Guide to the Angier Biddle Duke Papers, 1923-1990s and undated
The papers of Angier Biddle Duke span the years 1915 to 1995, though the bulk of the collection ranges from 1940 to 1995. The papers chiefly consist of correspondence; scrapbooks; diaries; photographs; diplomatic papers; sound recordings, video cassette tapes and films; appointment books; clippings; printed material; and business papers. There are also a few legal and financial papers. Miscellaneous materials also include writings by other authors; fiscal and other reports; school grade reports; invitations; guest lists; and some memorabilia. The collection documents Angier Biddle Duke's long career in politics and diplomacy, as well as his activities as chairman or president of various agencies and institutions. Much of the material also documents Duke's personal life as well as the social and political activities of various family members. The subjects represented in greatest detail include U.S. politics and foreign policy; the Kennedy and Johnson administrations; and the history of US. and foreign diplomacy. In addition, the papers contain valuable information on economic and social conditions in Spain, Morocco, Denmark, Africa, Pakistan, and other countries; World War II; post-World War Europe; European and Pakistani refugees; civil rights and de-segregation (especially in Washington, DC); philanthropy; Long Island social life and communities; and the Duke, Biddle, and Drexel families.
Details on Angier Biddle Duke's life as well as information on the Duke, Biddle, and Drexel families can be found in the Biographical Data Series. These materials include some of A. B. Duke's military records; articles on A. B. Duke; biographical entries on A. B. Duke from Who's Who and Biography Today; "in memoriam" booklets from his first wife's funeral and the funeral of Angier Buchanan Duke, A. B. Duke's father; and genealogical materials on the families. Selected condolences out of the hundreds sent to Robin Chandler Duke after her husband's death in 1995 also reveal much about the personality and life of A. B. Duke. In addition, the narratives in the Diaries Series offer a great deal of material concerning the personalities of A. B. Duke and his family and acquaintances throughout his life.
The Correspondence Series also offers details on the personal relations between members of the Duke, Biddle, Semans, and Trent families, though correspondence between immediate family members makes up a relatively small percentage of this large series. The correspondence files are therefore perhaps most useful for the documentation they provide about A. B. Duke's extraordinary career and his many important friends and contacts in international politics and high society. Additional biographical data on A. B. Duke and family members, particularly useful for information on Robin Chandler Duke's social and political activities, can be found in the Clippings Series files.
The Pictures Series contains hundreds of photographs of the Duke, Semans, and Biddle families. Some early photographs of Angier Biddle Duke were taken during his enlistment in the Army from 1940-1945. An album entitled "A celebration of the life of Benjamin Newton Duke, 1979" can be found in the Scrapbooks Series. Finally, as A. B. Duke served as president of the Duke Family Association of NC from 1988-1995, there are a number of items related to the meetings of this genealogical association found in the Correspondence Series.
Angier Biddle Duke was best known for his ambassadorial skills and his political acumen beginning with his appointment to the office of Ambassador to El Salvador in 1952 as the youngest ambassador ever appointed to a post. His subsequent career in diplomacy and politics, including his appointment as Chief of Protocol under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson, is unusually well-documented through the Correspondence Series, the Diaries Series, containing detailed personal diaries and memoirs; the Interviews Series (both taped and written); numerous scrapbooks and photographs found in the Scrapbooks and Pictures Series, the Printed Materials Series, which includes many articles on A. B. Duke; and the Clippings Series. A series of written and taped diaries entitled the "Ambassador's Diary" are especially interesting for A. B. Duke's candid reflections on his diplomatic experiences. A few items also reveal the family's experiences in foreign countries as viewed by his wife, Robin Chandler Duke, as exemplified by her brief diary from Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia (1976). A relatively minor source of information on the Dukes' itineraries include the Travel Series, which contains routine documents relating to the Dukes' travel activities. Other materials concerning foreign policy and diplomacy may be found in the Miscellaneous Series, where many articles and speeches by other authors are filed.
