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Guide to the William Henry Chafe Oral History Collection, 1933-1988 and undated

Collection Overview

The William Henry Chafe Oral History Collection spans the years 1933 through 1988, with most of the materials dated between 1972 and 1978. The collection consists mainly of oral history interview tapes and transcripts, but also includes interview notes and research files related to Chafe's book Civilities and Civil Rights: Greensboro, North Carolina, and the Black Struggle for Freedom.

The interview tapes and transcripts (1972-1978, undated), which comprise the bulk of the collection, include interviews with government officials, participants in the North Carolina civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, and opponents of the movement, including members of the Ku Klux Klan. The few research files in the collection include statistical data related to Greensboro elections (1930s-1950s), notes from the Joan Bluethenthal papers and a report by the North Carolina State Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights on civil disturbances at Dudley High School and North Carolina A&T State University in Greensboro, North Carolina in 1969.

The Audiotapes Series consists of two identical sets (one for preservation, one for use by researchers) of twenty-eight tapes containing oral history interviews. The Printed Material Series includes transcripts and/or notes on 67 oral history interviews, and three research files related to the civil rights movement and local politics in Greensboro.

Beyond the direct oral history materials, there is also a Writings and Research Series. It includes research notes for several chapters of Chafe's book in addition to newspaper clippings addressing topics such as Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination and the return of black veterans from the Vietnam War; an assortment of documents regarding the Black Panther Party collected by the Federal Bureau of Investigations' Counter Intelligence Program, and a number of publications produced by other authors. While the materials predominately relate to Greensboro, this series also includes information on civil rights activity in Durham, Chapel Hill, and the Research Triangle at large. The Photographs Series includes fourteen undated photographs.

William H. Chafe's book, Civilities and Civil Rights: Greensboro, North Carolina, and the Black Struggle for Freedom, chronicles the continuing conflict over desegregation in Greensboro in the 1950s and 1960s. Chafe explores the "progressive mystique" that defined the terms of culturally-sanctioned behavior, looking at how civility served to preserve the South's racial order. Within this context, he discusses the city's reaction to the Supreme Court's landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education in 1954, the Greensboro sit-in movement begun by four college students at North Carolina A&T College in 1960, and the emergence of the Black Power Movement in the late 1960s.

Descriptive Summary

Title
William Henry Chafe Oral History collection 1933-1988 and undated
Creator
Chafe, William Henry
Extent
5.6 Linear Feet, circa 2930 Items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Language
English.

Administrative Information

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access Restrictions

The William Henry Chafe Oral History Collection has been restricted due to the absence of release forms transferring intellectual property rights from interviewees or interviewers to researchers using this collection. Researchers are cautioned that the publication of information contained in these interviews may violate the legal rights of interviewees or interviewers. It is the sole responsibility of researchers to secure permission from interviewees or interviewers to publish quotes from either, and to ensure that information gained from research in this collection is not used in any way that violates rights remaining with interviewees, interviewers or their heirs.

Patrons who wish to use this collection must sign a restricted materials research agreement, which may be obtained from any Special Collections reference staff person.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For further information, see the section on copyright in the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Contents of the Collection

This series includes two identical sets of taped oral history interviews (1972-1978 & undated) related to the civil rights movement in Greensboro, North Carolina. The master tapes in subseries A serve as preservation copies and are closed to researchers; subseries B contains a complete set of use copies, which are open for use by all patrons.

