George Percival Scriven:
An American in Bohol, The Philippines, 1899-1901

An On-line Archival Collection
Special Collections Library, Duke University

Section Nine

that Getafe has the best harbor in that region but the town is small containing only about 50 huts. Cable should go either Cebu to Tubigon or Argao to Loon.
I learned here that as a war measure the people were not permitted to trade from port to port of any island except to buy food when ports were not opened. This was causing considerable hardship though probably not very strictly enforced.
Tubigon had suffered much from the Cebuanos the year preceding and even now dreaded incursions, and the Presidente at least [decreed?] a guard of soldiers here. It appears that when the government of Bohol was at its beginnings a year or more ago, some 30 or 40 men calling themselves followers of Aguinaldo landed near Tubigon, began to rob and plunder and force the peaceful Boholanos to join them in a march upon Tagbilaran, the capital. By dint of threats an army of 500 or 600 men was thus collected, which proceeded south terrorizing the people. They marched as far as Cortez, but not beyond; for the government at Tagbilaran had gathered 300 or 400 armed men, and upon the advance of the raiders prepared to meet them, at the same time issuing a proclamation promising pardon to those who should desert the enemy's ranks. Many accepted this and the army of the Cebuanos vanished away. This was, I believe, the last fighting or [illegible] of that [nature?] in Bohol.
There are the usual two schools for little boys

and girls at Tubigon, but we were not invited to inspect them. On the whole Bohol is a peaceful little land and seems ever to have been so. In the time of the Spaniards and during peace only a detachment of 12 men of the guardia civil were kept there under a non-commissioned officer. After the revolution against Spain broke out this was increased to 75 men but there was no fighting.
So on the evening of April 3d (Tuesday) about 8 P.M. as we were comfortably dining at the priest's house, the sergeant commanding the escort came in to report the arrival of the banca and her men; and as my boat which carried the mail to Cebu was already waiting for me I determined to start as soon as the tide [served?], which proved to be about half past one in the morning. Getting a few winks of uneasy sleep in the priest's bedroom with Hale on the opposite side, I was called about half past one to walk out to the banca lying near the end of the mole, on which [Carson?], [Farrice?], and Francisco my native boy were already asleep. Nearly breaking my legs in the holes between the stones, and on board almost falling through the mats which covered parts of the outriggers, I found a place in the bows where I could stretch out at the immanent [sic] risk of falling into the sea [and so] dropped asleep (See letter to Gen'l [Gonly?]).
About three o'clock Wednesday April 4, we landed at Cebu, and I went again to Evans house, the office of the Captain of the Port [Post?].

pp. 82-99 are blank

{100} [continued from p. 101]
dollars per month, of minister of Treasury 100 per month. Such was the Provisional Republic which was to form part of Aguinaldo's Greater Republic. The budget is in part as follows.

[The rest of the page has been clipped out.]

For working unloading boat, natives were relieved from [3?] days road labor.
History of Revolution and establishment of Gov't.
The Spaniards left in December <1898> taken off by a boat from Cebu, and after that anarchy & confusion. People landed in the north <from Cebu & levied contributions> and bands wandered over the island. All sorts of impositions one man impersonated Rizal and caused himself to be worshipped as the reincarnation of that patriot. That man was killed. <Men were raised and drove the marauders out.> The present Presidente -- Mr. Bernabe Reyes -- a part Chinese mestizo in appearance -- went to Manila and seeing Aguinaldo was asked to form a provincial government He returned to Bojol called a popular election in the towns in January & on June 11, 1899, the presidentes so elected met at Tagbilaran and elected him President and three Councillors or Ministers to form his Cabinet & execute the laws. There were the Minister of Justice, of the Treasury and of the Army or Police. A budget was established the salary of the President fixed at 208

Constitution given by Aguinaldo for most part same as others but modified to suit Bojol.
In January 1899 met <in Tagbilaran, capital> Presidentes of all towns -- the former presidentes -- Elected one President of the Provisional Republic of Bohol, and 3 consejos or Councillors[:] of Laws; of Revenues Treasury (taxes); of Police. These four constituted the government. The [incumbents?] were to hold four years. The provisional republic to be merged into the greater republic. The three councillors made the laws and saw to their execution. Income from Cedula, or income tax of which there were 10 classes; income also from ports; stamped paper as,
Good postal service.
Police numbered 570, about 40 guns [mostly?] now in Bojol. Church paid from State revenues; regular budget made up, --
Contributions sent to Aguinaldo.
President's name Reyes, mestizo <part> Chinese [&?] Chili <Filipino>

Escutcheon read, Gobierno Republicano de Bohol. (Rising sun over mountains colors red, white, blue,?
(Way decrees are promulgated. [Early?] guard
Escape of prisoners , the si, si, before;
Women remarkably virtuous, well fed well rounded. Presidente came down as Aguinaldo's representative <the intercession of Florentino Morales of Manila> Vaccination edict amongst first. Prohibition of sale of Tuba to any one. Tuba fermented juice of cocoanut heavier than beer. Houses to be cleaned [beneath?], another edict. 13 children vaccinated

Drums <sepulchral>, lantern, 3 or 4 soldiers with spear, reader or crier.

Presidente's salary 208 pesos per month.
Each of Council rather more than half.
Much road work done, new roads built.
10 days work on roads required per year
Priests pay from State 60 pesos per month.
Spaniards very few probably left about November '98. No Spaniards now to be seen.
Bullock or cow now sold at 14 pesos. Lent kept very strictly no meat sold. Tarif [sic].

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