The political and social events of the 1960s and 1970s are well-represented in the A. B. Duke Papers in the multimedia formats associated with the Audio, Film, and Videotape Series, containing numerous recordings, audio and visual, of speeches, toasts, and visits of foreign dignitaries; the Scrapbooks and Pictures Series, which hold many candid and formal photographs of well-known politicians, diplomats, celebrities, and artists, many of them signed; and the Clippings Series, documenting many major world events as well as personal events from 1950s to the 1990s. One scrapbook covers President Kennedy's trip to Berlin, West Germany; another oversize scrapbook covers an international incident at Palomares, Spain (1966): while Duke was that country's ambassador, an undetonated US nuclear bomb was lost off the coast of Spain, then recovered after much consternation, and increased international outcry against nuclear weapons. Materials in the Protocol Papers Series also concern Kennedy's assassination and the transition to a Johnson White House during the period when A. B. Duke was Chief of Protocol. As Jacqueline Kennedy had already become a good friend of A. B. Duke's family, there are items in the Correspondence Series reflecting her close relationship with them in the difficult years after her husband's assassination.
The head of the State Department Office of Protocol serves as principal adviser to the President and Secretary of State on matters of diplomatic procedures governed by law or international customs and practice. Angier Biddle Duke's responsibilities as Chief of Protocol from 1961-65 and 1968, including his role in the arrangements for the Kennedy funeral, are best represented by materials in the Protocol Papers Series, arranged alphabetically by country, and by many valuable letters and telegrams in the Correspondence Series, and in the Writings and Speeches Series. In addition, a great deal of relevant information, both contemporary and retrospective in nature, can be found in the Interviews Series. Several important volumes in the Scrapbooks and Diaries Series are also were created as records of his tenure as Chief of Protocol, and the Pictures Series contains many candid and formal photographs during this period. Finally, events relating to the Office of Protocol are found in audio or film format in the Audio, Film, and Video Series. Memorabilia from this period such as invitations, dinner menus, guest lists, and souvenir programs from inaugurations abroad can also be found in the Miscellaneous Series.
A. B. Duke's extensive organizational activities in later decades are documented in greatest detail through the Correspondence, Subject Files, Interviews, Printed Materials, and Writings and Speeches Series. A large number of materials reflect A. B. Duke's long involvement in the administration of Long Island University, near his family residence in Southampton, N.Y., as well as in other institutions such as the International Rescue Commission, various Democratic committees, CARE, the NYC Dept. of Civic Affairs and Public Events, the Spanish Institute, the Appeal to Conscience Foundation, the Japan-American Institute, the World Affairs Council, and the American Council of Ambassadors, and many others with whom he was affiliated for shorter periods of time. The Subject Files and other series also illustrate A. B. Duke's later involvement in organizations attempting to establish more democratic structures in countries such as El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guyana. Some materials also reflect Robin Chandler Duke's later involvement in politics, including her unsuccessful bid for the Democratic nomination to fill Koch's congressional seat in 1978, and her role as chairwoman of Population Action International.
Although they contain relatively few documents, the Legal and Financial Papers do provide some information on A. B. Duke's income and financial activities, and the Doris Duke Trust; also in the legal papers is a publisher's contract for the biography of Doris Duke and a copy of Angier Buchanan Duke's will. Other legal and financial matters related to the Duke and Biddle families, particularly the Doris Duke estate (1995) are referred to on a regular basis in the Correspondence Series. Very little is to be found in the collection on the administration, maintenance, or acquisition of Angier Biddle Duke's residences in Washington, NYC, or Long Island, though some illustrations of residences can be found in the Clippings and Pictures Series.
Collections in the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library which contain information relevant to the Angier Biddle Duke Papers include the James Buchanan Duke Papers and especially the Semans Family Papers. The Duke University Living History Program collection, also in the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, contains an interview with Angier Biddle Duke recorded in the 1970s.
