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Guide to the History of Medicine artifacts collection, 1550-1980s

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Summary

Collection of historical medical instruments and artifacts, art objects, realia, and other three-dimensional objects related to the history of medicine, primarily originating from Europe and the United States, but including some artifacts from China and Japan. Ranging in age from the late 16th to the late 20th centuries, objects include medical kits and pharmaceutical items (often in the original cases and bags); equipment used in amputation, obstetrics, opthalmology, surgery, urology, neurology, early electrical therapies, and in research and diagnostic settings; instructional objects such as anatomical models and figurines; and other objects such as apothecary jars, cupping glasses, infant feeders, a bas-relief memento mori, and fetish figures. There are many models of microscopes and stethoscopes, dating from the 17th to the 20th century. Forms part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

Collection Details

Collection Number
RL.10155
Title
History of Medicine artifacts collection
Date
1550-1980s
Creator
History of Medicine Collections (Duke University)
Extent
50 Linear Feet, about 850 items
Repository
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Series in This Collection

  1. W. Banks Anderson, Jr. Collection Artifacts, 19th century-1950s
  2. Cathy Angell Collection Artifacts, 20th century
  3. Beyer Family Collection Artifacts, 18th century-circa 1935
  4. Daryl Bigner Collection Artifacts, mid-20th century
  5. Warren Bird Collection Artifacts, 19th century
  6. Ronald Bost Collection Artifacts, circa 1890-circa 1915
  7. Ewald Busse Collection Artifacts, 1937 and undated
  8. Dr. Callaway Collection Artifacts, 18th or 19th century
  9. Virginia M. Carden Collection Artifacts, late 1940s-early 1950s
  10. Bayard Carter Collection Artifacts, mid-20th century
  11. Alphonsus Cobb Collection Artifacts, early to mid-19th century
  12. Dr. Wilbert C. Davison Collection Artifacts, 20th century
  13. Dr. Thomas Doxiades Collection Artifacts, undated
  14. L.M. Draper Collection Artifacts, 20th century
  15. Carl T. Durham Collection Artifacts, 19th century
  16. Harold P. Erickson Collection Artifacts, 20th century
  17. Bernard F. Fetter Collection Artifacts, 20th century
  18. Wilton G. Fritz Collection Artifacts, early to mid-20th century
  19. Eleanor B. Hall Collection Artifacts, undated
  20. J. Samuel Hammond Collection Artifacts, Mid-19th century to early 20th century
  21. Ellis Herndon Hudson Collection Artifacts, 1952
  22. D. Frank Hinnant Collection Artifacts, approximately 1917 and undated
  23. Charlotte S. Holt Collection Artifacts, 1961 and undated
  24. Elizabeth Kellogg Collection Artifacts, 1930s-1940s
  25. Henry E. Kolbe Collection Artifacts, 1912
  26. Dr. Wallace W. Lindahl Collection Artifacts, 1840s-1960s
  27. Caroline B. Long Collection Artifacts, undated
  28. Robert Machemer Collection Artifacts, mid-20th century
  29. Philip G. Maples Collection Artifacts, circa 1944-1947
  30. Prof. J. Horst Meyer Collection Artifacts, early 20th century
  31. Wallace E. Meyers Collection Artifacts, 19th century
  32. North Carolina Museum of Science and Art Collection Artifacts, 20th century and undated
  33. Dr. Elbert C. Persons Collection Artifacts, early 20th century
  34. Dr. James H. Semans Collection Artifacts, approximately 1860-mid-20th century
  35. Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans Collection of Artifacts
  36. Robert W. Severence Collection Artifacts, 1930s
  37. Dr. D.J. Smith Collection Artifacts, undated
  38. Dr. W.W. Stanfield Collection Artifacts, undated
  39. Dr. Haywood M. Taylor Collection Artifacts, approximately 1900
  40. Dr. Josiah Charles Trent Collection Artifacts, approximately 1650-late 19th century
  41. Richard Vann Collection Artifacts, 19th century
  42. Warner Wells Collection Artifacts, approximately 1940s
  43. George D. Wilbanks Collection Artifacts, approximately 1750-1952
  44. Robert Williams Collection Artifacts, approximately 1865-1940
  45. Anonymous Collection Artifacts

Collection Overview

Collection of historical medical instruments and artifacts, art objects, realia, and other three-dimensional objects, primarily originating from Europe and the United States, but including some artifacts from China and Japan. Ranging in age from the late 16th to the late 20th centuries, objects include physician's medical kits and pharmaceutical items (often in the original cases and bags); clinical equipment used in amputation, obstetrics, opthalmology, surgery, neurology, early electrical therapies, and in research and diagnostic settings; instructional objects such as anatomical models; and art objects such as apothecary jars, a bas-relief memento mori, a marble skull, and fetish figures. There are many models of microscopes, from a small monocular "flea glass" to mid-20th century models. Other early medical instruments and supplies include amputation saws, bleeding bowls, cupping glasses, hypodermic needles, infant and invalid feeders, lancets, opthalmoscopes, pill rollers, stethoscopes, syringes, and other items. A more unusual item - and one of the larger pieces - is an adult walker made of wood, dating perhaps to the 19th century or earlier.

There is also a large collection of early anatomical and diagnostic human models from China and continental Europe, in the shape of small, intricately detailed manikins. Most are made from ivory. Some feature removable anatomical parts, and female figures often include a removable fetus. There is also a model illustrating acupuncture points. Other instructional artifacts include glass slides used in medical school lectures.

Most of these objects were photographed by library staff; at a later time, digital images of almost all of the objects in the collection were added to the online Duke University Historical Images in Medicine database, linked in this collection guide. Many of the original black-and-white photographic prints are filed in the History of Medicine Picture File collection. See the Related Materials section in this collection guide for links to these resources.

Forms part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

More Biographical / Historical Info

Arrangement

Arranged by donor's last name, and within by the unique identifier assigned to each object by library staff. Items of unknown or uncertain provenance are listed in an "Anonymous" category at the end of the collection.

Using These Materials

A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 2 full business days in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More »

warning Access to the Collection

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator before coming to use this collection.

Collection is open for research.

Some of these items may be on display or are fragile, and require advance notice to view.

Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection.

All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

warning Use & Permissions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

More copyright and citation information

How to Cite

[Identification of item], History of Medicine artifacts collection, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Contents of the Collection

1. W. Banks Anderson, Jr. Collection Artifacts, 19th century-1950s

31 items

Artifacts donated by W. Banks Anderson, Jr., MD.

Zeiss compound monocular microscope

Zeiss compound monocular microscope with mechanical stage. Signed: Carl Zeiss, Jena, No. 41871. Brass and black laquer on a cast-iron base. This microscope has the jug handle design which was introduced in 1898. Basically a hand grip was added to the limb of the microscope; at its best, the handle was integrated and sleek. The style did not last long and ended before 1920. White lettering on the cast-iron horseshoe base indicates the microscope once belonged to Dr. Frederic Moir Hanes, chair of the Department of Medicine.

Dr. Carl Zeiss founded a business in Jena, Germany and began making microscopes in 1847. His was the dominant optical firm in the world from the beginning of the 20th century through 1945 when it was seperated into two firms following partition of Germany after World War II. Many firms have been associated with the Zeiss firm and have produced Zeiss products under license or as partners. Bausch & Lomb, which originated in Rochester, NY in 1853, was among those.

Box 91
Item hander0002
11 pairs of spectacles and eyeglasses

11 pairs of eyeglasses and spectacles: 1. "Harlequin" style with rhinestone frames. 1950s. 2. Spectacles, wire-rimmed 3. Spectacles, wire-rimmed 4. Pince-nez spectacles; round glass, silver frame. With case. 5. Bifocals; oval glass, gold frames. With case. 6. Pince-nez spectacles; oval glass, no frame, chain missing. With case. 7. Reverse half glasses (distance only); silver frame. With case. 8. Spectacles; round glass, silver frame with incised design. With case. 9. Bifocals; round glass, no frame, silver chain with hook. With case. 10. Pince-nez spectacles; oval glass, no frame, chain missing. With case. 11. Pince-nez spectacles; round glass, gold frame. With case.

Box 7
Item hander0004
Glass contact lenses, 20th century

Cornealschalen fur Lichtkoagulator. Ten glass lenses in wooden case.

Contact lenses were delivered with Duke Medical Center's first light coagulator (1950s?). Doris Duke donated the money for it. The machine was invented by Gerd Meyer Schwickernath.

Box 7
Item hander0005
Ophthalmology instruments

Ophthalmology instruments: four ivory handled instruments, marked Tiemann. Two stainless steel handled instruments, marked Germany: KNY-Scheerer. Wooden case with Tiemann label. New York: George Tiemann & Co. Instruments are from several different date ranges. George Tiemann & Co. has supplied surgical instruments since 1826.

Box 7
Item hander0006

2. Cathy Angell Collection Artifacts, 20th century

approx. 5 items

Donated by Cathy Angell

Compound binocular microscope, after 1920s

Compound binocular microscope. Black case with accessories. Signed: Spencer, Buffalo, USA.

Box 90
Item hangel0001

3. Beyer Family Collection Artifacts, 18th century-circa 1935

approx. 135 items

Artifacts donated by Dr. and Mrs. Emil C. Beyer.

Box mount microscope, approximately 1825

Compound monocular. Unsigned. Brass with wooden carrying case. The microscope attaches to a brass fitting on the top of the case which then acts as a base. Accessories included are brass opticals, a bull's-eye condenser, and ivory specimen slides.

In the 18th century there was a demand for microscopes which could be kept in a small space and carried into the field. The "pack-away" microscope reached its heyday between 1790 and 1830. Such instruments were made for the amateur market since no serious microscopist would want to keep dismantling his instrument. The Cary-type microscope came in a limited variety of sizes. This is one of the larger versions.

Box 93
Item hbeyer0001
Mortar and pestle, undated

Wood mortar and pestle. Decorative carved horizontal lines run around the outside of the mortar.

Box 56
Item hbeyer0003
Medicine chest, undated

Small flip-top mahogany chest with brass handle and one drawer. Accessories include empty glass bottles, scales and weights.

Box 42
Item hbeyer0004
Wyeth's Granular Effervescing Lithium Citrate patent medicine bottle, undated

Philadelphia: John Wyeth & Brother [n.d.] Blue glass bottle with glass cap. Original paper label.

Artifact-box 113
Item hbeyer0005
Medicine cup, undated

Glass medicine cup in a round wooden case. Cup is marked for dosage: tea, dessert, table.

Artifact-box 108
Item hbeyer0006
Infant feeder, approx. 1820

Staffordshire pottery decorated in blue transfer-printed design.