Allen, Carolyn
Box 1
Bailey, Tom
Box 1
Bishop, Cecil
Box 1
Brandon, Lewis
Box 1
Breathett, George/Troxler, Kay
Box 1
Chavis, Vance
Box 1
Elam, Jack
Box 1
English, Ike/Notes on C of C docs.
Box 1
Ford, Robert
Box 1
Foster, John (2 tapes)
Box 1
Hariston, Otis
Box 1
Hudgkins, R. E./Brown, W. R. (KKK)
Box 1
Jackson, William
Box 1
Johnson, Walter/Johnson, Nelson
Box 1
Jones, Mrs. David
Box 1
Knox, Joe
Box 1
McNeill, Joseph
Box 1
Parker, Mrs. Franklin
Box 1
Player, Willa
Box 1
Price, Jim
Box 1
Sanford, Terry/Johnson, Nelson
Box 1
Schenck, David
Box 1
Smith, Louise
Box 1
Taylor, John and Betsy
Box 1
Troxler, Evelyn
Box 1
Weaver, Mike
Box 1
Zane, Edward R.
Box 1
Allen, Carolyn
Box 2
Bailey, Tom
Box 2
Bishop, Cecil
Box 2
Brandon, Lewis
Box 2
Breathett, George/Troxler, Kay
Box 2
Chavis, Vance
Box 2
Elam, Jack
Box 2
English, Ike/Notes on C of C docs.
Box 2
Ford, Robert
Box 2
Foster, John (2 tapes)
Box 2
Hariston, Otis
Box 2
Hudgkins, R. E./Brown, W. R. (KKK)
Box 2
Jackson, William
Box 2
Johnson, Walter/Johnson, Nelson
Box 2
Jones, Mrs. David
Box 2
Knox, Joe
Box 2
McNeill, Joseph
Box 2
Parker, Mrs. Franklin
Box 2
Player, Willa
Box 2
Price, Jim
Box 2
Sanford, Terry/Johnson, Nelson
Box 2
Schenck, David
Box 2
Smith, Louise
Box 2
Taylor, John and Betsy
Box 2
Troxler, Evelyn
Box 2
Weaver, Mike
Box 2
Zane, Edward R.
Box 2

This series consists primarily of transcripts (subseries A) and notes on 67 interviews (1972-1978, undated) about the civil rights movement in Greensboro.

This series also includes three files of research materials (subseries B), including data on the Greensboro elections, 1930s -1950s; notes on the papers of Joan Bluethenthal; and a report by the North Carolina State Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights on civil disturbances at Dudley High School and North Carolina A&T State University in Greensboro, North Carolina in 1969.