- Angier Biddle Duke papers, 1923-1990s and undated
- Duke, Angier Biddle, 1915-1995
- 93.0 Linear Feet, 45,866 Items
- Duke University. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library Durham, North Carolina 27708-0185
- For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
- Biographical Data Series, 1923-1980s (bulk 1970s-1980s)
- Financial Papers Series, ca. 1970s-1990s
- Legal Papers Series, ca. 1970s-1980s
- Interviews Series, ca. 1960s-1980s
- Correspondence Series, 1925-1995 (bulk 1960s-1995)
- Diaries Series, 1938-1992 (bulk 1961-1988)
- Writings and Speeches Series, 1950s-1990s and n.d.
- Protocol Papers Series, 1961-1965, 1968
- Scrapbooks Series, 1920s-1992
- Pictures Series, ca. 1930s-1990s and n.d.
- Appointment Books Series, 1961-1991.
- Subject Files Series, 1960s-1990s
- Audio, Film, and Video Series, 1965-1990s
- Clippings Series, ca. 1940s-1990s and n.d.
- Printed Materials, ca. 1950s-1990s and n.d.
- Travel Series, 1965-1990 and n.d.(bulk 1965-1978)
- Miscellaneous Series, ca. 1950s-1990s and n.d.(bulk 1970s-1990s).
- Oversize Materials, circa 1928-1983
- Accession (2009-0257), 1961-1980
Some use restrictions apply, but the collection is open for research.
Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.
All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. There may be a 48-hour delay in obtaining these materials.
Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.
The copyright interests in these papers have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information on access to the collection, consult with the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library staff.
Primarily biographical sketches and articles on Angier Biddle Duke, a few military records, "in memoriam" booklets for his first wife, Maria-Luisa de Aranha Duke and Angier Buchanan Duke, his father (d. 1923), and genealogical material and other information on the Duke, Semans, Drexel, and Biddle families, including some photocopies of early Duke family photographs. Also contains a group photograph of Semans and Trent family members.
Personnel records, tax statements, receipts, itemized expenses, and schedules of campaign contributions by A. B. Duke.
Publisher's contract related to Doris Duke biography, document related to the Doris Duke Trust (1978), and documents from a 1978 lawsuit involving "Pony" Duke. Also includes a copy of Angier Buchanan Duke's will (1928).
Transcripts of interviews given by Angier Biddle Duke. There are also a few interviews given by Brzezinski and several ambassadors. Some of the tapes are in the Audio, Film, and Video Series. Interviews are in rough date order. One lengthy interview of A. B. Duke (only titled as "Interview 51," circa 1980) is particularly rich in details on his personal and professional life.
Letters, photocopies and carbon copies of letters, telegrams, faxes, some invitations, and condolences. Correspondents include A. B. Duke, members of his immediate family, other relatives and friends, and well-known political figures and celebrities. Some of the correspondents include President Lyndon Johnson, Jacqueline Kennedy, Edward M. Kennedy, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Cyrus Sulzberger, Adlai Stevenson, Coretta Scott King, Henry Ford II, Richard Nixon, Hubert Humphrey, Dean Rusk, Cyrus Vance, Prime Minister James Callahan, Albert Gore, Jimmy Carter, Jay Rutherfurd, Walter Annenberg, and many prominent ambassadors. Many are condolences on the sudden death of A. B. Duke's wife, Maria-Luisa de Aranha Duke in 1962, and many are congratulations offered upon his appointments to prominent positions. There are also many condolences sent to Robin Chandler Duke after A. B. Duke's death in 1995.
Arranged chronologically, with some overlap of materials covering later decades.
Diaries, memoirs, and journals in several formats ranging from handwritten volumes, handwritten sheets, typed drafts, transcripts of tapes, and audio cassettes. Some of the audio tapes are micro-cassettes; A. B. Duke's hand-held dictation recorder is located with the materials.
[Originals closed to use. Staff must arrange to have use copies made before materials can be accessed. Please consult with Research Services staff before coming to use this collection.]
[Master copies and use copies of the original audiocassette tapes from this box are now located in boxes 20A-20C.]