Artifact-box 116
Item hbeyer0007
Medium infant or invalid feeder, undated

Medium infant or invalid feeder. Ceramic with gold leaf trim. Multicolored floral design.

Artifact-box 110
Item hbeyer0008
Large infant or invalid feeder, undated

Ceramic with gold leaf trim. Multicolored floral design.

Artifact-box 115
Item hbeyer0009
Infant or invalid feeder, undated

Ceramic. Blue floral design.

Artifact-box 111
Item hbeyer0010
Nursing can or mammele, late 18th-mid 19th century

Made in Pennsylvania: tin, with flip top, handle at right angle to spout.

Artifact-box 12
Item hbeyer0011
Double-ended medicine spoon, 19th century

Pewter. Hinged for portability. The spoons are different sizes for two sizes of dose.

Artifact-box 109
Item hbeyer0012
Graduated cordial-style medicine glasses, undated

Ruby colored blown glass with etched grape vines.

Artifact-box 114
Item hbeyer0013
Infant or invalid feeder, undated

Ceramic. White on white raised floral design around the mouth of the feeder.

Artifact-box 112
Item hbeyer0014
Infant or invalid feeder, undated

White glazed pottery shaped to resemble a duck.

Artifact-box 10
Item hbeyer0015
Portable electrocardiograph, 1935?

"Simpli-trol" Portable Model Cambridge Electrocardiograph No. 0-0195503. In wooden case with metal latches; brass label identifies the original owner. Made for Henry A. Rogan, MD by the Cambridge Instrument Co., Inc.

Box 96
Item hbeyer0016
Collection of cupping glasses, undated

Examples of both blown and molded glasses.

Artifact-box 67
Item hbeyer0018
Wooden walker, American, 19th century?
Conditions Governing Access note

Please contact the Curator for the History of Medicine Collections directly to view item.

Item hbeyer0019
Piorry monaural stethoscope, early 19th century

Wood with ivory earpiece.

Box 57
Item hbeyer0020
Bloodletting fleam in leather case, undated

Fleam has three blades.

Box 92
Item hbeyer0021
Dissection set, 19th century

Nine-piece post-mortem dissecting set in wooden case by Wood & Son, Manchester, England; includes saw and hammer. Additional ivory handled pieces by Gary and Lawson.

Artifact-box 43
Item hbeyer0022
O'Dwyer's apparatus for intubation, approximately 1880

Apparatus for intubation of the larynx in case of diptheria. Gold-plated tubes of various sizes depending on the needs of the child; in velvet-lined wooden box with padded silk lid.

Artifact-box 11
Item hbeyer0023
Sterilizer, undated

Elliptical metal box with crowned caduceus on lid.

Box 2
Item hbeyer0024
Atomizers, undated

1) Glass vessel with metal sprayer 2) Glass vessel with rubber bulb

Box 2
Item hbeyer0025
Eye cup, undated

Glass eye cup

Box 2
Item hbeyer0026
Medicine bottle in metal case, undated
Box 2
Item hbeyer0027
Glass nipple shield, undated
Box 2
Item hbeyer0028
Dr. John Hooper's female pills, 1743

Elliptical wooden case with printing on the top of lid. Originally contained 40 pills.

Artifact-box 60
Item hbeyer0029
Urinals, undated

Two are made of glass and one of pottery.

Box 36
Item hbeyer0030
Assorted glassware

Bottles (includes labeled and embossed); patent medicines (in bottles, tins and packages); pharmaceutical measures

Box 8, 15, 16, 17, 78
Item hbeyer0031
Marble skull, undated
Box 3
Item hbeyer0032
Unidentified metal instrument, undated

Made by Boehm Surgical Instrument Corp., Rochester, N.Y. In damaged shagreen case, lined in green velvet.

Box 2
Item hbeyer0033
Earthenware inhaler, approximately 1875 (modern replica)

Replica of Maw's double-valved earthenware inhaler. London: S. Maw Son & Thompson

Box 43
Item hbeyer0034
Mortar and pestle, approximately late 19th-early 20th century

Made of pottery by B. E. and Co. Best. Item is damaged.

Used by Bracklo Bros., Apothecaries, 10 Greenwich St., New York

Box 43
Item hbeyer0035
Small silver instrument case, undated
Box 4
Item hbeyer0037
General purpose medical and surgical kit, 19th century

Philadelphia: Charles Lentz & Sons. Includes leather carrying case (straps are broken off); and wooden case with brass fittings.

Box 59
Item hbeyer0038
Small medicine case with snap, early 20th century

Contains four empty bottles. Black leather case is damaged.

Box 4
Item hbeyer0040
Small medicine case with Red Cross snap, early 20th century

Contains seven empty bottles in black leather case.

Box 4
Item hbeyer0041
Rosewood medicine chest, 19th century

Folding rosewood medicine chest with mother of pearl inlay and silver handle made in England. Some damage to wood & inlay. Includes key. Chest contains large glass stoppered bottles (some with contents), mother of pearl balance, brass weights, graduate, funnel, mortar & pestle, and miscellaneous instruments.

Box 91
Item hbeyer0042
Surgical instruments in velvet-lined oak case, 18th century

Wooden case with brass fittings, made in England. Damaged: Cover detached. Approximately 18 pieces including two trephines and bone brush.

Artifact-box 71
Item hbeyer0044
Korseal filling and closing apparatus, probably late 19th century

Wooden box; lid detached. Instructions pasted inside lid. Made for J.M. Grosvenor & Co., Boston, Massachusetts.

Box 69
Item hbeyer0045
Homeopathic medicine chest, late 19th century

New York: Boericke Homeopathic Pharmacy. Wooden box with key, containing 61 glass bottles with labels and marked stoppers.

Box 66
Item hbeyer0046
Homeopathic medicine chest, late 19th century

Rosewood box with key. Metal inlaid disc is missing from lid. Includes 29 glass vials with labels and contents. Humphrey's Specific Homeopathic Remedies" chart pasted inside lid.

Box 66
Item hbeyer0047
Homeopathic medicine chest with drawer, 19th century

Liverpool & Birkenhead: Joseph Marples Homeopathic Chemist. Wood; no key. Contents include 57 glass vials with labels and marked stoppers; three empty vials; six bottles of liquid preparation; one empty bottle. Spatula with wooden handle. Also found in drawer: Nos 8, 37, 40 of Wills's Cigarettes First Aid Series collectible cards.

Artifact-box 70
Item hbeyer0048
Wooden massager, undated

Wooden roller on metal handle.

Box 13
Item hbeyer0049
Tooth key with bone handle and four hooks, undated
Box 13
Item hbeyer0050
Lactometer, undated

Lactometer for milk in wooden tube.

Box 27
Item hbeyer0053
Alcohol lamp in chrome box, undated

Item is pocket-size; stamped on bottom: U.S.A. M.D. Used to disolve powders and pills into solution for injection.

Artifact-box 140
Item hbeyer0054
Loring's ophthalmoscope, late 19th or early 20th century

Ivory handle; in leather case.

Artifact-box 139
Item hbeyer0055
Dental care kit, undated

Four steel instruments and one ivory handle, in shagreen-covered case with mirror in lid.

Artifact-box 138
Item hbeyer0057

4. Daryl Bigner Collection Artifacts, mid-20th century

2 items

Artifacts donated by Daryl Bigner, MD.

Compound monocular microscope, mid-20th century

Brass and black laquer; signed: Bauch & Lomb Optical Co., Rochester, N.Y., USA. Original wooden case; no accessories are included.

Box 80
Item hbigne0001

5. Warren Bird Collection Artifacts, 19th century

1 items

Artifact donated by the estate of Warren Bird.

Purified talcum powder, 19th century

Morganton, NC: Spake Pharmacy.

Box 4
Item hbirdw0001

6. Ronald Bost Collection Artifacts, circa 1890-circa 1915

approx. 20 items

Artifact donated by Dr. Ronald Bost.

Military surgery set, circa 1915

Mahogany case with two lift-out trays of surgical instruments. The Kny-Scheerer Co., New York. Includes small packet of sutures from George Tiemann & Co. New York. Plate on top is engraved with "Med Dept. U.S.A."

Artifact-box 53
Item hbost0001
Field surgeon's amputation kit, circa 1890

Amputation kit in oak case; includes packet of surgical silk cord from Archibald Turner & Co. Case is damaged.

Artifact-box 52
Item hbost0002

7. Ewald Busse Collection Artifacts, 1937 and undated

approx. 20 items

Artifacts donated by Ewald W. Busse, MD.

Ophthalmoscope, undated

Bausch & Lomb ophthalmoscope in box with accessories.

Box 65
Item hbusse0001
Hemoglobinometer, 1937

Marked: "Sahli-Adams improved non-fade hemometer. New York: Clay-Adams Co., Inc." Combination hemacytometer and hemometer outfit in box with accessories.

Box 65
Item hbusse0002
Hippocrates plaque, undated
Box 1
Item hbusse0004
Aesculapius plaque, undated
Box 1
Item hbusse0005
Hippocrates plaque, undated

Depicts a physician with patient.

Box 1
Item hbusse0006

8. Dr. Callaway Collection Artifacts, 18th or 19th century

3 items

Artifacts donated by Dr. Callaway.

Cupping jar, undated

Small metal cupping jar.

Box 49
Item hcalla0001
Doctor's sign: Dr. R.G. Barclay, undated

Made of metal.

Box 49
Item hcalla0002
Three-blade folding fleam with brass shield, 18th or 19th century
Box 49
Item hcalla0003

9. Virginia M. Carden Collection Artifacts, late 1940s-early 1950s

2 items

Artifacts donated by Virginia M. Carden.

Pair of plastic contact lenses in case, late 1940s-early 1950s

Originally belonged to Ginger Carden's mother.

Box 7
Item hcarde0001

10. Bayard Carter Collection Artifacts, mid-20th century

approx. 40 items

Artifacts donated by Bayard Carter, MD.

Glass slides for Dr. Carter's obstetrics and gynecology lectures, mid-20th century

Slides include lecture text, historical illustrations, and pathology examples. In two wooden slide boxes.

Bayard Carter was the first chair of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Duke University, 1931-1964.

Artifact-box 50
Item hcarte0001
Artifact-box 51
Item hcarte0001

11. Alphonsus Cobb Collection Artifacts, early to mid-19th century

approx. 5 items

Artifacts donated by Alphonsus Cobb.