Ashby, Warren, 1974, Oct. 3
Box 2
Bailey, Tom, 1977, July 9
Box 2
Bardolph, Richard, 1972, July 11
Box 2
Bell, Tart, 1977, Oct. 13
Box 2
Bishop, Cecil, 1977, summer
Box 2
Blackwell, Randolph, 1973, Mar. 5, undated (2 folders)
Box 2
Blair, Mr. and Mrs. Ezell, 1972, Mar. 13
Box 2
Bluethenthal, Joan, 1977, July 13
Box 2
Bowles, Mrs. Charles, 1974, Sept. 24
Box 2
Brandon, Lewis, undated
Box 2
Breathett, George, undated
Box 2
Brown, Sarah Mendenhall, 1974, July 14
Box 2
Brown, Walter R. "Dub" and Hudgins, Robert by Scott Ellsworth
Box 2
Chavis, Vance, 1973, May 20
Box 2
Coley, Nell, 1974, Oct. 15
Box 2
Dawson, Eddie (KKK) by Scott Ellsworth, 1977, May 26
Box 2
Davis, Charles, undated
Box 2
Dowdy, Lewis, 1975, Jan. 21
Box 2
Edmonds, Rev. Ed, undated
Box 2
Elam, Jack, undated
Box 2
Evans, Dr. George, undated
Box 2
Ezell, Blair (now Jibreel Khazan), 1974, Nov. 27
Box 2
Falkeners, Waldo, 1972, July 19
Box 2
Flora, Joe, 1974, Sept. 26
Box 2
Ford, Bob, 1977, June 17
Box 2
Ford, S. N. (interview and FBI information), undated
Box 2
Foster, John, 1973, Feb. 9
Box 2
Gardner, Plato by Scott Ellsworth, 1977, May 26
Box 2
Hairston, Otis, 1972, July 17; 1977 (2 folders)
Box 2
House, W. A., undated
Box 2
Hudgins, D. E., 1972, July 6
Box 2
Hudgins, Eula, 1974, Dec. 17
Box 2
Jackson, William, 1977, July 12
Box 2
Jarrett, Hobart, undated
Box 2
Johnson, Nelson, 1978, Oct. 24
Box 2
Jones, Mrs. David, undated
Box 2
Knox, Joe, 1977, June 17
Box 2
Lewis, John by Jack Bass, undated
Box 2
Linck, R. B., 1974, Oct. 10
Box 2
Lineberry, Al, 1974, Dec. 17
Box 2
Mark, Carolyn, 1974, Oct. 10
Box 2
McCoy, Cleo, 1977, Sept. 6
Box 2
McNeill, Joseph, 1978
Box 2
Morehead, David, 1974, Dec. 19
Box 2
Parker, Willa, 1977, Dec. 2
Box 2
Price, Jim by Scott Ellsworth, 1977, May 25
Box 2
Richmond, David by Clay Carson, 1972, Apr. 10
Box 2
Roach, George, 1972, July 17
Box 2
Sanford, Terry, undated
Box 2
Sieber, Hal, undated
Box 2
Simkins, Anna, undated
Box 2
Simpkins, Dr. & Mrs. George, 1972, July 19
Box 2
Smith, Ben, 1973, June 6
Box 2
Smith, Louise, 1973, Feb. 9
Box 2
Smith, McNeill, 1973, July 14
Box 2
Smith, Raymond, 1973, July 11
Box 2
Snider, William, 1974, Dec. 19
Box 2
Snider, William, 1976, Nov. 9
Box 2
Stephenson Kiliminjaro, John Marshall, 1972, Nov. 2
Box 2
Stoneburner, Carol, 1974, Dec. 12
Box 2
Taylor, John & Betsy, 1973, July 7
Box 2
Thomas, William, undated
Box 2
Troxler, Kay, 1973, June 6
Box 2
Weaver, Mike, 1977, July 6
Box 2
Zane, Edward R, undated
Box 2
Bluethenthal, Joan
Box 2
Political materials
Box 2
Trouble in Greensboro, 1969 Civil Rights Demos.
Box 2