Transcripts, drafts, and notes of toasts, speeches, remarks, testimony, and addresses given by A. B. Duke. Organizations sponsoring events include: the White House, the Spanish Institute, Overseas Press Club, National Press Club, and the Council of American Ambassadors. Events include White House Department of State functions, commencements, etc. Includes a speech given at Duke University Library in 1979, and remarks as chairman of the Duke Family Association of NC for the Sesquicentennial Founders' Day at Duke, 1988. Also includes testimony given by Duke for the House Foreign Affairs Committee and farewell speeches upon his leaving various ambassadorships. Other recordings of speeches and ceremonies can be found in the Audio, Film, and Video Series.
Consists of correspondence and other documents such as event schedules, guest lists, and travel arrangements for various events, most of them centering on visiting foreign dignitaries.
Arranged alphabetically by country and occasionally by event. For unknown reasons, there are no headings under the letter "F."
Bound scrapbooks varying greatly in size, related to A. B. Duke's personal and professional activities. Contents include photographs, clippings, and other printed materials.
[AS THESE ALBUMS ARE VERY FRAGILE, REFERENCE STAFF MUST BE CONSULTED BEFORE ITEMS ARE USED.]
Subjects include family, friends, and colleagues of Angier Biddle Duke, as well as many prominent politicians and dignitaries, and celebrities. Subjects can also include events such as the Zellerbach Commission's tour of post-war Europe, and often depict residences and estates. Photographs are either bound in albums or loose in folders. Includes formal photographs as well as many candid shots. There are hundreds of photographs, formal and candid, of the Duke family, and dozens of the Kennedy family.
Series is unarranged.
[SOME ALBUMS ARE FRAGILE: REFERENCE STAFF MUST BE CONSULTED BEFORE USING MATERIALS FROM THIS SERIES.]
Bound personal appointment books and social calendars containing minimal entries with names, events, and times. Items occasionally laid in include business cards, brief messages, reminders.
Series is unarranged.
Created by Angier Biddle Duke, these files represent a broad range of subjects related to his professional activities from the early 1960s to the 1990s. Additional materials on the same subjects can also be found in the Miscellaneous Series.
Series is unarranged.
Audio reels and cassettes, filmstrips, and video cassettes concerning various major events in A. B. Duke's professional life. Also includes documentary videos, and ceremonies involving other persons.
Series is unarranged.
[Originals closed to use. A few use copies available and are noted under individual entries; otherwise, staff must arrange to have use copies made before materials can be accessed. Please consult with Research Services staff before coming to use this collection.]
[Use copy available on CD-ROM in Box 65. Created 2006.]
[Use copy available on CD-ROM in Box 65. Created 2006.]
Large series of clippings and press releases. Subjects include major world events; marriages of A. B. Duke, close family and friends, including Jay Rutherfurd; events related to A. B. Duke's professional life; the nuclear incident at Palomares, Spain; and the death of Maria-Luisa Duke in 1962. Several articles highlight Robin Chandler Duke's life. One folder of materials concerns Doris Duke's death and estate. Only badly deteriorated clippings have been photocopied; the majority are originals.
Arranged in rough chronological order.
Books, pamphlets, periodicals, articles, minutes, reports of various kinds, printed speeches, leaflets, advertisements, business documents, fiscal analyses, programs, and various other materials. The books cover a wide range of topics: some are texts on foreign policy, diplomacy, and politics, while others (a few novels) seem to have belonged to the private reading libraries of Robin Chandler Duke and A. B. Duke. One book is a limited edition commemorating President Kennedy's inauguration. Other subjects in the Printed Materials Series cover JFK's assassination; Spanish business, trade, and foreign policy; Pakistani refugees; and Denmark. Many of the materials may relate to areas found under the Subject Files Series.
Series is unarranged.
Routine travel schedules, itineraries, and other records for A. B. Duke and various other people. Series is unarranged.
A wide range of materials not filed under main series, though some related materials may exist here. The most important group of materials in this series may be the writings and speeches of authors other than A. B. Duke. Subjects often include diplomacy and international politics. Includes large groups of invitations and guest lists as well as several memorabilia.