Amputation set, early to mid-19th century

Civil War amputation set in wooden box with brass plate on lid, engraved with initials: BFC

Box 107
Item hcobba0001

12. Dr. Wilbert C. Davison Collection Artifacts, 20th century

2 items

Artifacts donated by Dr. Wilbert C. Davison

Bas-relief sculpture of head of Sir William Osler by Doris Appel, mid-20th century

Bas-relief sculpture of head of Sir William Osler by Doris Appel (1904-1995). Lynn, Massachusetts: Doris Appel Medical Sculptures

Given after Dr. Davison retired to Roaring Gap, N.C.

Box 41
Item hdavis0001
Laennec stethoscope, 20th century

From Wyeth Laboratories. Small scale replica on wooden stand.

Box 3
Item hdavis0002

13. Dr. Thomas Doxiades Collection Artifacts, undated

1 items

Artifacts donated by Dr. Thomas Doxiades

Gavel of wood from the plane-tree of Hippocrates, undated

Gavel of wood from the plane-tree of Hippocrates on the Island of Cos.

Presented to the University Medical Center by Dr. Thomas Doxiades.

Box 60
Item hdoxia0001

14. L.M. Draper Collection Artifacts, 20th century

108 items

Artifacts donated by Mrs. L.M. Draper.

Collection of medical instruments from the practice of Dr. L.M. Draper, 20th century

Collection of 108 medical instruments from the practice of Dr. L.M. Draper. Contents include: Amputation pincers, retractors, syringes, pelvimeter, wooden handle obstetric forceps, wide variety of forceps and specula.

Many examples are unique to the collection.

Artifact-box 38
Item hdrape0001
Artifact-box 39
Item hdrape0001
Artifact-box 40
Item hdrape0001

15. Carl T. Durham Collection Artifacts, 19th century

2 items

Artifacts donated by Carl T. Durham.

Meerschaum pipe, 19th century

Pipe has hand-carved bowl. Housed in fitted leather satin-lined case.

Box 60
Item hdurha0001

16. Harold P. Erickson Collection Artifacts, 20th century

1 items

Artifact donated by Harold P. Erickson, PhD.

Simple Leeuwenhoek model microscope, late 17th century (replica)

20th century replica of a Leeuwenhoek microscope, mounted in plexiglass box.

Gift of Prof. John W. Everett.

Artifact-box 7
Item herick0001

17. Bernard F. Fetter Collection Artifacts, 20th century

approx. 30 items

Artifacts donated by Bernard F. Fetter, MD; William J. Fetter, MD.

Pocket hypodermic needle kit, early 20th century

Pocket hypodermic needle kit. Rounded metal case.

Box 57
Item hfette0001
Air-inflated pessary, undated

Marked with Providence, RI: Davol Rubber Co., size 4.

Artifact-box 34
Item hfette0003
Collection of medical instruments, mid-20th century

Consists of instruments from the respective medical practices of the Drs. Fetter: uterine dilator, square hemometer tube, Eisenstein ecto-endo cervical scraper, hypodermic syringe, glass jars, brass colored hook for excising tumors, metal basin, stethoscope, dressing forceps, obstetrical forceps, cyrtometer, post-nasal forceps, tenaculum forceps, clamp with handle, speculum, diagnostic aesthesiometric, percussor, rubber air bag and metal tube.

Artifact-box 27
Item hfette0005
Artifact-box 28
Item hfette0005
Artifact-box 29
Item hfette0005
Electrocautery set, mid-20th century

Transformer in walnut housing with pistol, cautery tips, and gyn-a-lite. Marked with Elmhurst, NY: National Electric Instrument Co. Model no. 900.

Artifact-box 33
Item hfette0006
Diaphragm chestpieces for Fleischer stethoscope, mid-20th century

Three diaphragm chestpieces, marked Rutherford, NJ: Becton Dickinson & Co. Housed in two soft pouches.

Box 48
Item hfette0007
Squibb urinometer, undated

Rochester, NY: Will Corporation. Housed in original packaging.

Box 48
Item hfette0008
Sprague Rappaport type stethoscope, mid-20th century

Sprague Rappaport type stethoscope. St. Petersburg, FL: BMS Model SR-2 in original box.

Box 48
Item hfette0013

18. Wilton G. Fritz Collection Artifacts, early to mid-20th century

approx. 36 items

Artifacts donated by Wilton G. Fritz, MD.

Simpson obstetric forceps, early 20th century?

One forceps, made of stainless steel. Used by Dr. Fritz's father in his medical practice.

Artifact-box 26
Item hfritz0001
Obstetrics and gynecology instruments, mid-20th century

Approximately 35 instruments, including forceps, made of stainless steel. Used by Dr. Fritz (Duke, 1944) in his medical practice.

Artifact-box 24
Item hfritz0002
Artifact-box 25
Item hfritz0002

19. Eleanor B. Hall Collection Artifacts, undated

10 items

Artifacts donated by Eleanor B. Hall.

Nine cupping glasses with knobs, undated

Collection of cupping glasses from unknown source, with waxed wicking and cone wick. Cone wick was made by Mrs. Hall in the manner she had seen it used.

Box 11
Item hhalle0001

20. J. Samuel Hammond Collection Artifacts, Mid-19th century to early 20th century

9 items

Artifacts donated by J. Samuel Hammond.

Kaz electric vaporizer, 1950s?

New York: Kaz Manufacturing Co. Vaporizer with original box, instructions & medication.

Box 82
Item hhammo0001
Three pairs of spectacles/eyeglasses, 19th-20th centuries

American spectacles include: 1. Small oval lens with wire frame. Mid 19th century or early 20th century [Webster County, Georgia ?]; in black case with cleaning cloth 2. Octagonal lens, no frame, gold wire legs. Early 20th century. [Americus, Georgia?] 3. Round lens with gold wire frame, plastic covered legs. Early 20th century [Americus, Georgia?].

Box 7
Item hhammo0002

21. Ellis Herndon Hudson Collection Artifacts, 1952

97 items

Artifacts donated by Ellis Herndon Hudson.

Glass slide illustrations for Ellis Herndon Hudson's book on bejel, 1952

Housed in two wooden boxes: Box 1 - 46 slides, Box 2 - 51 slides. The wooden boxes are marked with the date 1952.

Illustrations for his book, Non-venereal syphilis; a sociological and medical study of bejel. (1958)

Box 50
Item hhudso0001

22. D. Frank Hinnant Collection Artifacts, approximately 1917 and undated

6 items

Artifacts donated by D. Frank Hinnant.

Asafoetida amulet, approximately 1917

Asafoetida amulet for child who died in 1917.

Artifact-box 130
Item hhinna0001
Glass pharmaceutical bottles, including asafoetida, undated

Five bottles, some with original contents.

Artifact-box 134
Item hhinna0002

23. Charlotte S. Holt Collection Artifacts, 1961 and undated

53 items

Artifacts donated by The Estate of Charlotte S. Holt.

Bas-relief sculpture of infant in breech, 1961

Plaster bas-relief by Holt. "G35" inscribed on reverse. Holt was a medical illustrator. Originally part of an exhibit she created with Dr. Frederick H. Falls for the Illinois State Department of Public Health.

Box 93
Item hholtc0001
Obstetrical forceps and model baby heads, undated

Obstetrical forceps and model baby heads created by Holt. Three sets of rubber heads with forceps. Salvaged from a damaged display.

Artifact-box 5
Item hholtc0002
Artifact-box 6
Item hholtc0002
Bas-relief sculpture of infant, 1961

Demonstrates fetal fractures of skull and clavicle. Created by Holt from plaster, hand-colored. "#45 OB-Forceps Ex." on reverse of sculpture. Originally part of an exhibit created with Dr. Frederick H. Falls for the Illinois State Department of Public Health.

Box 87
Item hholtc0003
Original exhibit drawings, approximately 1961

Drawings are of fetuses in utero and obstetrical techniques, hand-drawn by illustrator Charlotte Holt for an exhibit, likely the same as described in the other entries for the Holt artifacts collection. Accompanied by large exhibit caption cards. No online image.

Box 84
Item hholtc0004

24. Elizabeth Kellogg Collection Artifacts, 1930s-1940s

1 items

Artifacts donated by Elizabeth Kellogg.

Bausch & Lomb microscope, 1930s-1940s

Inscription reads "Med. Dept. U.S. Army." Made of black cast iron.

Artifact-box 129
Item hkello0001

25. Henry E. Kolbe Collection Artifacts, 1912

1 items

Artifacts donated by Henry E. Kolbe.

Silver suture ring, 1912

Silver ring made from surgical sutures.

Mary R. Kolbe, had the ring made from silver sutures used to close her surgical incision. The surgeon was Dr. Joseph Colt Bloodgood of Baltimore.

Artifact-box 35
Item hkolbe0001

26. Dr. Wallace W. Lindahl Collection Artifacts, 1840s-1960s

approx. 30 items

Artifacts donated by Dr. Wallace W. Lindahl, MD.

Cupping set, 19th century

Made in England. Consists of a set of glass cups with brass aspirating syringe in velvet-lined mahogany case.

Artifact-box 82
Item hlinda0001
Medical instruments, chiefly 20th century

Sphygmomanometer and blood pressure cuff, 1960s. Velcro model. Obstetric forceps, vaginal speculum, dilators, ice box, stethoscope, two pieces of large laboratory glass

Box 75
Item hlinda0002
Small pharmaceutical kit in leather bag, undated

Small pharmaceutical kit in leather bag with handle. One of the end the bag has stitching torn loose. Includes glass vials, most with contents intact.

Box 61
Item hlinda0003
Homeopathic bag, 1840s-1880s

Homeopathic bag. St. Louis: A. S. Aloe & Co. Glass vials with cork stoppers. Contents intact. Leather box with metal fittings - handles missing. Name engraved of silver plate on cover: Dr. E.L. Smith.

Box 66
Item hlinda0004
Black zippered doctor's bag, undated

Black zippered doctor's bag. Contents include: Taylor's reflex hammer with rubber head & four glass thermometers of different styles.

Box 75
Item hlinda0005
Medicine case with medications in ampules, undated

Small leather medicine case with various medications in one or two cc single use ampules. Part of the contents of doctor's obstetrical bag (Acc # HLINDA0011).

Artifact-box 54
Item hlinda0006
Sims' speculum with duck bill blades, undated

Part of contents of doctor's obstetrical bag (Acc # HLINDA0011).

Artifact-box 56
Item hlinda0007
Brinkerhoff anal speculum with sliding blade, undated

Part of the contents of doctor's obstetrical bag (Acc # HLINDA0011).

Artifact-box 55
Item hlinda0008
Blunt hook and crochet for obstetrical use, undated

Blunt hook and crochet for obstetrical use. Part of the contents of doctor's obstetrical bag (Acc # HLINDA0011).

