kind in the nation. Now the oldest continuously running aging center in the United States, the Duke Center for Aging has pioneered long-term studies of health problems among the elderly.
Duke develops a machine that lowers patients' blood temperatures below 68 degrees Fahrenheit and is the first to place a patient under this deep hypothermia during open-heart surgery.
First African-American student admitted to Duke University School of Medicine.
The new $94.5 million, 616-bed Duke Hospital opens, bringing the total number of patient beds to more than 1,000.
Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center develops the nation's first outpatient bone-marrow transplantation program.
The Duke University Health System - an integrated academic health care system serving a broad area of central North Carolina - is officially created as Duke establishes partnerships with Durham Regional Hospital, Raleigh Community Hospital, and other regional health care providers. DUHS today includes three hospitals, ambulatory care and surgery clinics, primary care medical practice clinics, home health services, hospice services, physician practice affiliations, managed care providers and other related facilities and services.
see also Duke Medical Center Archives http://archives.mc.duke.edu/index.html
- Barnes Woodhall, Chancellor, Records, 1969-1970. (University Archives. Duke University.)
- Duke Insider, 1989-1991. (University Archives. Duke University.)
- Educational Facilities Committee records, 1962-1986. (University Archives. Duke University.)
- H. Keith H. Brodie, Chancellor, records, 1963-1994. (University Archives. Duke University.)
- J. Deryl Hart records, 1959-1980 (bulk 1960-1963). (University Archives. Duke University.)
- Patent Administration Records, 1957-1988. (University Archives. Duke University.)
Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries.
- Duke University. Medical Center -- History
- Duke University Health System
- Duke University. University Archives
- Duke University. Medical Center
The Duke University Medical Center Reference Collection was compiled from a variety of sources by the University Archives for use in reference and research.
Processed by Archives Staff, February 2007
Updated by Tom Harkins, April 2010
Encoded by Sherrie Bowser, February 2008
Updated by Josh Larkin Rowley, February 2011
Accessions were merged into one collection, described in this finding aid.