Series is unarranged.
Two items: a commemorative publication for John Fitzgerald Kennedy, November, 1963, and a French fashion magazine, 1963.
Roughly 50 items on various subjects. Includes Spanish and Danish periodical clippings and newspaper clippings. Other English-language items refer to the Kennedy family in Spain, and Lynda Johnson's trip to Spain. One lengthier article on radical feminists interviews Josephine Biddle Duke, student activist at Columbia in 1969, and apparently a member of the Duke family.
Accession (2009-0257) (0.6 lin. ft.; 5 items; dated 1961-1980) consists of 4 "For the Record" books of speeches and other public remarks given by Duke during his time as Chief of Protocol (1961-1964) and as ambassador to Spain (1965-1967). Also includes a photo album souvenir of his official visit to the Allied Forces of Southern Europe in Naples in 1980.
|1915||Born in New York City, Nov. 30. Son of Angier Buchanan and Cordelia (Biddle) Duke|
|1934-1937||Attended Yale University|
|1937||Married first wife, Priscilla St. George. Had one son by her, Angier Pony St. George Duke (b. 1938)|
|1939||Divorced Priscilla St. George|
|1940||Married Margaret Screven White|
|1940-1945||Served from private to major in U. S. Army|
|1945||Officer in charge of Air Transport Command, Paris section|
|1945-1948||President, Duke International Corporation, NYC|
|1949||Appointed to U.S. Foreign Service|
|1949||Appointed to post in American Embassy, Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|1951||Special Assistant to Ambassador, American embassy, Madrid, Spain|
|1952||Divorced Margaret Screven White|
|1952||Married Maria-Luisa de Aranha, Dec. 11. Had two children by her: Maria Luisa (Marylou) Biddle Duke (b. 1954) and Dario Drexel Duke (b. 1957)|
|1952-1953||U.S. Ambassador to El Salvador (youngest ambassador in US at 36 years old)|
|1954-1960||President, International Rescue Commission|
|1955-1961||Commissioner, Long Island State Park|
|1957||Received LL. D., Iona College|
|1958-1960||V.P. of CARE|
|1961||Maria-Luisa killed in airplane crash, Queens, NY, on her way to her daughter's birthday party|
|1961-1965||Chief of protocol, Dept. of State, Kennedy and Johnson administrations|
|1962||Married Robin Chandler Lynn, May 12. Had one son by her, Angier Biddle Duke, Jr. (b. 1963)|
|1965-1968||Ambassador to Spain.|
|1968||Chief of protocol, Dept. of State|
|1968-1969||Ambassador to Denmark|
|1969||LL. D., Duke University|
|1973-1976||Commissioner of Civic Affairs and Public Events, NYC|
|1974-1995||Director, Appeal of Conscience Foundation|
|1976-1977||Chairman, NYC Democratic Committee|
|1977-1979||President, The Spanish Institute, NYC (chairman, 1983-1987)|
|1978-1979||Chairman, NY State Council on Ethnic Affairs|
President, Nat'l. Committee on American Foreign Policy, Inc.
|1979-1981||Ambassador to Morocco|
|1981-1990||Trustee, Long Island University|
|1981-1986||Chairman, U.S.-Japan Foundation, NYC|
|1981-1995||Chairman, World Affairs Council, Long Island|
|1986-1990||Chancellor, Long Island University, Southampton Campus|
|1988-1995||Chairman, Duke Family Association of NC|
|1992-1995||President, Council of American Ambassadors|
|1995||Died, Southampton, Long Island|
[Identification of item], The Angier Biddle Duke Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University
The papers of Angier Biddle Duke, Chief of Protocol and ambassador to Spain and Denmark under the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, were initially assembled in 1973. Continued donations through 1995 brought the collection to its present size and scope.
Processed by: Paula Jeannet; with the assistance of: Claude Fernandez, Julia Herron, and Jean Kaluk.
Completed January 10, 1997
Encoded by Paula Jeannet
Finding aid updated because of an addition by Alice Poffinberger, 5 February 2009
This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.