Box 89
Item hlinda0009
Dr. Young's perfection self-retaining rectal dilators, undated

Chicago: F.E. Young & Co. Four dilators in box with instructions. Part of the contents of doctor's obstetrical bag (Acc # HLINDA0011).

Artifact-box 57
Item hlinda0010
Doctor's obstetrical bag, late 19th-early 20th century

Leather bag (damaged). Contents include: four empty glass stoppered bottles, blunt hook and crochet, canula, Sims' speculum with duck bill blades, Brinkerhoff anal speculum, rectal dilators, hypodermic kit in leather box, stethoscope and blood pressure cuff. Items have individual records; see above.

Artifact-box 73
Item hlinda0011

27. Caroline B. Long Collection Artifacts, undated

approx. 10 items

Artifacts donated by Caroline B. Long.

Boston-style doctor's bag, undated

Black leather bag containing assorted medical instruments.

Box 69
Item hlongc0001

28. Robert Machemer Collection Artifacts, mid-20th century

9 items

Artifacts donated by Robert Machemer, MD.

Erisophake, mid-20th century

Marked V. Mueller & Co., USA. Includes handle with eight interchangeable cups.

Used for removal of cataractous lens until the 1960s. Invented in 1917 by Ignacio Barraquer and improved in 1948 by A. E. Bell. The little cup was applied to the surface of the lens, suction was applied, then the cup with the adherent lens pulled out of the eye through a large corneal opening.

Box 4
Item hmachm0001

29. Philip G. Maples Collection Artifacts, circa 1944-1947

1 items

Artifacts donated by Philip G. Maples.

Nurse apron, circa 1944-1947

Student nurse fabric apron with five pearl stud buttons.

Box 63
Item hmaple0001

30. Prof. J. Horst Meyer Collection Artifacts, early 20th century

1 items

Artifacts donated by Prof. J. Horst Meyer, DSC.

"Styptic" case, early 20th century

Tin styptic case; on the lid is the name of Prof. Dr. Hans Horst Meyer, the grandfather of the donor. Marked with Blutstillende Stryphnonwatte... Wein und Klosterneuberg: Pharmazeutische Industrie AG.

Box 4
Item hmeyeh0001

31. Wallace E. Meyers Collection Artifacts, 19th century

1 items

Donated by Wallace E. Meyers.

Hot water bottle, 19th century

Metal hot water bottle.

Artifact-box 59
Item hmeyer0001

32. North Carolina Museum of Science and Art Collection Artifacts, 20th century and undated

approx. 10 items

Artifacts donated by North Carolina Museum of Science and Art.

Pneumothorax apparatus, mid-20th century

Marked: McKesson pneumothor. Toledo, Ohio: McKesson Appliance Co. Model 450; serial no. 1038. Item is housed in case.

Box 80
Item hncmsa0001
Bone-tip enema syringe, undated

Wooden case - velvet lined. No key.

Used by Dr. William Studwick of Hillsborough. Given on behalf of the NC Museum of Science & Art by Dr. Thomas Krakauer.

Box 29
Item hncmsa0002
Laboratory glassware in wooden stand, undated

Brass handles on each side.

Given on behalf of the NC Museum of Science & Art by Dr. Thomas Krakauer.

Box 25
Item hncmsa0003

33. Dr. Elbert C. Persons Collection Artifacts, early 20th century

1 items

Artifacts donated by Dr. Elbert C. Persons.

Microscope attachment, early 20th century

Kreuztisch 141 [cross-table] brass microscope attachment. Wetzlar: Ernst Leitz. Item is housed in case.

Box 29
Item hperso0001

34. Dr. James H. Semans Collection Artifacts, approximately 1860-mid-20th century

approx. 66 items

Artifacts donated by Dr. James H. Semans.

Society of Arts Prize model microscope, approximately 1860

Includes a drawer and accessories. [Horne, Thornthwaite and Wood, London?] This all-brass instrument with a claw-footed base is mounted on a wooden stand which was made to slide into its case. Before storage the body-tube would have to have been detached. One of the accessories is a bull's eye condenser lens attached to an adjustable arm which was intended to be inserted through a pillar, allowing it to stand independently of the microscope.

The original version of this educational microscope was made in 1854 by G. Field of Birmingham.

Artifact-box 49
Item hseman0001
Cloisonne jar, undated

Round lidded box with abstract floral patterns.

Box 27
Item hseman0002
Pocket hypodermic kit, undated

Contains hypodermic needles and stylets. Engraved silver case.

Box 60
Item hseman0003
Collection of urology instruments for perineal prostatectomy, 20th century

Instruments were used by Dr. Semans in his practice.

Contents: anterior perineal retractor for bulbous urethra; posterior perineal retractor for central ligament; two long Allis clips; three long curved Allis clips; suture carriers - two straight and three curved; four long perineal hemostats; urethral sound with attachment for flexible urethral probe (without probe); telescope for oblique lens; MacCarthy urethroscope with obturator; obturator without barrel - small for child; large for adult; syringe (without needle); scissors for transurethral meatotomy; syringe for lavage; Wilford Council transurethral utero-lithotome; urethral guide for urethroscope; rubber tube to force fluid through urethra; catheterizing cystoscope; stylet to keep catheter stiff while threading into urethra; two swabbers to clean cystoscope; MacCarthy transurethral resectoscope; electrical cords for the resectoscope; electric light to illuminate a cavity; attachment for a cystoscope to help hold steady; four cases of cystoscope light bulbs; four lugs for conduct of water; two washers; Luer-lock; four caps; obturator; two valves; catheter guide; five sounds for stretching; phenolsulfaphthaleine (PSP); washer for lavage; glass connector for rubber tubing; metal beads.

Box 79
Item hseman0004
Bronze mortar with two handles (lacks pestle), undated
Artifact-box 92
Item HMDBTS0001
Bronze mortar and pestle; patterned relief of leaves and silhouettes, undated
Artifact-box 75
Item HMDBTS0002
Bronze mortar and pestle; two small handles; vertical relief, undated
Artifact-box 76
Item HMDBTS0003
Bronze mortar and pestle; patterned relief of silhouettes, undated
Artifact-box 77
Item HMDBTS0004
Bronze mortar and pestle; patterned relief of leaves and other design, undated
Artifact-box 74
Item HMDBTS0005
Monaural stethoscope with ivory ear and bell piece, undated

Inscription on stethoscope: Dr. Scott 369 Grand N. Exeter Hall. Flexible monaural stethoscopes were introduced around 1832. These were tubes of coiled spring covered with woven silk, usually 14 to 18 inches long, with a chest piece at one end and usually a very short, straight earpiece at the other.

Artifact-box 127
Item HMDBTS0006
19th century (?) chain saw for bone resection with metal handles, undated
Artifact-box 126
Item HMDBTS0007
Two glass vials with spouts, undated
Artifact-box 99
Item HMDBTS0008
Bone- or ivory-handled dental key (one hook), undated
Artifact-box 122
Item HMDBTS0009
Large metal ear trumpet, undated
Artifact-box 90
Item HMDBTS0010
Brass scarficator in case, undated

Scarifcator has 12 blades; no other markings on scarifcator or box.

Artifact-box ?
Item HMDBTS0011
Circumcision knife and shield in leather case (Muneles & Inwald Juveline Prag?), undated
Artifact-box 128
Item HMDBTS0012
Green tinted glass bottle (Amer 33/ 1820), 1820
Artifact-box 101
Item HMDBTS0013
19th century nursing bottle, undated
Artifact-box 121
Item HMDBTS0014
Early American nursing bottle, 1790?
Artifact-box 100
Item HMDBTS0015
Early American nursing bottle, 1800
Artifact-box 118
Item HMDBTS0016
Blue tinted eyeglasses in leather case, undated

Case stamped A.H. Kennedy 246 N. Second St. Philadelphia.

Artifact-box 96
Item HMDBTS0017
Tortoise shell case with two lancets, undated
Artifact-box ?
Item HMDBTS0018
Small leather case of ivory handled dissecting instruments, undated

Seven small ivory handled tools; top case lowers to reveal two more tools (red velvet lined case); 11 instruments total. Label in case says "Dissecting instruments of the best quality, manufactured by P. Madeira Eight Street, two doors below Chestnut, Philadelphia".

Artifact-box 87
Item HMDBTS0019
Small red leather case with ivory handled dental tools, undated

Red leather case; blue velvet interior. 8 pieces total.

Artifact-box 95
Item HMDBTS0020
Metal tin with brass scales, undated

Outer lid of tin has bird; inside is bright orange; small mss included w/ wts?

Artifact-box 89
Item HMDBTS0021
One pair of round eyeglasses, undated
Artifact-box 94
Item HMDBTS0022
Unknown ivory? handled tool (damaged), undated
Artifact-box 123
Item HMDBTS0023
Circumcision knife in brown leather stamped/tooled case, undated

Outer case elaborately stamped; inside has green lining; knife with gold / glass handle.

Artifact-box 124
Item HMDBTS0024
Double brass? medicine spoon, undated
Artifact-box 97
Item HMDBTS0025
Sterling Silver Chatelaine Glasses Case with glasses, undated

Back of case is leather - has small metal chain and clip.

Artifact-box 120
Item HMDBTS0026
Spring lancet in green leather case, undated

Inscribed Wiegand & Snowden.

Artifact-box ?
Item HMDBTS0027
Ivory handled ophthalmoscope, undated

No marking or inscription, only "35" on the back.

Artifact-box ?
Item HMDBTS0028
Small metal syringe, undated
Artifact-box 98
Item HMDBTS0029
Knife in wooden box, undated
Artifact-box 91
Item HMDBTS0030
Small surgical/bloodletting tool set in folding leather case, undated

Includes tweezers, tortoise shield lancets, scissors, catheter. Otto & Reynders Surg Inst Trusses 64 Chatam St NY.

Artifact-box 88
Item HMDBTS0031
Hammer with wooden handle, undated
Artifact-box 93
Item HMDBTS0032
"Craftsman" saw, undated
Artifact-box 86
Item HMDBTS0033
16 blade brass square scarificator, undated
Artifact-box 125
Item HMDBTS0034
Sterling Silver Chatelaine Glasses Case with glasses, undated
Artifact-box 131
Item HMDBTS0035
Spring lancet in brown leather case, undated
Artifact-box 102
Item HMDBTS0036
3 blade brass fleam in leather case, undated
Artifact-box ?
Item HMDBTS0037
Perkins tractors, late 18th century

Elisha Perkins (1741-99) of CT claimed to draw out pains from any part of the body using this pair of metal rods (one silver, one brass).

