Guide to the Brantley York Records and Papers, 1838 - 1966
Brantley York was an educator, author, and Methodist clergyman in North Carolina. He organized Union Institute Academy at Brown's Schoolhouse in Randolph Co., N.C. in 1839, which would evolve into Normal College, Trinity College, and later Duke University. York also wrote an English grammar, as well as several other instructional textbooks. The Brantley York Records and Papers contain correspondence, a grade book, certificates, manuscripts, and published works. Modern materials were added to the collection; these include York family genealogical information, as well as clippings about York and his activities. Major subjects include the early history of Union Institute, Normal College, Trinity College and Duke University; education in North Carolina in the 19th century; and the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. English.
- Record Group
- Brantley York records and papers
- 1838 - 1966
- York, Brantley, 1805-1891
- 0.3 Linear Feet
- David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
The Brantley York Records and Papers include correspondence, clippings, a grade book, certificates, manuscripts, and published works. Modern materials were added to the collection; these include York family genealogical information, as well as clippings about York and his activities. Preservation photocopies of all deteriorating clippings have been made for patron use.
The first series, Brantley York papers, includes certificates and other documents, a small amount of correspondence, and a grade book. The second series, Writings, features manuscript drafts and a published copy of York's autobiography, as well as copies of three of his instructional texts. The final series contains both contemporary and modern clippings about Brantley York's life, work, and family members. Also included in this series is a York family genealogy.
Access to the Collection
Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.
Use & Permissions
Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
How to Cite
[Identification of item], Brantley York Records and Papers, Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
Includes two postcards and one letter written by Bascom A. York, son of Brantley York. Bascom York (1858-1958) was a Methodist minister in N.C.
The Autobiography of Brantley York has been digitized and is available online at the following URL: http://docsouth.unc.edu/nc/york/menu.html
The digital version of this book is part of the Documenting the American South project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Researchers requiring assistance with the digital version should contact this repository directly.
A largely self-taught educator, Methodist minister, and author of a series of English grammars, Brantley York (1805-1891) was asked by Methodist and Quaker farmers in rural Randolph County, N.C. to help provide education for their sons and daughters. At the site of the former Brown's Schoolhouse, he organized Union Institute Academy in 1838 and met with instant success, building two new buildings within a year-and-a-half. Though gratified at his accomplishment, he worked extremely hard raising money, and he began to go blind working late at night preparing recitations in subjects he had not adequately studied. In fact, he recorded in his diary a statement saying he considered his years at Union Institute to be "truly onerous." York, however, had found his life's work at Union Institute and though completely blind by age forty-eight, he lived to be eighty-six and founded half-a-dozen schools, lectured over 8,000 times, and taught more than 15,000 pupils. He served as Principal of Union Institute from 1838 to 1842.
Duke University (Durham, N.C.) was established in 1924 and evolved from the following institutions: Brown's Schoolhouse (Randolph Co., N.C.) 1838-1839; Union Institute (Randolph Co., N.C.) 1839-1851; Normal College (Randolph Co., N.C.) 1851-1859; Trinity College (Randolph Co., N.C.) 1859-1892 and (Durham, N.C.) 1892-1924.
- [Forms part of:] Duke University President records.(University Archives, Duke University.)
- Trinity College (Randolph Co., N.C.) Collection(University Archives, Duke University.)
Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries.
- Brown's Schoolhouse (Randolph County, N.C.)
- Duke University -- History
- Duke University. Presidents
- Methodist Episcopal Church, South -- Clergy -- North Carolina
- Normal College (Randolph County, N.C.) -- History
- Trinity College (Randolph County, N.C.) -- History
- Union Institute (Randolph County, N.C.)
- York, Brantley, 1805-1891
- College presidents -- North Carolina
- Education -- North Carolina -- History -- 19th century
- Textbooks -- North Carolina
The Brantley York Records and Papers were received by the University Archives as a transfer.
Processed by University Archives staff, 1996; completed 2003. Preservation photocopies of clippings made in October 2003.
Encoded by Jill Katte, October 2003
Housing and finding aid updated by Tracy M. Jackson, January 2017.