Guide to the John Franklin Crowell Records and Papers, 1883 - 1932 and undated
John Franklin Crowell was an educator, economist, and journalist. He served as President of Trinity College (Randolph County, and Durham, N.C.) from 1887-1894. The John Franklin Crowell Records and Papers primarily consist of materials concerning Crowell's research interests and publications; his presidency of Trinity College; and his activities after leaving Trinity. The collection includes correspondence, reprints, manuscripts, memoranda, scrapbooks, photographs, printed matter, account books, cash books, and grade books. Materials range in date from 1883 to 1932. English.
- Record Group
- John Franklin Crowell records and papers
- 1883 - 1932 and undated
- Crowell, J. Franklin (John Franklin), 1857-1931
- 9.5 Linear Feet, 9500 Items
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
The collection includes correspondence, reprints, manuscripts, memoranda, scrapbooks, photographs, printed matter, account books, cash books, and grade books. The correspondence includes letters about the relocation of Trinity from Randolph County to Durham and Crowell's vision for Trinity College. Research and writings include research notes, reprints, manuscripts, photographs, and memorandum books. The memorandum books include notes on a variety of subjects including NY tenements, economic and financial subjects, and personal notes. Scrapbooks include printed matter concerning Trinity College, newspaper clippings on commodity markets, and shipping reports. The printed matter consists of clippings, flyers, newspapers, announcements, and other material pertaining to Crowell's interests. The account books, cash books, and grade books are part of the Trinity College Records, and give details about college life. Major subjects of the collection include Crowell's presidency of Trinity College (Randolph County, and Durham, N. C.); his research interests and publications; and activities after leaving Trinity.
Access to the Collection
Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.
Use & Permissions
Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
How to Cite
[Identification of item], John Franklin Crowell Records and Papers, Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
The correspondence includes letters about the relocation of Trinity from Randolph County to Durham, the building program, means for publicizing the College, increasing the endowment, and related subjects.
This book is extremely fragile. Please consult staff before using.
Crowell's writings and research materials include manuscripts of Personal Recollections of Trinity College (1929), Stray Notes of a Traveller (1898), and The Process of Social Development: Theoretical Foundations of Educational Policy from the Standpoint of Sociology (1898). Scrapbooks, 1887-1910, include printed matter concerning Trinity College, when it was located in Randolph County and in Durham; newspaper clippings on commodity markets; shipping reports; and other matter. Memorandum books, 1890-1926 and undated, include an enumeration book and clippings from an 1894 tenement house inquiry made by the New York State Tenement Committee, of which Crowell was a member; notebooks on economic and financial subjects; plus small miscellaneous personal notebooks. The printed matter consists of clippings, flyers, newspapers, announcements, and other material pertaining to Crowell's interests, along with some personal records, including certificates of membership and honoraries.
Pages 19-28 are missing from Section II.
Includes poem by Crowell, The Little Mountain Rose, 1920
Includes notes and copies of lectures, divided into three folders, on a wide variety of topics. Titles include The Scientic Problem, The Instruments and Documents of Commerce, Slavery, The Economic Solution to the Social Question, and others.
Eleven black and white photographs showing several U.S. ports, wharves, and terminals, as well as cargoes of coffee, lumber, and hemp.
Includes an enumeration book and clippings from an 1894 tenement house inquiry made by the New York State Tenement Committee, of which Crowell was a member, small miscellaneous personal accounts, and notebooks on econocmic and financial subjects.
The scrapbooks contain materials collected by Crowell on a wide variety of topics. The scrapbooks from 1887-1894, 1890, and 1891-1910 deal with Trinity College, when it was located in Randolph County and in Durham. These scrapbooks contain printed matter produced by or for the college, such as application forms, commencement programs, letterhead, sample forms, notices, and advertising, along with clippings, newspaper articles by Crowell, and other material. The two scrapbooks from 1906-1908 deal, almost exclusively, with the development of agricultural markets within the United States.
These scrapbooks are fragile. Please consult staff before using.
Includes printed materials collected by Crowell to aid his writings and research, and for personal use.