Artifact-box 119
Item HMDBTS0038
Asian medicine doll, undated
Artifact-box 79
Item HMDBTS0039

36. Robert W. Severence Collection Artifacts, 1930s

2 items

Artifacts donated by Robert W. Severence.

Sphygmomanometer and stethoscope, 1930s

Sphygmomanometer is a baumanometer. New York: W.A. Baum Co. Engraved plate on cover with Dr. Easley's name.

Box 57
Item hsever0001

37. Dr. D.J. Smith Collection Artifacts, undated

2 items

Artifacts donated by Dr. D.J. Smith.

Fused glass specimen, undated

Housed in wooden box made for shipping this item.

Unknown material, possibly silica glass. One common way in which lechatelierite forms naturally is by very high temperature melting of quartz sand during a lightning strike. Lechatelierite may also form artificially, a unique example being the trinitite produced by melting of quartz sand at the first nuclear bomb explosion at Trinity Flats, White Sands, New Mexico.

Box 97
Item hsmith0001

38. Dr. W.W. Stanfield Collection Artifacts, undated

5 items

Artifacts donated by Dr. W.W. Stanfield.

Bleeding bowl, undated
Artifact-box 68
Item hstanf0001
Scarificator

Single blade scarificator in leather case, undated

Box 51
Item hstanf0002
Brass mortar and pestle, undated

Brass mortar and pestle

Box 51
Item hstanf0003

39. Dr. Haywood M. Taylor Collection Artifacts, approximately 1900

approx. 10 items

Artifacts donated by Dr. and Mrs. Haywood M. Taylor.

Medicine chest, approximately 1900

Portable medicine chest, Philadelphia, Lentz & Sons, Co. Comes in leather case with shoulder strap. Filled with empty pharmacy jars (no content, no labels).

Engraved metal plate on cover identifies original owner as H.E. Fernold, M.D. The donor, Dr. Taylor, was a member of the original staff of Duke Hospital.

Box 64
Item htaylo0001

40. Dr. Josiah Charles Trent Collection Artifacts, approximately 1650-late 19th century

over 50 items

Artifacts donated by Dr. Josiah Charles Trent.

Some of these items may be on display or are fragile, and require advance notice to view. Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to use this collection.

R. & J. Beck Compound binocular microscope, mid-19th century

Signed: R. & J. Beck, London & Philadelphia, 8292. Brass and lacquer microscope with curved "Lister Limb" (the arm which attached to the body tube to the base) which was designed by Joseph Jackson Lister.

The firm began as Smith and Beck in 1847 and became R. & J. Beck in 1869 and eventually Beck & Beck. It was one of the first British makers to develop factory production methods and to manufacture to standard dimensions.

Box 31
Item htrent0001
Compound monocular microscope, early 19th century

Entirely of brass, including the round base. The wooden case has a few surviving accessories including: a small case of specimen slides with identifying label inside the top of the case. It is unsigned.

Artifact-box 37
Item htrent0002
Culpepper-type compound monocular microscope, 18th century

Unsigned. Brass with scrolled legs.

Artifact-box 84
Item htrent0003
Compound monocular microscope, after 1875

This unsigned brass microscope is mounted on a rectangular metal base with a black matte finish. The stage is supported by two round pillars and can be adjusted to tilt. The body-tube swivels from the pillar to which the stage is attached and has a bull's-eye condenser fixed to the front on a jointed arm. The mirror is missing.

Box 92
Item htrent0004
Bull's-eye condenser, undated
Artifact-box 48
Item htrent0005
Pillischer achromatic microscope, approximately 1870

Compound binocular, signed: M. Pillischer, London, No. 1441. This brass microscope has four high-quality objective lenses and two sets of eyepieces housed in the original wooden case with brass handle.

A great advance in optics was achieved in the mid 19th century with the development of achromatic lenses. These employed a combination of lens elements, constructed from two or more different types of glass, to correct the spherical and chromatic aberations that had limited the image quality and resolution of lenses for the previous two hundred years. The optical binocular vision is different from that in modern microscopes. It reduces resolution slightly but gives a stereoscopic image.

Box 58
Item htrent0006
Zeiss compound monocular microscope, 19th century

Signed: Carl Zeiss, Jena, No. 27233. Brass with black lacquered iron base. Wooden case with metal label: E. Admet, Paris. Accessories include lens and occulars.

Dr. Carl Zeiss founded a business in Jena, Germany and began making microscopes in 1847. His was the dominant optical firm in the world from the beginning of the 20th century through 1945 when it was separated into two firms following partition of Germany after World War II. Many firms have been associated with the Zeiss firm and have produced Zeiss products under license or as partners. Bausch & Lomb, which originated in Rochester, N.Y. in 1853, was among those.

Box 55
Item htrent0007
Screw-barrel microscope, 18th century

Simple monocular microscope, signed E. Culpepper, Londini. Brass with ivory handle. Housed in a small box covered in fish-skin and lined with green velvet. Some of the original parts are missing (notably the extension for opaque objects); however, it does include: six brass-mounted objectives, four ivory sliders, one brass slider, or animalcule cage, for living specimens, one opaque specimen holder with black and white disks and forceps, and one small ivory talc box.

Developed by 1710, the brass screw-barrel microscope was the most common pocket microscope produced by instument makers in the 18th century. Intended primarily for tranparent specimens, this single lens microscope's small size, ease of use, and low price made it quite popular among amateurs. Normally held by an ivory handle screwed to the side of the body, the microscope could also be mounted via a ball joint at the top of a pillar which stood on a flat tripod. Over time many modifications were made to the original design and numerous accessories were employed which allowed a broader range of use.

Box 98
Item htrent0008
Nkisi Nkondi, African healing statue

Nkisi Nkondi. African healing statue. BaKongo, Congo - between 1880 and 1910. Wood, pigment, metal and glass.

Minkisi (singular nkisi) are ritual objects used by the BaKongo (people of the Congo) for oath taking and healing. They are complex objects that derive their power from the dead, and to them, paradoxically, have been attributed the abilities both to afflict and to heal, to visit good as well as evil on a person.

Artifact-box 41
Item htrent0009
Mortar and pestle

Made of brass, with decorative abstract floral design on the outside of the mortar.

Box 53
Item htrent0010
Mortar and pestle, 1869?

Bronze, with two small decorative handles on the sides of the mortar. The outside of the mortar is ringed with fleurs-de-lis with a single unidentifiable medallion on the front. Signed: Nicolas Buret (?). On bottom of mortar: 1869 XVIII --- [remainer illegible]

Box 53
Item htrent0011
Inro medicine box, undated

Five-compartment box of carved brown laquer, unidentitied origin. Scene depicts a scholar sitting in a pavillion.

Inro, first made around 1600 in the form they are known today, are small, highly decorated, multicompartmented boxes or cases that mainly carried medicines, tobacco, cosmetics, or perfumes.

Artifact-box 133
Item htrent0012
Inro medicine box, undated

Five-compartment box, painted red and gold on a black laquer ground and depicting a pastoral scene with bamboo fence and screen. Unidentified origin.

Inro, first made around 1600 in the form they are known today, are small, highly decorated, multicompartmented boxes or cases that mainly carried medicines, tobacco, cosmetics, or perfumes.

Artifact-box 132
Item htrent0013
Home medicine chest, approximately 1830

English-made, in a walnut case in double-fronted cupboard style with ivory knobs and brass drawer pull. Accessories include scales, mortar and pestle, glass measuring cups and funnel. Custom made glass bottles with contents intact.

Home medicine chests such as the walnut one shown here helped families to manage illnesses by having a convenient stock of ready made medicines close at hand. The typical chest contained an assortment of powders, tonics, and salves along with a copy of a home medical manual. An ivory crochet hook, found in a drawer of this chest, was used to hang the scales needed to weigh ingredients. Larger chests had additional bottles in a back compartment concealed by a sliding panel.

Box 94
Item htrent0014
Ecorche, 18th century

Italy; made of bronze.

Box 93
Item htrent0015
Portrait bust of Dr. Josiah Charles Trent by Antonio Salemme

Portrait bust of Dr. Josiah Charles Trent by Antonio Salemme. Bronze.

Cast at Roman Bronze Works, Inc., Corona, NY. Dedicated on April 10, 1976.

Conditions Governing Access note

To view this item, please contact the Curator of the History of Medicine at the Rubenstein Library directly.

Item htrent0016
Carved ivory memento mori, approximately 1650

Carved ivory bas-relief skeleton, of unknown origin.

Conditions Governing Access note

To view this item, please contact the Curator of the History of Medicine at the Rubenstein Library directly.

Box in Conservation Vault
Item htrent0017
Scultetus bow saw, late 16th or 17th century

Large amputating saw made of bronze and iron with hand-carved wooden handle, with tightening screw. 26.5" x 7.25". Meant for two-person operation.

Artifact-box 32
Item htrent0018
Perrot-design bow saw, late 18th century

Metal with wooden handle.

Box 81
Item htrent0019
Trephination kit, 18th century

Made of metal, with gull-wing handle; includes accessories in velvet-lined wooden case.

Artifact-box 85
Item htrent0020
Horseshoe tourniquet, late 18th century

Horseshoe tourniquet. Brescia [Italy], by Figini. Brass and leather.

Signoroni's design executed by Figini.

Artifact-box 83
Item htrent0021
Obstetrics forceps, undated

Metal obstetric forceps.

Box 49
Item htrent0023
Roman surgical instruments

Roman surgical instruments. Replicas of bronze 3rd century CE instruments. 14 instruments.