Roughly one-half of this series consists of Chafe's notes for Civilities and Civil Rights: Greensboro, North Carolina, and the Black Struggle for Freedom. Notes are divided by chapter. Also included in this series are photocopies of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Counter Intelligence Program documents pertaining to Black Panther Party members and chapters in Charlotte, N.C. and Oakland, C.A. Series includes reports and writings by others related to Chafe's book, a number of newspaper clippings, two interview transcripts of Ella Baker conducted by Sue Thrasher and Casey Hayden, and information on Civil Rights protests in Durham, Chapel Hill, Greensboro, and the campuses of North Carolina Central University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Chapter 2 notes
(6 folders)
Box 3
Chapter 3 notes
(8 folders)
Box 3
Chapter 4 notes
(2 folders)
Box 3
Chapter 5 notes
(3 folders)
Box 3
Chapter 7 notes
Box 3
Chapter 8 notes
(4 folders)
Box 3
Black Panther Party COINTELPRO documents
(4 folders)
Box 3
COINTELPRO Report on Counterorientation Week at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1969
Box 3
North Carolina Central University activism, 1958-1960
Box 3
Chapel Hill Civil Rights Movement oral history interviews, 1974
Box 3
Research Triangle Civil Right chronolgical list, undated
Box 3
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech at White Rock Baptist Church, Durham, 1960 Feb. 16
Box 3
Newspaper clippings on the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., 1968-1977
Box 3
Newspaper clippings, 1970-1973
Box 3
Mayor's Committee on Human Relations, Durham, 1960
Box 3
Greensboro Mens Club: Four Decades, 1970
Box 3
The People of Guilford: Growth and Changes in the Population of Guilford County, 1972
Box 3
The Role of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare in the Desegregation of the Greensboro, N.C. School System, Julie Buttenwieser, 1988
Box 3
School Desegregation in Greensboro, 1954-1971, 1971
Box 3
So Much History, So Much Future: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Second Coming of America, Vincent Harding, 1979
Box 3
The Solicitor General's Office, Justice Frankfurter and Civil Rights Litigation, 1946-1960: An Oral History, Philip Elman, 1987
Box 3
Urbanization, Employment, and Race Relations in Greensboro, North Carolina, 1870-1910, Samuel M. Kipp, III, undated
Box 3
Ella Baker interview transcripts and notes, 1974 and undated
Box 3
Adele Clark oral history transcript, 1964 Feb. 28
Box 3
Notes on the Edward R. Zane Papers, undated
Box 3
Notes on the Greensboro Community Fellowship Papers, undated
Box 3
Simkins v. Cone Hospital United States District Court decision, 1962
Box 3
Oral history notes, undated
Box 3
Correspondence, 1974-1978
Box 3
Oral History Project Status Updates, 1974
Box 4
Chapel Hill Oral History Conference, 1974 and Undated (2 Folders)
Box 4
Papers Written by Chapel Hill Conferees, 1974
Box 4
JD Tarpley Biography, 1977
Box 4
Frank McCain Questions, undated
Box 4
Foster Materials-Desegregation, 1957-1958
Box 4
Governor Luther Hodges Papers, 1955 and Undated
Box 4
Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1954-1957
Box 4
Southern Regional Council: Emory Via's Field Trip to Greensboro, undated
Box 4
Daily News Coverage of King Death, 1968 April 1
Box 4
Ku Klux Klan News Articles 1974, 1977
Box 4
Ku Klux Klan Meetings 1957-58, 1958-1977
Box 4
Documents for William Chafe, 1978-1980
Box 4
Chapter 1 notes: Black Community 1930-1954, undated
Box 4
Chapter 1 notes: Kipp and Early History, undated
Box 4
Benjamin Muse Memo in Sit-Ins, 1960 March 8
Box 4
School Desegregation Clippings: 1963-1970, 1957-1964
Box 4
Oral History Papers, 1973
Box 4
Research Notes on Greensboro, 1959-1978 and Undated
Box 4
Greensboro Community Fellowship, 1959-1980
(12 folders)
Box 4
American Friends Service Committee Archive Notes: Southeast Region, 1977 September 9
Box 4
Kornegay Papers, 1963-1979
Box 4
American Friends Service Committee Papers, undated
Box 4
Sanford Papers, undated
Box 4
Sociological Articles on Race, 1963-1978 and undated
Box 4
American Friends Service Committee Xeroxes, 1956-1960 and undated
Box 4
American Friends Service Committee Papers: Philadelphia, 1953-1958
Box 4
Hal Sieber Letters and Clippings, 1970-1973
Box 4
Moore Papers, undated
Box 4
Press Clippings, 1959-1963
Box 4
Press Clippings, 1959-1963
Box 4
Miscellaneous, 1960-1964
Box 4
Press Clippings, 1962-1963
(2 folders)
Box 4
Governor Robert Scott Papers, undated
Box 4
School Board Minutes, 1960
Box 4
M.A. Thesis on Sit-Ins, undated
Box 5
Summary Notes for 1973 Greensboro Paper at OAH: Books, Census, Paper, 1956-1973
Box 5
Notes for SHA Sit-In Paper, undated
Box 5
Early Draft of Sit-In with Goodwyn Comments, undated
Box 5
Gerda Lerner Papers, 1987
Box 5
Untitled, 1987
(4 folders)
Box 5
Inventory of Files, undated
Box 5
Chapter 3, undated
Box 5
Chapter 4: The Continuing Struggle, undated
(3 folders)
Box 5
Chapter 5, undated
Box 5
Draft of Chapter 6, undated
Box 5
Epilogue, undated
Box 5
Pearsall Plan Thesis, 1977 and undated
Box 5
Paper on Sit-Ins as Delivered, undated
Box 5
Bill Lucas Paper on School Desegregation, undated
Box 5
Kipp Dissertation Xeroxes, undated
Box 5
Kipp Dissertation Notes, 1974
Box 5
Marian Stroble "Pearsall Plan," 1973
Box 5
Tom Noland "Brown Decision," 1972
Box 5
Leuchtenburg Comment on Sit-In Article, 1977
Box 5
Comments on 1974 Organization of American Historians Paper, 1973
Box 5
Greensboro Names, 1971 and undated
Box 5
Greensboro Bibliography, 1960-1966 and undated
Box 5
Summary Notes on Early Interviews: Names, undated
Box 5
Greensboro National Endowment for the Humanities Application, 1974
Box 5
Chapter 1, undated
(2 folders)
Box 5
Untitled, 1987 and undated
Box 5
National Endowment for the Humanities Application, undated
Box 5
John Thorner Paper on Press Coverage of Sit-Ins, 1972
Box 5
Bernadine Moses Thesis on Carolina Peacemaker, undated
Box 5
Organization of American Historians Greensboro Paper,1973
Box 5
ID Newby Black Carolinians, 1973
Box 5
Untitled, 1987
Box 5
References, 1985-1987
Box 6
Chafe Letters, 1987
Box 6
Dolores Sullivan, 1987
Box 6
Tax Returns, 1980
Box 6
Itineraries, 1980-1986
Box 6
ICA and European Trip, 1982-1984
Box 6
University Publications of America, 1986
Box 6
Oral History Book Manuscript, 1977
Box 6
Kennedy Library Material, undated
Box 6
Women in Higher Education, 1978
Box 6
Asheville Speech: Family, 1977
Box 6
Newspaper Clips, 1975-1976 and Undated
Box 6
Tom Norton "Worker Dissent," undated
Box 6
Ronnie Dugger, undated
Box 6
Daniel Levine: Conservatism and Tradition in Danish Social Welfare Legislation, undated
Box 6
Student Papers, 1971-1973
Box 6
Violence in Family Material, undated
Box 6
Carolina Peacemaker, undated
Box 6
Newspaper Clippings, 1973-1977 and undated
Box 6
Notes for Chapter 8, 1963-1977 and undated
(3 folders)
Box 6
Benjamin L Smith Papers, 1956 and undated
Box 6