Includes petitions from students for holidays and breaks, departmental reports, notes on operating expenses, rules for awarding scholarships, the duty of monitors, room rates, student conduct, and groundskeeping activities, library reports, and athletic reports.
Includes proposals for the creation of a preparatory school (Trinity Park School?), plans for Trinity Law School and a plan for the inauguration of a hospital and medical college at Trinity.
Inscribed with the notation, Presented by T.J. Gattis & Son for insertion in the cornerstone of Trinity College, N.C., Nov. 11, 1890.
Includes manuscript by W.M. Robbins, Trinity College: Its Antecedents, Its Early Day, Its Founders.
Includes reports from the buildings committee, groundskeeping, a discipline committee appointed by the faculty, and others.
Includes reports from mechanical, school of technology, biology, history, and mathematics.
Trinity College financial records consist of volumes and papers. They include bills and receipts, many for the Trinity College Book Room, and five account books, 1886-1890, one of which includes memoranda and minutes of faculty meetings, 1889-1890; the remaining volumes are bookstore cash and day books, 1889-1892.
Includes list of receipts and expenditures.
Includes receipts for fees and tuition; expenditures for salaries, repair, equipment, and operating expenses; and minutes of faculty meetings.
Includes four cash books with receipts for purchases made at the bookstore.
The academic records include a volume of prepared examinations for various courses offered between 1889 and 1894; a record of courses (1893); scholarships offered and awarded (1893-1894); roll books for 1891-1894 with lists of matriculants, class and course records; grade books and grade book stubs from 1887-1893; and what may be Trinity College's oldest thesis, Compulsory Education: Why and How? by Gustavus T. Adams (1889). .
Includes questions from a wide variety of disciplines, such as physical geography, english history, and algebra.
Examination papers scrapbook removed to Oversize Box 17.
John Franklin Crowell was born in York, Pennsylvania in 1857, and received his A.B. from Yale University in 1883. After serving as principal of Schuylkill Seminary in Pennsylvania, Crowell returned to Yale to study for one year in the Divinity School and for one year in the Graduate School.
At the age of 29, Crowell became President of Trinity College. He served as President, in Randolph County and in Durham, from 1887-1894. Crowell was instrumental in moving Trinity College to Durham and gaining the support of the Duke family. His vision was for Trinity to become a great university and he traveled across the state to publicize its programs. Crowell gradually upgraded the faculty and improved the educational facilities of the college. He was responsible for modernizing Trinity's curriculum, turning it away from recitation and towards research. Crowell was also interested in athletics and introduced intercollegiate football to the South.
After leaving Trinity, Crowell became head of the Department of Economics and Sociology at Smith College. Crowell received his Ph.D. in economics and sociology from Columbia in 1897. Two areas of interest to him were the plight of the poor in N.Y. tenement houses and the development of the cotton markets. Crowell was an economist and statistician for several years in New York and Washington. From 1906 to 1915, he was an associate editor of the Wall Street Journal, and later became director of the World Market Institute in New York. Crowell retired in 1925, and died in East Orange, New Jersey in 1931.
- Herbert Baxter Adams Papers, 1891-1913 (bulk 1891-1902). (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University. )
- Board of Trustees Records. (University Archives, Duke University. )
- [Forms part of:] Duke University President Records. (University Archives, Duke University. )
- Trinity College (Randolph County, N.C.) Collection, 1836-1990. (University Archives, Duke University. )
Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries.
- Crowell, J. Franklin (John Franklin), 1857-1931
- Crowell, J. Franklin (John Franklin), 1857-1931
- Duke University -- History
- Duke University. Presidents
- Trinity College (Durham, N.C.) -- History
- Trinity College (Randolph County, N.C.) -- History
- Cotton trade -- United States
- Cotton -- Marketing
- Tenement houses -- New York (State) -- New York
- Universities and colleges -- Administration
The John Franklin Crowell Records and Papers was received by the University Archives as a gift in 1938 (A38-1733) and ca. 1941.
Processed by Linda Daniel
Completed November 2003
Encoded by Linda Daniel, November 2003