Artifact-box 18
Item htrent0024
Clothed female manikin on carved wooden couch, 17th or 18th century

Couch is covered in red velvet. Made in France, Germany or Italy. Articulated, detachable plate, seperate organs. Hair and facial features are colored. There is also a fetus.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 101
Item htrent0025
Female manikin with ivory pillow on blue corduroy couch, 17th or 18th century

Made in either France, Germany or Italy. Articulated, detachable plate, separate organs, and fetus.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 101
Item htrent0026
Male/female pair with ivory pillow on wooden couches, 17th or 18th century

France, Germany or Italy. Articulated, detachable plate, separate organs. Includes fetus.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 101
Item htrent0027
Female manikin with ivory pillow on wooden couch covered in striped brocade, 17th or 18th century

Female manikin with ivory pillow on wooden couch covered in striped brocade. Couch has ivory feet. France, Germany or Italy. Articulated, detachable plate, separate organs. Includes fetus.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 102
Item htrent0028
Female manikin with green silk pillow on couch with ivory feet, 17th or 18th century

France, Germany or Italy. Articulated, detachable plate, separate organs, and fetus.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 102
Item htrent0029
Female manikin with blue silk pillow on red silk couch with ivory feet, 17th or 18th century

France, Germany or Italy. Articulated, detachable plate, separate organs, with fetus.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 102
Item htrent0030
Male manikin (7.1) of male/female pair with ivory pillows on carved wooden couch with ivory ball feet, 17th or 18th century

France, Germany or Italy: 17th/18th century. Articulated, detachable plate, separate organs.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 102
Item htrent0031
Female manikin (7.2) of male/female pair with ivory pillows on carved wooden couches with ivory ball feet, 17th or 18th century

Made in France, Germany or Italy. Articulated, detachable plate, separate organs, and a fetus.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 103
Item htrent0031
Female manikin with ivory pillow on wooden couch, 17th or 18th century

France, Germany or Italy. Articulated, detachable plate, separate organs, and fetus.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 103
Item htrent0032
Female manikin with ivory pillow on wooden couch covered in green brocade, 17th or 18th century

France, Germany or Italy. Articulated, detachable plate, separate organs, with fetus.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 103
Item htrent0033
Female manikin with ivory pillow in a red velvet-lined box with lid, 17th or 18th century

France, Germany or Italy. Articulated, detachable plate, separate organs, and fetus.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 103
Item htrent0034
Female manikin with tilted head on brown velvet couch, 17th or 18th century

France, Germany, or Italy. Not articulated, detachable plate, separate organs, and fetus.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 104
Item htrent0035
Ivory box with bas-relief female anatomical manikin on cover, 17th or 18th century

Made in France, Germany or Italy. Detachable plate, organs carved in place. Cover attached to box with metal hinge; the inside of the lid is painted

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 104
Item htrent0036
Ivory box with bas-relief female anatomical manikin on cover, 17th or 18th century

France, Germany or Italy. Detachable plate, separate organs.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 104
Item htrent0037
Male ivory standing manikin with head tilted to right, 17th or 18th century

France, Germany or Italy. One of a pair of ivory figures. Not articulated, detachable plate, organs carved in place.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 104
Item htrent0038
Female ivory standing manikin affixed to marble base, 17th or 18th century

France, Germany or Italy. Articulated, detachable plate, separate organs, with fetus.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 104
Item htrent0039
Female ivory standing manikin with head tilted to left, 17th or 18th century

France, Germany or Italy. One of a pair of figures. Not articulated, detachable plate, organs carved in place. Includes a fetus.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item..

Box 105
Item htrent0040
Chinese diagnostic doll, 19th century?

Ivory figure on carved base. Not articulated.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 105
Item htrent0041
Chinese diagnostic doll, late 19th century

Ivory figure with removable top-knot for possible use as a snuff bottle. Not articulated.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 105
Item htrent0042
Chinese diagnostic doll, late 19th century

Ivory figure on wooden couch. Not articulated.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 105
Item htrent0043
Deathbed scene printer's block, undated

On verso: In omnibus operibus moribund memorare novissima et in eternum non peccabit

Box 105
Item htrent0044
Ivory memento mori double-faced figure, undated

Young male/female pair and a skeleton.

Please contact the History of Medicine Collections Curator directly before coming to view this item.

Box 105
Item htrent0045
Small ivory phrenological head, undated

Made in England at an unknown date. Legend is in English.

Box 105
Item htrent0046
Microscope

Dr. Trent's microscope, given by Rebecca Trent Kirkland.

Artifact-box ?
Item HTRENT0047

41. Richard Vann Collection Artifacts, 19th century

1 items

Artifacts donated by Vann.

Wooden human anatomical model, 19th century

Made in Germany; painted with various colors to show anatomical parts.

Artifact-box 47
Item hvann0001

42. Warner Wells Collection Artifacts, approximately 1940s

5 items

Artifacts donated by Warner Wells, MD.

Hiroshima ceramic bowls and spoon, 20th century?

Two white ceramic bowls, one short and one tall, each with a blue star below the inside rim. One small metal spoon.

Picked up in the ruins of Hiroshima about 2 to 3 weeks after the bombing. The spoon, with the rice bowl, was treasured as a luxury item.

Box 26
Item hwells0001
Shishikarimon-nishiki: Guardian Gods Hunting Lion, 20th century

Silk table runner. Kyoto, Osaka, Tokyo: Tatsumura Institute of Textile Art. Reproduction of Han Dynasty design. Housed in wooden box.

One of the gifts given to Dr. Wells by Dr. Hachiya in appreciation for his help in translating "Hiroshima Diary."

Box 26
Item hwells0002

43. George D. Wilbanks Collection Artifacts, approximately 1750-1952

over 90 items

Artifacts donated by George D. Wilbanks, MD and Evelyn R. Wilbanks, PhD.

Culpepper-type microscope, approximately 1750

Signed: A. Abraham, Liverpool. Brass on wooden base with accessories. Elegant scrollwork legs. Original pyramidal carrying case.

Artifact-box 149
Item hwilba0001
Drum microscope, first half of 19th century

Compound monocular microscope, unsigned. Made of brass with cutaway on both sides.

Popular in England between 1820 and 1850, the drum microscope evolved from a design introduced in 1738 by London optician Benjamin Martin, author of the "Pocket Reflecting Microscope." The name came from the drum-shaped section below the stage. Focusing was achieved by manipulating the telescopic body tube. This portable pocket microscope was typically made of thin brass with a round base and cut-out side. Some versions were sold in toy shops.

Box 9
Item hwilba0002
Drum microscope, first half of 19th century

Compound monocular, unsigned, made of brass with cutaway on one side. Housed in original wooden case with a few accessories still intact.

Artifact-box 20
Item hwilba0003
Apothecary boiler, 19th century

This lidded copper cooker was used to slowly simmer herbal preparations. The nickel cylinder held the fuel; the level of the flame was regulated by the knob on the brass base.

Box 93
Item hwilba0004
Invalid feeder, 19th century

White porcelain with red cross, handle and spout at 90 degrees.

Box 57
Item hwilba0005
Glass baby bottles, 19th century

Burr's patent nursing bottles. Blue-green glass. Patd Nov. 26th 1872.

Artifact-box 13
Item hwilba0006
Artifact-box 14
Item hwilba0006
Artifact-box 15
Item hwilba0006
Artifact-box 16
Item hwilba0006
Collection of syringes, 19th century

1) Large pewter with wooden plunger (enema) 2) Small brass syringe with ivory nozzle (ear, vagina or mouth) 3) Medium stainless steel. Empire. Rutherford, NJ. Becton Dickinson & Co. (enema) 4) Medium stainless steel (enema) 5) Small stainless steel (ENT)

Box 92
Item hwilba0007
Artifact-box 65
Item hwilba0007
Medicine spoon, 19th century

England: Regnas. White porcelain with markings for table, dessert, or tea.

Box 57
Item hwilba0008
Covered medicine spoon with spout, undated

This dosing instrument is made of pewter.

Box 57
Item hwilba0009
Various cupping jars, 18th-19th centuries

Various cupping jars: 2 tin cupping jars, 9 blown glass, including one very large cup or 'Bonkus' with handle (Marbury, Patented: April 21, 1896)

Item hwilba0010
Pocket leather case with medicine vials, late 19th-early 20th century
Box 74
Item hwilba0011
Steel framed eyeglasses, late 19th-early 20th century

Housed in leather case stamped in gold: Hawkes Crystalized lenses. Extra lenses also present.

Box 7
Item hwilba0012
Pocket leather medicine case with six vials, 19th century

Louisville, KY: J.F. Kurfees [?] Co. Snap closure. Medicine vials are flat-ish.

Box 3
Item hwilba0013
Leather medicine case with ten vials, 19th century

New York: S.E. Massengill Company. Snap closure. Child's tablets.

Box 3
Item hwilba0014
Collection of 16 medical bottles, 19th-early 20th century

1) Schumann & Doescher - Prescription Druggists, New Orleans, Louisiana 2) Gombault's Caustic Balsam - Lawrence Williams Co. 3) Dr. Wistar's Balsam of Wild Cherry 4) Frey's Vermifuge - Baltimore 5) Davis' Painkiller 6) Dr. Robert Folger - Olosaionian, New York (blown) 7) Dr. D. Jayne's Alternative (blown) 8) Warner's Safe Kidney & Liver Cure (brown glass pressed, picture of a safe) 9) Balsam of Honey (card says "1950, dug in Lancaster, Pennsylvania") 10) Dr. Langley's Root & Herb Bitters - 99 Union Street, Boston (blown, green glass) 11) Ramon's Santonine Worm Syrup 12) Larkin smelling salts, Buffalo (green) 13) Unmarked except for "D" on bottom 14) Two clear bottles - one with fly dried in liquid 15) Clear glass bottle - unmarked (not an infant feeder)

Box 23
Item hwilba0015
Two apothecary jars, undated

Blown glass with glass labels: 1) Ac. Sulph D. 2) Ac. Nitric

Artifact-box 4
Item hwilba0016
Mahogany medicine chest with brass fittings, circa 1840

Contents: glass stoppered bottles (some with labels), brass balance and weights, mortar and pestle, graduate, miscellaneous instruments. Includes a key.

Box 30
Item hwilba0017
Sterilizer, 19th century

Copper and brass.

Box 70
Item hwilba0018
Cabin-style doctor's bag with original contents, 1880s-1930s

Brown leather bag with key. Handle is broken. Contents: medical instruments, hypodermic kits, needle and suture boxes, syringe cases in leather compacts.

Used by Dr. Ellen E. Brown, Chester, Pennsylvania, in her practice. Given to the donor by Dr. John Longhead, Duke Ob/Gyn House Staff in 1960s.

Box 66
Item hwilba0019
Pap feeder, 1774

London: William Justus. Silver with gilt interior. Engraved initials: JAO

Artifact-box 8
Item hwilba0020
Pap feeder, 1818

London: Emes & Bernard. George III-era silver feeder in leather case with Hall & Co. Silversmiths, Manchester printed on lining of case.

Artifact-box 1
Item hwilba0021
Obstetrical instruments in canvas case, undated
Box 85
Item hwilba0022
Baumanometer, wall board model, circa 1921

New York: W.A. Baum Co. Has two bags and cuffs.

Box 85
Item hwilba0023
Breast milk collector, circa 1918

Pat. March 17, 1918. Glass.