Series consists of 14 photographs located in the final folder of box 3. Photographs show Civil Rights demonstrators, law enforcement response, race relations in the South, and active protest. All photographs are undated with little information regarding subjects and locations, though three photographs are identifiably of Chapel Hill demonstrations.

Photographs
Box 3

Subject Headings

Related Material

  • Behind the Veil: Documenting African-American Life in the Jim Crow South. 1940-1997 and undated (bulk 1993-1997), (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], William Henry Chafe Oral History Collection, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Provenance

The William Henry Chafe Oral History Collection was donated to Special Collections in 1987 and 2011 by William Henry Chafe.

Processing Information

Processed by Lisa Gayle Hazirjian.

Completed January 1998

Encoded by Stephen Miller

Accession 2011-0090 processed and encoded by Carrie Mills, Jun. 2011.

Accession 2012-0029 processed and encoded by RL Move Staff and Meghan Lyon, Feb. 2012.

This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.

Patrons who wish to use this collection must sign a restricted materials research agreement, which may be obtained from any Special Collections reference staff person.

Since this collection does not include any release forms for oral history interviews or transcripts of interviews, researchers must secure permission from copyright holders before publishing quotes from these materials.

Original audiotapes in this collection have been dubbed for use by patrons. These tapes are organized alphabetically by the name of interviewee on side A of each tape.