Box 32
Item hwilba0024
Unidentified blown glass cylinder with base, undated
Box 19
Item hwilba0025
Four glass nipple shields, undated

Three are domed (each with a chip out of the rim), one is molded

Box 32
Item hwilba0026
Laboratory glass including blown glass retort, undated
Box 83
Item hwilba0027
Various infant or invalid feeders, undated

Ten various feeders: classic gravy boat type (handle and spout in line); white with faint gold design, porcelain; blue "Delft" Royal Copenhagen type; flower, plain white porcelain - (11.L) marked on bottom; brown pottery "duck" ; plain, porcelain white flowers; white porcelain "duck" Side spout (handle and spout at 90 degrees); painted china (large); plain white porcelain; white porcelain with red cross.

Box 77
Item hwilba0028
Large spatula with wooden handle, undated

Marked USA: Lampson & Gooduo Mfg. Co.

Box 86
Item hwilba0029
Small spatula with ebony handle, undated

Marked J. Rudell & Co., Green River Works.

Box 86
Item hwilba0030
Brass suppository mold, undated

Marked London: May Roberts. Screw-operated with 12 cavities.

Box 86
Item hwilba0031
Metal suppository mold, undated

Screw-operated with six cavities.

Box 86
Item hwilba0032
Pill roller, undated

Comes in two parts. Walnut and brass.

Box 86
Item hwilba0033
Octagonal ceramic pill tile, early 19th century
Artifact-box 80
Item hwilba0034
Medical instruments, undated

Cervical dilator/catheter, small probe with wooden handle, metal syringe.

Donated to Dr. Wilbanks by Dr. George Finola (Rush Medical College faculty).

Box 13
Item hwilba0036
Glass lantern slides for teaching obstetrics, late 19th to early 20th century

Philadelphia, PA: N.H. Edgerton. 33 wood-framed slides in wooden box.

Box 89
Item hwilba0037
Smellie-style obstetrical forceps with wooden handles, circa 1850s
Artifact-box 62
Item hwilba0038
Smellie obstetric perforator, 19th century

Used for craniotomies.

Artifact-box 64
Item hwilba0039
Lenticular with pentagon end, 19th century

Ebony handle. Used in conjunction with trephine.

Artifact-box 2
Item hwilba0040
Trephine with ebony handle and one bit, 19th century
Box 13
Item hwilba0041
Tooth key, undated

Ebony handle and one hook.

Box 13
Item hwilba0042
Small triangular leather medicine case, undated

Two tapered metal vials with rubber caps; one missing vial.

Box 13
Item hwilba0043
Long curved retractors with wooden handle, undated
Box 13
Item hwilba0044
Folding uterine sound with bone handle, undated
Artifact-box 19
Item hwilba0045
Telescopic ear trumpet with swivel bell, undated

Ear trumpet made of chrome.

Artifact-box 142
Item hwilba0046
Copper ear trumpet, undated
Box 12
Item hwilba0047
Brass ear trumpet, undated

Once painted black. Dome-shaped.

Artifact-box 137
Item hwilba0048
Silver-plated Art Nouveau ear trumpet, approximately 1895

Paris: Louis Lafont. Dome-shaped with decorative grill.

Artifact-box 143
Item hwilba0049
Spring lancet, 19th century

England: Wiegand & Snowden. Brass in leather case.

Artifact-box 31
Item hwilba0050
Folding lancets, undated

Tortoise shell handles. London: Evans. Plaid slipcase. Carried by Dr. Ella E. Brown of Chester, Pennsylvania in her doctor's bag.

Artifact-box 61
Item hwilba0051
Leather and wood medicine case with drawer, undated

Five bottles, three jars. Handle and clasp damaged.

Box 12
Item hwilba0052
Leather medicine case with bottles, undated

Six empty glass bottles with stoppers and metal screw caps. Case has two snaps.

Box 12
Item hwilba0053
Brass scales with weights, match holder, and prescriptions, undated

Wooden box with apothecary weights written on inside of the lid. Twenty-three manuscript prescriptions on small separate pieces of paper.

Box 12
Item hwilba0054
Alcohol lamp in chrome box, undated

Stamped on bottom: U.S.A. M.D. Pioneer, New York, NY. Used to dissolve powders and pills into solution for injection.

Box 12
Item hwilba0055
Knife case with knives, retractor, needle and catheter, undated

Leather case.

Box 12
Item hwilba0056
Miscellaneous surgical instruments, 19th century

Includes: Slide-catch forceps, folding scalpel, needles, scoop.

Box 13
Item hwilba0057
Miscellaneous medical instruments, 19th and 20th centuries

Includes: Hale's speculum, syringes, D&C set, anesthesia mask for use with ether or chloroform, amputating knife, forceps, plastic endocervical applicators, retractors, dilators.

Artifact-box 3
Item hwilba0058
Box 14
Octagonal scarificator, undated

Has 16 blades in brass case.

Artifact-box 21
Item hwilba0059
Female pelvis, 1930s?

Actual female pelvis, origin unknown. Used by Dr. Bayard Carter, first head of the Department of Ob/Gyn, for class demonstrations at Duke University. Given to his resident Dr. Wilbanks for use in teaching.

Box 39
Item hwilba0060
Metal pharmaceutical box, undated

Leavenworth Kansas: Adolf Lance. Label.

Box 74
Item hwilba0061
Wollaston-type brass optometer, 19th century

One lens can be changed in eyepiece. Used to measure sight and fit eyeglasses.

Box 74
Item hwilba0062
Boston-style doctor's bag with instruments, undated

Bag is made of leather. Contents include: two small surgical kits, needles and syringes, one syringe in metal case.

Box 74
Item hwilba0063
"Patented" wooden tonic cup, undated

Wood used in cup reputedly had medicinal properties to enhance any solution drunk as a tonic.

Box 74
Item hwilba0064
Contemporary fetoscope, 20th century

Steel. London: Down. Used in the U.K. and developing countries.

Artifact-box 46
Item hwilba0065
Porcelain crucible, undated
Box 37
Item hwilba0066
Brass speculum, undated
Artifact-box 30
Item hwilba0067
Glass mortar and pestle, undated

Heavy blown glass.

Box 37
Item hwilba0068
Wooden mortar and pestle, undated
Box 37
Item hwilba0069
Pewter infant feeder, undated

Hallmark on bottom of bowl.

Box 37
Item hwilba0070
Pewter infant or invalid feeders, undated

Six pewter infant or invalid feeders. Reproductions.

Box 37
Item hwilba0071
Wooden fermentation jar with lid, undated

Wire handle.

Box 37
Item hwilba0072
Barber surgeon-style bleeding bowl, 17th century?
Box 37
Item hwilba0073
Oxygenkure oxygen generator, late 19th-early 20th century

Oxygenkure oxygen generator machine. New York: Seeger & Clarke. Box with directions on the inside of cover.

Box 71
Item hwilba0074
Steam atomizer, undated

Whitall, Tatum & Co. Two glass cups, alcohol lamp; brass and wood.

Artifact-box 69
Item hwilba0075
Doctor's saddlebag, early 19th century

Saddlebag has space for bottles and a drawer on each side. Leather with brass trim. Glass bottles, many with contents.

Artifact-box 78
Item hwilba0076
Anatomy dissection kit, 20th century

Housed in a rolled case. Used by Dr. Wilbanks in his 1952 anatomy class.

Box 71
Item hwilba0077
Medicine chest, undated

Medicine chest with homeopathic medicine bottles. Wooden. Glass bottles with labels, some contents intact.

Artifact-box 45
Item hwilba0078
Model of female reproductive tract, undated

Raritan, N.J.: Ortho Pharmaceutical Corporation

Artifact-box 146
Item hwilba0079
Overbeck's Rejuvenator electrical stimulator, circa 1920s or 1930s

Overbeck's Rejuvenator: popular model "Grimsby"; England, O. Overbeck. Housed in box with original instruction book.

Artifact-box 136
Item hwilba0080
Royal Army Medical Corps brass buttons, approximately 1860

Six large, two small.

Artifact-box 145
Item hwilba0081
Davis - Patent Magneto - Electric Machine for Nervous Diseases, after 1854

New York: W.H. Burnap. Wooden box with magnet and coils, with directions inside lid. Box is damaged and there is no key.

When handle is turned, it generates current through wires to hand-held cylinders.

Artifact-box 148
Item hwilba0082
Hall's New French Battery Electric Stimulator, late 19th century

Made in Boston. Wooden box with dry cell battery and electrodes. No key.

Artifact-box 147
Item hwilba0083
Replica cuneiform tablet with earliest gynecologic prescription, undated
Artifact-box 135
Item hwilba0084
Two wooden figures of gynecologist and obstetrician, 1950s

Sculpted in Germany. Colored.

Artifact-box 144
Item hwilba0085
Unglazed stoneware mortar and pestle with wooden handle, undated

Size 2 pestle with size 3 extra pestle; wooden handle is loose. Made in U.S.

Box 74
Item hwilba0086
Unidentified wooden handle with threaded metal tip, undated
Box 20
Item hwilba0087
Bowle's stethoscope, early 20th century

Early binaural stethoscope. Philadelphia: George P. Pilling & Son Co. In original wooden box.

Box 72
Item hwilba0088
Surgical needle case, undated
Box 92
Item hwilba0089
Pocket surgical kit, undated
Box 92
Item hwilba0090
Three pairs of eyeglasses, undated

Early eyeglasses; two are in leather cases.

Box 92
Item hwilba0091
Brass balance with weights in tin box, 18th century?

Brown tin box is painted orange inside. Contains provenance note, which gives the orginal owner as the Jones Family in New Britain, Connecticut, and dates its use back to 1740.

Box 92
Item hwilba0092
Brass scarificator, undated
Artifact-box 66
Item hwilba0093
Collection of lancets, undated

Eight lancets. Four are housed in tortoise sheaths; two are in brass cases with steel blades; one single blade lancet comes with old worn leather case; one triple blade lancet has unusual horn case.

Box 92
Item hwilba0094
Microscope, undated

Small brass microscope in wooden box with green lining. Includes a few glass slides, key for outside of case.

Box 92
Item hwilba0095
Microscope

Brass microscope in wooden box with handle on top of box. Microscope on wooden moveable stage inscribed Hill and Price, Bristol. Includes a few glass slides.

Box 92
Item hwilba0096
Ivory bell chest piece, undated

Chest piece attachment for early stethoscope; the rubber tubing that attached to the chest piece has been lost.

Box 14
Item hwilba0097

44. Robert Williams Collection Artifacts, approximately 1865-1940

1 items

Artifacts donated by family of Robert Williams, MD.

Cathode ray tube, 20th century

Gift of Mrs. Mabel F. Williams in memory of donor's husband, Dr. Robert Williams.

Box 68
Item hwilli0003

45. Anonymous Collection Artifacts

over 85 items

Medical artifacts received from unknown sources.

Spencer dissecting microscope, mid-20th century

Compound binocular. Signed: Spencer, Buffalo, USA. This example has a pair of metal hand rests.

One of the first American microscopes was made in 1850 by C.A. and H.R. Spencer of Canastota, New York. Spencer lenses earned a reputation at home and abroad and some experts considered them superior to any European product. Spencer objectives received a Gold Medal at the 1878 Paris Exhibition. The firm subsequently moved to Buffalo in 1890. The complex business history of the firm involved multiple names and leadership changes. In 1935 the Spencer Lens Company was absorbed by the American Optical Company.

Box 68
Item hanony0001
Flea glass, 18th century

Made of ivory. Essentially a simple magnifier with only one power (7x). Usually the compact design, no larger than the end of a thumb, included a cap or top containing a pin on which to place the specimen and a base with glass discs to serve as "slides" for small objects. Everything screwed together for ease in carrying. Typically, these were used to study tiny insects, hence the name.

Box 13
Item hanony0003
Acupuncture model, People's Republic of China, 20th century

Model of the human body showing Chinese acupuncture points and the courses of the meridians. 26 cm tall. Acessories include a case of acupuncture needles and a manual; these are housed in original box.

Box 92
Item hanony0004
Human skeleton model, articulated, 20th century

Made of plastic, on stand; 44 cm tall.

Box 61
Item hanony0005
Limoges porcelain dish, undated

Porcelain with gold rim. Colored floral decorations. Large oblong with central cut out along one side and small cut out on one end of the opposite side.

Artifact-box 117
Item hanony0006
Flask and covered jar, undated

Ruby glass with gold trim. Flask has cork stopper taped to neck.

Box 47
Item hanony0007
Prosthetic glass eyeballs

Tray of handblown glass eyeballs in various shades of blue.

Box 100
Item hanony0008
Pocket ivory thermometer, 19th century

Includes compass in lid of ivory, velvet-lined case. Engraved on verso of thermometer: Wm Hitchen, 21 Bridgewater Garens [sic]. William Hitchin appears to have been an ivory and tortoiseshell worker at 21 Bridgewater Gardens in the Barbican area of London; he died sometime in 1839 or 1840.

Box 57
Item hanony0009
Burmese apothecary jar, 19th century?

Decorated with gilded red lacquer. Design includes central figure surrounded by twelve other figures. Each figure is the lid of a separate cylindrical well for storing herbs and medicinal plants.

Box 108
Item hanony0010
Single blade spring lancet in leather case, undated
Artifact-box 9
Item hanony0012
Apothecary jar, undated

Label: Argent. Oxyd. White ceramic with lid. Lid was damaged and repaired.

Box 57
Item hanony0013
Apothecary jar, undated

Label: Hydr. Iod. Rub. White ceramic with lid.

Box 57
Item hanony0014
Small mortar and pestle, undated

Marked: Coors, USA.

Artifact-box 42
Item hanony0016
Small ceramic mortar, undated

White ceramic with pestle missing.

Box 57
Item hanony0017
Apothecary chest, undated

Wooden chest with glass knobs, contents of drawers identified with glass labels. Country of origin is England.

Item hanony0020
Anatomical rubber stamps, undated
Box 51
Item hanony0021
Brass microscope accessories, before 1861

Miscellaneous parts, some damaged, housed in wooden box with label: C.T. Amsler, Optician, 635 Chestnut St., Phila. Box has some damage. C.T. Amsler sold his business in Philadelphia in 1861 and returned to Switzerland, his native country.

Box 58
Item hanony0023
Microscope accessories, undated

Brass miscroscope accessories housed in wooden cigar box.

Box 58
Item hanony0024
Surgical instruments, late 19th century

New York: G. Tiemann & Co. Housed in velvet-lined case.

Box 46
Item hanony0025
Metal syringe in leather box, undated

Philadelphia: Chas. Lentz & Sons.

Artifact-box 44
Item hanony0026
Doctor's bag, undated

Doctor's bag with instruments.

Box 46
Item hanony0028
Gavel of wood from the birthplace of Walter Reed, undated

Gavel of wood from the birthplace of Walter Reed, Belroi, Virginia.

Box 60
Item hanony0029
Caustic pencils, undated

A caustic pencil is a short stick of medication usually containing silver nitrate, used to cauterize skin, for instance for the treatment of nosebleeds, removal of warts, or pyogenic granuloma. They are not used as a treatment for minor cuts. A frequent source of confusion appears to be the difference between styptic and caustic pencils. Silver nitrate sticks are often used for hemostasis in medical situations where patients are not under general anesthesia, where electrocautery would be painful and inconvenient.

Box 49
Item hanony0030
Medical instruments in a metal pocket case, 20th century
Box 49
Item hanony0031
Medical instruments in leather pocket case, undated
Box 49
Item hanony0032
Medical instruments in leather pocket case, 19th century

Marked St. Louis, MO: C.W. Alban.

Artifact-box 36
Item hanony0033
Surgical set, undated

Velvet lined wooden box. Brass plate on lid: Dr. T.B. Fuqua.

Box 59
Item hanony0034
Tongue depressors, undated

Package of wooden tongue depressors. Sayah. Original packaging in cardboard box.

Box 49
Item hanony0035
Petit style tourniquet, 19th century

Brass with cloth strap.

Artifact-box 63
Item hanony0036
Trephination instruments, 18th-19th centuries

Hew saw [18th century] and bit [19th century].

Box 49
Item hanony0037
Brass scale with brass weights, late 19th century?
Box 49
Item hanony0039
Terra cotta oil lamp, undated

Early Greek. Replica.

Box 24
Item hanony0046
Syringe in a metal box, undated

On plunger knob: D&H, Record. On plunger: Herz, Germany.

Box 24
Item hanony0047
Silver colored knife, undated

Metal; possibly used in pill making.

Box 24
Item hanony0048
Large palette knife, undated

Used in pill-making. Cast steel with wooden handle.

Artifact-box 81
Item hanony0049
Bell chest piece for Ford stethoscope, early 20th century

Marked New York: W.F. Ford Co. Brass.

Box 24
Item hanony0051
Reflex hammer or percussor, undated
Box 24
Item hanony0052
Hypodermic needle in glass tube, undated

Hypodermic needle in glass tube

Box 24
Item hanony0053
Pelvimeter, probe, and curette, undated
Box 24
Item hanony0054
Wooden test tube stand with six glass test tubes, undated
Box 21
Item hanony0055
Glass slides of various subjects, undated
Artifact-box 17
Item hanony0057
Mochica medicine man, 20th century

Schering. Replica of original from Northern Peru, circa 800-1000 AD; replica was used for pharmaceutical advertising.

Box 24
Item hanony0058
Laennec stethoscope, undated

Replica of first stethoscope by Rene Theophile Laennec in 1816. Marked "Roche." Housed in gift box.

Box 57
Item hanony0059
Homeopathic medicine bag, 19th century

Leather bag with key. Contains 100 labeled glass vials, some with contents: 60 small, 44 large. Also comes with miscellaneous instruments, including metal case with hypodermic needles and lancet.

Artifact-box 72
Item hanony0060
Four different hypodermic devices, undated

Mounted for display.

Box 13
Item hanony0061
Obstetrical/gynecological medical instruments in a wooden box, undated

Smellie perforating scissors (right), craniotomy hook (center), and trocar (left).

Artifact-box 22
Item hanony0062_1
Artifact-box 23
Item hanony0062_1
Handle for instrument, undated

Obstetrical/gynecological medical instruments in a wooden box: Handle for instrument, unknown use.

Box 33
Item hanony0062_10
Two syringes, undated

Ob/gyn medical instruments in a wooden box: Two syringes marked India Rubber Catarrhal Syringe. Box label reads: manufactured under Goodyear's Patent by India Rubber Comb Company

Box 33
Item hanony0062_2
Breast pump, undated

Ob/gyn medical instruments in a wooden box: India rubber breast pump. Box label reads: manufactured under Goodyear's Patent by India Rubber Comb Co.

Box 33
Item hanony0062_3
Brass scarificator and set of cups, undated

Ob/gyn medical instruments in a wood box: Brass scarificator, glass cupping jar, and set of graduated metal cups.

Box 33
Item hanony0062_4
Rubber pessary, undated

Ob/gyn medical instruments in a wooden box: Rubber pessary

Box 33
Item hanony0062_5
Obstetrics forceps, undated

Ob/Gyn medical instruments in a wooden box: Obstetrics forceps with wooden handle, Placenta forceps

Box 33
Item hanony0062_6
Speculum, undated

Ob/Gyn medical instruments in a wooden box: Cusco's bivalve speculum, Fergusson's speculum

Box 33
Item hanony0062_7
Various probes and catheters, undated

Ob/Gyn medical instruments in a wooden box: various probes and catheters

Box 33
Item hanony0062_8
Unidentified instrument, undated

Ob/Gyn medical instruments in a wooden box: Unidentified instrument

Box 33
Item hanony0062_9
Miscellaneous medical instruments, undated

Contents include: Catheters, probes

Box 5
Item hanony0063
Unidentified medical instrument in brass box

Marked Paris: E.P. [n.d.] Ivory handles.

Box 97
Item hanony0067
Cast of bound foot with embroidered Chinese shoe, 19th century

Cast of bound foot of an adult woman treated by Dr. Wm. H. Park around 1890.

Donated by anonymous patient of Dr. Heidi K. White.

Box 6
Item hanony0069
Ivory handled surgical instruments, undated

Set of fourteen surgical instruments with ivory handles.

Box 97
Item hanony0070
Leather medicine kit, undated
Box 40
Item hanony0071
Glass slides, various, undated
Box 40
Item hanony0072
Brass microscope, late 19th-early 20th century

Large brass microscope in wooden case; includes many parts, and specimen slides.

Box 67
Item hanony0073
Doctor's bag and large wooden microscope case with no microscope, undated
Box 88
Item hanony0074
 

Historical Note

The History of Medicine Collections artifacts collections began in 1956 with the donation of the Josiah C. Trent Collection, which formed the nucleus of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke Unversity's Medical Library. The Trent family's donation included many artifacts related to the practice of medicine. Subsequent acquisitions over the years from many other donors make up the rest of this collection, which forms part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University. The collection continues to receive additions.

Related Material


Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries.

Provenance

The History of Medicine artifacts collection were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library as a transfer in 2011.

Processing Information

Processed by Duke Medical Center and Rubenstein Library staff, various dates

Encoded by Levi Crews, Noah Huffman, and Paula Jeannet Mangiafico, June 2014